film cooling
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2022 ◽  
pp. 1-33
Tommaso Lenzi ◽  
Alessio Picchi ◽  
Antonio Andreini ◽  
Bruno Facchini

Abstract The analysis of the interaction between the swirling and liner film-cooling flows is a fundamental task for the design of turbine combustion chambers since it influences different aspects such as emissions and cooling capability. Particularly, high turbulence values, flow instabilities, and tangential velocity components induced by the swirlers deeply affect the behavior of effusion cooling jets, demanding for dedicated time-resolved near-wall analysis. The experimental setup of this work consists of a non-reactive single-sector linear combustor test rig scaled up with respect to engine dimensions; the test section was equipped with an effusion plate with standard inclined cylindrical holes to simulate the liner cooling system. The rig was instrumented with a 2D Time-Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry system, focused on different field of views. The degree of swirl is usually characterized by the swirl number, Sn, defined as the ratio of the tangential momentum to axial momentum flux. To assess the impact of such parameter on the near-wall effusion behavior, a set of three axial swirlers with swirl number equal to Sn = 0.6 − 0.8 − 1.0 were designed and tested in the experimental apparatus. An analysis of the main flow by varying the Sn was first performed in terms of average velocity, RMS, and Tu values, providing kinetic energy spectra and turbulence length scale information. Following, the analysis was focused on the near-wall regions: the effects of Sn on the coolant jets was quantified in terms of vorticity analysis and jet oscillation.

2022 ◽  
Manoj Prabakar Sargunaraj ◽  
Andres Torres ◽  
Jose Garduna ◽  
Marcel Otto ◽  
Jayanta S. Kapat ◽  

2022 ◽  
Austin C. Nunno ◽  
Sicong Wu ◽  
Muhsin Ameen ◽  
Pinaki Pal ◽  
Prithwish Kundu ◽  

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 287
Jin Hang ◽  
Jingzhou Zhang ◽  
Chunhua Wang ◽  
Yong Shan

Single-row double-jet film cooling (DJFC) of a turbine guide vane is numerically investigated in the present study, under a realistic aero-thermal condition. The double-jet units are positioned at specific locations, with 57% axial chord length (Cx) on the suction side or 28% Cx on the pressure side with respect to the leading edge of the guide vane. Three spanwise spacings (Z) in double-jet unit (Z = 0, 0.5d, and 1.0d, here d is the film hole diameter) and four spanwise injection angles (β = 11°, 17°, 23°, and 29°) are considered in the layout design of double jets. The results show that the layout of double jets affects the coupling of adjacent jets and thus subsequently changes the jet-in-crossflow dynamics. Relative to the spanwise injection angle, the spanwise spacing in a double-jet unit is a more important geometric parameter that affects the jet-in-crossflow dynamics in the downstream flowfield. With the increase in the spanwise injection angle and spanwise spacing in the double-jet unit, the film cooling effectiveness is generally improved. On the suction surface, DJFC does not show any benefit on film cooling improvement under smaller blowing ratios. Only under larger blowing ratios does its positive potential for film cooling enhancement start to show. Compared to the suction surface, the positive potential of the DJFC on enhancing film cooling effectiveness behaves more obviously on the pressure surface. In particular, under large blowing ratios, the DJFC plays dual roles in suppressing jet detachment and broadening the coolant jet spread in a spanwise direction. With regard to the DJFC on the suction surface, its main role in film cooling enhancement relies on the improvement of the spanwise film layer coverage on the film-cooled surface.

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