emergency operations
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2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
Navid Tahvildari ◽  
Mirla Abi Aad ◽  
Akash Sahu ◽  
Yawen Shen ◽  
Mohamed Morsy ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Hsiao-Wen Wang ◽  
Guan-Wei Chen ◽  
Wei-Lin Lee ◽  
Shuei-Huei You ◽  
Chia-Wen Li ◽  

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Taiwan has been one of the best performers in the world with extremely low infections and deaths. This success can be attributed to the long experiences dealing with natural disasters and communicable diseases. However, with different disastrous characteristics, the disaster management systems for communicable diseases and natural disasters are very different in terms of laws, plans, frameworks, and emergency operations. Taking the response to COVID-19 pandemic as a study subject, we found that disaster management for communicable diseases can be improved through a comparison with natural disasters, and vice versa. First, having wider and longer impacts than natural disasters, the plans and framework for communicable diseases in Taiwan focus more on national and regional scales. Local governments would need more capacity support including budgets and training to conduct investigations and quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Second, for quick response, the emergency operation for communicable diseases was designed to be more flexible than that for natural disasters by giving the commander more authority to adjust to the circumstances. The commanding system requires a more objective consultation group to prevent arbitrary decisions against the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, risk governance is important for communicable diseases as well as for natural disasters. Additional efforts should be made to enhance vulnerability assessment, disaster reduction, and risk communication for shaping responses and policies in an efficient and coordinating way.

2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (12) ◽  
pp. 4801
E V Schlyakhto ◽  
E I Baranova ◽  
V A Ionin

The review discusses the problem of anticoagulant therapy for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation and comorbidities (hypertension, heart defects, including after heart valve surgery, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, gastrointestinal diseases, anemia, cancer), as well as with a high risk of emergency operations and injuries.

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. e050052
Laura Nguyen ◽  
Morgan Sydney Brown ◽  
Alexia Couture ◽  
Sharanya Krishnan ◽  
Mays Shamout ◽  

ObjectivesThe COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance and complexity of a country’s ability to effectively respond. The Joint External Evaluation (JEE) assessment was launched in 2016 to assess a country’s ability to prevent, detect and respond to public health emergencies. We examined whether JEE indicators could be used to predict a country’s COVID-19 response performance to tailor a country’s support more effectively.DesignFrom April to August 2020, we conducted interviews with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention country offices that requested COVID-19 support and previously completed the JEE (version 1.0). We used an assessment tool, the ‘Emergency Response Capacity Tool’ (ERCT), to assess COVID-19 response performance. We analysed 28 ERCT indicators aligned with eight JEE indicators to assess concordance and discordance using strict agreement and weighted kappa statistics. Generalised estimating equation (GEE) models were used to generate predicted probabilities for ERCT scores using JEE scores as the independent model variable.ResultsTwenty-three countries met inclusion criteria. Of the 163 indicators analysed, 42.3% of JEE and ERCT scores were in agreement (p value=0.02). The JEE indicator with the highest agreement (62%) was ‘Emergency Operations Center (EOC) operating procedures and plans’, while the lowest (16%) was ‘capacity to activate emergency operations’. Findings were consistent with weighted kappa statistics. In the GEE model, EOC operating procedures and plans had the highest predicted probability (0.86), while indicators concerning response strategy and coordination had the lowest (≤0.5).ConclusionsOverall, there was low agreement between JEE scores and COVID-19 response performance, with JEE scores often trending higher. JEE indicators concerning coordination and operations were least predictive of COVID-19 response performance, underscoring the importance of not inferring country response readiness from JEE scores alone. More in-depth country-specific investigations are likely needed to accurately estimate response capacity and tailor countries’ global health security activities.

2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_9) ◽  
Laura Sandland-Taylor ◽  
Barbara Jenkins ◽  
Ian Beckingham

Abstract Background Since the cancellation of elective surgery in early 2020 due to the threat of Covid-19, surgical provisions in England have continued to be affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Elective surgery makes up the majority of surgical procedures performed in England and therefore   cancelled operation lists and increased demand for ITU beds has had a significant impact upon the surgical services delivered to patients through out 2020. The following research looks at the impact of Covid-19 on benign upper GI surgery in England and reviews the relationship between Covid-19 deaths and operations performed throughout England and analyses the data at a regional level.  Methods Data relating to operation numbers was taken from The Surgical Workload Outcomes Audit (SWORD) database. The SWORD database was interrogated for the years 2017 – 2020. A mean number of operations was calculated using the 2017-2019 data and compared to data from 2020. Operations performed and other demographic data  was analysed regionally and compared to Covid-19 deaths throughout England. Covid-19 data was obtained from the national government dashboards.  Results The results show that there is a correlation with increasing Covid deaths and lower rates of elective surgery. Furthermore, elective surgery was worse hit than emergency surgery with a slower recovery overall. Cholecystectomies were reduced by a total of 20817 (31.4%) for the year 2020 with a greater reduction seen in elective operations (35.6%). However, similar reductions were seen in both laparoscopic (31.4%) and open (37.5%) Similarly, bile duct explorations and elective splenectomy were reduced by 34.4% and 23.4% respectively. Comparatively, both paraumbilical and inguinal hernias also saw reductions of greater than 40% in 2020 when compared to the mean of the previous 3 years. Regional variances were seen between operation numbers performed and Covid-19 rates, however the overall trend remained the same for national level data.  Conclusions Overall, the Covid-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on operations, particularly on those deemed as benign and ‘less urgent’. Whilst a global impact across all benign operations was seen, greater reductions were seen in elective operations compared to emergency operations. Hernia operations and bile duct exploration saw greater overall reductions compared to cholecystectomies and splenectomies, which suggests that whilst operation numbers were reduced, efforts were made to prioritise operations with greater clinical need throughout the pandemic. On analysis of the data in relation to Covid-19 rates and deaths, variation was seen across the regions in the UK, however overall the trend remained the same. Centres and regions worse hit by Covid-19 performed less operations during 2020. However, further qualitative research to investigate why certain centres maintained higher levels of performance during the pandemic would be beneficial for planning for future waves and future pandemics. 

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 251-252
Deborah Waldrop ◽  
Philip Rozario ◽  
Emily Greenfield

Abstract While the refrain “We’re all in this together” is meant to describe a sense of universality of our exposure and adaption to the Covid-19 pandemic life, the deeply rooted racial and economic injustices and ongoing health crises continue to expose the inequities experienced by many older adults. In this symposium, we focus on existing disparities and possibilities for transformation. The first paper discusses systemic racism as a structural driver of practices and policies that influence poverty, poor housing and neighborhood conditions, worse health profiles, relationship loss and social isolation among older Black adults. The second paper illuminates the importance of health equity and collaboration between aging and healthcare systems to improve the well-being outcomes and address disparities of older adults from racial-ly/ethnically diverse backgrounds. The third paper illustrates how the privatization of Medicare has created bureaucratic complexities that increase cost and burdens for beneficiaries. The fourth paper presents the ways that the pandemic has exposed the challenges of a nonexistent Long Term Services and Support system; specifically, in refocusing our attention on the working conditions of in-home and residential workers, such as poor compensation, and high turnover and mounting demands on families. The fifth paper addresses the importance of collaboration between nursing homes and assisted living communities with governmental emergency operations in times of disasters and public health crises. Each paper addresses pressing issues that have created the “new normal” for older adults; together the presenters explore the disruptions and offer solutions for renewed transformation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (11) ◽  
pp. 80-85

The object of the study is the wells of the southern part of the Priobskoye field. A study of the causes of complications and their consequences was carried out. As a result of the work, an assessment and a detailed analysis of the causes of sticking in the drilling process were made. On the basis of the study, recommendations are presented for carrying out emergency operations while drilling in the southern part of the Priobskoye field. Presents measures to ensure compliance with safety measures when organizing and carrying out work.

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