doped zno
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2022 ◽  
Vol 276 ◽  
pp. 115536
Norhidayah Che Ani ◽  
Mohd Zainizan Sahdan ◽  
Nafarizal Nayan ◽  
Feri Adriyanto ◽  
Kusnanto Mukti Wibowo

2022 ◽  
M.A. Bouacheria ◽  
A. Djelloul ◽  
M. Adnane

Abstract Pure and Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films with different aluminium (Al) concentrations (Al: 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 wt.%) were prepared on p-type Si(100) substrate by a dip-coating technique using different zinc and aluminum precursors. The structural, morphological, optical and electrical properties of these films were investigated using a number of techniques, including the X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Atomic force electron microscopy (AFM), ultraviolet–visible spectrophotometry, photoluminescence(PL) spectroscopy and four-point probe technique. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) results shown that the obtained (AZO) films were polycrystalline with a highly c-axis preferred (002) orientation, and the average crystallites size decrease from 28.32 to 24.61 nm with the increase in Al dopant concentration. The studies demonstrated that the ZnO film had a good transparency in the visible range with the maximum transmittance of 95% and the band gaps (Eg) varied from 3.16 to 3.26 eV by alumium doping. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the surface morphology of the films changed with increase of Al-doping. The photoluminescence spectra also showed changed with Al-doping.

Coatings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 81
Gergana Alexieva ◽  
Konstantin Lovchinov ◽  
Miroslav Petrov ◽  
Rositsa Gergova ◽  
Nikolay Tyutyundzhiev

The detection of hazardous gases at different concentration levels at low and room temperature is still an actual and challenging task. In this paper, Al-doped ZnO thin films are synthesized by the electrochemical deposition method on the gold electrodes of AT-cut quartz resonators, vibrating at 10 MHz. The average roughness, surface morphology and gas sensing properties are investigated. The average roughness of Al-doped ZnO layers strongly depends on the amount of the doping agent Al2(SO4)3 added to the solution. The structural dependence of these films with varying Al concentrations is evident from the scanning electron microscopy images. The sensing properties to ethanol and ammonia analytes were tested in the range of 0–12,800 ppm. In the analysis of the sensitivity to ammonia, a dependence on the concentration of the added Al2(SO4)3 in the electrochemically deposited layers is also observed, as the most sensitive layer is at 3 × 10−5 M. The sensitivity and the detection limit in case of ammonia are, respectively, 0.03 Hz/ppm and 100 ppm for the optimal doping concentration. The sensitivity depends on the active surface area of the layers, with those with a more developed surface being more sensitive. Al-doped ZnO layers showed a good long-term stability and reproducibility towards ammonia and ethanol gases. In the case of ethanol, the sensitivity is an order lower than that for ammonia, as those deposited with Al2(SO4)3 do not practically react to ethanol.

Ensaf Mohammed. Al-Khalqi ◽  
Muhammad Azmi Abdul Hamid ◽  
Naif H. Al-Hardan ◽  
Lim Kar Keng ◽  
Azman Jalar

Kathalingam Adaikalam ◽  
S. Valanarasu ◽  
Atif Mossad Ali ◽  
M. A. Sayed ◽  
Woochul Yang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Mohammad Saeed Vasheghani Farahani ◽  
Maryam Nikzad ◽  
Mohsen Ghorbani

Abstract In this work, a photocatalytic nanocomposite, Fe-doped ZnO/nanocellulose, was synthesized using an in-situ method and examined for methylene blue (MB) degradation. For this purpose, pure ZnO (PZ) was synthesized by the chemical precipitation method and then subjected to Fe+3 doping with different concentrations of Fe3+ (1, 3, and 5 mol%). The PZ and Fe-doped ZnO (FZ) samples were characterized using several standard analyses. UV-vis DRS analysis was also used to investigate the effect of Fe3+ doping on the bandgap of PZ. The doping of Fe3+ enhanced the photocatalytic activity of ZnO under visible light. The degradation efficiency of FZ samples (> 50%) was enhanced compared to the pristine ZnO (36.91%) during the same period. The catalyst with the highest degradation efficiency (94.21%) was then conjugated with broom corn stalk-derived nanocellulose (NC) at varying NC/ Zn2+ molar ratios (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4) and characterized by various analyses. The NC enhanced the hydroxyl group at the surface of the nanocomposite, consequently improved the photocatalytic performance of the synthesized samples. The ability of the optimized photocatalyst for MB degradation was assessed. The effect of operating parameters such as pH, catalyst dosage, and initial MB concentration was investigated and degradation efficiency of 98.84% was achieved at the optimum condition. Besides, photocatalyst regeneration study indicated the great photocatalytic performance of this nanocomposite with no loss in its degradation efficiency. The facile synthesis and fast degradation rate of this nanocomposite make it a promising candidate for real-world wastewater treatment.

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