block chain
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Bharat S. Rawal ◽  
Poongodi M. ◽  
Gunasekaran Manogaran ◽  
Mounir Hamdi

Block chain provides an innovative solution to information storage, transaction execution, security, and trust building in an open environment. The block chain is technological progress for cyber security and cryptography, with efficiency-related cases varying in smart grids, smart contracts, over the IoT, etc. The movement to exchange data on a server has massively increased with the introduction of the Internet of Things. Hence, in this research, Splitting of proxy re-encryption method (Split-PRE) has been suggested based on the IoT to improve security and privacy in a private block chain. This study proposes a block chain-based proxy re-encryption program to resolve both the trust and scalability problems and to simplify the transactions. After encryption, the system saves the Internet of Things data in a distributed cloud. The framework offers dynamic, smart contracts between the sensor and the device user without the intervention of a trustworthy third party to exchange the captured IoT data. It uses an efficient proxy re-encryption system, which provides the owner and the person existing in the smart contract to see the data. The experimental outcomes show that the proposed approach enhances the efficiency, security, privacy, and feasibility of the system when compared to other existing methods.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Nagaraj Varatharaj ◽  
Sumithira Thulasimani Ramalingam

Most revolutionary applications extending far beyond smartphones and high configured mobile device use to the future generation wireless networks’ are high potential capabilities in recent days. One of the advanced wireless networks and mobile technology is 5G, where it provides high speed, better reliability, and amended capacity. 5 G offers complete coverage, which is accommodates any IoT device, connectivity, and intelligent edge algorithms. So that 5 G has a high demand in a wide range of commercial applications. Ambrosus is a commercial company that integrates block-chain security, IoT network, and supply chain management for medical and food enterprises. This paper proposed a novel framework that integrates 5 G technology, Machine Learning (ML) algorithms, and block-chain security. The main idea of this work is to incorporate the 5 G technology into Machine learning architectures for the Ambrosus application. 5 G technology provides continuous connection among the network user/nodes, where choosing the right user, base station, and the controller is obtained by using for ML architecture. The proposed framework comprises 5 G technology incorporate, a novel network orchestration, Radio Access Network, and a centralized distributor, and a radio unit layer. The radio unit layer is used for integrating all the components of the framework. The ML algorithm is evaluated the dynamic condition of the base station, like as IoT nodes, Ambrosus users, channels, and the route to enhance the efficiency of the communication. The performance of the proposed framework is evaluated in terms of prediction by simulating the model in MATLAB software. From the performance comparison, it is noticed that the proposed unified architecture obtained 98.6% of accuracy which is higher than the accuracy of the existing decision tree algorithm 97.1% .

Xianfei Zhou ◽  
Hongfang Cheng ◽  
Fulong Chen

Cross-border payment optimization technology based on block chain has become a hot spot in the industry. The traditional method mainly includes the block feature detection method, the fuzzy access method, the adaptive scheduling method, which perform related feature extraction and quantitative regression analysis on the collected distributed network connection access data, and combine the fuzzy clustering method to optimize the data access design, and realize the group detection and identification of data in the block chain. However, the traditional method has a large computational overhead for distributed network connection access, and the packet detection capability is not good. This paper constructs a statistical sequence model of adaptive connection access data to extract the descriptive statistical features of the distributed network block chain adaptive connection access data similarity. The performance of the strategy retrieval efficiency in the experiment is tested based on the strategy management method. The experiment performs matching query tests on the test sets of different query sizes. The different parameters for error rate and search delay test are set to evaluate the impact of different parameters on retrieval performance. The calculation method of single delay is the total delay or the total number of matches. The optimization effect is mainly measured by the retrieval delay of the strategy in the strategy management contract; the smaller the delay, the higher the execution efficiency, and the better the retrieval optimization effect.

Deniz Appelbaum ◽  
Eric Cohen ◽  
Ethan Kinory ◽  
Sean Stein Smith

Satoshi Nakamoto (2008) published a seminal paper on a promising digital currency application and proposed a distributed ledger technology (DLT) to support it. Shortly thereafter, in 2009, bitcoin and the customized DLT that supports it were established. Although the DLT described by Nakamoto (2008), which packages data into blocks that are then cryptographically chained together (i.e., "block chain", or "blockchain"), possesses features that are desirable for some business applications and/or their auditors, over a dozen years later there is not yet a widescale adoption of blockchain for business operations. This paper explores functionality, data and process integrity, and regulatory concerns as potential explanations for the lag in mainstream business and accounting adoption. We also contextualize some of the concerns that are likely to have delayed blockchain implementation by providing a framework of questions directed at both researchers and practitioners.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Yue Wu ◽  
Junxiang Li ◽  
Jiru Zhou ◽  
Shichang Luo ◽  
Liwei Song

Because of its unique decentralization, encryption, reliability, and tamper-proof, the block chain system makes smart contracts break through the shackles of the lack of trusted environment, and its application field keeps expanding. We read the source code and official documents of Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Hyperledger to explore the operation principle and implementation mode of smart contract. By analyzing the evolution process of smart contracts in blockchain and the sequence of its function expansion, according to the multirole business process of supply chain, we design a semipublic smart contract chain model based on Ethereum and Hyperledger in order to provide useful inspiration and help for the future research of smart contracts in blockchain applied in supply chain.

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