Mindfulness Meditation
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2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Roberta Antonini Philippe ◽  
Laurie Schwab ◽  
Michele Biasutti

The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic generated a significant number of stressors that the Swiss population had to deal with. In order to cope with and adapt to such adversity, it is essential to have protective factors that allow for resilience. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of mindfulness and physical activity on depression and resilience during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A quantitative method was adopted asking participants who were engaged in physical activity or mindfulness to fill a battery of measures of depression and resilience and some demographic questions. The results showed that mindfulness practice strengthened the initial level of resilience of practitioners, suggesting that mindfulness meditation is a tool for coping with adversity during a potentially traumatic event. Conversely, physical activity practitioners maintained a stable resilience score over time, suggesting that exposure to adversity did not disrupt their state of biopsychospiritual homeostasis. Moreover, being physically active decreased the depression score over time. Regarding demographic variables, gender differences were observed in the average scores in the resilience scale and in the Depression Inventory.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaolin Liu ◽  
Yong Liu ◽  
Huijuan Shi ◽  
Maoping Zheng

Mindfulness meditation is a form of self-regulatory training for the mind and the body. The relationship between mindfulness meditation and musical aesthetic emotion processing (MAEP) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of temporary mindfulness meditation on MAEP while listening to Chinese classical folk instrumental musical works. A 2 [(groups: mindfulness meditation group (MMG); control group (CG)] × 3 (music emotions: calm music, happy music, and sad music) mixed experimental design and a convenience sample of university students were used to verify our hypotheses, which were based on the premise that temporary mindfulness meditation may affect MAEP (MMG vs. CG). Sixty-seven non-musically trained participants (65.7% female, age range: 18–22 years) were randomly assigned to two groups (MMG or CG). Participants in MMG were given a single 10-min recorded mindfulness meditation training before and when listening to music. The instruments for psychological measurement comprised of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Self-report results showed no significant between-group differences for PANAS and for the scores of four subscales of the FFMQ (p > 0.05 throughout), except for the non-judging of inner experience subscale. Results showed that temporary mindfulness meditation training decreased the negative emotional experiences of happy and sad music and the positive emotional experiences of calm music during recognition and experience and promoted beautiful musical experiences in individuals with no musical training. Maintaining a state of mindfulness while listening to music enhanced body awareness and led to experiencing a faster passage of musical time. In addition, it was found that Chinese classical folk instrumental musical works effectively induced aesthetic emotion and produced multidimensional aesthetic experiences among non-musically trained adults. This study provides new insights into the relationship between mindfulness and music emotion.

Rachel Yerbury

Abstract School counsellors implement preventative programs to build student resilience and coping skills to counteract the rising mental health needs of children in Australia. School-based meditation programs are effective for individuals and groups, with documented benefits. Most literature examines mindfulness meditation, and the current, exploratory study aimed to add to the research breadth by considering stillness meditation. The stillness program ‘Let’s be Still’ is a 10-week, class-based program that was conducted between 2015–2020 by the school psychologist in a regional, independent New South Wales school. Data were collected from questionnaire responses of 169 Year 2 (7–9 years) and five teachers to document what the children had learnt and how it helped them. Thematic analysis of the responses revealed an emphasis on stillness promoting positive emotions and behaviours. Both students and teachers articulated that learning and practising stillness provided the students with tools to be calm, relaxed and settled, to deal with conflict and to have a break from the busyness of the school day. While the study design does not allow generalisability of the program’s effectiveness, this study may offer input for school counsellors considering the implementation of a school-based meditation program.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 4-39
Nadia Cauchi

This study looks at the effects of the combined practice of mindful meditation and aromatherapy on the wellbeing of MCAST ICS lecturers, potentially providing resources that can help them deal with various stressors. Each practice is supported with literature underlining its effects towards a holistic wellbeing. The researcher uses a qualitative narrative inquiry approach to draw meaning and understanding out of the participants’ experiences. Three MCAST ICS lecturers participated in this study. Their background in health care enables them to relate better with the benefits of mindful meditation and aromatherapy. The research design of this study consists of four stages; a pre-session held with the three participants, weekly mindful meditation sessions for six weeks, individual interviews with each participant, followed by a focus group. Three of the six sessions included aromatherapy and a mindful journal was kept throughout the sessions. The analysis format could either develop as an analysis of narrative or narrative of analysis. In this study both formats were used, however, due to the word count limit only the analysis of narrative is seen. The researcher elicited whole segments from the individual transcripts to develop various themes. To examine the data for the emergent themes the researcher chose to use thematic narrative analysis as it focuses on the ‘told’ (Riessman 2008). In this case the ‘told’ is what helped identify the common patterns found across the narratives. As themes started to emerge, whenever possible the researcher used the MAXQDA software to facilitate the process. Mindful meditation was found to lead to a series of events that enhance self-awareness, thus enhancing holistic wellbeing and positively effecting the individual’s approach towards work and family. This can be achieved because mindful meditation has the potential to enhance one’s social skills, soft skills, and emotional intelligence. Furthermore, combining aromatherapy with mindful meditation was found to positively enhance one’s experience. However, it was not the only decisive factor since the ambience was also an influencer.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (3) ◽  
pp. 207-223
hwa Kang ◽  
anna Kim

This study examined the effects that a somatic mindfulness course had upon the body awareness, ego-resilience and mindfulness of college students. The participants included 91 students attending C college, located in Gyeonggi-do. 51 students were assigned to a somatic mindfulness meditation course, and 40 students (the control group) were assigned to a humanities course, without any mindfulness and body awareness training involved. The results of mindfulness, body awareness, and ego-resilience upon the two groups were assessed in week 1, and again when the course was over after 14 weeks. Homogeneity using a variance test, the mean, the standard deviation, and a mixed ANOVA were performed using the SPSS 2.0 program. In parallel with this, a focus group interview was conducted with eight students in order to evaluate their personal experience of the somatic mindfulness meditation course, along with their experience of practicing the course’s techniques at home. Finally, the study assessed any changes that the students might have felt as a result of taking this course. The students were selected based on their attitude toward the course, their attendance record, and their home practice rate.The quantitative data results showed that in all mindfulness (F=10.531, p<.01), body awareness (F=19.867, p<.001), and ego-resilience (F=4.349, p<.05), the interaction effects between the groups, and the time of assessment, were statistically significant. Based on the qualitative analysis, the results were classified into four areas: 1) physical, 2) emotional, 3) cognitive, and 4) everyday life, as well as into 15 subcategories. The subcategories included ‘decrease of mind-body discomfort’ in the physical area, ‘being able to maintain some distance from negative emotions’, ‘reduced frustration’ in the emotional area, ‘being aware of differences between thoughts and reality’, ‘becoming generous with myself’ in the cognitive area, and ‘choosing a meditation method for myself’ in the everyday life area.The findings indicated that the students managed the stress they experienced from their school work and in their personal lives using what they learned from the course. Based on these results, the use of mindfulness as a way of educating self-care for mental health, and as a tool for future character education at the college level, is further discussed.

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