chinese fir
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 507 ◽  
pp. 120003
Liqin Zhu ◽  
Jie Sun ◽  
Xiaodong Yao ◽  
Xiaohong Wang ◽  
Jinxue Huang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114500
Qi Gao ◽  
Tao Zhang ◽  
Zixing Feng ◽  
Jianfei Yang ◽  
Liangmeng Ni ◽  

Forests ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 123
Ying Zhang ◽  
Beibei Zhang ◽  
Qing Xu ◽  
Deqiang Gao ◽  
Wenbin Xu ◽  

The climate-induced changes in soil water patterns pose a serious threat to subtropical plantations. Mixed species stands have been advocated as an efficient way to enhance ecosystem stability. However, little is known about their possible impact on the soil water-holding capacity in the subtropics. In this study, we employed a stable hydrogen isotope to assess the contribution of rainfall to soil water (CRSW) in a pure Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantation and in two mixtures of Chinese fir with Cinnamomum camphora or with Alnus cremastogyne after three different magnitudes of rainfall events in subtropical China. Furthermore, we used structure equation modeling (SEM) to quantify the relative importance of vegetation and soil properties on the CRSW. The results indicated that the CRSW did not differ among these three Chinese fir plantations after light rainfall, whereas the CRSW of moderate and heavy rainfall to soil water were 15.95% and 26.06% higher in Chinese fir plantation with Cinnamomum camphora, and 22.67% and 22.93% higher in Chinese fir plantation with Alnus cremastogyne than that in the pure Chinese fir plantation, respectively. SEM analysis showed that the vegetation biomass and soil properties significantly affected the CRSW following light rainfall, but the soil properties were the most important factors influencing the CRSW under moderate and heavy rainfall. Our findings demonstrate that the mixed conifer–broad-leaved plantation is a more effective strategy for improving the soil water-holding capacity than the pure conifer plantation in subtropical regions, which is conducive to coping with the frequent seasonal droughts and extreme precipitation events.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Kui-Peng Li ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Gui-Yun Tao ◽  
Kai-Yong Huang

AbstractThe radial change (RC) of tree stem is the process of heartwood formation involved in complex molecular mechanism. Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.), an evergreen species, is an important fast-growing timber tree in southern China. In this study, the top four stable genes (IDH, UBC2, RCA and H2B) were selected in RC tissues of 15 years old Chinese fir stem (RC15) and the genes (H2B, 18S, TIP41 and GAPDH) were selected in RC tissues of 30 years old Chinese fir stem (RC30). The stability of the reference genes is higher in RC30 than in RC15. Sixty-one MYB transcripts were obtained on the PacBio Sequel platform from woody tissues of one 30 years old Chinese fir stem. Based on the number of MYB DNA-binding domain and phylogenetic relationships, the ClMYB transcripts contained 21 transcripts of MYB-related proteins (1R-MYB), 39 transcripts of R2R3-MYB proteins (2R-MYB), one transcript of R1R2R3-MYB protein (3R-MYB) belonged to 18 function-annotated clades and two function-unknown clades. In RC woody tissues of 30 years old Chinese fir stem, ClMYB22 was the transcript with the greatest fold change detected by both RNA-seq and qRT-PCR. Reference genes selected in this study will be helpful for further verification of transcript abundance patterns during the heartwood formation of Chinese fir.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yanyan Jiang ◽  
Xiongqing Zhang ◽  
Sophan Chhin ◽  
Jianguo Zhang

Age plays an important role in regulating the intra-annual changes in wood cell development. Investigating the effect of age on intra-annual wood cell development would help to understand cambial phenology and xylem formation dynamics of trees and predict the growth of trees accurately. Five intermediate trees in each stand (total of 5 stands) in five age groupings of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata Hook.) plantations in subtropical China were monitored on micro-cores collected weekly or biweekly from January to December in 2019. We modeled the dynamics of wood cell development with a mixed effects model, analyzed the age effect on intra-annual wood cell development, and explored the contribution of rate and duration of wood cell development on intra-annual wood cell development. We found a bimodal pattern of wood cell development in all age classes, and no matter the date of peak or the maximal number of cells the bimodal patterns were similar in all age classes. In addition, compared with the older trees, the younger trees had the longest duration of wood cell development because of the later end of wood cell development and a larger number of wood cells. The younger trees had the faster growth rate than the older trees, but the date of the maximal growth rate in older trees was earlier than younger trees, which led to the production of more wood cells in the younger trees. Moreover, we found that the number of cells in wood cell formation was mostly affected by the rate (92%) rather than the duration (8%) of wood cell formation.

Forests ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
pp. 1721
Yiying Wang ◽  
Ruru Qu ◽  
Xiangwen Deng ◽  
Zhihong Huang ◽  
Wenhua Xiang ◽  

Red-heart Chinese fir is an excellent geographic provenance of Cunninghamia lanceolata, with high-value red heartwood. However, the formation of red heartwood is usually slow. To quickly cultivate red-heart Chinese fir, we studied perforation dyeing technology on living trees that were 7 years old and efficient in high-value red heartwood formation. Reactive dye (%), penetrant (%), KH2PO4 (%), and pH were selected as influencing factors, and an orthogonal test (L9(3)4) was used. The results showed that the total color difference between the experimental and CK groups ranged from 13.74 to 26.86 NBS, which was a significant visual perception (above 12 NBS). The total color difference before and after soaking in water for 6 h ranged from 2.30 to 5.12 NBS, which belonged to the detectable and identifiable value of the human eye (2~5 NBS). After the injection of the dye liquid, the wood basic density (WBD) was significantly affected after one year. After a comprehensive analysis of wood color difference, colorfastness, and WBD of the orthogonal test, the best dyeing process of juvenile red-heart Chinese fir was reactive dye: 0.8%, penetrant: 0.05%, KH2PO4: 0.3%, and pH: 3.5. The results of this study can provide a reference to improve the value of red-heart Chinese fir, a fast-cultivated, high-value decorative wood material.

2021 ◽  
Vol 67 (1) ◽  
Changqing Lu ◽  
Jun Wu ◽  
Qianqian Jiang ◽  
Yamei Liu ◽  
Liang Zhou ◽  

AbstractThe proportion of juvenile wood affects the utilization of wood seriously, and the transition year of juvenile wood (JW) and mature wood (MW) plays a decisive role in the rotation and the modification of wood. To find out the demarcation of JW and MW, the tracheid length (TL) and microfibril angle (MFA) of early wood (EW) and late wood (LW) from four Chinese fir clones were measured by optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Then the data were analyzed by the k-means clustering method. The correlation and the differences among wood properties between JW and MW were compared. Results indicated that the LW showed better properties than that of EW, but the anatomical differences between EW and LW did not influence the demarcation of JW and MW. The cluster analysis of TL and MFA showed that the transition year was in the 16th year and the transition zone of EW and LW was different among clones. The MW has longer and wider tracheid, thicker cell walls, and smaller MFA. In terms of chemistry, MW had a higher content of holocellulose, α-cellulose, less content of extract, but no significant difference in lignin content compared with JW. The stabilization of chemical components was earlier than that of the anatomic properties. Correlation analysis showed that there were strong correlations between the chemical composition and anatomical characteristics in JW and MW. In general, compared with chemical components, anatomical indicators were more suitable for JW and MW demarcation. The differences and correlations between JW and MW properties provide a theoretical basis for wood rotation and planting.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document