high pressure water jet
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Machines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 60
Author(s):  
Lihuan Chen ◽  
Muzheng Cheng ◽  
Yi Cai ◽  
Liwen Guo ◽  
Dianrong Gao

The technology of increasing coal seam permeability by high-pressure water jet has significant advantages in preventing and controlling gas disasters in low-permeability coal seam. The structural parameters of a nozzle are the key to its jet performance. The majority of the current studies take strike velocity as the evaluation index, and the influence of the interaction between the nozzle’s structural parameters on its jet performance is not fully considered. In practice, strike velocity and strike area will affect gas release in the process of coal breaking and punching. To further optimize the structural parameters of coal breaking and punching nozzle, and improve water jet performance, some crucial parameters such as the contraction angle, outlet divergence angle, and length-to-diameter ratio are selected. Meanwhile, the maximum X-axis velocity and effective Y-axis extension distance are used as evaluation indexes. The effect of each key factor on the water jet performance is analyzed by numerical simulation using the single factor method. The significance and importance effect of each factor and their interaction on the water jet performance are quantitatively analyzed using the orthogonal experiment method. Moreover, three optimal combinations are selected for experimental verification. Results show that with an increase in contraction angle, outlet divergence angle, and length-to-diameter ratio, the maximum X-axis velocity increases initially and decreases thereafter. The Y-direction expansion distance of the jet will be improved significantly with an increase in the outlet divergence angle. Through field experiments, the jet performance of the improved nozzle 3 is the best. After optimization, the coal breaking and punching diameter of the nozzle is increased by 118%, and the punching depth is increased by 17.46%.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-19
Author(s):  
Shang Yang ◽  
Xuehui Li ◽  
Jun Wang ◽  
Shuhao Yang ◽  
Zhen Shen ◽  
...  

To solve the problem of strong ground pressure behaviour under a residual coal pillar in the overlying goaf of a close-distance coal seam, this paper proposes the technology of weakening and relieving the residual coal pillar in the overlying goaf by a high-pressure water jet. Based on the geological occurrence of the No. 3 coal seam and mountain No. 4 coal seam in the Yanzishan coal mine, the high-pressure water jet pressure relief technology of residual coal pillars in the overlying goaf of close-distance coal seams was studied by theoretical analysis and field industrial tests. First, the elastic-plastic zone of the residual coal pillar and the stress distribution law of the floor are obtained by theoretical analysis, and the influence degree of the residual coal pillar on the support of the lower coal seam working face is revealed. Then, a high-pressure water jet combined with mine pressure is proposed to weaken the residual coal pillar. Finally, through the residual coal pillar hydraulic cutting mechanical model and “double-drilling double-slot” model, the high-pressure water jet drilling layout parameters are determined, and an industrial field test is carried out. The single knife cutting coal output and 38216 working face hydraulic support monitoring data show that high-pressure hydraulic slotting can weaken the strength of the coal body to a certain extent, destroy the integrity of the residual coal pillar, cut off the load transmission path of the overlying strata, and reduce the working resistance of the hydraulic support under the residual coal pillar to a certain extent, which is beneficial to the safe mining of the working face.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2108 (1) ◽  
pp. 012094
Author(s):  
Zijian Dai ◽  
Hualin Liao ◽  
Ke Yang ◽  
Feng Sun

Abstract Natural gas hydrate is a research hotspot at present. However, the current exploitation technology can’t meet the demand of commercial exploitation of natural gas hydrate. In order to improve the efficiency of hydrate production, this paper believes that the idea of using high-pressure water jets for sandblasting perforation is expected to constitute an effective way to extract natural gas hydrates. The experimental study on sandblasting perforation and hydraulic slitting of simulated reservoirs was carried out by using large-scale ground fracturing equipment and full-scale hydraulic blasting perforating equipment. The driving pressure is analysed under the action of high-pressure water jet. The influence of diameter on the effect of simulated reservoir fracture. The results show that the diameter of the perforation increases with the increase of pressure; This experimental study can provide an experimental basis for the use of abrasive jet blasting perforating technology to improve the efficiency of natural gas hydrate production.


Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (16) ◽  
pp. 4745
Author(s):  
Przemysław J. Borkowski ◽  
Wiesław Szada-Borzyszkowski

This paper presents an original method for the micronization of coal particles in a hydro-jet mill, which allows effective comminuting of coal in the pressure range of 100–250 MPa, at a variable water flow rate of 0.2–0.5 dm3/s. The discussed high-pressure water jet mill (HPWJM) allows the comminution of standard fines, with a grain size up to 2 mm, and at a relatively high comminuting efficiency of 8 to 55 g/s. In addition, the paper presents energy-consumption ratios, and indicates the advantage of this method over mechanical grinding in a planetary ball-mill. At optimum conditions, coal comminution at an efficiency of Qc = 38.4 g/s and at an energy input of EH = 1.1 MJ/kg provides an average particle size of about 40 µm. The degree of comminution was further improved by applying roto-turbulent micronization, which resulted in an average size of comminuted coal particles of only 17 µm. As an additional result, the actual surface area of the particles increased by 10–30 thousand times when compared to ground fines—this fact is of significance for the application of micronized particles in quasi-liquid coal-water fuel.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Author(s):  
Yongfei Yang ◽  
Weidong Shi ◽  
Linwei Tan ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Songping Chen ◽  
...  

The submerged high-pressure water jet has the characteristics of high velocity, strong turbulence, and severe cavitation. In order to reveal the formation mechanism of shear cavitation in the submerged high-pressure water jet and to grasp the turbulent structure and velocity distribution characteristics in the jet, the prediction ability of different turbulence models is studied first. The models represent the RANS model and RANS-LES hybrid model which are used to simulate the same cavitation jet, and the results are compared with the experimental results. The most reasonable model is then used to investigate the submerged high-pressure cavitation jet with different cavitation numbers. It is found that the calculation accuracy for small-scale vortexes has a great influence on the prediction accuracy of cavitation in the submerged jet. Both the DDES model and the SBES model can effectively capture the vortexes in the shear layer, and the SBES model can obtain more turbulence details. The result of the simulation under different cavitation numbers using the SBES model agrees well with the experimental result. Under the condition with low cavitation number, an intensive shear layer is formed at the exit of the nozzle, and small-scale vortexes are distributed along the shear layer. Mass transfer rate is relatively high in the region with a stronger vortex, which confirms that the low pressure in the vortex center is the main reason for the generation of cavitation in the shear layer. With the decrease of the cavitation number, the cavitation intensity increases obviously, while the nondimensional velocity along the radial direction changes little, which follows an exponential function.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (13) ◽  
Author(s):  
Zeng-qiang Yang ◽  
Chang Liu ◽  
Feng-shuo Li ◽  
Lin-ming Dou ◽  
Gang-wei Li ◽  
...  

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