physicochemical composition
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2022 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 110646
Mar Grimalt ◽  
Francisca Hernández ◽  
Pilar Legua ◽  
Asunción Amorós ◽  
María Soledad Almansa

2022 ◽  
Vol 51 (4) ◽  
pp. 784-794
Ekaterina Statsenko ◽  
Oksana Litvinenko ◽  
Galina Kodirova ◽  
Galina Kubankova ◽  
Nadezhda Korneva ◽  

Introduction. Fermented milk beverages with various vegetable additives expand the range of functional foods with probiotics, vitamins, and minerals. The research objective was to develop a new technology for fermented milk drinks fortified with soy protein. Study objects and methods. Heat-treated cow’s milk with Direct Vat Set bacterial starter served as the control sample, while the experimental samples featured fermented milk fortified with soy additives. The soy protein ingredient was obtained from powdered sprouted soybean. Soybeans were pre-germinated in a thermostat at 26°C for 24 h and blanched with steam for 15 min. After that, 1–9% of the soy substance was added to pasteurized milk and fermented at 38–40°C for 6–8 h. The resulting sample was tested for quality indicators and physicochemical composition. Results and discussion. The best sensory properties belonged to the sample with 5% mass fraction of the soy additive. As a result, the soy-fortified beverages entitled Bifivit and Immunovit had a better nutritional value: protein – by 1.92 and 1.79 g, fat – by 0.77 and 0.75 g, vitamin E – by 0.16 mg, choline – by 23.82 mg, potassium – by 149 mg, phosphorus – by 19 and 22 mg, calcium – by 25 and 24 mg, magnesium – by 22 and 23 mg, respectively. One portion (100 g) of these drinks contained over 15% of recommended daily intake of protein, vitamin B2, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus. The content of lactic acid and bifidobacteria remained above the norm (1×108) both in fresh products and by the end of their shelf life. Conclusion. The article introduces a technology of new functional soy-fortified fermented milk drinks with improved chemical and sensory properties.

2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (1) ◽  
Vanessa Pereira Macedo ◽  
Rebeca Dantas Xavier Ribeiro ◽  
Sergiane Alves de Araújo ◽  
Mateus Neto Silva Souza ◽  
Ederson Américo de Andrade ◽  

Animals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 110
Miriam M. Mendoza-Taco ◽  
Aldenamar Cruz-Hernández ◽  
Angélica A. Ochoa-Flores ◽  
Josafat A. Hernández-Becerra ◽  
Armando Gómez-Vázquez ◽  

This study determined the effect of feeding Moringa oleifera (MO) leaf extracts to lactating ewes on the physicochemical composition of their milk and yogurt during storage (4 °C for 14 days) and the sensory acceptance of the yogurt. Over 45 days, 24 multiparous lactating Pelibuey and Katahdin ewes (two days in lactation) were randomly assigned to four groups: MO-0, basal diet (BD) + 0 mL MO; MO-20, BD + 20 mL MO; MO-40, BD + 40 mL MO; and MO-60, BD + 60 mL MO. In the milk, an increase of 6% in protein, 26% in leucine, 14% in ash, and 1% in the pH (6.71) was observed with MO-60. The density values decreased by 0.3% at a higher dose of MO compared to MO-0, while the nonfat solids (NFS) in the milk were similar between the treatments. In the yogurt, an increase of 5% in protein, 113% in leucine (MO-20), 9% in NFS, and a reduction of 2% in moisture with MO-60 was observed. The acidity reflected an inverse relationship to the pH, as did the moisture and NFS with MO-60. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with MO in lactating ewes did not have negative effects on the chemical composition of their yogurt during storage (14 days). Overall, feeding sheep with 20 mL of MO positively influenced the physicochemical composition of their milk and yogurt during storage.

Daniela D. de F. Leite ◽  
Alexandre J. de M. Queiroz ◽  
Rossana M. F. de Figueirêdo ◽  
Francislaine S. dos Santos ◽  
Semirames do N. Silva ◽  

ABSTRACT Citron watermelon is an agricultural product of excellent economic potential. Its seeds are widely used for oil extraction, serving as an energy source, showing nutritional characteristics that make them a suitable product to be studied. Thus, the objective was to characterize citron watermelon seeds regarding their physicochemical composition, in addition to determining drying kinetics, fitting mathematical models to the data, and determining the effective diffusivity coefficients and thermodynamic properties. The seeds were dried in a convective dryer, varying the drying temperature, with air velocity of 1.0 m s-1. With the increase in drying temperature, there were reductions in moisture content, water activity (aw), ash concentration, total titratable acidity, lipids and reducing sugar. Citron watermelon seeds are rich in lipids and ash, have low sugar concentration and low acidity; their drying kinetics was very well described by the Two Terms and Approximation of Diffusion models, followed by the models of Midilli and Page, which resulted in acceptable fits. Effective diffusivity accompanied the increase in drying temperature, and this behavior was well fitted by an Arrhenius-type equation. Enthalpy and entropy variations were reduced with drying temperature, with increments in Gibbs free energy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 12-22
Gaye I. Erdoğan ◽  
Ayşe Neslihan Dündar

Chestnut-added milk (CM) was produced with 2 different methods. In the first method, chestnuts were roasted, and in the second method, they were cooked in bain-marie and then added to milk at different ratios (5, 15, 25 %). The addition of chestnuts to milk statistically increased the amount of protein, dietary fiber, carbohydrate, energy, mineral (Ca, K, P, Mg), antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content compared to the control, whereas it did not cause a significant change in sensory properties. Therefore, the chestnut is a suitable supplementation for milk.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (16) ◽  
pp. e208101623581
João Victor Manzoni de Oliveira ◽  
Stephanie Harue Massaki ◽  
Willian Caixeta Gutierres ◽  
Franciele Itati Kreutz ◽  
João Pedro Grespan Estodutto da Silva ◽  

Industrialized meat product, known as salami, is composed of some types of meat, such as pork, beef or pork and beef together, added ingredients and bacon. This research aimed to elaborate Italian salami using the fermentation process with standard starter bacteria, such as control, water and milk kefir, and evaluate the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of the final product. The use of kefir grains aimed to analyze the possibility for their use in the production of salami as starter cultures from their symbiotic association of yeasts, acid-lactic bacteria, acetic bacteria and also their probiotic and antimicrobial action. The microbiological and physicochemical composition indicates that kefir is a product with probiotic characteristics, because it has in its composition living microorganisms capable of improving the intestinal microbial balance producing beneficial effects on the health of the individual who consumes it. At the end of the analyses, it was observed that the salami based on standard starter bacteria culture presented greater diversity of fungi, and the fungus Exophiala spp was present in the 3 types of salamis. The samples showed absence of pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella ssp, Shigella ssp and E.coli. There was little variation in the physical-chemical characteristics of the salamis evaluated.  It was concluded that kefir can replace industrial fermentation culture without affecting the microbiological and physicochemical pattern of salami.

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