randomized complete block design
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

2062
(FIVE YEARS 1308)

H-INDEX

17
(FIVE YEARS 5)

Author(s):  
C L Helmuth ◽  
D R Woerner ◽  
M A Ballou ◽  
J L Manahan ◽  
C M Coppin ◽  
...  

Abstract In the feedlot, there can be a decrease in dry matter intake (DMI) associated with reimplanting cattle that negatively affects growth performance. This study was conducted to determine the mechanisms causing a decrease in DMI after reimplanting and identify a strategy to mitigate the decrease. Crossbred steers [n = 200; 10 pens/treatment; initial bodyweight (BW) = 386 ± 4.9 kg] were used in a randomized complete block design experiment. Cattle were implanted with Revalor-IS on day 0. Treatments included a Revalor-200 implant on day 90 before feeding with the following management practices imposed: 1) steers were returned to their home pen immediately after reimplant (PCON); 2) steers were placed in pens and restricted from feed and water for 4 hours (RES); 3) steers were walked an additional 805 m after reimplant and then returned home (LOC); 4) steers were restricted from feed and water for 4 hours and walked an additional 805 m (RES+LOC); 5) steers were given an oral bolus of Megasphaera elsdenii (Lactipro; MS Biotec, Wamego, KS) and were restricted from feed and water for 4 hours, then walked an additional 805 m (LACT). One-hundred steers were given an ear tag to record minutes of activity (ESense Flex Tags, Allflex Livestock Intelligence, Madison, WI). As a percentage of BW, DMI was 5% greater (P = 0.01) from reimplant to end for PCON vs. RES, LOC, and RES+LOC treatments. Likewise, as a percentage of BW, DMI was 6.6% greater (P = 0.03) from reimplant to end and 4.0% greater (P = 0.05) overall for the PCON treatment vs. the LOC treatment. Overall, DMI as a percentage of BW, was 3.3% greater (P = 0.02) for PCON vs. RES, LOC, and RES+LOC treatments. There was an increase in G:F from reimplant to end (P = 0.05) for RES+LOC vs. the LACT treatment. From these data, we conclude that restricting cattle from feed and water for 4 hours after reimplanting did not alter subsequent DMI. Increasing locomotion had the greatest negative effect on DMI and growth performance. Management strategies to decrease locomotion associated with reimplanting would be beneficial to DMI and overall growth performance of finishing beef steers.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Alemu Tarekegn Tiruneh ◽  
Dessalegn Gelaye Amsalu ◽  
Kifetew Kesete Adane

Abstract Background Understanding the relationship between dry matter yield production and forage quality throughout the growing season will help to optimize the cutting intervals between harvests in different Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) varieties. An experiment was conducted to assess the effects of harvest frequency on forage yield and quality of 2 improved cultivars (ILRI-6984 and var. DzF-552) of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in Western Dembia district over 20 months during 2017 and 2018. Four harvest frequencies (every 30, 40, 50 and 60 days) were compared in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 4 replications. The experiment was laid down in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in factorial arrangement with four replications. To assess their production potential plant height (cm), number of branches per plant, fresh biomass yield (t ha−1) and dry matter yield (t ha−1) of the forge and its nutrient content were recorded. The data collected was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) by using the general linear model (GLM) procedure in Statistical Analysis System (SAS) (2003) version 9.1. Results The results revealed that highest forage dry matter yield was recorded for variety ILRI-6984 harvested every 40 days (26.8 t DM ha−1) and for var. DzF-552 when harvested every 60 days (24.1 t DM ha−1) (P<0.001). While crude protein concentration tended to decline as age at harvest increased, there was little consistency in the pattern. Crude protein yields were also inconsistent across treatments but ILRI-6984 harvested every 40 days produced the highest yields (6.5 t ha−1) (P<0.001). Conclusion These preliminary findings need to be confirmed under field conditions on a large scale along with longer-term studies to examine the longevity of the stands at these harvest frequencies. Irregular harvesting based on stage of maturity should be compared with fixed inter-harvest intervals.


2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-25
Author(s):  
P. I. Udounang ◽  
O. J Ekwere ◽  
F. E. Akpainyang

Field experiment was conducted at University of Uyo Teaching, research farm during the 2018 and 2019 cropping seasons to assess the effect of fertilization on cocoyam-based intercropping systems. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatments were six fertilizers rates - 0kg/ha, NPK200kg/ha, NPK400kg/ha, PM2.5t/ha, PM5.0t/ha, Mixture (NPK200kg/ha + PM2.5t/ha) and six crop mixtures - Sole Cocoyam, Sole Melon, Sole Maize, Cocoyam + Maize, Cocoyam + Melon and Cocoyam + Melon + Maize). Result analysed with analysis of variance revealed PM2.5t/ha, NPK400kg/ha and Mixture (NPK200kg/ha + PM2.5t/ha) gave higher plant height, leaf area, stem girth in sole cocoyam, maize and melon respectively. PM2.5t/ha favoured leaf area, stem girths of cocoyam, maize with cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon and cocoyam + melon + maize crop mixtures. PM5.0t/ha gave higher values of corm, cormels, cormels weight, cormels number and cormels length in both sole cocoyam and mixtures (cocoyam + melon, cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon + maize) in both seasons respectively. PM2.5t/ha gave higher values of maize grain yield with cocoyam + maize, cocoyam + melon + maize crop mixtures. PM5.0t/ha and NPK400kg/ha gave higher melon seed values with cocoyam + melon and cocoyam + Melon + maize. Conclusively, it is recommended that application of organic fertilizer promotes higher yields and yield components in both sole and crop mixtures of cocoyam and maize respectively.


Author(s):  
YD Nayak ◽  
AP Sahoo

The experiment was conducted to evaluate the adaptability of newly released papaya varieties at Chano Mille research site of Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center during 2019-2020 cropping seasons. The three hermaphrodite papaya varieties namely; Braz-HS1, Koka-HM1 and Meki-HL1 were used for the study and laid-out in a Randomized Complete Block Design in three replications. Data on yield and yield components were collected and analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) through Statistical Analytics System software. The ANOVA results revealed that there were significant variations among papaya varieties for the studied parameters. Significantly, the highest number of fruits plant-1, number of leaves and fruit yield were obtained from Braz-HS1 papaya variety. The fruit yield of Braz-HS1 variety was 46% higher than that of Koka-HM1. In general, Braz-HS1 papaya variety performed (in terms of number of fruits and fruit yield) better than the rest two varieties. Thus, Braz-HS1 papaya variety could be recommended for the papaya growers in the study area and vicinity with similar agro-ecology. Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(2): 72-75, Dec 2021


Author(s):  
G Fikre ◽  
A Mensa

The experiment was conducted to evaluate the adaptability of newly released papaya varieties at Chano Mille research site of Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center during 2019-2020 cropping seasons. The three hermaphrodite papaya varieties namely; Braz-HS1, Koka-HM1 and Meki-HL1 were used for the study and laid-out in a Randomized Complete Block Design in three replications. Data on yield and yield components were collected and analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) through Statistical Analytics System software. The ANOVA results revealed that there were significant variations among papaya varieties for the studied parameters. Significantly, the highest number of fruits plant-1, number of leaves and fruit yield were obtained from Braz-HS1 papaya variety. The fruit yield of Braz-HS1 variety was 46% higher than that of Koka-HM1. In general, Braz-HS1 papaya variety performed (in terms of number of fruits and fruit yield) better than the rest two varieties. Thus, Braz-HS1 papaya variety could be recommended for the papaya growers in the study area and vicinity with similar agro-ecology. Int. J. Agril. Res. Innov. Tech. 11(2): 69-71, Dec 2021


Author(s):  
P. Jagan Mohan Rao ◽  
N. Sandhyakishore ◽  
S. Sandeep ◽  
G. Neelima ◽  
A. Saritha ◽  
...  

Background: The genotype × environment interaction greatly influences the success of breeding and in multi-location trials complicates the identification of superior genotypes for a single location, due to magnitude of genotype by location interaction are often greater than genotype by year interaction. This necessitates genotype evaluation in multi environments trials in the advanced stages of selection. Methods: Nine elite pigeonpea genotypes of mid-early duration were evaluated in six diverse locations in randomized complete block design with three replications during kharif, 2019 to ascertain the stable genotypes, environments discrimination and genotype by environment crossovers using AMMI and GGE biplot stability models. Result: The results in the present investigation revealed that first two principal components explained 73.4% of variation interaction, while, 80.50% in GGE biplot. Both the models identified WRGE-126 (G6) as stable performer with high yield (1733 kg ha-1) and among the locations Tandur (E1) measured as the ideal environment. Whereas, the environments, Adilabad (E3) and Warangal (E4) were observed representative with better discriminating ability.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 281-289
Author(s):  
Tanjida Afrin Chhanda ◽  
Md Abdur Rahman Sarkar ◽  
Suriaya Perveen ◽  
Md Mosharaf Hossain ◽  
Ahmed Khairul Hasan

Varietal selection and appropriate placement of nitrogen fertilizer could reduce the magnitude of nitrogen losses to a considerable extent and improve its use efficiency for better grain production. An experiment was carried out during the period from July to December at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh to evaluate the effect of variety and nitrogen fertilizer management on the growth and yield of transplant aman rice. The treatments consisted of three varieties viz. BR11, BRRI dhan49 and Binadhan-7, and five nitrogen fertilizer managements viz. two depth of placement of USG (Urea Super Granule) and three split applications of prilled urea. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that the effect of variety and nitrogen fertilizer management significantly influenced all the yield contributing characters except weight of 1000- grains, non-effective tillers hill-1 and panicle length. The highest grain yield (3.69 t ha-1) was obtained from Binadhan-7. In the case of nitrogen fertilizer management, the highest grain yield (4.32 t ha-1) was found from the 6 cm depth placement of USG. The highest grain yield (4.82 t ha- 1) was observed from the interaction of Binadhan-7 with the 6 cm depth of placement of USG. It may be concluded that Binadhan-7 with 6 cm depth of placement of USG appeared as the promising practice to maximize the yield of transplant aman rice. Res. Agric., Livest. Fish.8(3): 281-289, December 2021


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (3) ◽  
pp. 273-279
Author(s):  
Shubroto Kumar Sarkar ◽  
Swapan Kumar Paul ◽  
Sontosh Chandra Chanda ◽  
AKM Golam Sarwar

Plant spacing ensures uniform and optimum plant population and facilitates sufficient natural resources for crop growth which, in turns influences the crop yield positively. An investigation was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, during July to December 2017 to study the influence of plant spacing on the yield of double grained rice cultivar. The study comprised five spacing viz. 25 cm × 15 cm, 25 cm × 10 cm, 20 cm × 15 cm, 20 cm × 10 cm and 15 cm × 15 cm and two rice cultivars viz. a double grained rice cultivar and BRRI dhan49 and a double grained rice cultivar. It was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The double grained rice cultivar produced taller plant (155.65 cm), longer panicle (23.93 cm), higher 1000-grain weight (25.96) and higher straw yield (6.90 t ha-1), though the higher grain yield (3.68 t ha-1) was found in the test cultivar (BRRI dhan49). Planting at 20 cm × 15 cm produced the highest grain yield (3.70 t ha-1) which was at par with 25 cm × 15 cm, 25 cm × 10 cm and 20 cm × 10 cm while planting at 15 cm × 15 cm produced the lowest grain yield (3.13 t ha-1). The interaction of the double grained rice cultivar with all spacing combinations produced taller plants than the spacing combinations with BRRI dhan49. The higher grain yield (3.52 t ha-1) was found in the double grained rice cultivar with 20 cm × 10 cm spacing which was at par with the spacing of 20 cm × 15 cm and 25 cm × 15 cm, respectively; although BRRI dhan49 always produced the higher yield. The lowest grain yield (3.08 t ha-1) was recorded at the double grained rice cultivar with 25 cm × 10 cm spacing, however, the same treatment produced the highest biological yield (11.23 t ha-1) due to the highest straw yield (8.15 t ha-1). Hence, the spacing 20 cm × 15 cm might be recommended for the higher grain yield in the double grained rice cultivar Res. Agric., Livest. Fish.8(3): 273-279, December 2021


2022 ◽  
Vol 951 (1) ◽  
pp. 012004
Author(s):  
S Nayohan ◽  
K G Wiryawan ◽  
A Jayanegara

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effect of coating urea by chitosan at graded levels on ammonia concentration and rumen fermentation in vitro. This study used Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) to test ammonia parameter and Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) for pH, microbial protein synthesis, dry matter and organic matter digestibility, and Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA). The treatments tested were: P0 = addition non coating urea 1%; P1 = coating urea by chitosan 1%; P2 = coating urea by chitosan 2%; P3 = coating urea by chitosan 3%. The data obtained were analysed by using ANOVA and continued with Tukey HSD test with SPSS version 25. The results of this study showed that the coating of urea chitosan had no significant effect on pH, dry matter and organic matter digestibility, microbial protein synthesis, and amonia concentration in the rumen. However, it significantly reduced (P <0.05) total VFA concentration. It can be concluded that the application of urea coating by chitosan does not affect on the degradation of urea in the rumen.


2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (5) ◽  
Author(s):  
Aniela Pilar Campos de Melo ◽  
Paulo Marçal Fernandes ◽  
Carlos de Melo e Silva-Neto ◽  
Eli Regina Barboza de Souza ◽  
Ariane Carla Campos de Melo ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT: The objective was to estimate the physiological and productive performance of potato genotypes in two organic cultivation systems. Two trials were conducted, being one in a protected and on in an open-field environment. A randomized complete block design with four replicates and five treatments (genotypes ‘Agata’, ‘Atlantic’, ‘BRS Ana’, ‘BRSIPR Bel’ and ‘BRS Clara’) was used. Physiological, productive characteristics and defects associated with tubers were obtained. The protected environment is the most appropriate to produce organic potatoes under the evaluated conditions. Genotypes ‘BRSIPR Bel’ and ‘BRS Ana’ exhibit a high productive potential in organic conditions.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document