Spliced Variant
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2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. i4-i5
Author(s):  
Ajay Yadav

Abstract Glioblastoma is inevitably a recurrent cancer. Despite of recent advancement, temozolomide remain the prescribed lifeline drug, after the surgery. Inadvertently, MGMT (O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase) expression mechanistically linked with Temozolomide (alkylating drug) glioma resistant development. To understand the resistant against Temozolomide sought to deciphered, by making invitro drug resistant glioma cell lines. RNA seq analysis over a illumina platform; drug resistant glioma cell lines showed various critical key factor such as splice factor hnRNPA1 and deubiquitinating enzymes were showed to highly upregulated in resistant cell lines. Commonly, from our previous study, the stability of hnRNPA1 in presence of USP5 were showed to promote cell survival, whereas knocking down of USP5 significantly lower down the telomerase activity and NAD/NADH ratio enlarge. Furthermore, expression of MGMT was showed significantly downregulated in hnRNPA1 knock down T98G glioma cells, as well as in U87 Temozolomide resistant cells. Extrinsic apoptosis pathway was showed more prevalent in hnRNPA1 knock down glioma cells in presence of Trail ligand. Interestingly, we found one more spliced variants of hnRNPA1 exclusively expressing in drug resistant cells is new finding. Selectively knocking down of hnRNPA1 splice variant promotes apoptosis. RNA seq analysis followed the comparison between two hnRNPA1 spliced variant knock down, drug resistant glioma cell lines showed differentially expressed transcript support our finding to be distinctly regulated by hnRNPA1 spliced variants. Spliced variant of hnRNPA1 showed a potential therapeutic candidate signature.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. i22-i23
Author(s):  
Ajay Yadav

Abstract Glioblastoma is aggressive brain tumor. Glioma heterogeneity builds in hypoxic condition due to its intrinsic high apoptosis rate cause to develop a high selection clonal pressure. HnRNPA1 plays a key role in developing glycolytic tumor, shows its high expression exclusively in hypoxic glioma cells. Recently we observed one more spliced variant of hnRNPA1, encoding higher isoform, exclusively abundant in resistant glioma cell lines. Widely around the scientific community HnRNPA1 splice factor family protein was found distinctly regulating resistant glioma phenotype. To support our hypothesis, methodology we perform includes various apoptosis assays to critically understand hnRNPA1 spliced variant dependent pathway in Temozolomide resistant U87 glioma cells. Proteomic based apoptotic array and angiogenic array enable us to visualize selective knock down of hnRNPA1 has dominant role in promoting apoptotic cascade. Additionally, flow cytometry base annexin V-PI staining technique to understand early and late apoptosis was measured in selective hnRNPA1 spliced variant knockdown cells in presence or absence of PI3 kinase inhibitor wortmannin (5 micro molar). Results showed hnRNPA1 higher isoform knock down promotes more apoptosis compare to lower isoform. Interestingly, overexpression of HnRNPA1 higher isoform or lower isoform alone doesn’t promote apoptosis, however is prominently higher apoptosis in Bortezomib treated U87 glioma cells. These both isoforms are presently majorly in gliomas, but somehow for long was not recognized. Conclusion is to explore more related novel finding or therapeutic strategy to target higher isoform of hnRNPA1, using invivo mouse xenograft model.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Garcia Miguel Garcia ◽  
Antonio C. Fuentes-Fayos ◽  
Cristobal Blanco-Acevedo ◽  
Juan Solivera ◽  
Ortiz Manuel Gahete ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 135 ◽  
pp. 191-203
Author(s):  
Chia Chiu Lim ◽  
Soo Khim Chan ◽  
Yee Ying Lim ◽  
Yuya Ishikawa ◽  
Yee Siew Choong ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Giulia Monti ◽  
Mads Kjolby ◽  
Anne Mette G. Jensen ◽  
Mariet Allen ◽  
Juliane Reiche ◽  
...  

AbstractSORL1 is strongly associated with both sporadic and familial forms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but a lack of information about alternatively spliced transcripts currently limits our understanding of the role of SORL1 in AD. Here, we describe a SORL1 transcript (SORL1-38b) characterized by inclusion of a novel exon (E38b) that encodes a truncated protein. We identified E38b-containing transcripts in several brain regions, with the highest expression in the cerebellum and showed that SORL1-38b is largely located in neuronal dendrites, which is in contrast to the somatic distribution of transcripts encoding the full-length SORLA protein (SORL1-fl). SORL1-38b transcript levels were significantly reduced in AD cerebellum in three independent cohorts of postmortem brains, whereas no changes were observed for SORL1-fl. A trend of lower 38b transcript level in cerebellum was found for individuals carrying the risk variant at rs2282649 (known as SNP24), although not reaching statistical significance. These findings suggest synaptic functions for SORL1-38b in the brain, uncovering novel aspects of SORL1 that can be further explored in AD research.


Author(s):  
Noé Cochetel ◽  
Andrea Minio ◽  
Mélanie Massonnet ◽  
Amanda M Vondras ◽  
Rosa Figueroa-Balderas ◽  
...  

Abstract Muscadinia rotundifolia, the muscadine grape, has been cultivated for centuries in the southeastern United States. M. rotundifolia is resistant to many of the pathogens that detrimentally affect Vitis vinifera, the grape species commonly used for winemaking. For this reason, M. rotundifolia is a valuable genetic resource for breeding. Single-molecule real-time reads were combined with optical maps to reconstruct the two haplotypes of each of the 20 M. rotundifolia cv. Trayshed chromosomes. The completeness and accuracy of the assembly were confirmed using a high-density linkage map of M. rotundifolia. Protein-coding genes were annotated using an integrated and comprehensive approach. This included using Full-length cDNA sequencing (Iso-Seq) to improve gene structure and hypothetical spliced variant predictions. Our data strongly support that Muscadinia chromosomes 7 and 20 are fused in Vitis and pinpoint the location of the fusion in Cabernet Sauvignon and PN40024 chromosome 7. Disease-related gene numbers in Trayshed and Cabernet Sauvignon were similar, but their clustering locations were different. A dramatic expansion of the Toll/Interleukin-1 Receptor-like Nucleotide-Binding Site Leucine-Rich Repeat (TIR-NBS-LRR) class was detected on Trayshed chromosome 12 at the Resistance to Uncinula necator 1 (RUN1)/ Resistance to Plasmopara viticola 1 (RPV1) locus, which confers strong dominant resistance to powdery and downy mildews. A genome browser for Trayshed, its annotation, and an associated Blast tool are available at .www.grapegenomics.com


2020 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jayoung Ku ◽  
Ryul Kim ◽  
Dongchan Kim ◽  
Daeyoon Kim ◽  
Seulki Song ◽  
...  

Abstract Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multifunctional protein 2 (AIMP2) is a non-enzymatic component required for the multi-tRNA synthetase complex. While exon 2 skipping alternatively spliced variant of AIMP2 (AIMP2-DX2) compromises AIMP2 activity and is associated with carcinogenesis, its clinical potential awaits further validation. Here, we found that AIMP2-DX2/AIMP2 expression ratio is strongly correlated with major cancer signaling pathways and poor prognosis, particularly in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Analysis of a clinical patient cohort revealed that AIMP2-DX2 positive AML patients show decreased overall survival and progression-free survival. We also developed targeted RNA-sequencing and single-molecule RNA-FISH tools to quantitatively analyze AIMP2-DX2/AIMP2 ratios at the single-cell level. By subclassifying hematologic cancer cells based on their AIMP2-DX2/AIMP2 ratios, we found that downregulating AIMP2-DX2 sensitizes cells to anticancer drugs only for a subgroup of cells while it has adverse effects on others. Collectively, our study establishes AIMP2-DX2 as a potential biomarker and a therapeutic target for hematologic cancer.


2020 ◽  
Vol 2020 ◽  
pp. 1-11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mahshid Hosseini ◽  
Erfaneh Shaygannia ◽  
Mohsen Rahmani ◽  
Anahita Eskandari ◽  
Aram Ahmadzadeh Golsefid ◽  
...  

Using a surgically induced varicocele rat model, we show here strong evidence that the misfolded/unfolded protein response that is part of the stress response of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is activated in the varicocele testis (VCL), leading to the induction of apoptosis. To support this hypothesis, it is observed that the spliced variant of the X-box protein 1 (XBP1s), resulting from the activation of the inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) membrane sensor, is significantly more represented in VCL testicular extracts. The activation of the IRE1/XBP1s pathway is also supported by the observation that the VCL testes show an increase phosphorylation of the c-Jun-kinase (JNK) known to be one intermediate of this pathway and an increased level of caspase-3, the terminal apoptotic effector, partly explaining the apoptotic status of the VCL testis.


2020 ◽  
Author(s):  
Matías Capella ◽  
Lucía Martín Caballero ◽  
Boris Pfander ◽  
Sigurd Braun ◽  
Stefan Jentsch

AbstractMisassembled nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are removed by sealing off the surrounding nuclear envelope (NE), which is mediated by members of the ESCRT (endosomal sorting complexes required for transport) machinery. Recruitment of ESCRT proteins to the NE is mediated by the interaction between the ESCRT member Chm7 and the inner nuclear membrane protein Heh1, which belongs to the conserved LEM family. Increased ESCRT recruitment results in excessive membrane scission at damage sites but its regulation remains poorly understood. Here, we show that Hub1-mediated alternative splicing of HEH1 pre-mRNA, resulting into its shorter form Heh1-S, is critical for the integrity of the NE. ESCRT-III mutants lacking Hub1 or Heh1-S display severe growth defects and accumulate improperly assembled NPCs. This depends on the interaction of Chm7 with the conserved MSC domain only present in the longer spliced variant Heh1-L. Heh1 variants assemble into heterodimers and we demonstrate that a unique splice segment in Heh1-S suppresses growth defects associated with uncontrolled interaction between Heh1-L and Chm7. Together, our findings reveal that Hub1-mediated splicing generates Heh1-S to regulate ESCRT recruitment to the nuclear envelope.Summary statementHeh1-S, the Hub1-mediated spliced version of HEH1 pre-mRNA, contributes to nuclear envelope maintenance by preventing excessive recruitment of Chm7.


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