glioma cell
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 848-853
Peng Sun ◽  
Duojiao Fan ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Haiyan Zhou ◽  
Fan Yang ◽  

Abnormal MEK1 expression is associated with tumor cell EMT, invasion and metastasis. Decreased miR-16 level is associated with glioma. Bioinformatics analysis showed a relationship between miR-16 and MEK1. This study assessed whether miR-16 regulates MEK1 expression and affects glioma cell EMT and invasion. The tumor tissues and adjacent glioma tissues were collected to measure miR-16 and MEK1 mRNA. The dual luciferase assay validated the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. U251 cells were cultured and assigned into NC group and mimic group, followed by analysis of cell biological behaviors, and MEK1, p-ERK1/2, E-cadherin, N-Cadherin expression. Compared with adjacent tissues, miR-16 expression was significantly decreased and MEK1 was elevated in glioma tissues. Compared with HEB, miR-16 in glioma U251 and SHG44 cells was decreased and MEK1 was increased. Dual luciferase reporter gene experiments confirmed the relation of miR-16 with MEK1. Transfection of miR-16 mimic significantly down-regulated MEK1, p-ERK1/2 and N-cadherin in U251 cells, upregulated E-cadherin, inhibited cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and attenuated EMT and invasion of glioma cells. In conclusion, decreased miR-16 expression and increased MEK1 expression is related to glioma pathogenesis. Overexpression of miR-16 can inhibit MEK1 expression, ERK/MAPK signaling, glioma cell proliferation, promote apoptosis, and attenuate EMT and invasion.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 971-977
Ruoyu Zhu ◽  
Zhonglin Wang

This study investigated the impact of microRNA (miR)-376b derived from BMSCs on glioma progression. BMSCs were transfected with miR-376b mimic, miR-376b inhibitor or NC and then cocultured with glioma cells followed by measuring cell behaviors by MTT assay, Transwell assay and flow cytometry, FOXP2 and miR-376b expression by Western blot and RT-qPCR. After confirming the inhibitory and mimicking activity of transfection, we found that overexpression of miR-376b in BMSCs decreased glioma cell invasion, migration and proliferation but promoted cell apoptosis within 24 h and 48 h after transfection along with reduced number of cells in S-phase. Mechanically, miR-376b targeted miR-376b and up-regulation of miR-376b caused down-regulation of FOXP2 (p < 0.05). Overexpression of miR-376b in BMSCs decelerated glioma cell cycle and inhibitedmalignant behaviors of glioma cells by targeting FOXP2 expression. These evidence unveils the potential role of FOXP2 as a biomarker for the treatment of gliomas.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Yongzhe Li ◽  
Xin Gao

ObjectiveAccumulating evidence has highlighted the roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) of microRNAs (miRNAs) through their binding sites in the progression of glioma. Hereby, we aim to explore the role of LINC00883 as a regulator of miR-136 and its target, NIMA-related kinase 1 (NEK1), thus, its involvement in the drug resistance of glioma cells.Methods and ResultsMechanistic investigations by dual-luciferase reporter, RNA pull-down, and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays indicated that LINC00883 bound to miR-136, thereby blocking miR-136-induced downregulation of NEK1. Through gain-of-function experiments in U251 cells that presented a high drug resistance, we found that ectopic expression of LINC00883 resulted in increased MRP (encoding multidrug resistance-associated protein), limited cell apoptosis, and increased proliferation. Expectedly, depleting LINC00883 yielded tumor-suppressive and anti-chemoresistance effects on U251 cells by increasing miR-136 and inhibiting NEK1. Next, drug-resistant glioma cell line SOWZ1, drug-sensitive glioma cell line SOWZ2, and drug-resistant glioma cell line SOWZ2-BCNU (SOWZ2 cultured in BCNU) were applied to validate the roles of LINC00883 in the regulation of multidrug resistance. LINC00883 knockdown suppressed the viability of SWOZ1, SWOZ2, and SWOZ2-BCNU cells.ConclusionIn conclusion, LINC00883 knockdown reduces drug resistance in glioma. Hence, our study provides a future strategy to prevent drug resistance-induced therapeutic failure in glioma.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Yong Gong ◽  
Shuai Zhang ◽  
HongXin Wang ◽  
Yunfeng Huang ◽  
Xing Fu ◽  

AbstractAccumulating evidence indicates that circFOXM1 (Hsa_circ_0025033) is highly expressed in several cancers; however, the function of circFOXM1 in glioma and the molecular mechanism have not been well explored. In the present study, we found that expression of circFOXM1 was upregulated in both glioma tissues and cell lines. In addition, circFOXM1 knockdown suppressed glioma-cell proliferation, activated apoptosis in vitro, and repressed tumour growth in vivo. Moreover, we clarified that circFOXM1 binds with miR-432, which was downregulated in glioma cells. Furthermore, we indicated that Gα12, a direct target of miR-432, was highly expressed in glioma cells, and Gα12 silencing might limit the progression of glioma. Rescue assays indicated that Gα12 reversed the inhibitory effect of circFOXM1 silencing on glioma-cell tumorigenesis. In conclusion, circFOXM1 acts as a sponge of miR-432 to promote the proliferation and aggressiveness of glioma cells through the Gα12 signalling pathway.

2022 ◽  
Jingshan Liang ◽  
Changtao Liu ◽  
Dezhi Xu ◽  
Kang Xie ◽  
Aimin Li

Abstract Background: Long noncoding RNA NEAT1 has been implicated in glioma progression. However, the effect of NEAT1 on glycolysis of glioma cell and the potential mechanism remain unclear.Methods: In vitro experiments, including CCK-8, colony formation, ECAR, and lactate detection assays were performed to evaluate the effect of NEAT1 on proliferation and glycolysis of glioma cell. RNA pulldown and RIP assays were performed to identify the interaction between NEAT1 and PGK1. Truncated mutation of NEAT1 and PGK1 was used to confirm the specific interactive domains between NEAT1 and PGK1. Animal studies were performed to analyze the effect of NEAT1/PGK1 on glioma progression. Results: NEAT1 knockdown significantly suppressed the proliferation and glycolysis of glioma cells. NEAT1 could specifically interact with PGK1, which promotes PGK1 stability. Hairpin A of NEAT1 is essential for interaction with M1 domain of PGK1. Depletion of NEAT1 markedly inhibited tumor growth in mice, while PGK1 could reverse this effect. Higher expression of NEAT1 was associated with poor overall survival of GBM patients.Conclusions: NEAT1 over expression promotes glioma progression through stabilizing PGK1. NEAT1/PGK1 axis is a candidate therapeutic target for glioma treatment.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Jingwen Wu ◽  
Xinghua Tang ◽  
Xuejuan Yu ◽  
Xiaoli Zhang ◽  
Wenjun Yang ◽  

Glioma is a highly fatal malignancy with aggressive proliferation, migration, and invasion metastasis due to aberrant genetic regulation. This work aimed to determine the function of transmembrane protein 60 (TMEM60) during glioma development. The level of TMEM60 in glioma tissues and normal tissues and its correlation with glioma prognosis were checked in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The levels of TMEM60 in glioma cell lines and normal astrocytes were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting assay. TMEM60 knockdown and overexpression were conducted, followed by detection of cell viability, migration, invasion, and apoptosis. CCK-8 and colony formation assay were adopted to detect cell viability proliferation. Transwell assay was performed to measure cell migration and invasion. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. The alternation of key proteins in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was measured by western blotting. TMEM60 expression was significantly higher in glioma tissues than that in the healthy control and was correlated with poor overall survival of patients. The protein and mRNA levels of TMEM60 were both elevated in glioma cell lines in comparison with the normal cell lines. Elevated level of TMEM60 led to enhanced proliferation, migration, and invasion and suppressed cell apoptosis. TMEM60 promoted the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling. Our data suggested that TMEM60 plays an oncogenic role in glioma progression via activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-14
Pan Wang ◽  
Sheng Gong ◽  
Bin Liao ◽  
Jinyu Pan ◽  
Junwei Wang ◽  

Damian Matyśniak ◽  
Vira Chumak ◽  
Natalia Nowak ◽  
Artur Kukla ◽  
Lilya Lehka ◽  

Abstract P2X7 is an ionotropic nucleotide receptor, forming the cation channel upon ATP stimulation. It can also function as a large membrane pore as well as transmit ATP-dependent signal without forming a channel at all. P2X7 activity in somatic cells is well-known, but remains poorly studied in glioma tumors. The current paper presents the comprehensive study of P2X7 activity in C6 and glioma cell line showing the wide range of effects the receptor has on glioma biology. We observed that P2X7 stimulation boosts glioma cell proliferation and increases cell viability. P2X7 activation promoted cell adhesion, mitochondria depolarization, and reactive oxygen species overproduction in C6 cells. P2X7 receptor also influenced glioma tumor growth in vivo via activation of pro-survival signaling pathways and ATP release. Treatment with Brilliant Blue G, a selective P2X7 antagonist, effectively inhibited glioma tumor development; decreased the expression of negative prognostic cancer markers pro-survival and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins; and modulated the immune response toward glioma tumor in vivo. Finally, pathway-specific enrichment analysis of the microarray data from human patients also showed an upregulation of P2X7 receptor in gliomas from grades I to III. The presented results shed more light on the role of P2X7 receptor in the biology of this disease.

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 71
Itzik Cooper ◽  
Michal Schnaider-Beeri ◽  
Mati Fridkin ◽  
Yoram Shechter

A family of monomodified bovine serum albumin (BSA) linked to methotrexate (MTX) through a variety of spacers was prepared. All analogues were found to be prodrugs having low MTX-inhibitory potencies toward dihydrofolate reductase in a cell-free system. The optimal conjugates regenerated their antiproliferative efficacies following entrance into cancerous glioma cell lines and were significantly superior to MTX in an insensitive glioma cell line. A BSA–MTX conjugate linked through a simple ethylene chain spacer, containing a single peptide bond located 8.7 Å distal to the protein back bone, and apart from the covalently linked MTX by about 12 Å, was most effective. The inclusion of an additional disulfide bond in the spacer neither enhanced nor reduced the killing potency of this analogue. Disrupting the native structure of the carrier protein in the conjugates significantly reduced their antiproliferative activity. In conclusion, we have engineered BSA–MTX prodrug analogues which undergo intracellular reactivation and facilitate antiproliferative activities following their entrance into glioma cells.

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