advanced age
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yichun Guan ◽  
Pingping Kong ◽  
Zhiying Xiao ◽  
Junyan Zhang ◽  
Jingfang He ◽  

ObjectiveTo assess whether women of advanced age (≥35 years) with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have the same cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) as their age-matched controls with tubal factor infertility and to determine the influencing factors on the CLBRs of aged women.DesignA retrospective cohort study.Setting and PopulationA total of 160 women of advanced age (≥35 years) with PCOS and 1073 women with tubal factor infertility were included in our study. All patients underwent their first fresh cycles and subsequent frozen cycles within in one year in our centre from 2015 to 2020.MethodsTo determine independent influencing factors on the CLBRs of these aged patients, a multivariable Cox regression model of CLBR according to the transfer cycle type was constructed. Main outcome measure(s): CLBRs.ResultThe Cox regression model of the CLBRs indicated that there was no significant difference between the PCOS group and the tubal infertility group in terms of advanced age (HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.71-1.27, P=0.732). The CLBR significantly decreased for women of advanced reproductive age up to 37 years of age (HR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.39-0.56, P<0.001). The CLBR increased by 63% when more than ten oocytes were retrieved (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.34-1.98, P<0.001). Patients with an AMH level above 32.13pmol/l were likely to have a 72%(HR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.08-2.73, = 0.023) and 34% (HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.07-1.68, P=0.010)improvement in CLBR compared to those with an AMH below 7.85pmol/l and 7.85-32.12pmol/l, respectively.ConclusionDespite the higher number of oocytes retrieved in PCOS patients, the reproductive window is not extended for PCOS patients compared with tubal factor infertility patients. Age, AMH and the number of oocytes retrieved play crucial roles in the CLBRs of patients of advanced age (≥35 years).

2022 ◽  
Jack M Moen ◽  
Christopher H Morrell ◽  
Ismayil Ahmet ◽  
Michael G Matt ◽  
Moran Davoodi ◽  

SAN failure, aka sick-sinus syndrome, which features sinus bradycardia, SAN impulse pauses, and irregularity of RR interval rhythms are manifestations of SAN cell dysfunction that increases exponentially with advanced age, i.e., SAN frailty. Abnormalities in intrinsic RR interval variability may be the earliest signatures of SAN cell dysfunction leading to SAN frailty in late life. We measured RR interval variability within EKG time-series prior to and during double autonomic blockade in long-lived C57/BL6 mice at 3 month intervals from 6 months of age until the end of life. Long-lived mice (those that achieved the median cohort lifespan of 24 months and beyond) displayed relatively minor changes in intrinsic RR interval variability prior to 21 months of age. Between 21 and 30 months of age, marked changes in intrinsic RR interval variability signatures in time, frequency, non-linear, and fragmentation domains result in a marked increase in the mean intrinsic RR interval. The effects of autonomic input partially compensated for the prolongation of the mean RR interval by impacting the age-associated deterioration in the RR interval variability signatures toward a youthful pattern. Cross-sectional analyses of other subsets of mice at ages at or beyond the median life span of our longitudinal cohort demonstrated increased non-cardiac, constitutional, whole body frailty, a decrease in energetic efficiency, and an increase in respiratory exchange ratio. In this context, we interpret the progressive increase in intrinsic RR interval variability beyond 21 months of age to be an indication of heartbeat frailty.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaohua Jiang ◽  
Ruijun Liu ◽  
Ting Liao ◽  
Ye He ◽  
Caihua Li ◽  

AimsTo determine the clinical predictors of live birth in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (F-ET), and to determine whether these parameters can be used to develop a clinical nomogram model capable of predicting live birth outcomes for these women.MethodsIn total, 1158 PCOS patients that were clinically pregnant following F-ET treatment were retrospectively enrolled in this study and randomly divided into the training cohort (n = 928) and the validation cohort (n = 230) at an 8:2 ratio. Relevant risk factors were selected via a logistic regression analysis approach based on the data from patients in the training cohort, and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated. A nomogram was constructed based on relevant risk factors, and its performance was assessed based on its calibration and discriminative ability.ResultsIn total, 20 variables were analyzed in the present study, of which five were found to be independently associated with the odds of live birth in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, including advanced age, obesity, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and insulin resistance (IR). Having advanced age (OR:0.499, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.257 – 967), being obese (OR:0.506, 95% CI: 0.306 - 0.837), having higher TC levels (OR: 0.528, 95% CI: 0.423 - 0.660), having higher TG levels (OR: 0.585, 95% CI: 0.465 - 737), and exhibiting IR (OR:0.611, 95% CI: 0.416 - 0.896) were all independently associated with a reduced chance of achieving a live birth. A predictive nomogram incorporating these five variables was found to be well-calibrated and to exhibit good discriminatory capabilities, with an area under the curve (AUC) for the training group of 0.750 (95% CI, 0.709 - 0.788). In the independent validation cohort, this model also exhibited satisfactory goodness-of-fit and discriminative capabilities, with an AUC of 0.708 (95% CI, 0.615 - 0.781).ConclusionsThe nomogram developed in this study may be of value as a tool for predicting the odds of live birth for PCOS patients undergoing F-ET, and has the potential to improve the efficiency of pre-transfer management.

2022 ◽  
Andres Cardona ◽  
Simon Villegas ◽  
Maria Stella Lopez ◽  
Maria Angelica Maya ◽  
Celeny Ortiz-Restrepo ◽  

Abstract The introduction of variants of concern and interest in the Departamento of Antioquia, Colombia, was concomitant with the beginning of the COVID-19 immunization program. Genomic surveillance indicates that none of the emerging variants –alpha, gamma, lambda, mu or delta– were dominant between January and August 2021. The immunization includes CoronaVac, BNT162b2, Ad26.COV2.S and ChAdOx1-S vaccines. By September 10th, 34.43% inhabitants were fully vaccinated. We characterized, SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections in 96 patients, 30 with fatal outcomes, 13 with ICU hospitalization and 53 with mild or asymptomatic disease. Even though gamma and mu variants co-circulated at similar levels, the latter was found to be predominant in patients with fatal outcomes and in those with ICU hospitalizations. We found a significant occurrence of the B.1.625 variant in these patients. Genetic substitutions of therapeutic and immunological concern, E484K and N501Y, are consistently observed in 90.1% and 79.5% of these variants, respectively. Evidence suggests that it is less probable to become infected after 60 days post-treatment with BNT162b2 than with CoronaVac. Importantly, we found that advanced age and comorbidities foster conditions for fatal and ICU outcomes in vaccinated patients. Our observations demonstrate the effectiveness of vaccination and identify patients with higher risks of subsequent breakthrough infections.

2022 ◽  
pp. 193864002110704
Oluwatosin Ogunlana ◽  
Vinod K. Panchbhavi ◽  
William B. Norbury ◽  
Mukaila Raji

Verrucous carcinoma is a rare form squamous cell carcinoma which appears similar to a wart. When it occurs in the feet, it can be easily misdiagnosed. It rarely metastasizes or recurs posttreatment. We report a case of a septuagenarian with recurrence of verrucous carcinoma diagnosed within 6 months at the site of previous treatment. Unique features in our patient’s clinical presentation include his advanced age, being nondiabetic, and the rapid recurrence of carcinoma. Level of Evidence: Level IV: Case report

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Zi Chen ◽  
Mandy Ho ◽  
Pui Hing Chau

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, incidence, and associated factors of possible sarcopenia in a nationwide representative sample of the community-dwelling older Chinese population.Methods:This study used the data of participants aged 60 years and over from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Data on participants from three waves (2011–2015) of CHARLS were extracted. Possible sarcopenia was defined as low muscle strength or low physical performance, based on the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 consensus. We first described baseline prevalence and four-year incidence of possible sarcopenia. Then multiple logistic regression and multivariable parametric proportional hazard model with Weibull distribution were used to examine the association of risk factors with baseline prevalence and four-year incidence of possible sarcopenia, respectively.Results:The prevalence of possible sarcopenia was 46.0%. The four-year incidence of possible sarcopenia was 11.9 per 100 person-years. Multivariable analysis revealed that advanced age and depressive symptoms were associated with increased prevalence of possible sarcopenia, while receiving education and moderate or high physical activity were associated with a lower risk of possible sarcopenia prevalence. For incidence, only advanced age was associated with an increased risk of possible sarcopenia incidence.Conclusion:Our study revealed the substantial burden of possible sarcopenia and related risk factors in community-dwelling settings in China. It highlighted the importance of early detection and intervention in this subclinical group for the prevention of sarcopenia.

2022 ◽  
Vol Publish Ahead of Print ◽  
Shuman He ◽  
Jeffrey Skidmore ◽  
Sara Conroy ◽  
William J. Riggs ◽  
Brittney L. Carter ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 52 (4) ◽  
Juliana Dias de Oliveira ◽  
Ana Carolina Amorim Orrico ◽  
Brenda Kelly Viana Leite ◽  
Alice Watte Schwingel ◽  
Marco Antonio Previdelli Orrico Junior ◽  

ABSTRACT: The co-digestion of swine manure with vegetable waste is an alternative that can increase the production of biogas and methane generated by the isolated digestion of manure. However, recommendations that are based on the best ratio between manure and forage, as well as the age of harvest, are still scarce in the literature. This study was conducted to evaluate inclusions (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of the total solids (TS) of Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) harvested at two ages medium age (MA) at 45 days of growth and advanced age (AA) at 90 days in co-digestion with swine manure, using an entirely randomized design in a 5x2 factorial scheme. Batch digesters were used and biogas production was monitored for 12 weeks. There was influence of forage age (P <0.05) on the degradation of solids and neutral detergent fiber, with higher values for the substrates containing MA forage. The highest CH4 yields were obtained by the substrates containing MA forage in the inclusion of 27.7 and 31.6%, being 253.7 and 222.2 L of CH4 per Kg of total or volatile solids. The age of the forages influenced the onset and persistence of biogas production, being advantageous only in the inclusion of 25% of MA forage. The AA forage inclusion is not recommended for co-digestion with swine manure.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 427-433
Ekechi Stella AMADI ◽  
Erinma Fortuna PEPPLE ◽  
Bolaji OTIKE-ODIBI ◽  
Hope Ilanye BELL-GAM

Background: Medical therapy amongst advanced age adults sometimes have its inherent significant risks such as adverse drug reactions (ADRs) resulting from the drug itself or drug-drug interactions or interactions from other substances such as alcohol. Aim: The main aim of this study is to highlight ADRs noticed by the older adult while on admission either in the past or present with the goal of preventing them and improving treatment outcomes. Methods: A purposive cross-sectional sampling of 126 elderly patients that were admitted to the different wards of the hospital within a 3-month period was carried out of which 25 older adults who met the criteria of being able to recall ADRs in the past or during current admission were included in the study. Results: ADR was reported in a ratio of M: F ratio of 1:1.08 with a prevalence of 19.8% of the total older patients evaluated. Conclusion: Self-reported ADRs amongst these advanced age in-patients were high. The actual number of adverse drug events may be higher if they actually looked out for by the physicians or other health care workers. The use of screening tools by physicians and other prescribing health workers can help in curbing adverse drug events in older adults.

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