serum uric acid
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Huijing He ◽  
Li Pan ◽  
Xiaolan Ren ◽  
Dingming Wang ◽  
Jianwei Du ◽  

Adiposity and alcohol consumption are reported to be associated with a higher level of serum uric acid (SUA), but whether their effect differs on SUA percentile distribution is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate how alcohol intake and body fat percentage (%BF) integrated with body mass index (BMI) influence the distribution of SUA in Chinese adults. Data from the China National Health Survey (CNHS) which included adults from 10 provinces of China were used (n = 31,746, aged 20–80 years, 40% male). %BF and BMI were integrated into eight expanded body composition groups to understand how excess body adiposity affects the distribution of SUA in the populational level. Self-report alcohol intake information was collected by face-to-face questionnaire interview. Quantile regression (QR) was used to analyze the data. We found that adiposity and alcohol consumption were associated with SUA, especially at the upper percentile in both sexes. In obese men, the QR coefficients at the 75th and 95th percentiles were 74.0 (63.1–84.9) and 80.9 (52.5–109.3) μmol/L, respectively. The highest quartile of %BF in men had a 92.6 (79.3–105.9) μmol/L higher SUA levels at its 95th percentile than the 5th quartile (p < 0.001). Compared with normal or underweight with the lowest %BF group (NWBF1), the obesity-highest %BF group (OBBF4) had the strongest positive effect on SUA, especially at the higher percentile of SUA. In BMI-defined normal or underweight participants, a higher quartile of %BF had greater effect size in all SUA percentiles. In men, current alcohol drinking had the strongest effect at the 95th percentile of SUA (QR coefficient: 31.8, with 95% CI: 22.6–41.0) comparing with 14.5, 95% CI of 8.4 to 20.6 in the 5th SUA percentile. High risk of alcohol consumption had a greater effect on SUA, especially in the higher SUA percentile. The observation of stronger association at the higher percentile of SUA suggests that decreasing body adiposity and alcohol intake at the populational level may shift the upper tails of the SUA distributions to lower values, thereby reducing the incidence of hyperuricemia.

Hamid Soori ◽  
Parinaz Rezapoor ◽  
Hadis Najafimehr ◽  
Toktam Alirezaei ◽  
Rana Irilouzadian

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 311-314
Ambu Pandey ◽  
Kamal Narayan Kalita ◽  
Aprajeeta Baruah

Bipolar Disorder is a major mental illness characterized by episodic occurrence of mood symptoms which can be of mania, depression or a mixed episode. The role of Uric Acid in the etiopathogenesis of episodic mental illnesses might be considered recognized long back in 19th century. Lithium was used as treatment for gouty arthritis and that in some cases helped to control mental illnesses. Multiple role of uric acid in the Central Nervous System have been recognized now. In the present study 30 patients in manic episodes were included and their serum Uric Acid level was compared to age and sex matched healthy controls twice at the interval of three weeks. It was found that Uric Acid level of cases was significantly higher than in controls before the initiation of treatment. Uric Acid level of manic group showed a significant decline after three weeks of treatment initiation. There was no significant change in Uric Acid level of control group after three weeks Serum Uric Acid levels are elevated during manic phase of Bipolar Disorder and decreases after initiation of treatment. There may be more research to find whether uric acid can be considered a biomarker for Bipolar illnesses and also an indicator for treatment response.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Ana I. Corominas ◽  
Yollyseth Medina ◽  
Silvia Balconi ◽  
Roberto Casale ◽  
Mariana Farina ◽  

We assessed the diagnostic utility of uric acid for the prediction of preeclampsia. An observational prospective approach was carried out during 2014. Preeclamptic women were classified into 4 groups accordingly to the onset of preeclampsia and the presence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Serum uric acid levels, urea, and creatinine were measured. Receiver operating curves (ROC) of the uric acid levels ratio (UAr) between a dosage before and after the 20th week of gestation were performed. One thousand two hundred and ninety-third pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Eight hundred ten had non-complicated pregnancies, 40 preeclampsia, 33 gestational hypertension, and 20 IUGR without preeclampsia. Uric acid significantly raised after 20 weeks of gestation in women who develop preeclampsia before 34 weeks (Group A) or in those who develop preeclampsia after 37 weeks associated with IUGR (Group C). In women who develop preeclampsia after 34 weeks without IUGR (Groups B and D), uric acid increased after the 30th week of gestation. In all groups, UAr was greater than 1.5. In gestational hypertension, UAr was superior to 1.5 toward the end of gestation, while in IUGR without preeclampsia, the behavior of serum uric acid was similar to non-complicated pregnancies. In all cases, urea and creatinine showed normal values, confirming that patients had no renal compromise. ROC area was 0.918 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.858–0.979) for the preeclampsia group and 0.955 (95% CI: 0.908–1.000) for Group A. UAr at a cut-off point ≥1.5 had a very low positive predictive value, but a high negative predictive value of 99.5% for preeclampsia and it reached 100% for Group A. Thus, a UAr less than 1.5 may be a helpful parameter with a strong exclusion value and high sensitivity for those women who are not expected to develop preeclampsia. Additionally, this low-cost test would allow for better use of resources in developing countries.

2022 ◽  
Vol 3 ◽  
Isaac D. Smith ◽  
Leanna M. Ross ◽  
Josi R. Gabaldon ◽  
Nicholas Holdgate ◽  
Carl F. Pieper ◽  

Objective: Gout is a crystal-induced inflammatory arthritis caused by elevated uric acid. Physical activity has the potential to reduce serum uric acid (SUA), thus improving the disease burden of gout. In this study, we examined the association of objectively-measured physical activity and SUA.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using survey, laboratory, and accelerometer data from the 2003–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). SUA concentrations (mg/dL) were obtained during an initial exam, and then physical activity (kCal/day) was measured with 7 days of ActiGraph accelerometry in participants (n = 3,475) representative of the ambulatory, non-institutionalized US civilian population. Regression, including restricted cubic splines, was used to assess the relation of physical activity and SUA in bivariate and adjusted models. Covariates included age, gender, race/ethnicity, alcohol use, body mass index, renal function, and urate-lowering therapy.Results: In the bivariate model, physical activity was correlated with SUA concentrations and included a non-linear component (p < 0.01). In the adjusted model, linear splines were employed with a node at the SUA nadir of 5.37mg/dL; this occurred at 703 kCal/day of physical activity. The association of physical activity and SUA was negative from 0 to 703 kCal/day (p = 0.07) and positive >703 kCal/day (p < 0.01 for the change in slope).Conclusion: Physical activity and SUA are associated in a non-linear fashion, with a minimum estimated SUA at 703 kCal/day of objectively-measured physical activity. These findings raise intriguing questions about the use of physical activity as a potential adjunctive therapy in patients with gout, and further interventional studies are needed to elucidate the effects of moderate intensity exercise on SUA concentrations.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 12
Tsuyoshi Takara ◽  
Kazuo Yamamoto ◽  
Naoko Suzuki ◽  
Shin-ichiro Yamashita ◽  
Shin-ichiro Iio ◽  

Background and objective: Chrysanthemum flowers are consumed as fresh condiments, herbal teas, and processed foods in Japan and Taiwan. They contain luteolin as a major polyphenol and are traditionally used for eye care. We previously demonstrated that the ingestion of Chrysanthemum flower extract (CFE) for 1 month reduced serum uric acid levels. However, the findings obtained were considered to be biased because the study was performed by a CFE manufacturer. Therefore, we herein conducted a clinical trial on CFE on a larger scale and examined its effects on purine base absorption from the intestines, which represents an effective approach for reducing serum uric acid levels. Methods: Both studies were performed as randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials and CFE (100 mg) containing 1 mg of luteolin was used as the active sample. We enrolled 44 healthy Japanese men and women with 6.0 to 7.9 mg/dL serum uric acid. All subjects were randomly allocated to an active group (n=22) or placebo group (n=22) using a computerized random number generator. In the purine base absorption study, CFE was ingested with a purine base-rich diet and serum uric acid levels were measured chronologically. In the 12-week consecutive ingestion study, CFE or placebo was administered between January and April 2021. Serum uric acid levels after 12 weeks were assessed as the primary outcome, and uric acid were measured before and after 4 weeks of the intervention as secondary outcomes. Blood, urine and body parameters were examined to evaluate the safety of CFE. Results: Thirty-nine subjects completed the trial, and the per protocol set comprised 18 and 21 subjects in the active and placebo groups, respectively. In the single dosing study of CFE on subjects loaded by the purine base-rich diet, no significant changes were observed between the CFE and placebo groups. On the other hand, in the 12-week ingestion study, serum uric acid levels were significantly lower in the CFE group than in the placebo group. Laboratory tests revealed no abnormalities to suggest any side effects of CFE.Conclusions: CFE (100 mg/day) containing 1 mg of luteolin reduced serum uric acid levels. CFE may be beneficial for improving hyperurichemia. Trial Registration: UMIN-CTR: UMIN000042327Foundation: The present study was funded by Oryza Oil & Fat Chemical Co., Ltd. Keywords: Chrysanthemum, luteolin, uric acid, purine base

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (1) ◽  
Mona G. Balata ◽  
Ahmed H. Helal ◽  
Ashraf H. Mohamed ◽  
Alaa-Uddin Habib ◽  
Mahmoud Awad ◽  

Abstract Background Obesity is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is the strongest known modifiable risk factor for hyperuricemia and gout. We aimed to discover the outcome of serum uric acid (SUA), gouty arthritis, and kidney function in obese patients after bariatric surgery and possible links with BMI variations. Methods Retrospective study has been performed in National Hospital in Riyadh, KSA, between Jan. 2018 to Jan. 2020. We studied only 98 patients who met our inclusion criteria. Patients followed-up at 1 month (for gouty attack only) postoperative, 3 months postoperative, and 6 months postoperative for body mass index (BMI), serum creatinine, dipstick urinalysis, SUA, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Radiological studies, medical history, follow up radiological studies, and clinical follow up were obtained from the hospital data system. Results A total of 98 patients with mean eGFR were 90.65 ± 29.34 ml/min/1.73 m2, mean SUA 5.56 ± 1.84 mg/dl, and mean BMI was 45.28 ± 7.25 kg/m2, at surgery. Mean BMI had decreased significantly to 38.52 ± 6.05 kg/m2 at 3 months and to 34.61 ± 5.35 kg/m2 at 6 months (P < 0.001). The mean GFR had improved significantly (99.14 ± 23.32 ml/min/1.73 m2) at 6 months (P < 0.001). Interestingly, proteinuria had resolved in 17 patients out of 23 patients at 6 months. Number of gouty attacks was decreased during the first month post-surgery (P < 0.001). SUA level was significantly decreased (4.32 ± 1.27 mg/dl) (P < 0.001). SUA showed significant negative correlations with eGFR at 3 months and positively significant correlations with BMI at 3 and 6 months. By multinomial logistic regression, BMI and initial eGFR were the independent predictive variables for the outcome of eGFR at 6 months, while male gender and initial SUA were the independent predictive variables on the outcome of SUA at 6 months. Postoperatively in gouty arthritis patients, the number of joints affected, patient global VAS assessment, and number of gouty attacks were significantly reduced (P < 0.001). Conclusion Bariatric surgery has been associated with reduction of BMI and subsequently reduction of SUA levels, gouty attacks, and improvement of eGFR.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Xue Tian ◽  
Anxin Wang ◽  
Yingting Zuo ◽  
Shuohua Chen ◽  
Licheng Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background The impact of long-term serum uric acid (SUA) exposure and time course of SUA accumulation on diabetes mellitus (DM) is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the association of cumulative SUA (cumSUA) exposure and its accumulation time course with risk of DM. Methods This prospective study included 46,434 participants without DM and underwent three examinations at 2006, 2008, and 2010. CumSUA from 2006 to 2010 was calculated, multiplying mean values between consecutive examinations by time intervals between visits. Time course of SUA accumulation was categorized as the slope of SUA versus time from 2006 to 2010, or by splitting the overall accumulation into an early (cumSUA06-08) and late accumulation (cumSUA08-10). Results During 6.99 years of follow-up, we identified 2971 incident DM cases. In the fully adjusted model, a higher risk of DM was observed in participants with the highest quartile of cumSUA (hazard ratio [HR], 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17–1.46), cumulative burden >0 (HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.08–1.40), and with 6 year of hyperuricemia exposure duration (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.01–1.55). When considering the time course of SUA accumulation, participants with a negative slope (HR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01–1.12), or combined with cumSUA ≥ median and a negative slope had elevated risk of DM (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.18–2.11). Conclusions Incident DM risk depends on cumulative exposure of SUA and time course of SUA accumulation. Early SUA accumulation resulted in a greater risk increase compared with later accumulation, emphasizing the importance of optimal SUA control early in life.

2022 ◽  
Luisa Fernández‐Chirino ◽  
Neftali Eduardo Antonio‐Villa ◽  
Carlos A. Fermín‐Martínez ◽  
Alejandro Márquez‐Salinas ◽  
Enrique C. Guerra ◽  

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