scholarly journals Long noncoding RNA FAM225A promotes the malignant progression of gastric cancer through the miR-326/PADI2 axis

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Xiang Ma ◽  
Gang Wang ◽  
Hao Fan ◽  
Zengliang Li ◽  
Wangwang Chen ◽  

AbstractGastric cancer (GC) is a global health problem and further studies of its molecular mechanisms are needed to identify effective therapeutic targets. Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be involved in the progression of GC, the molecular mechanisms of many GC-related lncRNAs remain unclear. In this study, a series of in vivo and in vitro assays were performed to study the relationship between FAM225A and GC, which showed that FAM225A levels were correlated with poor prognosis in GC. Higher FAM225A expression tended to be correlated with a more profound lymphatic metastasis rate, larger tumor size, and more advanced tumor stage. FAM225A also promoted gastric cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Further mechanistic investigation showed that FAM225A acted as a miR-326 sponge to upregulate its direct target PADI2 in GC. Overall, our findings indicated that FAM225A promoted GC development and progression via a competitive endogenous RNA network of FAM225A/miR-326/PADI2 in GC, providing insight into possible therapeutic targets and prognosis of GC.

2020 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Ying Jiang ◽  
Shan Jin ◽  
Shisheng Tan ◽  
Yingbo Xue ◽  
Xue Cao

Abstract Background Long noncoding RNA nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) exhibits an oncogenic role in multiple cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). But, the functions of NEAT1 in modulating radio-sensitivity of GC and its potential molecular mechanisms have not been totally elucidated. Methods qRT-PCR was performed to detect the expressions of NEAT1 and microRNA-27b-3p (miR-27b-3p). Kaplan–Meier survival curves for NEAT1 expression in GC created using KM Plotter. Colony formation assay was used to determine the survival fraction. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the relationship between miR-27b-3p and NEAT1. Results NEAT1 was highly expressed while miR-27b-3p was downregulated in GC tissues and cells. NEAT1 was negatively correlated with that of miR-27b-3p and associated with poor overall survival. Moreover, NEAT1 and miR-27b-3p varied inversely after radiation in GC tissues and cells. Loss of NEAT1 or upregulation of miR-27b-3p increased the effect of radiation on cell survival fraction inhibition and apoptosis promotion. In addition, NEAT1 negatively regulated the expression of miR-27b-3p in GC cells. Interestingly, the depletion of miR-27b-3p dramatically attenuated the NEAT1 knockdown-mediated function in AGS and MKN-45 cells treated with radiation in vitro. Similarly, downregulation of NEAT1 enhanced the radiation-mediated inhibition of tumor growth, which was mitigated by decrease of miR-27b-3p. Conclusion NEAT1 depletion enhanced radio-sensitivity of GC by negatively regulating miR-27b-3p in vitro and in vivo.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Wenjuan Zha ◽  
Xiaomin Li ◽  
Xiaowei Tie ◽  
Yao Xing ◽  
Hao Li ◽  

AbstractThe long noncoding RNASBF2-AS1 can promote the occurrence and development of many kinds of tumours, but its role in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is unknown. We found that SBF2-AS1 was up-regulated in ESCC, and its expression was positively correlated with tumor size (P = 0.0001), but was not related to gender, age, TNM stage, histological grade, and lymphnode metastasis (P > 0.05). It was further found that the higher the expression of SBF2-AS1, the lower the survival rate. COX multivariate analysis showed that the expression of SBF2-AS1 was an independent prognostic factor. Functional experiments show that inhibition of SBF2-AS1 can inhibit the proliferation of ESCC through in vivo and in vitro, and overexpression of SBF2-AS1 can promote the proliferation of ESCC and inhibit its apoptosis. In mechanism, SBF2-AS1/miR-338-3P, miR-362-3P/E2F1 axis are involved in the regulation of ESCC growth. In general, SBF2-AS1 may be used as ceRNA to combine with miR-338-3P and miR-362-3P to up-regulate the expression ofE2F1, and ultimately play a role in promoting cancer. It may be used as a therapeutic target and a biomarker for prognosis.

Marine Drugs ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 16 (11) ◽  
pp. 431 ◽  
Rosa Vitale ◽  
Enrico D'Aniello ◽  
Stefania Gorbi ◽  
Andrea Martella ◽  
Cristoforo Silvestri ◽  

Although the chemical warfare between invasive and native species has become a central problem in invasion biology, the molecular mechanisms by which bioactive metabolites from invasive pests influence local communities remain poorly characterized. This study demonstrates that the alkaloid caulerpin (CAU)—a bioactive component of the green alga Caulerpa cylindracea that has invaded the entire Mediterranean basin—is an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs). Our interdisciplinary study started with the in silico prediction of the ligand-protein interaction, which was then validated by in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro assays. On the basis of these results, we candidate CAU as a causal factor of the metabolic and behavioural disorders observed in Diplodus sargus, a native edible fish of high ecological and commercial relevance, feeding on C. cylindracea. Moreover, given the considerable interest in PPAR activators for the treatment of relevant human diseases, our findings are also discussed in terms of a possible nutraceutical/pharmacological valorisation of the invasive algal biomasses, supporting an innovative strategy for conserving biodiversity as an alternative to unrealistic campaigns for the eradication of invasive pests.

2017 ◽  
Vol 32 (4) ◽  
pp. 403-408 ◽  
Hongfen Liu ◽  
Qiang Zhen ◽  
Yakun Fan

Background Recent studies have shown that long noncoding RNA (IncRNA) gastric carcinoma highly expressed transcript 1 (GHET1) was involved in the progression of tumors. However, the role of GHET1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Methods The expression of IncRNA GHET1 was examined in 55 paired ESCC tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues. Molecular and cellular techniques were used to explore the role of GHET1 on ESCC cells. Results Our data showed that GHET1 expression was significantly increased in ESCC tissues and cell lines. High GHET1 expression in ESCC tissues was significantly associated with poor differentiation, advanced tumor nodes metastasis stage, and lymph node metastasis. GHET1 showed high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing ESCC. Our data from in vitro assays showed that GHET1 inhibition suppressed ESCC cells proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induced cells apoptosis. Furthermore, western blot showed that GHET1 inhibition significantly decreased the expression of vimentin and N-cadherin while it increased the expression of E-cadherin. Conclusions Our study indicates that GHET1 acts as an oncogene in ESCC and may represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of ESCC patients.

2013 ◽  
Vol 2013 ◽  
pp. 1-9 ◽  
Ying-Yin Chen ◽  
Chien-Feng Li ◽  
Ching-Hua Yeh ◽  
Ming-Shi Chang ◽  
Chung-Hsi Hsing

Inflammatory cytokines within the tumor microenvironment are linked to progression in breast cancer. Interleukin- (IL-) 19, part of the IL-10 family, contributes to a range of diseases and disorders, such as asthma, endotoxic shock, uremia, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis. IL-19 is expressed in several types of tumor cells, especially in squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, tongue, esophagus, and lung and invasive duct carcinoma of the breast. In breast cancer, IL-19 expression is correlated with increased mitotic figures, advanced tumor stage, higher metastasis, and poor survival. The mechanisms of IL-19 in breast cancer have recently been explored bothin vitroandin vivo. IL-19 has an autocrine effect in breast cancer cells. It directly promotes proliferation and migration and indirectly provides a microenvironment for tumor progression, which suggests that IL-19 is a prognostic marker in breast cancer and that antagonizing IL-19 may have therapeutic potential.

2015 ◽  
Vol 2015 ◽  
pp. 1-10 ◽  
Shihua Wu ◽  
Feng Liu ◽  
Liming Xie ◽  
Yaling Peng ◽  
Xiaoyuan Lv ◽  

Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying gastric cancer progression contributes to the development of novel targeted therapies. In this study, we found that the expression levels of miR-125b were strongly downregulated in gastric cancer and associated with clinical stage and the presence of lymph node metastases. Additionally, miR-125b could independently predict OS and DFS in gastric cancer. We further found that upregulation of miR-125b inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. miR-125b elicits these responses by directly targeting MCL1 (myeloid cell leukemia 1), which results in a marked reduction in MCL1 expression. Transfection of miR-125b sensitizes gastric cancer cells to 5-FU-induced apoptosis. By understanding the function and molecular mechanisms of miR-125b in gastric cancer, we may learn that miR-125b has the therapeutic potential to suppress gastric cancer progression and increase drug sensitivity to gastric cancer.

2018 ◽  
Vol 49 (1) ◽  
pp. 322-334 ◽  
Jiaojiao Hu ◽  
Yingying Qian ◽  
Lipan Peng ◽  
Ling Ma ◽  
Tianzhu Qiu ◽  

Background/Aims: LncRNA EGFR-AS1 is an antisense transcript of EGFR, which plays a key role in gastric cancer progression. This study was aimed to explore the effects of lncRNA EGFR-AS1 on GC and the underling mechanisms. Methods: The silencing of EGFR-AS1 expression was performed by using EGFR-AS1 shRNA lentivirus in MGC803 and SGC-7901 GC cell. The levels of lncRNA EGFR-AS1 and EGFR were detected by qPCR and western blot. Cell proliferation was assessed by CCK-8, EdU, and colony formation assays. The EGFR mRNA stability was explored by using RNA synthesis inhibitor α-amanitin. Results: In our study, EGFR-AS1 significantly up-regulated in GC tissues and correlated with tumor size. And the expression of EGFR-AS1 positively correlated with EGFR in tissues. Moreover, knock-down of EGFR-AS1 inhibited the proliferation of GC cells via suppressing EGFR-dependent PI3K/AKT pathway in vitro and in vivo. Mechanismly, depletion of EGFR-AS1 was found to decrease EGFR expression by reduction of EGFR mRNA stability. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that EGFR-AS1 might have an oncogenic effect on GC and serve as a potential target of GC.

2020 ◽  
Feilun Cui ◽  
Zhipeng Xu ◽  
Yumei Lv ◽  
Jianpeng Hu

Abstract Background Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common type of human cancer in males. However, the mechanisms underlying PCa tumorigenesis remained unclear.Methods The present study evaluated the expression levels of FAM64A in PCa by using 5 public datasets, including GSE8511, GSE45016, GSE55945, GSE38241 and GSE17951. Then, in vivo and in vitro assays were conducted to detect the biological functions of FAM64A in PCa. Microarray and bioinformatic analysis were carried out to detect the downstream targets and pathways regulated by FAM64A.Results In this study, we for first time demonstrate FAM64A as a biomarker for PCa. FAM64A was found to be overexpressed in PCa compared to normal samples. Higher FAM64A expression were found in Gleason score (GS) ≥ 8 PCa compared to GS < 8 PCa samples, in N1 staging compared to N1 staging PCa samples, and T3/4 staging compared to T1 staging PCa. Moreover, higher FAM64A expression was correlated to shorter survival time in PCa. Knockdown of FAM64A significantly suppressed PCa cell proliferation and colony formation, however, induced PCa apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis combined with microarray analysis revealed FAM64A played crucial roles in regulating multiple cancer related pathways, including cell-matrix adhesion and cAMP signaling pathway. Conclusions These results showed FAM64A could serve as a novel biomarker for PCa and will be helpful to understand the underlying FAM64A -related molecular mechanisms in the progression of PCa.

2020 ◽  
Yeting Hong ◽  
Wei He ◽  
Jianbin Zhang ◽  
Lu Shen ◽  
Chong Yu ◽  

Abstract Background: Cyclin D3-CDK6 complex is a component of the core cell cycle machinery that regulates cell proliferation. By using Human Protein Atlas database, a higher expression level of this complex was found in gastric cancer. However, the function of this complex in gastric cancer remain poorly understood. This study aims to determine the expression pattern of this complex in gastric cancer and to investigate its biological role during tumorigenesis.Methods: To demonstrate that Cyclin D3-CDK6 regulate the c-Myc/miR-15a/16 axis in a feedback loop in gastric cancer, a series of methods were conducted both in vitro and in vivo experiments, including qRT-PCR, western blot analysis, EdU assay, flow cytometry, luciferase reporter assay and immunohistochemical staining. SPSS and Graphpad prism software were used for data analysis.Results: In this study, we found that Cyclin D3 and CDK6 were significantly upregulated in gastric cancer and correlated with poorer overall survival. Further study proved that this complex significantly promoted cell proliferation and cell cycle progression in vitro and accelerated xenografted tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, we explored the molecular mechanisms through which the complex mediated Rb phosphorylation and then promoted c-Myc expression in vitro, we also found c-Myc could suppress miR-15a/16 expression in gastric cancer cell. Finally, we found that miR-15a/16 can simultaneously regulate Cyclin D3 and CDK6 expression as direct target genes.Conclusions: Our findings uncover the Cyclin D3-CDK6/c-Myc/miR-15a/16 feedback loop axis as a pivotal role in the regulation of gastric cancer tumorigenesis, and this regulating axis may provide a potential therapeutic target for gastric cancer treatment.

Hengzhou Lin ◽  
Dahui Zuo ◽  
Jiabin He ◽  
Tao Ji ◽  
Jianzhong Wang ◽  

The long noncoding RNA WEE2 antisense RNA 1 (WEE2-AS1) plays anoncogenic role in hepatocellular carcinoma and triple negative breast cancerprogression. In this study, we investigated the expression and roles of WEE2-AS1 inglioblastoma (GBM). Furthermore, the molecular mechanisms behind the oncogenicactions of WEE2-AS1 in GBM cells were explored in detail. WEE2-AS1 expressionwas detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The roles ofWEE2-AS1 in GBM cells were evaluated by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flowcytometric analysis, and Transwell cell migration and invasion assays, and tumorxenograft experiments. WEE2-AS1 expression was evidently enhanced in GBM tissuesand cell lines compared with their normal counterparts. An increased level of WEE2-AS1 was correlated with the average tumor diameter, Karnofsky Performance Scalescore, and shorter overall survival among GBM patients. Functionally, depleted WEE2-AS1 attenuated GBM cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro, promoted cellapoptosis, and impaired tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, WEE2-AS1 functionedas a molecular sponge for microRNA-520f-3p (miR-520f-3p) and consequentlyincreased specificity protein 1 (SP1) expression in GBM cells. A series of recoveryexperiments revealed that the inhibition of miR-520f-3p and upregulation of SP1 couldpartially abrogate the influences of WEE2-AS1 downregulation on GBM cells. Inconclusion, WEE2-AS1 can adsorb miR-520f-3p to increase endogenous SP1expression, thereby facilitating the malignancy of GBM. Therefore, targeting theWEE2-AS1-miR-520f-3p-SP1 pathway might be a promising therapy for themanagement of GBM in the future.

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