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2022 ◽  
Vol 32 (1) ◽  
pp. 255-270
Author(s):  
Abdelhamied A. Ateya ◽  
Abeer D. Algarni ◽  
Hanaa A. Abdallah ◽  
Naglaa F. Soliman
Keyword(s):  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Author(s):  
Bingjie Zhang ◽  
Yiming Liu

With the rapid development of information society, a large amount of vague or uncertain English interpretation information appears in daily life. Uncertain information processing is an important research content in the field of artificial intelligence. In this paper, we combine the three-branch concept lattice and linguistic values with the digital elevation model and propose the three-branch fuzzy linguistic concept lattice as well as the attribute approximation method. In this paper, an improved serial algorithm for sink accumulation is proposed. The improved algorithm changes the order of cell calculation; after the cumulative amount of a “sub-basin” is calculated, all cells of the next “sub-basin” are calculated until all cells are calculated. The improved algorithm reduces the overhead space in the calculation process, reduces the pressure of cells entering and leaving the queue, and improves the calculation efficiency. The improved cumulant algorithm is compared with the commonly used recursive cumulant algorithm and the nonrecursive cumulant algorithm, and the improved algorithm improves by about 17% compared with the nonrecursive algorithm at 106 cell level, and the computation time of the recursive algorithm is about 3 times of the improved algorithm. Because the sink accumulation serial algorithm is an important part of the parallel calculation of sink accumulation, and the execution time is shorter by using the improved algorithm, this paper applies the proposed improved accumulation serial algorithm to the process of parallel calculation of accumulation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mimi Xiong ◽  
Fengyan Wang

Gender differences in wisdom are an important theme in mythology, philosophy, psychology, and daily life. Based on the existing psychological research, consensus and dispute exist between the two genders on the views of wisdom and in the levels of wisdom. In terms of the views of wisdom, the way men and women view wisdom is highly similar, and from the perspectives of both ordinary people and professional researchers of wisdom psychology, wise men and women are extremely similar. Regarding wisdom level, research has revealed that, although significant gender effects exist in the level of overall wisdom, reflective and affective dimension, and interpersonal conflict coping styles, the effect sizes were small, which indicated that these gender differences were not obvious. It would be desirable for future research to combine multiple wisdom measurements, strengthen research on the psychological gender effect of wisdom, and focus on the moderating role of age on the relationship between wisdom and gender.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Diego Molina

AbstractUrban Spaces, Plants, and People in the Nineteenth-Century Bogotá, Colombia. Despite recent efforts to understand the uses of plants in Latin American cities, we know little about ethnobotanical practices in the pre-industrial nineteenth-century urban environments of this region. In order to address this gap in the existing literature, I examined the uses of ornamental, edible, and medicinal plants alongside “non-timber forest products” (NTFPs) in daily life in Bogotá (Colombia) between 1830 and 1910. Primary and secondary data were collected from textual and iconographic historical sources in libraries, archives, museums, and herbaria in Colombia and the United Kingdom. The results suggest that access to urban spaces such as patios, solares, or adjacent ecosystems broadly defined the ways that people related to and used plants, which in turn illustrates how social hierarchies influenced botanical knowledge. This study represents an initial effort to explore the heretofore neglected history of ways of using plants in Latin American cities in the period immediately prior to their modernization.


2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Lorella Palazzo ◽  
Clarissa Hsu ◽  
Deborah E. Barnes ◽  
Marlaine Figueroa Gray ◽  
Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Early detection of dementia may improve patient care and quality of life, yet up to half of people with dementia are undiagnosed. Electronic health record (EHR) data could be used to help identify individuals at risk of having undiagnosed dementia for outreach and assessment, but acceptability to people with dementia and caregivers is unknown. Methods We conducted five focus groups at Kaiser Permanente Washington (KPWA), an integrated healthcare system in Washington State, to explore people’s feelings about timing of dementia diagnosis, use of EHR-based tools to predict risk of undiagnosed dementia, and communication about risk. We recruited people enrolled in KPWA who had dementia or mild cognitive impairment, people enrolled in KPWA who had neither diagnosis, and caregivers (i.e., loved ones of people with dementia who assist with various tasks of daily life). People who were non-white or Hispanic were oversampled. Two team members analyzed transcripts using thematic coding. Results Forty people (63% women; 59% non-white or Hispanic) participated in the focus groups. Themes that arose included: perceived pros and cons of early dementia diagnosis; questions and concerns about a potential tool to assess risk of undiagnosed dementia; and preferences related to patient-provider conversations disclosing that a person was at high risk to have undiagnosed dementia. Participants supported early diagnosis, describing benefits such as time to adjust to the disease, plan, involve caregivers, and identify resources. They also acknowledged the possible psychosocial toll of receiving the diagnosis. Participants supported use of an EHR-based tool, but some people worried about accuracy and privacy. Participants emphasized that information about risk of undiagnosed dementia should be communicated thoughtfully by a trusted provider and that the conversation should include advice about prognosis, treatment options and other resources when a new dementia diagnosis was made. Conclusion People with dementia or mild cognitive impairment, people with neither diagnosis, and caregivers of people with dementia supported using EHR-based tools to help identify individuals at risk of having undiagnosed dementia. Such tools must be implemented carefully to address concerns and ensure that people living with dementia and their caregivers are adequately supported.


Author(s):  
Isadora Moraes RODRIGUES ◽  
Alexandre dos SANTOS

O termo estresse ou stress surgiu na física, mas atualmente pode ser definido como um desgaste geral do organismo devido à vivência de situações que despertam reações adversas, positivas ou negativas e vale destacar que atualmente há dados preocupantes sobre os níveis de estresse, principalmente, entre o sexo feminino, que apresenta uma frequência 59% maior se comparada ao sexo masculino. Com isso, o presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar em auxiliares de desenvolvimento infantil sintomas de estresse e também seu perfil psicológico à luz da psicanálise. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, cujo procedimento envolveu a aplicação de um Questionário Sociodemográfico, juntamente com o Inventário de Sintomas de Stress para Adultos de Lipp (ISSL). Nas auxiliares que foram identificados traços de estresse, na fase de resistência, foi realizada uma entrevista estruturada para identificar seus traços psicológicos, através da análise de discurso, método proposto por Liberman. Com isso, pode-se observar que as auxiliares que apresentaram sintomas de estresse na fase de resistência apresentaram também, segundo o método de análise de discurso, um perfil psicológico típico da fase oral secundária, característico de pessoas emocionalmente imaturas, com uma estrutura egoica desprovida de recursos para lidar com estressores da vida cotidiana.   PSYCHOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHILDCARE ASSISTANTS WITH STRESS IN A PUBLIC SCHOOL IN PAULISTA COUNTRYSIDE   ABSTRACT The term stress appeared in physics, but it may currently be defined as a general fatigue of the organism resulting from the experience of situations that trigger adverse reactions, either positive or negative, it is worth noting that there are currently alarming data on the levels of stress, especially among women, who report a 59% higher frequency when compared to men. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate the childcare assistant symptoms of stress and their psychological profile in the light of psychoanalysis. This qualitative research involved the application of a Sociodemographic Questionnaire, as well as Lipp's Stress Symptom Inventory for Adults (ISSL). The assistants who were identified any traits of stress in the resistance phase, a structured interview was conducted to identify their psychological traits, through discourse analysis, a method proposed by Liberman. According to the discourse analysis method, it can be observed that the assistants who presented stress symptoms in the resistance phase also presented a typical psychological profile of the secondary oral phase, a characteristic from people who are emotionally immature, who have an ego-structure that is deprived of resources to cope with the stressors of daily life.   Descriptors: Psychoanalytic Theory. Stress. Adaptation psychological.


2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (18) ◽  
Author(s):  
Achraf Othman

Pictograms (also called symbols) are widely used in daily life as a type of visual language, such as transportation venue signs (airport, rail station, etc.), road signs, care symbols on clothing, or direction symbols. This shows how symbols can communicate information quickly and effectively. Fundamentally, symbols can be understood, regardless of the person's language or literacy skills. Therefore, people with communication difficulties may benefit from using symbols to comprehend what other people are saying, as well as to express themselves. There are many sets of pictograms available online or in the market as printed cards, some of them are free and some must be purchased. Pictogram sets can be considered in several ways including how pictorial, how guessable, how flexible, how consistent, and how visually complex. Each symbol set has strengths and weaknesses, and the choice of a symbol set should be based on the needs and abilities of the person using AAC.


Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (21) ◽  
pp. 7066
Author(s):  
Salwa M. Hassan ◽  
Mohamed Azab ◽  
Amal O. Hamada

Crude oil is one of the critically needed resources. It is the main pillar supporting almost everything we rely on in daily life. Unfortunately, due to many factors, crude oil costs too much. Transportation is one of the critical factors that affect such costs. Due to many environmental risks attached to the transportation process, many countries added very high tariffs to cover any hazards during the transportation, loading, and unloading process. Logistics concerns and political conflicts are the other key factors that can massively impact the transportation cost. This paper presents an Industry 4.0-compliant PeTroShare (PTS), a blockchain-powered trustworthy, logistics-friendly, and cost-efficient crude oil trading platform. PTS is a novel ride-sharing platform that enables an anonymous exchange of crude oil between oil producers and customers, focusing mainly on the product quality, not the source of origin. In our scenario, floating crude oil tankers will hold the cargo to an intermediate position in the open ocean. PTS will match the product availability based on the location and the needed quality of the customer requests. Consequently, the time and distance travelled are minimized. Our simulation results show that enabling the anonymous sharing of crude oil products can significantly enhance system efficiency and cost-effectiveness.


Author(s):  
Marco Kunz

Spanglish, the mixing of Spanish and English in oral and written communi-cation, has an increasing importance as a literary code. Challenged by derogatory comments on the poor aesthetic possibilities of Spanglish, Mexican American scholar Ilan Stavans translated the first chapter of Cervantes’ Don Quijote into a mixed language made of English, Spanish and hybrid words. The result provoked the hilarity of many readers, but also the indignation of Castilian purists who opposed the invasion of their mother tongue by a foreign language and the desecration of the most out- standing monument of the Hispanic Culture, while American Chicanos criticized the quality of the translation, arguing that Stavans ’ Spanglish fails to reflect accurately the reality of bilingual speech in daily life. In my paper I propose some reflections about this controversy and I try to analyse Stavans’ intentions and strategies in this translation of a canonical classical text into a non-normative and highly stigmatized variety of spoken language. As it is directed to a bilingual audience, this translation loses its principal raison d’être, that is to make the text understandable for foreign readers, but it fulfils other functions.


2021 ◽  
pp. 026540752110526
Author(s):  
Vicki S. Helgeson ◽  
Jeanean B. Naqvi ◽  
Melissa Zajdel ◽  
Fiona Horner

Communal coping consists of a shared appraisal of a stressor and collaborative efforts to manage it. There has been a wealth of literature linking communal coping to relationship and health outcomes, but there is little research on the context in which communal coping occurs or how communal coping is manifested in daily life. The first and second study goals were to examine the implications of gender for the components of communal coping (shared appraisal, collaboration) and for potential manifestations of communal coping in daily life (e.g., shared meals). Our third study goal was to examine whether shared appraisal and collaboration in the context of diabetes generalized to another domain—household chore distribution—and whether these relations were moderated by gender. As an exploratory goal, we examined intersections of gender with race. Participants were 203 couples in which one person had been recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Shared appraisal and collaboration were assessed with multiple methods. Results showed greater shared appraisal and collaboration when patients were male than when they were female. This finding extended to some, but not all, of the daily life behaviors. Actor–partner interdependence models showed that the relations of actor and partner shared appraisal to household labor depended on both role (patient, spouse) and gender; relations of actor and partner collaboration depended only on role. Findings were not moderated by race. These results highlight the need to consider gender in the context of communal coping.


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