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Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 315
Jiaqi Mao ◽  
Ying Zhou ◽  
Guanglie Lv ◽  
Renxian Zhou

Raw Ca-based montmorillonite (MMT) was treated by H2SO4, calcination and organic compounds (hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (HTAB), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and chitosan (CTS)), respectively. The modified montmorillonites were characterized by different methods and their adsorption performances for three mycotoxins (Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZEA) and deoxynivalenol (DON)) were evaluated at pH = 2.8 and 8.0, respectively. The results indicate that surfactants (CPC and HTAB) intercalation is the most efficient modification, which obviously improves the adsorption performance of montmorillonite for mycotoxins, with adsorption efficiency of above 90% for AFB1 and ZEA whether under acid or alkaline conditions, due to the increase in basal spacing and the improvement of hydrophobicity. Moreover, the adsorption efficiencies of AFB1 and ZEA over CPC-modified montmorillonite (CPC-AMMT-3) coexisting with vitamin B6 or lysine are still at a high level (all above 94%). All modified montmorillonites, however, have low adsorption efficiency for DON, with somewhat spherical molecular geometry.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2152 (1) ◽  
pp. 012043
Weijie Lian ◽  
Lan Ma ◽  
Bo Chen ◽  
Yuxin Zhai ◽  
Yibo Wen

Abstract Considering the promoted purification requirement for industry sewage, the discharge of azo dye wastewater will have a serious impact on the environment, iron oxyhydroxide nanosheets were designed and prepared, and the purification effects and application conditions were investigated in this work. We have used its structural advantages to perform adsorption tests on Congo red (CR). It found that it has very excellent properties. It has strong adsorption capacity for Congo red under the condition of low dosage and no adjustment of PH. By employing iron oxyhydroxide nanosheets with optimized molar ratio of reducing agent to Fe, it was found that the adsorption efficiency increase in the removal percentage for CR from industry sewage could be achieved at the large specific surface area and pore volume of B-Fe Nanosheets.

2022 ◽  
Vol 355 ◽  
pp. 02073
Shuqin Wang ◽  
Zhiqiang Zhang ◽  
Jinghong Zhang ◽  
Xiao Zhang

The single blending of biomass and S-TiO2 and the mixed modification of coal char were obtained by the method of coking with coal pyrolysis furnace. The adsorption performance of biomass and S-TiO2 was investigated by the adsorption experiment of phenol solution. The results show that under the optimal conditions the best performance of MCC-2 can achieve 94% removal efficiency of phenol. The adsorption efficiency is 20% higher than that reported in the literature, and the adsorption equilibrium time is several times shorter than that reported in the literature. The modified coal char has broad prospects as a substitute for activated carbon in practical application.

2022 ◽  
Xuerong Wang ◽  
Jie Shi ◽  
Jie Zhuang ◽  
Chuchu Chen ◽  
Kangwen Ouyang ◽  

The development of aerogel materials with high preparation efficiency, no pollution, and high adsorption efficiency was still an effective solution for water pollution caused by heavy metal ions. This paper...

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 (3) ◽  
pp. 318-331
Asanthi Ireshika Rukshani Wickramasuriya ◽  
Ruwan Chandima Wickramasinghe Arachchige ◽  
Iresha Renuke Menike Kottegoda

Hardness in drinking water is a major problem in domestic usage. It is important to use drinking water within the tolerance limits of hardness. Clay samples obtained from two different areas in Sri Lanka were analysed, modified, and optimized with a view to suppress the hardness in drinking water. Characterization of clay was carried out using XRD (X-ray diffraction spectroscopy), FTIR (Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy), and SEM (Scanning electron microscope). Variation of the adsorption capacity of clay was analysed at different firing temperatures of the clay samples. XRD analysis revealed that both clay types are consisting of Kaolinite as the main constituent. The hardness adsorption efficiency and the retention of hardness adsorption in prolonged cycles has been observed when the clay is heated at different temperatures. In addition, the water hardness adsorption efficiency was enhanced by the cationic modification using sodium chloride. The results further reveals that the Freundlich isotherm is best fit for Ca2+ adsorption on both Biyagama and Deniyaya clay whereas that for the Mg2+ adsorption is Langmuir isotherm. The present study is useful to develop low-cost clay-based materials to minimize water hardness.

2021 ◽  
Archana Sumohan Pillai ◽  
Aleyamma Alexander ◽  
Varnitha Manikantan ◽  
Govindaraj Sri Varalaks ◽  
Bose Allben Akash ◽  

Abstract Nanocarriers of anticancer drugs are delicately designed with precision addition at every attempt. In this paper, we report CuCo2S4 nanoparticles that show light-absorption in the NIR-II wavelength range and possess magnetic characteristics. The synthesized nanoparticles are characterized employing XRD, SEM, DLS, TGA, and XPS methods. The nanoparticles form a composite with biocompatible polymeric β-cyclodextrin. The nanoparticles possess a band gap energy of 2.25 eV. The magnetic property arises due to the cobalt-incorporation in the nanoparticles. The anticancer drug, camptothecin, is loaded in the nanocarrier with an 89% adsorption efficiency. The in vitro release of the drug occurs in a sustained fashion. Further, the in vitro anticancer potential of the nanocarrier is examined on breast cancer (MDA=MB-231) cell lines and the activities of the free- and the drug-loaded nanocarrier are compared. The cobalt-containing copper sulfide nanoparticle-poly-β-cyclodextrin composite works as a promising nanocarrier of camptothecin.

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 34
Yiqi Jing ◽  
Yongliang Lai ◽  
Shujia Zhang ◽  
Ruijuan Wang ◽  
Zhuohui Xu ◽  

Polyaniline/Zinc oxide (PANI/ZnO) were prepared using a two-step method, and the morphology and the structure of PANI/ZnO composites were characterized through a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Factors such as the content of ZnO, the adsorption time and the mass of the adsorbent, and the kinetic equation of PANI/ZnO as adsorbents for the adsorption of methyl orange solution were studied. The results showed that the adsorption efficiency of methyl orange by polyaniline with the increase of adsorbent mass firstly increased and then decreased. Among the composites with the same quality, PANI composites with 8% ZnO have a better adsorption effect for methyl orange, and the maximum adsorption ratio can reach 69% with the increase of adsorption time at 0.033 g; With the increase of adsorbent mass, the adsorption efficiency of PANI composites with 8% ZnO increased continuously. When the mass increased from 0.033 g to 0.132 g, the adsorption rate increased from 69% to 93%, and the adsorption of the methyl orange solution by PANI/ZnO composites was more in line with the quasi-second-order kinetic equation.

2021 ◽  
Maryam Hajnajafi ◽  
A. Khorshidi ◽  
Ali Ghanadzadeh Gilani ◽  
Francis Verpoort

Abstract Herein, a facile and low-cost route was used to prepare [email protected] Imidazolate Framework-67 ([email protected]). The structure, morphology, surface functional groups and particle size distribution of [email protected] were studied using FTIR, FESEM, EDS, and BET analyses. The specific surface area and diameter of ​​[email protected] were equal to be 78.203 m2/g and 4.179 mm, respectively. The [email protected] was used as an adsorbent for the adsorption of methylene blue dye. The results show that the maximum adsorption efficiency of methylene blue on the surface of [email protected] is achieved at pH 2, the temperature of 65°C, 10 mg of adsorbent, and methylene blue concentration of 7.5 ppm.Moreover, the adsorption process's isothermal, thermodynamic, and kinetics were studied entirely to consider the adsorption mechanism. The methylene blue molecules located in the fine pores of the [email protected] adsorbent determine the adsorption rate. Moreover, the adsorption process of methylene blue at high temperatures is a spontaneous and endothermic reaction. The adsorption efficiency of [email protected], after the recovery, reached 62.21%, which is an excellent advantage for using this adsorbent.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Chengshun Liu ◽  
Xiyao Liu ◽  
Yilin Wu ◽  
Zhuotong Chen ◽  
Zhuanrong Wu ◽  

Nanostructure CeO2 powders were synthesized using tea waste extract as gel precursor. The as-prepared samples were characterized by thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy. Based on the TGA/DTG analysis, the intermediates of cerium chloride hydrates (CeCl3.4H2O and CeCl3.H2O) and cerium anhydrous (CeCl3) were produced, and the formation temperature of CeO2 was estimated to be 773 K. The cubic fluorite structure of CeO2 was detected to be the predominant species and was completely formed at the calcination temperature of 773K–1073 K with a crystal size between 8.8 and 11.4 nm based on the XRD measurement. Moreover, the main chemical state of ceria on the surface of the synthesized samples was confirmed to be tetravalent ceria by XPS. All samples show a strong Raman signal at a well-defined chemical shift of 463 cm−1 and a significant symmetry feature was observed, suggesting that the tetravalent ceria is the dominant species throughout the bulk sample. All the synthesized CeO2 calcined at different temperatures showed higher adsorption efficiency for Congo red (CR) compared with commercial CeO2. The adsorption efficiency maintained a steady state of more than 95% when the concentration of CR and adsorption temperature were varied in this study. The kinetic analysis showed that the second-order model was the appropriate model to interpret the adsorption behavior of synthesized CeO2. The calculated adsorption capacity derived from the second-order model is in good agreement with the experimental data. The isotherm analysis revealed that the Freundlich and D-R models fit well for the synthesized CeO2 and represent physisorption with a multilayer mechanism. The thermodynamic parameters, including the changes in Gibb’s free energy, enthalpy, and entropy, suggested that the adsorption of CR on the synthesized CeO2 sample was a spontaneous and endothermic process.

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