Human Development
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2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
William J. Chopik ◽  
Rebekka Weidmann ◽  
Jeewon Oh ◽  
Mariah Purol

Recent research suggests that the association between age and gratitude might be curvilinear—despite gratitude ostensibly being higher in middle-age, it might be lower in older adulthood. It is unclear if this curvilinear pattern of age differences in gratitude is found in other samples and whether its manifestation depends on contextual (i.e., national/cultural) characteristics. The current study examined cultural variation in the curvilinear effect of age on gratitude in a sample of over 4.5 million participants from 88 countries. Participants from countries with lower levels of human development, a shorter-term orientation, and higher levels of indulgence reported higher levels of gratitude. Cultural moderation effects were very small, suggesting that curvilinear effects of age on gratitude may be relatively comparable across cultures.


Author(s):  
Boris Kontsevoi ◽  

The paper examines the principles of the Predictive Software Engineering (PSE) framework. The authors examine how PSE enables custom software development companies to offer transparent services and products while staying within the intended budget and a guaranteed budget. The paper will cover all 7 principles of PSE: (1) Meaningful Customer Care, (2) Transparent End-to-End Control, (3) Proven Productivity, (4) Efficient Distributed Teams, (5) Disciplined Agile Delivery Process, (6) Measurable Quality Management and Technical Debt Reduction, and (7) Sound Human Development.


Author(s):  
Cecilia Azorín ◽  
Michael Fullan

AbstractThe pandemic has made deeper problems more transparent and has stimulated many to realize that there may be an opportunity over the next period to pursue much needed innovations in learning. In this essay we describe the ways in which the pandemic has provided the conditions for new human development that joins two powerful forces: the pulsar model which elevates human potential with respect to student learning, and new, deeper forms of collaboration that have long eluded those interested in system change. In this article we show how ‘spirit work’ and collaboration can combine to develop schools systems that are essential for coping with the new post-pandemic conditions facing humanity. We also identify spinoff opportunities arising from the pandemic, and a corresponding pressure that could generate more widespread system improvement designed to improve learning for all, including advances in both equity and excellence.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiang Huang ◽  
Jiajia Cao ◽  
Guojing Zhao ◽  
Zehai Long ◽  
Guanshuang Han ◽  
...  

Employability is a vital aspect for human development in career fields. In order to explore the factors affecting the employability of finance and trade graduates in higher vocational colleges, the researchers focused on human development in educational settings and conducted a piece of quantitative research within nine higher vocational colleges. The study uses descriptive statistical analysis to demonstrate the sample structure, using t-test, rank sum test, and chi-square test to assess the variables. It also adopts exploratory factor analysis to identify the classification of both educational practice and employability. Then, a multivariable linear regression model was adopted to examine the relationships between three main factors as well as the employability and career development of finance and trade graduates. The findings imply that the soft skills and basic skills of finance and trade college graduates have immensely improved through educational practice; graduates with high motivation for learning could enhance their soft skills and more internships or club engagement brings stronger professional skills. Based on these results, higher vocational colleges, enterprises, policymakers, teachers, and finance and trade graduates will benefit from the findings related to the reform of educational practice for strengthening graduate employability and human development. The originality of this paper is the conceptual evolution of finance and trade college graduate employability, as well as the empirical analysis on educational practice, student engagement, and family background affecting their human development.


BMC Urology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiao-Fang Xia ◽  
Yi-Qiu Wang ◽  
Shi-Yi Shao ◽  
Xin-Yu Zhao ◽  
Shi-Geng Zhang ◽  
...  

Abstract Objectives To describe the influence of the socioeconomic development on worldwide age-standardized incidence and mortality rates, as well as mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) and 5-year net survival of urologic cancer patients in recent years. Methods The Human Development Index (HDI) values were obtained from the United Nations Development Programme, data on age-standardized incidence/mortality rates of prostate, bladder and kidney cancer were retrieved from the GLOBOCAN database, 5-year net survival was provided by the CONCORD-3 program. We then evaluated the association between incidence/MIR/survival and HDI, with a focus on geographic variability as well as temporal patterns during the last 6 years. Results Urologic cancer incidence rates were positively correlated with HDIs, and MIRs were negatively correlated with HDIs. Prostate cancer survival also correlated positively with HDIs, solidly confirming the interrelation among cancer indicators and socioeconomic factors. Most countries experienced incidence decline over the most recent 6 years, and a substantial reduction in MIR was observed. Survival rates of prostate cancer have simultaneously improved. Conclusion Development has a prominent influence on urologic cancer outcomes. HDI values are significantly correlated with cancer incidence, MIR and survival rates. HDI values have risen along with increased incidence and improved outcomes of urologic caner in recent years.


2022 ◽  
pp. 278-292
Author(s):  
Alberto Gabriele ◽  
Elias Jabbour
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-19
Author(s):  
S N Nnamchi ◽  
Z O Jagun ◽  
M A Ijomah ◽  
O A Nnamchi ◽  
J D Busingye

Diverse opinions exist in the time series analysis of energy and related indices, difference in methodology, sample size, and time variation. This paper will make a conscious effort to converge the divergent outlooks. To accomplish this essential task, five energy indices consisting of energy consumption (EC), gross domestic product (GDP), carbon dioxide emission (CDE), the human development index (HDI), and oil price (OP) were selected. Two analytical methods were adopted, namely logarithmic and normalized techniques, which are designed to complement each other in drawing unfalsified statistical inference concerning the causality between the energy indices. The methods were subjected to four statistical tests and analyses: the augmented Dickey-Fuller, cointegration, pairwise Granger causality, and vector error correction model (VECM). Irrespective of prevailing challenges, both logarithmic and normalized techniques unanimously filtered out causalities. This consisted of neural flow between oil price and energy consumption, gross domestic product and carbon dioxide emission, and energy consumption and the human development index, unidirectional flow between energy consumption and the human development index, oil price and energy consumption, gross domestic product and carbon dioxide emission, and the human development index and oil price, whereas a normalized technique established bidirectional flow between gross domestic product and the human development index, and the human development index and oil price. Pertinently, the research suggests appropriate policies that will generate sustainable development in all the causal directions. Assiduously, the overwhelming agreement between both techniques at the 0.05 level is recommended for further validation with more modern econometric tests.


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