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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (6) ◽  
pp. 77-82
Alyaqoub Salma ◽  
Marwa Alhejail ◽  
Ebtesam Alharbi ◽  
Alshammari Dalal ◽  
Kholoud Alawad ◽  

Chronic pain is a physical disorder and a critical factor in determining depression. Their synchronicity tends to worsen the risk of both disorders. The research to date has found little information about the relationship between them. This research aimed to provide new insights into the understanding of the relationship between chronic pain and depression among the residents of Hail city, to free patients from chronic pain-induced depression. Statistical data in this paper confirmed that more than half of patients with pain also suffer from depression or mood swings. Data were collected with an online, semistructured questionnaire; the obtained data were converted into statistical data using Microsoft Excel 2013. It was found that women are more likely than men to develop depression due to chronic pain. The main cause of depression in patients was a chronic headache, colitis, and rheumatoid arthritis respectively, and it was found that the most commonly used pain relief medications were NSAIDs and painkillers & on the other hand, the most frequently used antidepressants were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. According to our findings, the type of chronic disease and its link to the patient's gender, education level, and the type of pain relief drug taken are the major elements that determined this association. We must also remember the patient's extensive medical history with a chronic pain condition, which played a significant influence among our patients who took part in our survey. Moreover, it was noticed that most patients received adequate information from the pharmacist about their antidepressant medication. Finally, depression still ranks high as a major factor affecting an individual's life in general; therefore, this research could promote the identification of new causes and targets for chronic pain-induced depression.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 74-98
Peter Hugo Nelson

ABSTRACT Students develop and test simple kinetic models of the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. Microsoft Excel is used as the modeling platform because it is nonthreatening to students and it is widely available. Students develop finite difference models and implement them in the cells of preformatted spreadsheets following a guided inquiry pedagogy that introduces new model parameters in a scaffolded step-by-step manner. That approach allows students to investigate the implications of new model parameters in a systematic way. Students fit the resulting models to reported cases per day data for the United States using least squares techniques with Excel's Solver. Using their own spreadsheets, students discover for themselves that the initial exponential growth of COVID-19 can be explained by a simplified unlimited growth model and by the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model. They also discover that the effects of social distancing can be modeled using a Gaussian transition function for the infection rate coefficient and that the summer surge was caused by prematurely relaxing social distancing and then reimposing stricter social distancing. Students then model the effect of vaccinations and validate the resulting susceptible-infected-recovered-vaccinated (SIRV) model by showing that it successfully predicts the reported cases per day data from Thanksgiving through the holiday period up to 14 February 2021. The same SIRV model is then extended and successfully fits the fourth peak up to 1 June 2021, caused by further relaxation of social distancing measures. Finally, students extend the model up to the present day (27 August 2021) and successfully account for the appearance of the delta variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The fitted model also predicts that the delta variant peak will be comparatively short, and the cases per day data should begin to fall off in early September 2021, counter to current expectations. This case study makes an excellent capstone experience for students interested in scientific modeling.

Karina Travis ◽  
Nunung Martina ◽  

Pada proyek konstruksi besar dan kompleks, BIM (Building Information Modelling) merupakan hal penting dalam globalisasi teknologi konstruksi. Melalui penerapan BIM diharapkan pada Proyek Jalan Tol “X” dapat meminimalisir kesalahan. Masalah yang terjadi dilapangan terdapat perhitungan QTO menggunakan AutoCAD dengan alat bantu Microsoft Excel dalam estimasi awal kurang akurat sehingga menghasilkan miss kalkulasi pada pelaksanaan, BIM diharapkan dapat menjadi solusi untuk masalah ini. Dilakukan studi kasus untuk mengetahui perbandingan quantity take-off pada konstruksi jalan tol pada Overpass Interchange “X” dan Jalan Akses menggunakan BIM dan konvensional. Data analisis diperoleh dari melakukan pekerjaan quantity take-off dengan berbasis BIM dan CAD Konvensional serta melakukan wawancara kepada pakar BIM. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan terdapat perbedaan perhitungan quantity take-off antara BIM dan manual menggunakan CAD konvensional, Persentase perbedaan perhitungan yang didapatkan yaitu pada pekerjaan tanah selisih 4,375%, galian struktur selisih 1,7%, perkerasan selisih 4,4%, struktur beton selisih  0,1%, dan pekerjaan lain-lain selisih 0%. BIM dapat mengefisienkan volume lebih aktual, namun membutuhkan waktu yang cukup lama untuk pemula dalam mendapatkan keakuratan. BIM dipengaruhi oleh tingkat ke-detailan pemodelan, jika pemodelan tidak dimodelkan dengan benar maka akan memberikan hasil perhitungan volume yang salah. Menggunakan BIM pada awal perencanaan sangat efektif dalam mencegah terjadinya re-desain serta desain yang tidak efisien dan miss kalkulasi.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (8) ◽  
pp. 2297-2315
Gilson Rogério Marcomini

World potato production in 2017 was over 388.2 million tons, being the fourth largest in volume in the world, where the highest world producers are China, India, Russia, Ukraine, and the United States. Brazil occupies the 21st position in the ranking of the largest potato producers in the world, with a production volume of 3.6 million tons, with the main producers being the states of Minas Gerais, Paraná, and São Paulo, which together produce the equivalent of 75 % of the Brazilian total. Knowledge about the positioning of the consumer is important for stakeholders in the potato production chain, aiming at the identification of personal factors that influence potato consumption, as well as the recognition of opportunities, seeking to meet the wishes and needs of consumers. Also, it is relevant to check consumer sensitivity to fluctuations in retail prices. Few studies show which personal aspects influence consumers' decision to purchase potatoes, as well as they react to changes in price. Thus, this study sought to identify which personal aspects influence the purchase of potatoes and how the consumer positions himself concerning changes in prices, through the analysis of primary data answered by 170 people in 38 cities of the state of São Paulo. The collected information was processed using electronic spreadsheets in Microsoft Excel software and the analyzes developing using Multiple Linear Regression with Heteroscedasticity (MLR), with the aid of the Stata 15 software. Families with children, with more than two adults in the composition, and age are the personal aspects that influence the acquisition of potatoes. As the potato is a popular product, with easy access and relatively low prices, the levels of education and income do not interfere with consumption, since at times when prices are small the quantity consumed remains unchanged.

Habtye Bisetegn ◽  
Tegegne Eshetu ◽  
Yonas Erkihun

Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by mainly Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma hematobium. The disease is very common in Africa including Ethiopia. Schistosoma mansoni is a major public health problem in Ethiopia especially among children. This review is aimed to indicate the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni among children at the national and regional levels. Methods and material The PRISMA guidelines were followed. An electronic search of PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, MEDLINE, and Google search were carried out using key terms. Articles published from the proceeding of professional associations such as the Ethiopian medical laboratory association, the Ethiopian public health association, and annual national research conferences were also searched to find additional eligible studies. Data were extracted independently by two investigators, and cross-checked by a third reviewer. The quality of included studies was assessed using JBI quality assessment criteria. Data were extracted using Microsoft excel and finally analyzed using STATA version 12. The pooled prevalence was done using a random-effects model. Result Overall 49 studies involving 20,493 children (10,572 male and 9, 921 females) were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection was 37.13% (95%CI:30.02–44.24). High heterogeneity was observed with I2 of 99.4%, P < 0.000. According to subgroup analysis, the pooled prevalence was high in the SNNPR (41.49%: 95%CI: 19.52–63.46) followed by the Amhara region (41.11%: 95%CI: 30.41–51.8), the Tigray region (31.40%: 95%CI:11.72–51.09), and the Oromia region (28.98%: 95%CI: 18.85–39.1). Year from 2011 to 2015 contributed to the highest prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection among children (46.31%: 95%:34.21–59.05). Conclusion This study revealed a 37.13% prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infection among children. This is an alert to improve and implement appropriate control strategies such as mass drug administration in Ethiopia.

2022 ◽  
Vol 75 (3) ◽  
Fernanda Coêlho do Nascimento ◽  
Ana Paula de Freitas Araújo ◽  
Alecssandra de Fátima Silva Viduedo ◽  
Laiane Medeiros Ribeiro ◽  
Casandra Genoveva Rosales Martins Ponce de Leon ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives: to validate a scenario for clinical simulation: prenatal nursing consultation for adolescents. Methods: methodological study developed from January to December 2019, in five stages (overview, scenario, scenario design, progression, debriefing and assessment). The validation involved four volunteer students, a teacher as a facilitator and four judges. The judges filled out a Likert scale with four responses. Data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel® software, version 2016. Absolute and relative frequencies and the content validity index were calculated, considering a minimum acceptable value of 1.0. Results: the preparation of the scenario was based on the proposed learning objectives. The scenario was validated with a global content validity index equal to 1.0. Final Considerations: the study achieved the proposed objective. This scenario can contribute to preparing nurses to work in the care of pregnant teenagers, a representative public in Brazil that requires specific care.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 121-127
Nuraida Latif ◽  
Muhajirin Muhajirin ◽  
Mashud Mashud ◽  
Ramlah P ◽  
Markani Markani ◽  

Posyandu is the center of community activities in the effort to provide health services and family planning. These trained Posyandu cadres are not only seen from the way they handle maternal and child health but also have to be supported by their ability to use computers in administrative management and data processing. The method used in this community service activity is a combination of tutorials, practice, and discussion or question and answer, as well as evaluation to determine the level of absorption of the training material. The office application materials provided are Microsoft word, Microsoft excel, and Microsoft powerpoint. Office application program training activities for cadres of Posyandu Anyelir 8 Block 8 Perumnas Antang were carried out well and improved the skills of Posyandu Anyelir 8 Block 8 Perumnas cadres in the use of information technology.

2021 ◽  
Sharon Clee ◽  
George Flanagan ◽  
Julian Pavier ◽  
Ian Reilly

Abstract BackgroundCorrective surgery for hallux abducto valgus is one of the most commonly performed elective procedures in foot and ankle practice, with over a hundred different surgical solutions having been proposed throughout the literature. The purpose of the study was to identify the clinical and patient reported outcomes following Scarf-Akin osteotomies from five podiatric surgery centres over a ten-year period.MethodThis is a retrospective review from five podiatric surgical units which looked at patients who underwent Scarf osteotomies (in isolation or in combination with Akin procedures) over a ten-year period. Data was collected from the patient satisfaction questionnaires of the PASCOM-10 audit tool, which were completed by the patient six months post operatively, and further analysed using Microsoft Excel spreadsheet software.ResultsA total of 1351 patients were recorded undergoing Scarf (with or without an Akin) osteotomy for hallux abducto valgus, with 1227 females (90.83%) and 124 males (9.17%) identified but with only 1189 who had completed the patient satisfaction questionnaire. 96.8% of patients felt that their foot was either ‘better’ or ‘much better’ following surgery and that their original expectations of surgery had been met. Over 75% of patients had no post-operative sequalae identified, with metatarsal fracture noted to be the highest sequalae at 4.8%.ConclusionFrom the five podiatric surgery units reviewed, Scarf osteotomies (with or without an Akin osteotomy) for hallux abducto valgus correction, have a high level of patient satisfaction with low post-operative sequalae.Level of clinical evidenceIV (retrospective review).

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 105-115
Anna Nita Kusumawati ◽  
Muhammad Ghofur ◽  
Mega Anggraeni Putri ◽  
Zaki Abdullah Alfatah ◽  

CV Adi Jaya merupakan perusahaan manufaktur yang bergerak dalam industri percetakan. Dalam memastikan kapasitas produksi yang ada dapat memenuhi permintaan konsumen diperlukan metode peramalan yang akurat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan metode peramalan terbaik dan meramalkan permintaan konsumen pada tahun 2021. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan metode yang digunakan untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut adalah metode time series dan teknik analisis menggunakan Microsoft Excel. Tingkat error yang dihasilkan dari perhitungan metode peramalan diketahui dengan penghitungan kesalahan mean absolute deviation (MAD), kemudian didapatkan tracking signal. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, diketahui metode peramalan time series terbaik untuk meramalkan penjualan produk kemasan berbahan plastik adalah metode centered moving average 3 periode. Metode ini dipilih karena memiliki tingkat error paling rendah jika dibandingkan dengan metode lain yang dianalisis, yaitu dengan nilai MAD 65.773,08333 dan nilai tracking signal yang berada dalam batas pengendalian. Sehingga metode CMA 3 periode dapat digunakan dalam peramalan. Dari metode CMA 3 periode didapatkan peramalan permintaan konsumen di bulan Januari sampai Mei 2021 sebanyak 883.780 pcs setiap bulannya. Sehingga diperkirakan perlu adanya overtime yang tidak terlalu banyak untuk memenuhi peramalan permintaan pada bulan Januari-Mei 2021 karena kapasitas perusahaan perbulan hanya 875.000 pcs.

Matahari Bhakti Nendya ◽  
Gabriel Indra Widi Tamtama ◽  
Antonius Rachmat Chrismanto ◽  
Argo Wibowo ◽  
Rosa Delima5

Pembangunan sumber daya manusia menjadi bagian yang penting dalam menunjang pembangunan bangsa dan negara. Salah satu sumber daya manusia yang perlu mendapat perhatian adalah kelompok tani. Gabungan kelompok tani (Gapoktan) merupakan wadah berkumpulnya para petani dan layak dalam mendapatkan prioritas dalam pembangunan bangsa. Gapoktan merupakan organisasi wadah pengembangan petani/kelompok tani yang tumbuh dan berkembang atas dasar kesadaran dan tanggung jawab sosial dari, oleh dan untuk masyarakat terutama di wilayah desa/kelurahan. Kemajuan bidang teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK) yang semakin pesat membutuhkan sumber daya manusia yang mampu mengolah serta memanfaatkannya dengan baik. Untuk menjawab kebutan tersebut, tim pengabdian pada masyarakat FTI UKDW mengadakan pelatihan komputer dasar dan media sosial bagi Gapoktan Sedyo Makmur. Kegiatan yang dilakukan berupa pendampingan dan pelatihan akan kebutuhan dalam penggunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Kebutuhan penggunaan komputer dan sosial mediameliputi pembuatan surat menyurat, kebutuhan pembuatan laporan keuangan, pembuatan proposal dan model pemasaran produk hasil pertanian menjadi peran penting dalam model penggunaan komputer dan sosial media yang dibutuhkan oleh kelompok pertanian. Pelatihan komputer dasar dan media sosial ini, diharapkan dapat menjadi pilot project untuk penerapan digital marketing produk hasil pertanian. Dari hasil pelatihan didapatkan peningkatan kemampuan peserta sebesar 14,48 % untuk pengunaan Microsoft word, 9,23 % untuk penggunaan Microsoft Excel dan 2,87 % untuk penggunaa Sosial Media yang meliputi whatsapp business, instagram dan marketplace tokopedia.

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