phenological stages
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2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114531
Amélie Saunier ◽  
Elena Ormeño ◽  
Sandrine Moja ◽  
Catherine Fernandez ◽  
Etienne Robert ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 126451
Jing Guo ◽  
Carmen. S.P. Teixeira ◽  
James Barringer ◽  
John G. Hampton ◽  
Derrick J. Moot

2022 ◽  
Vol 43 (2) ◽  
pp. 809-826
Mariana Alves de Oliveira ◽  
Claudemir Zucareli ◽  
André Prechlak Barbosa ◽  
Leandro Teodoski Spolaor ◽  

Reduced row spacing promotes more uniform spatial distribution of plants in the field. However, the adoption of reduced row spacing only is possible with smaller plants, which may be obtained with the use of plant growth regulator. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic performance of the first corn crop with Trinexapac-ethyl applied at the different plant development stages and grown under different row spacing, with the same plant population. The experiments were arranged in a split-plot randomized block design with four replications, with row spacing for the plots (0.45 and 0.90 m) and Trinexapac-ethyl (TE) application time to subplots (control without application, at the V3, V6, V9 and V12 phenological stages). The Trinexapacethyl application time interacted with row spacings changing the growth and yield performance of the corn crop. For 0.45 m spacing Trinexapac-ethyl application at V12 and for 0.90 m spacing application at V9 and V12 reduced plant height and ear height. Trinexapac-ethyl application at V9 for both row spacings changed the plant architecture without changing the ear length and grain yield.

Larissa Santos Castro ◽  
Daniel Andres Villegas Hurtado ◽  
Adriene Aparecida Silva ◽  
Danubia Aparecida Costa Nobre ◽  

Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is a medicinal species used in several areas, such as food, medicines and cosmetics, and the understanding of its physiological behavior under environmental conditions is of paramount importance for the improvement of cultivation methods. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of different water availability under physiological, biochemical and metabolic characteristics, in three distinct genotypes: 'Alfavaca basilicão', 'Gennaro de menta' and 'Grecco à palla', during two different phenological stages (vegetative and reproductive). It was found that the water deficit promotes physiological changes to tolerate water stress, and the studied genotypes have different routes to achieve this physiological tolerance, which culminates in a distinct accumulation of metabolites in plants, and can be considered interesting if the final product is the production of essential oils.

OENO One ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 56 (1) ◽  
pp. 53-72
Viviane Bécart ◽  
Romain Lacroix ◽  
Carole Puech ◽  
Iñaki García de Cortázar-Atauri

This study aims to i) evaluate some descriptive variables for Grenache berry composition over the last 50 years in the southern Rhône Valley wine-growing region and ii) analyse the impacts of climate on the main annual developmental phases of the Grenache berry to understand recent changes observed in the vineyard. A large and spatialised historical, open database from the Rhône Valley grape maturity network (1969–2020) was used to explore trends in grape profile during maturity and at harvest. Then, gridded climate data was used for processing phenological stages and ecoclimatic indicators. Significant changes in grapevine phenology and maturity dynamics were found and linked with changes to ecoclimatic indicators by carrying out a correlation analysis. Depending on the phenological phases, a limited number of ecoclimatic indicators had a significant effect on the maturity profile. The results highlight direct climate impacts on different maturity and yield variables over the last 50 years. These results provide important information about future issues in grape production and the implications for managing viticulture adaptation strategies and thus serve as a basis for assessing, prioritising and optimising technical means of maintaining current grape quality and yield.This study uses an ecoclimatic approach for examining in detail the effects of climate change on the Grenache grape variety in a Mediterranean context. The open database provides the latest information from a large network of plots and over a long period of time, making it possible to validate many results recorded in the literature. This is the first study to use this open database and we wish this database could lead to further explorations and results in viticulture and climate change issues.

Agriculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 91
Luigi Tedone ◽  
Francesco Giannico ◽  
Vincenzo Tufarelli ◽  
Vito Laudadio ◽  
Maria Selvaggi ◽  

The research meant to study the productive performances of Camelina sativa and the effects of feeding Camelina fresh forage harvested during five phenological stages (I: main stem elongation; II: maximum stem elongation: III: inflorescence appearance; IV: flowering; V: fruit set visible) on the yield, chemical composition and fatty acid profile of milk from autochthonous Ionica goats. Goats were randomly assigned to two groups (n = 15) that received a traditional forage mixture (Control) or Camelina forage harvested at different stages (CAM). The field experiment was conducted in two years; no significant differences between years were recorded for any of the Camelina production traits. The total biomass increased (p < 0.05) from phase I (1.4 t/ha) to phase V (5.2 t/ha). The distribution of stem, leaves and pod also changed during growth, showing a significant increase of stem from 40.8 to 45.6% and of pod from 0 to 19.4%, whereas leaves decreased from 59.2 to 35.1%. The milk yield and chemical composition were unaffected by the diet, while supplementation with Camelina forage increased milk CLA content (on average 1.14 vs. 0.78%). A markedly higher concentration of PUFAs was found in milk from goats fed Camelina harvested during the last three phenological stages. The index of thrombogenicity of milk from the CAM fed goats was significantly lower compared to the control group. In conclusion, Camelina sativa is a multi-purpose crop that may be successfully cultivated in Southern Italy regions and used as fresh forage for goat feeding. Milk obtained from Camelina fed goats showed satisfactory chemical and fatty acid composition, with potential benefits for human health.

José Irving Monjarás-barrera ◽  
Mario Rocandio-rodríguez ◽  
Cristina Domínguez-castro ◽  
Francisco Reyes-zepeda ◽  
Sandra Grisell Mora-ravelo ◽  

Ecological interactions between mites (predatory and phytophagous) and wild plants growing in undisturbed environments play a crucial role to understand their natural settlement, development and dispersion patterns. Pequin chili pepper, Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum, is a low-cost natural resource for local communities living inside Natural Protected Areas (ANP) of Tamaulipas State in Mexico. The aims of this research work were: 1) determine the spatial distribution pattern of predatory and phytophagous mites, 2) determine the spatiotemporal association between predatory and phytophagous mites, and 3) determine the association among different mite species and some phenological stages of Pequin chili pepper. The most abundant phytophagous mites were Tetranychus merganser and Aculops lycpoersici, and the predatory species were Amblyseius similoides, Euseius mesembrinus and Metaseiulus (Metaseiulus) negundinis. Most mite species showed an aggregated distribution pattern according to the plant phenological stages. However, the distribution of mite species throughout time showed different types of aggregation. On the other hand, we found positive associations among A. lycopersici and T. merganser phytophagous mites with A. similoides, E. mesembrinus and M. (M.) negundinis predators mites. The association between plants and mite species were influenced by the phenological stages of Pequin chili pepper. This is an indication of the complexity among trophic-chain interactions that depend largely on the available resources and competition. These two factors serve as foundations for settlement, development and dispersion patterns of certain species.

Irriga ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (4) ◽  
pp. 704-713
José Marcelo da Silva Guilherme ◽  
Geocleber Gomes de Sousa ◽  
Samuel de Oliveira Santos ◽  
Krishna Ribeiro Gomes ◽  
Thales Vinicius de Araújo Viana

ÁGUA SALINA E ADUBAÇÃO FOSFATADA NA CULTURA DO AMENDOIM     JOSÉ MARCELO DA SILVA GUILHERME1; GEOCLEBER GOMES DE SOUSA2; SAMUEL DE OLIVEIRA SANTOS3; KRISHNA RIBEIRO GOMES4; THALES VINICIUS DE ARAÚJO VIANA5   1 Mestrando pelo programa de pós graduação em engenharia agrícola da Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici (Av. Mister Hull, 2977, Pici, 60.021-970, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil). E-mail: [email protected] 2Professor Doutor, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Rural, Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (Avenida da abolição, 3, Centro, 62.790-000, Redenção, Ceará, Brasil). E-mail: [email protected] 3 Discente no curso de agronomia da Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (Avenida da abolição, 3, Centro, 62.790-000, Redenção, Ceará, Brasil). E-mail: [email protected] 4 Pós doutoranda em engenharia agrícola da Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici (Av. Mister Hull, 2977, Pici, 60.021-970, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil). E-mail: [email protected] 5 Professor Doutor, Departamento de engenharia agrícola da Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do Pici, (Av. Mister Hull, 2977, Pici, 60.021-970, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil). E-mail: [email protected]     1 RESUMO   A adubação fosfata poderá mitigar o estresse salino em plantas de amendoim. Diante deste contexto, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o uso de água salina em diversos estágios fenológicos na produtividade da cultura do amendoim cultivado sob adubação fosfatada. O experimento foi realizado na área experimental da Unidade de Produção de Mudas Auroras, da Universidade da Integração da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira, Redenção, CE. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 6x2, com 5 repetições, sendo utilizadas seis estratégias de irrigação com água salina com condutividade elétrica de 4,0 dS m-1 aplicadas em diferentes estágios fenológicos da cultura: estresse salino na fase vegetativa (E1); na fase de florescimento (E2); no aparecimento do ginóforo (E3); na frutificação/formação de vagem (E4); no estágio final da floração (E5); sem estresse salino (E6) e duas doses de fósforo 3,1 e 6,2 g vaso-1, correspondendo a 50% e 100% da dose recomendada. As variáveis analisadas foram: vagens formadas, vagens mal formadas, número total de vagens por planta, comprimento de vagem, diâmetro de vagem, massa de vagens e a produtividade. O uso de água de maior salinidade na fase vegetativa evidencia menor diâmetro de vagem.   Palavras-chave: Arachis Hypogaea L.; Estresse Salino; Nutrição de plantas.     GUILHERME, J.M.S; SOUSA, G.G; SANTOS, S.O; GOMES, K.R; VIANA, T.V.A. SALINE WATER AND PHOSPHATE FERTILIZATION IN PEANUT CROPS           2 ABSTRACT   Phosphate fertilization can mitigate salt stress in peanut plants. In this context, this work aimed to evaluate the use of saline water at different phenological stages in the productivity of peanuts cultivated under phosphorus fertilization. The experiment was carried out in the experimental area of ​​the Aurora Seedling Production Unit, at the University of Integration of Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira, Redenção, CE. The experimental design was completely randomized, in a 6x2 factorial scheme, with 5 replications, using six irrigation strategies with saline water with electrical conductivity of 4.0 dS m-1 applied at different phenological stages of the crop: salt stress in the vegetative phase (E1); in the flowering stage (E2); in the appearance of the gynophore (E3); in fruiting/pod formation (E4); in the final stage of flowering (E5); without salt stress (E6) and two doses of phosphorus 3.1 and 6.2 g pot-1, corresponding to 50% and 100% of the recommended dose. The variables analyzed were formed pods, malformed pods, total number of pods per plant, pod length, pod diameter, pod mass and productivity. The use of water with greater salinity in the vegetative phase shows a smaller pod diameter.   Keywords: Arachis hypogaea L., Salt stress, Plant nutrition.

2022 ◽  
Sammen Walli ◽  
Ishfaq Ahmed Hafiz ◽  
Rashid Iqbal Khan ◽  
Muhammad Ajmal Bashir ◽  
Sareer Uddin ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 458
Julyanne Braga Cruz Amaral ◽  
Fernando Bezerra Lopes ◽  
Ana Caroline Messias de Magalhães ◽  
Sebastian Kujawa ◽  
Carlos Alberto Kenji Taniguchi ◽  

Although hyperspectral remote sensing techniques have increasingly been used in the nutritional quantification of plants, it is important to understand whether the method shows a satisfactory response during the various phenological stages of the crop. The aim of this study was to quantify the levels of phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and zinc (Zn) in the leaves of Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp using spectral data obtained by a spectroradiometer. A randomised block design was used, with three treatments and twenty-five replications. The crop was evaluated at three growth stages: V4, R6 and R9. Single-band models were fitted using simple correlations. For the band ratio models, the wavelengths were selected by 2D correlation. For the models using partial least squares regression (PLSR), the stepwise method was used. The model showing the best fit was used to estimate the phosphorus content in the single-band (R² = 0.62; RMSE = 0.54 and RPD = 1.61), band ratio (R² = 0.66; RMSE = 0.65 and RPD = 1.52) and PLSR models, using data from each of the phenological stages (R² = 0.80; RMSE = 0.47 and RPD = 1.66). Accuracy in modelling leaf nutrients depends on the phenological stage, as well as the amount of data used, and is more accurate with a larger number of samples.

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