anaerobic degradation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 305 ◽  
pp. 114331
Giovanni Dolci ◽  
Valeria Venturelli ◽  
Arianna Catenacci ◽  
Riccardo Ciapponi ◽  
Francesca Malpei ◽  

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 8018
Anna Nowicka ◽  
Marcin Zieliński ◽  
Marcin Dębowski ◽  
Magda Dudek

One of the most effective technologies involving the use of lignocellulosic biomass is the production of biofuels, including methane-rich biogas. In order to increase the amount of gas produced, it is necessary to optimize the fermentation process, for example, by substrate pretreatment. The present study aimed to analyze the coupled effects of microwave radiation and the following acids: phosphoric(V) acid (H3PO4), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and sulfuric(VI) acid (H2SO4), on the destruction of a lignocellulosic complex of maize silage biomass and its susceptibility to anaerobic degradation in the methane fermentation process. The study compared the effects of plant biomass (maize silage) disintegration using microwave and conventional heating; the criterion differentiating experimental variants was the dose of acid used, i.e., 10% H3PO4, 10% HCl, and 10% H2SO4 in doses of 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.40 g/gTS. Microwave heating caused a higher biogas production in the case of all acids tested (HCl, H2SO4, H3PO4). The highest biogas volume, exceeding 1800 L/kgVS, was produced in the variant with HCl used at a dose of 0.4 g/gTS.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
pp. 35-40
A. Silva ◽  
I. Capela ◽  
L. Arroja ◽  
H. Nadais

This work studied the influence of effluent recirculation upon the kinetics of anaerobic degradation of dairy wastewater in intermittent UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Bed) reactors. Several laboratory-scale tests were performed with different organic loads in a UASB reactor inoculated with flocculent sludge from an industrial wastewater treatment plant. The data obtained were used for determination of specific substrate removal rates and specific methane production rates and adjusted to kinetic models. A high initial substrate removal was observed in all tests due to adsorption of organic matter onto the anaerobic biomass which was not accompanied by biological substrate degradation as measured by methane production. Initial methane production was about 45% of initial soluble and colloidal substrate removal rate. This discrepancy was observed mainly in the first day of all experiments and was attenuated in the second day. Effluent recirculation raised significantly the rate of removal of soluble and colloidal substrate and methane productivity as compared to literature results for batch assays without recirculation.

2021 ◽  
pp. 127699
Shan Huang ◽  
Matthew Sima ◽  
Ying Long ◽  
Courtney Messenger ◽  
Peter R. Jaffé

2021 ◽  
Vol 49 (1) ◽  
pp. 31-35
Tamás Rózsenberszki ◽  
László Koók ◽  
Péter Bakonyi ◽  
Nándor Nemestóthy ◽  
Katalin Bélafi-Bakó

Anaerobic degradation processes: anaerobic digestion (biogasification), biohydrogen fermentation (dark) and microbial fuel cells were applied to treat the organic fraction of a municipal solid waste. The processes were compared based on their ability of energy recovery and Chemical Oxygen Demand reduction.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (18) ◽  
pp. 5940
Muhammad Usman Khan ◽  
Birgitte Kiaer Ahring

Large amounts of lignin residue is expected in the future when biorefineries for producing biofuels and bio-products will increase in numbers. It is, therefore, valuable to find solutions for using this resource for the sustained production of useful bioenergy or bio-products. Anaerobic digestion could potentially be an option for converting the biorefinery lignin into a valuable energy product. However, lignin is recalcitrant to biodegradation under anaerobic conditions unless the structure is modified. Wet oxidation followed by steam explosion (wet explosion) was previously found to make significant changes to the lignin structure allowing for biodegradation under anaerobic conditions. In this study, we examine the effect of wet explosion pretreatment for anaerobic digestion of wheat straw lignin under mesophilic (37 o C) conditions. Besides the biorefinery lignin produced from wheat straw, untreated lignin was further tested as feed material for anaerobic digestion. Our results showed that wet exploded lignin pretreated with 2% NaOH showed the highest lignin degradation (41.8%) as well as the highest methane potential of 157.3±9.9 ml/g VS. The untreated lignin with no pretreatment showed the lowest methane yield of 65.8±4.8 and only 3.5% of the lignin was degraded. Overall, increased severity of the pretreatment was found to enhance anaerobic degradation of lignin.

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