electron transport
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2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 741-750
Author(s):  
Abolfazl Amraeinia ◽  
Yuhua Zuo ◽  
Jun Zheng ◽  
Zhi Liu ◽  
Guangze Zhang ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 138 ◽  
pp. 106303
Author(s):  
Baixin Liu ◽  
Guangshuai Sun ◽  
Qian Sun ◽  
Yuzhen Lv ◽  
Meng Huang ◽  
...  

Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 201
Author(s):  
Tahereh Ashrostaghi ◽  
Sasan Aliniaeifard ◽  
Aida Shomali ◽  
Shiva Azizinia ◽  
Jahangir Abbasi Koohpalekani ◽  
...  

Low temperatures are a substantial limitation in the geographic distribution of warm-season crops such as cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Tolerance to low temperatures varies among different plant species and genotypes when changes in environmental cues occur. Therefore, biochemical and biophysical events should be coordinated to form a physiological response and cope with low temperatures. We examined how light intensity influences the effects of low temperature on photosynthesis and some biochemical traits. We used chlorophyll fluorescence imaging and polyphasic fluorescence transient to analyze cold stress damage by 4 °C. Photosynthetic Photon Flux Densities (PPFDs) of 0, 300, and 600 μmol m−2 s−1, in four accessions of cucumber, were investigated. The results show that the negative effects of cold stress are PPFD-dependent. The adverse effect of cold stress on the electron transport chain is more pronounced in plants exposed to 600 μmol m−2 s−1 than the control and dark-exposed plants, indicated by a disturbance in the electron transport chain and higher energy dissipation. Moreover, biochemical traits, including the H2O2 content, ascorbate peroxidase activity, electrolyte leakage, and water-soluble carbohydrate, increased under low temperature by increasing the PPFD. In contrast, chlorophyll and carotenoid contents decreased under low temperature through PPFD elevation. Low temperature induced a H2O2 accumulation via suppressing ascorbate peroxidase activity in a PPFD-dependent manner. In conclusion, high PPFDs exacerbate the adverse effects of low temperature on the cucumber seedlings.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 115-121
Author(s):  
Katarína Kráľová ◽  
Renata Gašparová ◽  
Martin Moncman

A new series of carboxhydrazides 6-8 was synthesized under microwave irradiation by reaction of carboxhydrazide 1 with heterocyclic aldehydes 2-4 in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid in ethanol. N-Benzoylcarboxhydrazide 9 was prepared by reaction of 1 with benzoylchlorid 5 in THF at room temperature. The effects of 6-9 on inhibition of photosynthetic electron transport in spinach chloroplasts and chlorophyll content in the antialgal suspensions of Chlorella vulgaris were investigated.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Ioanna Kyriakou ◽  
Dimitris Emfietzoglou ◽  
Sebastien Incerti

The development of accurate physics models that enable track structure simulations of electrons in liquid water medium over a wide energy range, from the eV to the MeV scale, is a subject of continuous efforts due to its importance (among other things) in theoretical studies of radiation quality for application in radiotherapy and radiation protection. A few years ago, the Geant4-DNA very low-energy extension of the Geant4 Monte Carlo code had offered to users an improved set of physics models for discrete electron transport below 10 keV. In this work we present refinements to this model set and its extension to energies up to 1 MeV. Preliminary comparisons against the existing Geant4-DNA physics models with respect to total and differential ionization cross sections of electrons in liquid water are reported and discussed.


Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 195
Author(s):  
Qi Shi ◽  
Hu Sun ◽  
Stefan Timm ◽  
Shibao Zhang ◽  
Wei Huang

Fluctuating light (FL) is a typical natural light stress that can cause photodamage to photosystem I (PSI). However, the effect of growth light on FL-induced PSI photoinhibition remains controversial. Plants grown under high light enhance photorespiration to sustain photosynthesis, but the contribution of photorespiration to PSI photoprotection under FL is largely unknown. In this study, we examined the photosynthetic performance under FL in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants grown under high light (HL-plants) and moderate light (ML-plants). After an abrupt increase in illumination, the over-reduction of PSI was lowered in HL-plants, resulting in a lower FL-induced PSI photoinhibition. HL-plants displayed higher capacities for CO2 fixation and photorespiration than ML-plants. Within the first 60 s after transition from low to high light, PSII electron transport was much higher in HL-plants, but the gross CO2 assimilation rate showed no significant difference between them. Therefore, upon a sudden increase in illumination, the difference in PSII electron transport between HL- and ML-plants was not attributed to the Calvin–Benson cycle but was caused by the change in photorespiration. These results indicated that the higher photorespiration in HL-plants enhanced the PSI electron sink downstream under FL, which mitigated the over-reduction of PSI and thus alleviated PSI photoinhibition under FL. Taking together, we here for the first time propose that photorespiration acts as a safety valve for PSI photoprotection under FL.


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