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2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (12) ◽  
pp. 1957-1962
Author(s):  
Ling Ling ◽  
◽  
Yu Guo ◽  
Rong-Bin Liang ◽  
Hui-Ye Shu ◽  
...  

AIM: To assess changed spontaneous brain activity in hyperthyroid exophthalmos (HE) patients by the amplitude of the low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method, and to analyze the correlation between brain activity and ALFF values in these patients. METHODS: Totally 18 HE and 18 hyperthyroid non-exophthalmos (HNE) patients were enrolled. The participants were tested by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to classify the ALFF values of the study population. Pearson’s correlation analysis was utilized to evaluate the relationship between the ALFF values obtained from different brain areas and clinical manifestations. RESULTS: Contrary to HNE patients, we observed lower ALFF values in the left calcarine fissure and surrounding cortex (LCFSC) in HE patients. In the ROC curve analysis of the LCFSC, the area under the curve reflected a high degree of accuracy. In addition, there was positive correlation between mean ALFF values of the LCFSC and the best-corrected visual acuity of the affected eyes. CONCLUSION: The study displays abnormal brain activity in LCFSC in patients with HE, which might suggest pathological mechanism of visual impairment of HE patients.


BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Jialin Qu ◽  
Li Wang ◽  
Man Jiang ◽  
Zhimin Wei ◽  
Guangming Fu ◽  
...  

Abstract Background N6-methyladenine (m6A) is the most common modification of mRNA and IncRNA in higher organisms. m6A has been confirmed to be related to the formation and progression of tumors and m6A-related genes can be used as prognostic biomarkers in a variety of tumors. However, there have been no similar studies on lung squamous cell carcinoma. The main purpose of this study was aimed to explore the differential expression of m6A-related genes in lung squamous cell carcinoma tissues and its relationship with patient clinical prognosis. Methods We integrated three m6A writers that catalyze the methylation of adenine on mRNA molecules. The training set including 501 patients with LUSC was collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the test set including 181 patients with LUSC was collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Based on the expression level of the m6A methylase gene, we established a tumor subgroup and risk-prognosis model to quantify the risk index and long-term patient prognosis, which were confirmed by principal component analysis (PCA) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. After lung squamous cell carcinoma tissue specimens were obtained during surgery, immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to verify the results in vitro. Results The results of the study showed that the expression of the three m6A methylases in tumor tissues and normal tissues was significantly different (P < 0.05). The survival-prognostic model based on METTL3 gene expression showed better predictive performance (AUC: 0.706). Patients in the high-risk and low-risk groups exhibited significant differences in terms of survival time and 5-year and 10-year survival rates. Immunohistochemistry revealed that patients with high METTL3 expression exhibited a longer survival time than those with low METTL3 expression. Conclusions Our study showed that the molecular phenotype based on the expression of METTL3 may be an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of lung squamous cell carcinoma. These findings not only prove the important role of m6A methylase in lung squamous cell carcinoma, but are also expected to provide more accurate prognostic assessment and individualized treatment for patients with lung squamous cell carcinoma.


2021 ◽  
pp. 014556132110513
Author(s):  
Hangui Lu ◽  
Haiyan Liu ◽  
Kanghua Wang ◽  
Jianbo Shi ◽  
Yueqi Sun

Objective Our previous study revealed that serum amyloid A (SAA) levels in polyp tissues could serve as a biomarker for the prediction of corticosteroid insensitivity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, their association with disease control status in the patients after endoscopic sinus surgery remains to be assessed. Methods Polyp tissues and control uncinate process mucosa were collected from 48 patients with CRSwNP and 10 healthy control subjects. SAA expression was examined using immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to determine the predictive value of SAA in nasal polyps. The clinical characteristics of 2 CRSwNP subtypes (SAAhigh and SAAlow) were evaluated. Results The SAA expression levels in polyp tissues were significantly elevated both in non-eosinophilic and eosinophilic CRSwNP as compared to the healthy controls. In patients with CRSwNP, the tissue SAA level was significantly higher in the disease-controlled patients than those of the partly controlled and uncontrolled. ROC curve analysis revealed that a cut-off value of 114.9 ng/mL for the tissue SAA level predicted the patients with disease-controlled status with 93.33% sensitivity and 63.64% specificity (AUC = .8727, P < .001). Furthermore, The SAAhigh subgroup showed higher tissue eosinophil numbers and percentage of the disease-controlled patients compared to the SAAlow subgroup. Conclusions Our findings suggest that measurements of SAA in polyp tissues may provide useful information for evaluating CRSwNP conditions, especially identifying the CRSwNP patients with disease-controlled status after endoscopic sinus surgery.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Author(s):  
Liming Wang ◽  
Zhida Wang ◽  
Yanchao Xing ◽  
Erwei Liu ◽  
Xiumei Gao ◽  
...  

Background. Polygonum Multiflorum Radix Preparata (PMP), prepared from Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. (PM), is traditionally valued for its liver and kidney-tonifying effects. However, the previous studies showed that PMP was hepatotoxic, which limited its clinical use. Unfortunately, the potential hepatotoxic ingredients and the molecular mechanism are still uncertain. Objective. The aim of this study was to find out potential biomarkers of hepatotoxicity using metabolomics profile. Materials and Methods. 60% ethanol extract of PMP (PMPE) was prepared. Subsequently, an untargeted metabolomics technology in combination with ROC curve analysis method was applied to investigate the alteration of plasma metabolites in rats after oral administration of PMPE (40 g/kg/d) for 28 days. Results. Compared to the control group, the significant difference in metabolic profiling was observed in the PMPE-induced liver injury group, and sixteen highly specific biomarkers were identified. These metabolites were mainly enriched into bile acids, lipids, and energy metabolisms, indicating that PMPE-induced liver injury could be related to cholestasis and dysregulated lipid metabolism. Conclusions. This study is contributed to understand the potential pathogenesis of PMP-induced liver injury. The metabonomic method may be a valuable tool for the clinical diagnosis of PMP-induced liver injury.


PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (11) ◽  
pp. e0260313
Author(s):  
Atul Goyale ◽  
Anjly Jain ◽  
Colette Smith ◽  
Margarita Papatheodoridi ◽  
Marta Guerrero Misas ◽  
...  

Background/Aims Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a significant public health issue. Identifying patients with simple steatosis from those with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is crucial since NASH is correlated with increased morbidity and mortality. Serum-based markers, including adipokines and cytokines, are important in the pathogenesis and progression of NAFLD. Here we assessed the usefulness of such markers in patients with NAFLD. Methods This prospective, cross-sectional study included 105 adult patients with varying severity of NAFLD. Twelve serum-based markers were measured by 3 biochip platforms and 2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods. We also developed a NAFLD individual fibrosis index (NIFI) using the serum-based markers mostly correlated with fibrosis severity. Results Sixty-one out of 105 patients were male (58.1%) with mean age was 53.5 years. Higher Interleukin-6 (IL-6) increased (p = 0.0321) and lower Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) serum levels (p = 0.0031) were associated with higher fibrosis as measured by Fibroscan® in multivariable regression analysis. Using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for the NIFI, area under the curve for predicting Fibroscan values ≥ 7.2 kPa was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.67, 0.88, p<0.001), with sensitivity of 89.3%, specificity of 57.9% and a positive likelihood ratio of 2.8. Conclusions Increasing fibrosis severity in NAFLD is associated with differential expression of IL-6 and MMP-9. NIFI could be valuable for the prediction of advanced NAFLD fibrosis and potentially help avoid unnecessary interventions such as liver biopsy in low-risk patients.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Author(s):  
Xi Su ◽  
Huangping Chen ◽  
Zifei Zhu ◽  
Wanying Xie ◽  
Jianqiao Peng ◽  
...  

The level of CHB virus (HBV) core antibody (HBcAb) is different in four stages of chronic HBV infection and may be used for differential diagnosis of the natural history of chronic HBV infection. To address this question, we examined multiple blood biomarkers and assessed the efficacy to diagnose different stages of chronic HBV infection. The quantitative detection of HBcAb, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), HBV DNA, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and platelet count (PLT) were determined in the serum of 73 cases of low-replicative phase (LR), 46 cases of immune-tolerant phase (IT), 44 cases of immune clearance phase (IC), and 57 cases of HBeAg-negative hepatitis (ENH). Differentiating performance of these serum protein levels was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Our results showed that the levels of HBcAb, ALT, and AST levels were significantly higher in IC and ENH than those in LR and IT (both P ≤ 0.001 ). The levels of HBV DNA and HBsAg were higher in IC and IT than those in LR and ENH (both P ≤ 0.001 ). Logistic regression models showed that HBcAb, HBsAg, HBV DNA, ALT, and AST were the independent variables, respectively, and when combined, they provided high diagnostic accuracy for the staging of CHB. To sum up, HBcAb quantification is a new index, which can reflect whether the liver is in the immune activation state of HBV infection, and is related to the inflammatory state of the host liver. The combined detection of HBcAb quantification and other indicators has showed promising efficiency for staging of IC and ENH and can assist the diagnosis and treatment of CHB.


2021 ◽  
pp. 030089162110598
Author(s):  
Donghyun Kim ◽  
Yongkan Ki ◽  
Wontaek Kim ◽  
Dahl Park ◽  
Jihyeon Joo ◽  
...  

Objective: To identify risk factors of primary site necrosis (PSN) after definitive concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) in patients with nonoral cavity head and neck cancer (HNC). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 256 patients treated with CCRT for HNC during 2010–2018. Patient-related (age, sex, history of smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, serum hemoglobin and albumin), tumor-related (tumor site, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage), and treatment-related (induction chemotherapy, maximum point dose and mean dose of planning target volume [PTV] of primary site, absolute volumes of the PTV receiving >50–75 Gy [V50–V75]) variables were analyzed. Critical dosimetric parameters of PSN were identified using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to select the significant variables for PSN development. Results: After median follow-up of 44 months (range, 5–127), 7 patients (2.7%) developed PSN with a median time to event of 10 months (range, 3–12). V70 ⩾79.8 mL was the most critical dosimetric parameter for PSN (area under the ROC curve 0.873, sensitivity 0.857, specificity 0.747). In univariate analyses, pretreatment serum hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL and V70 ⩾79.8 mL were significantly associated with higher risk of PSN occurrence. V70 ⩾79.8 mL (hazard ratio 5.960, 95% confidence interval 1.289–27.548; p = 0.022) remained significant predictors of PSN in multivariate analyses. Conclusions: V70 ⩾79.8 mL is significantly related to the risk of developing PSN. These findings offer valuable clues for clinicians to minimize PSN incidence in HNC treated with curative CCRT.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Mingxin Lin ◽  
Jingping Liu ◽  
Xiaoli Shi ◽  
Jiajun Li ◽  
Huiming Ye

Abstract Background: I kappa B kinase interacting protein (IKBIP) is dysregulated and closely correlated with prognosis in tumor. However, the potential functions of IKBIP have not been utterly revealed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thus, we explored the clinical values of IKBIP and its correlation with immune infiltrates in HCC.Methods: IKBIP expression in different tumor types was analyzed through the Tumor Immunity Evaluation Resource (TIMER) database. IKBIP expression between HCC and normal tissues were readily available for retrospective analyses from GEPIA, UALCAN and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. The association between clinical features and IKBIP expression in HCC was analyzed by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and logistic regression. Human Protein Atlas (HPA) was used to analyze the protein expression of IKBIP. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was performed to explore diagnostic potential of IKBIP. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) method and Cox regression were conducted to evaluate the influence of IKBIP on the prognosis of HCC patients. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were established using STRING. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were used for gene functional enrichment analysis. The interrelation between IKBIP expression and immune infiltrates in HCC was analyzed through TIMER and tumor-immune system interaction database (TISIDB).Results: Our results revealed that IKBIP expression was abnormally upregulated in HCC, and ROC curve analysis confirmed the diagnostic power of IKBIP. High IKBIP expression was related to tumor sizes, pathologic stage and histologic grade. K-M plotter analysis showed that high IKBIP expression was correlated with poor prognosis of HCC patients. Moreover, multivariate Cox analysis further verified that high IKBIP expression was an independent risk factor in HCC patients. Correlation analysis found that IKBIP expression was associated with infiltrating immune cells.Conclusion: High IKBIP expression is associated with poor prognosis and immune infiltrates, which may serve as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.


2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Nadia Irshad ◽  
Nadia Hanif

Objective: To evaluate the spectrum of HRCT findings of COVID-19 in RT-PCR positive patients according to duration of infection and severity of disease. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at Radiology department of Lahore General Hospital, Lahore from May to July 2020. Total 40 COVID-19 patients were reviewed for clinical features, HRCT chest findings based on time from symptom onset and CT conduction. Chi-square and fissure exact test were used for measuring association with severity of COVID-19, p value ≤0.05 was reported significant. Mean CT scores were calculated. ROC curve analysis showed threshold values of CT-SS for severe disease. Results: Of total 40 patients with age ranged from 22-83 years, 22(55%) were males and 18(45%) females. The hallmark of COVID-19 was combined GGO and consolidation, GGO alone and consolidation alone in bilateral, sub pleural and posterior distribution. Early stage had normal CT or GGO alone, intermediate and late stage had both GGO and consolidation. Septal lines/bands and crazy paving pattern were prevalent in late stage. Clinically, 24 (60%) were in severe group and 16(40%) in mild group. Severity of COVID-19 was associated with GGO alone (p=0.05), GGO and consolidation (p=0.01), crazy paving (p=0.01) and lung scores (p≤0.05). The threshold values of CT-SS for identifying severe disease by two radiologists were 18.50 and 20.50. Conclusion: HRCT manifestations along with CT-SS aids in predicting disease severity. Staging according to duration of infection is effective in understanding variation in pattern of chest findings in coronavirus disease. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4204 How to cite this:Irshad N, Hanif N. Spectrum of High Resolution Computed tomography chest findings in PCR positive COVID-19 patients according to duration of infection and CT severity score assessment. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):---------.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4204 This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Author(s):  
Zhichuang Lian ◽  
Yafang Li ◽  
Wenyi Wang ◽  
Wei Ding ◽  
Zongxin Niu ◽  
...  

This study analyzed the risk factors for patients with COVID-19 developing severe illnesses and explored the value of applying the logistic model combined with ROC curve analysis to predict the risk of severe illnesses at COVID-19 patients’ admissions. The clinical data of 1046 COVID-19 patients admitted to a designated hospital in a certain city from July to September 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical characteristics of the patients were collected, and a multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for severe illnesses in COVID-19 patients during hospitalization. Based on the analysis results, a prediction model for severe conditions and the ROC curve were constructed, and the predictive value of the model was assessed. Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR = 3.257, 95% CI 10.466–18.584), complications with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR = 7.337, 95% CI 0.227–87.021), cough (OR = 5517, 95% CI 0.258–65.024), and venous thrombosis (OR = 7322, 95% CI 0.278–95.020) were risk factors for COVID-19 patients developing severe conditions during hospitalization. When complications were not taken into consideration, COVID-19 patients’ ages, number of diseases, and underlying diseases were risk factors influencing the development of severe illnesses. The ROC curve analysis results showed that the AUC that predicted the severity of COVID-19 patients at admission was 0.943, the optimal threshold was −3.24, and the specificity was 0.824, while the sensitivity was 0.827. The changes in the condition of severe COVID-19 patients are related to many factors such as age, clinical symptoms, and underlying diseases. This study has a certain value in predicting COVID-19 patients that develop from mild to severe conditions, and this prediction model is a useful tool in the quick prediction of the changes in patients’ conditions and providing early intervention for those with risk factors.


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