scholarly journals Conducting a FIMA Lifesaver Course in the COVID-19 Setting by IMAM in Malaysia

Noor Hafizah Abdul Salim ◽  
Aneesa Abdul Rashid ◽  
Ahmad Luqman Md Pauzi ◽  
Mohd Hisham Isa

Every year, the Federation of Islamic Medical Association (FIMA) conducts a basic life support (BLS) course for the public, not just in one, but in several countries. It is held in mosques as a method of raising awareness on the importance of BLS among the public, apart from highlighting the function of a mosque as a place of obtaining knowledge. Traditionally, it was conducted as face-to-face training. However, with the 2019 novel coronavirus pandemic, the training was changed to a hybrid method to balance between the needs to teach BLS skills to the public and the necessity of avoiding the spread of infection. This article discussed the Islamic Medical Association of Malaysia (IMAM)’s experience in organizing a mass BLS course for public in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic while utilising a small mosque as a hub of learning.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 01 January’22 Page: 6-10

Circulation ◽  
2008 ◽  
Vol 118 (suppl_18) ◽  
Keisuke Ohta ◽  
Miki Enami ◽  
Yutaka Takei ◽  
Hideo Inaba

Incidence and causes of delay in Emergency call were analyzed in 3267 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests that were witnessed by bystanders or not witnessed but found by citizens from April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2007 in Ishikawa Prefecture. Emergency calls were considered to be significantly delayed when interval of collapse or event recognition to call exceeded 2 min. The incidence of delay was 32.9% (1076/3267) in the all arrests and significantly higher in urban (Non-Central) areas than in rural (the Central) area (691/1539 vs. 385/1728, p<0.001). Telephone-assisted CPR was performed in 501 out of 1076 delayed cases and CPR was initiated in 331 cases. The proportions of ROSC and successful resuscitation were significantly lower when the call was delayed (178/1076 vs. 490/2191 p<0.001, 153/1076 vs. 415/2191 p<0.001, respectively). As shown in Table, the major causes of delay were identified in 906 out of 1076 cases. The delay was considered to be correctable in 607 cases if the bystanders or citizens had understood when they should call 119. These results indicate that significance of early call should be more emphasized in basic life support courses. The public relations that emphasize “Call 119 when someone becomes unresponsive” may be necessary for all citizens to be aware of the significance of early call.

2018 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 14-19
Upendra Yadav ◽  
RS Mehta

Introduction: Lack of resuscitation skills of nurses in basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS) has been identified as a contributing factor to poor outcomes of cardiac arrest victims.Objective: To assess the effectiveness of education intervention programme to improve the knowledge of, and thereby the quality of Emergency service; especially in the area of Basic Life Support, Advance Life Support and Triage system.Method: Pre-experimental research design was used to conduct the study among the nurses working in Emergency units of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences where CPR is very commonly performed. Using convenient sampling technique, a total of 24 nurses agreed to participate and to give consent were included in the study. The theoretical, demonstration and re-demonstration sessions were arranged, involving the trained doctors and nurses during the three hours educational programme. Post-test was carried out after education intervention programme. The 2010 BLS and ALS guidelines were used as guide for the study contents. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-15 software.Result: It was found that there is significant increase in knowledge after education intervention in the components of life support measures (BLS/ALS) i.e. ratio of chest compression to ventilation in BLS (P= 0.001), correct sequence of CPR (p< 0.001), rate of chest compression in ALS (P= 0.001), the depth of chest compression in adult CPR (p< 0.001), and position of chest compression in CPR (P= 0.016). The participating nurses well appreciated the programme and requested to continue in future for all the nurses.Conclusion: The workshop certainly improves the knowledge of the working nurses, and thereby the quality of Emergency service; especially in the areas of Basic Life Support, Advance Life Support and Triage System.Journal of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2018, page: 14-19

2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (3) ◽  
pp. 124-128
Nuno Pinto ◽  
Alexandra Carvalho ◽  
Rita Silva ◽  
Eleonora Marianucci ◽  
Beatriz Novo

Cardiovascular events are the third cause of death in the world. It is generally accepted by all the main health organisations dedicated to this topic that increasing the number of potential members of the public who could intervene if necessary will lead to an increase in the survival rate in the case of cardiac arrest. To achieve this goal, offering effective training courses to as many individuals as possible, on a large scale and at a low cost, is recommended. Schools are by nature one of the ideal places for implementing this type of large-scale training programme. With this study the authors aim to measure how open students and teachers are to basic life-support training in their school and how this can improve their confidence levels in performing basic life-support if needed.

Pathogens ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 64
Omid Parvizi ◽  
Hosny El-Adawy ◽  
Falk Melzer ◽  
Uwe Roesler ◽  
Heinrich Neubauer ◽  

Bovine anaplasmosis is a tick-borne disease with zoonotic potential, caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Anaplasma marginale. The disease is distributed worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions. The economic losses from anaplasmosis in animals is of significant importance because it causes severe morbidity and mortality in cattle. Recovered animals may become persistent carriers. Epidemiological information on the actual status of bovine anaplasmosis in Egypt is scarce. Thus, this study aimed to determine anti-Anaplasma antibody and DNA in serum samples using ELISA and PCR, respectively. In total, 758 bovine sera were collected from cattle farms located in 24 Egyptian governorates in 2015 to 2016. Sera were analyzed with the commercially available ‘Anaplasma antibody competitive ELISA v2’ kit and ‘AmpliTest Anaplasma/Ehrlichia spp. real time TaqMan TM PCR. Anaplasma spp. antibodies were detected in 140 (18.5%) (CI: 15.8–21.4%) of the investigated sera by ELISA, and Anaplasma/Ehrlichia-DNA was detected in 40 (5.3%) (CI: 3.8–7.1%) of the positive sera by real time PCR. Co-detection of both Anaplasma spp. and Coxiella burnetii-specific antibodies was proven in 30 (4%) of the investigated sera. The results of this work confirm the significant prevalence of bovine anaplasmosis in Egypt. Raising awareness in decision makers of the public health, veterinarians and animal owners is required to reduce the spread of infection.

Healthcare ◽  
2020 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 379
Luis Fernando Barbosa Tavares ◽  
Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo ◽  
Claudio Leone ◽  
Cyntia Souza Carvalho Castanha ◽  
Adriana Gonçalves de Oliveira ◽  

Introduction: Cardiac arrest is one of the leading public health problems worldwide and in Brazil. A victim of cardiorespiratory arrest needs prompt basic life support (BLS) to increase survival. Objective: To evaluate the performance of a synthesis lecture on BLS given to university students in Health Sciences. Methods: A total of 422 undergraduate students in Nursing, Physiotherapy, and Medicine participated in this study. Data were collected by applying a pre-test through a BLS questionnaire based on the American Heart Association guidelines. Results: Students obtained a minimum grade of 40% of the pre-test questions. The score increased to 75% in the post-test; the students with the best performance in the pre-test maintained a higher total number of correct answers in the post-test. There was also better performance in those with previous training in BLS. The students from the first year of medical school were the ones who benefited the most from the lecture. Conclusion: Regardless of the grade course, the Health Science students showed a significant improvement in their level of knowledge after attending the synthesis lecture, indicating its adequacy to promote initial learning about BLS.

2021 ◽  
pp. 402-414
Mulyadi Mulyadi ◽  
Bih-O Lea ◽  
Reginus Tertius Malara ◽  
Hendro Joly Bidjuni

Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health problem and poses challenges in various fields, including education. Some training programs such as Basic Life Support (BLS) training need to adapt to new policies, which are physical and social distancing. Blended learning by combining face-to-face with online training, may help achieve BLS competencies for health care professionals, including nursing students. This systematic review was conducted to explore blended learning effectiveness in BLS training for nursing student populations. The electronic search strategy was conducted from PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane for the years 2010 to 2020 with full text in English. This review followed the PRISMA guidelines. The initial search yielded 240 studies, and six of those studies were eventually included. The results reported there were three blended learning models appeared, including face to face learning combined with e-learning website, combined with video-based, and combined with computer-based simulations. With an intervention duration of four hours to two weeks, there was an indication of several improving outcomes, including skills, knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, problem-solving abilities, and willingness to perform resuscitation. Furthermore, the skill outcome is significantly more effective in blended learning of face-to-face models combined with the e-learning website and combined with computer-based simulations. The knowledge outcome parameter likely is the most effective from all of three blended learning models. These findings imply that BLS training needs to use blended learning models by modifying the training modules, facilities, and infrastructure as consideration.   Keywords: Basic life support, blended learning, nursing students, systematic review

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Shannon Macfarlane ◽  
James Pearce

The Advanced Paediatric Life Support, Australia Paediatric Life Support course is designed to improve outcomes for critically ill and injured paediatrics treated by healthcare professionals. It is comprised of pre-reading, online learning and a one-day face-to-face session that covers basic life support, airway management, cardiac rhythm recognition and defibrillation, intraosseous access and recognition of the seriously injured and ill child. This paper reviews the course and concludes that it should be considered as part of the continuing professional development requirements for paramedics.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by novel coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged at Wuhan in China in December 2019 and has rapidly spread throughout the world. The droplets expelled during face-to-face exposure, mainly through talking, coughing, or sneezing, are the most common mode of transmission. So far, children have not been affected frequently without deaths. However, the course of this virus in the future is unknown. The diagnosis is mainly made through reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and serology testing. Treatment with dexamethasone at an early phase of developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by SARS-CoV-2 alters the pulmonary and systemic inflammatory response and decreases mortality. Corticosteroid therapy is associated with a sizable reduction in the duration of mechanical ventilation and hospital mortality. One of the major risk factor associated with corticosteroid therapy is associated with acquiring secondary infections. Pulmonary epithelial damage and inflammatory disease are the predisposing risk factors for pulmonary aspergillosis due to the release of danger molecular patterns during severe COVID-19. Galactomannan and culture testing of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid are the most sensitive diagnostic measures for aspergillosis in intensive care unit (ICU). Finally, the treatment of coronavirus associated pulmonary aspergillosis is complex. The only way one can prevent the spread of infection by following precautions such as frequent hand washing, wearing a mask in public places, social distancing, and by avoiding unnecessary gatherings.

Resuscitation ◽  
2013 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
pp. S19-S20
Edward Caruana ◽  
Sarah Micallef ◽  
Michelle M. Boffa ◽  
Gillian Pace-Moore ◽  
Giuliana Torpiano ◽  

2015 ◽  
Vol 25 (3) ◽  
pp. 297 ◽  
Luis Fernando Barbosa Tavares ◽  
Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra ◽  
Fernando Rocha Oliveira ◽  
Luiz Vinícius De Alcantara Sousa ◽  
Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo ◽  

Introduction: Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is a serious public health problem and represents one of the leading causes of death in the world. In emergency situations the assessment of the victim and care must be effective, to reduce negative outcomes and to increase the survival rate. Objective: To analyze graduation students in the Health Sciences through objective testing on Basic Life Support (BLS). Methods: This is a descriptive, observational and cross sectional study, performed in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The study population consisted of 664 graduation students in Medicine, Nursing, Physiotherapy, Pharmacy, Nutrition and Occupational Therapy. Data collection occurred through an instrument in the form of objective tests based on the guidelines for Basic Life Support from the American Heart Association. For analysis the Shapiro-Wilk, Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. The adopted confidence level was 95%. The statistical program used was Stata 11.0. Result: There was found to be a prevalence of students who were female (82.23%), single (77.56%), on the physiotherapy course (53.16%), in the freshmen year (32.2%) with previous training (54.45%) and with a median age of 22 years old. When the association between the scores was analyzed according to sex, marital status, previous training, course and year of study, the relation between the number of correct answers and previous training, course and year of study showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.001). Conclusion: 99.9% of subjects had lower score than the minimum score of 84% of Americam Heart Association, which characterizes insufficient knowledge about the basic support of life theme. Thus, there is need for continued training of health sciences students on the subject, at the undergraduate level.

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