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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fushun Kou ◽  
Yuan Cheng ◽  
Lei Shi ◽  
Jiajing Liu ◽  
Yuyue Liu ◽  
...  

BackgroundPatients with long-duration ulcerative colitis (UC) had a higher risk of developing ulcerative colitis-associated carcinogenesis (UCAC) when compared to those with short-duration UC. This study aimed to discover the biomarker for cancer surveillance related to disease duration.MethodsThe microarrays were divided into short-duration (<10 years) UC, long-duration (≥10 years) UC, UCAC, and normal groups in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of GEO and the hub genes of the selected weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were intersected to obtain the overlapping genes. Among these genes, the key gene was identified by using the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network, Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, the cytoHubba of Cytoscape, and the expression levels. Also, immunofluorescence of human colonic mucosa and animal experiment were used to validate the expression trend of the key gene in the progress of UC developing into UCAC.ResultsLipocalin-2 (LCN2) was more relevant with disease duration of UC and significantly negatively correlated with the risk of UCAC. The expression level of LCN2 in short-duration UC was higher than that of long-duration UC (P < 0.01), long-duration UC was higher than that of UCAC (P = 0.001), and UC and UCAC were all higher than that of the normal (P < 0.001). We then discovered that the expression trend of LCN2 in blood and stool samples was consistent with that in colorectal mucosa.ConclusionThe research indicates that LCN2 could be a novel biomarker to evaluate cancer surveillance related to disease duration of developing UC into UCAC. Compared with that of blood samples, stool detection of LCN2 may have more advantages for diagnosis value of early stage of UCAC as a complement to colonoscopy surveillance.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Clemence Claussin ◽  
Jacob Vazquez ◽  
Iestyn Whitehouse

Fundamental aspects of DNA replication, such as the anatomy of replication stall sites, how replisomes are influenced by gene transcription and whether the progression of sister replisomes is coordinated are poorly understood. Available techniques do not allow the precise mapping of the positions of individual replisomes on chromatin. We have developed a new method called Replicon-seq that entails the excision of full-length replicons by controlled nuclease cleavage at replication forks. Replicons are sequenced using Nanopore, which provides a single molecule readout of long DNA molecules. Using Replicon-seq, we have investigated replisome movement along chromatin. We found that sister replisomes progress with remarkable consistency from the origin of replication but function autonomously. Replication forks that encounter obstacles pause for a short duration but rapidly resume synthesis. The helicase Rrm3 plays a critical role both in mitigating the effect of protein barriers and facilitating efficient termination. Replicon-seq provides an unprecedented means of defining replisome movement across the genome.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Marie Louise Liu ◽  
Anke N Karabanov ◽  
Marjolein Piek ◽  
Esben Thade Petersen ◽  
Axel Thielscher ◽  
...  

Background: Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (aTDCS) of primary motor hand area (M1-HAND) can enhance corticomotor excitability. Yet, it is still unknown which current intensity produces the strongest effect on regional neural activity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with pseudo-continuous Arterial Spin Labeling (pc-ASL MRI) can map regional cortical blood flow (rCBF) and may thus be useful to probe the relationship between current intensity and neural response at the individual level. Objective: Here we employed pc-ASL MRI to map acute rCBF changes during short-duration aTDCS of left M1-HAND. Using the rCBF response as a proxy for regional neuronal activity, we investigated if short-duration aTDCS produces an instantaneous dose-dependent rCBF increase in the targeted M1-HAND that may be useful for individual dosing. Methods: Nine healthy right-handed participants received 30 seconds of aTDCS at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mA with the anode placed over left M1-HAND and cathode over the right supraorbital region. Concurrent pc-ASL MRI at 3 T probed TDCS-related rCBF changes in the targeted M1-HAND. Movement-induced rCBF changes were also assessed. Results: Apart from a subtle increase in rCBF at 0.5 mA, short-duration aTDCS did not modulate rCBF in the M1-HAND relative to no-stimulation periods. None of the participants showed a dose-dependent increase in rCBF during aTDCS, even after accounting for individual differences in TDCS-induced electrical field strength. In contrast, finger movements led to robust activation of left M1-HAND before and after aTDCS. Conclusion: Short-duration bipolar aTDCS does not produce instantaneous dose-dependent rCBF increases in the targeted M1-HAND at conventional intensity ranges. Therefore, the regional hemodynamic response profile to short-duration aTDCS may not be suited to inform individual dosing of TDCS intensity.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
I Wayan Herry Indra Wijaya

TikTok is a social media application that allows users to create 15-second videos with music, filters, and other creative features. This application was launched by a company from China, China, ByteDance first launched an application that has a short duration called Douyin. In Indonesia alone there were 22.2 million active users last year which provides a huge opportunity for various brands to market their products through TikTok. There are various types of brands that have used the TikTok application to promote their products, for example, smartphone vendors in Indonesia. Of the many smartphone vendors, the Top 5 Smartphone Vendors in Indonesia in Q2 are: XIAOMI Indonesia, Oppo Indonesia, Samsung Indonesia, REALME Indonesia and VIVO Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to determine the credibility of the TikTok accounts of the 5 Smartphone Vendor in Indonesia on Q2 2021. The method used in this study is a quantitative exploratory method. The results of this study indicate that the Samsung Indonesia account has the best performance credibility and is ranked first among the five smartphone vendor accounts.


Author(s):  
Yao Jiang ◽  
Xiuqi Wei ◽  
Hui Wang ◽  
Guiling Li

Abstract Background Little is known on the duration of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in patients following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Aims We aimed to determine the duration of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) and M (IgM) antibody responses following SARS-CoV-2 infection and to evaluate the risk factors for a short duration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG. Methods We measured antibody responses in 94 patients who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection. The chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors for a short duration (< 6 months) of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG. Results IgG antibodies were detectable in all patients until 4 months; 19 (21.8%) convalescent patients reverted to IgG negative 4–6 months after symptom onset. IgM antibodies decreased significantly to 5.7% at 4–6 months after symptom onset. Patient characteristics were not associated with a short duration of detectable IgG. Conclusions A substantial fraction of convalescents may exhibit a transient IgG response following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our findings suggest that patients who have recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection should also be vaccinated if their anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies are undetectable.


BMC Neurology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ilko L. Maier ◽  
Gerrit U. Herpertz ◽  
Mathias Bähr ◽  
Marios-Nikos Psychogios ◽  
Jan Liman

Abstract Background Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an important predictor for a pending stroke. Guidelines recommend a workup for TIA-patients similar to that of stroke patients, including an assessment of the extra- and intracranial arteries for vascular pathologies with direct therapeutic implications via computed tomography angiography (CTA). Aim of our study was a systematic analysis of TIA-patients receiving early CTA-imaging and to evaluate the predictive value of TIA-scores and clinical characteristics for ipsilateral vascular pathologies and the need of an invasive treatment. Methods We analysed clinical and imaging data from TIA patients being admitted to a tertiary university hospital between September 2015 and March 2018. Following subgroups were identified: 1) no- or low-grade vascular pathology 2) ipsilateral high-risk vascular pathology and 3) high-risk findings that needed invasive, surgical or interventional treatment. We investigated established TIA-scores (ABCD2-, the ABCD3- and the SPI-II score) and various clinical characteristics as predictive factors for ipsilateral vascular pathologies and the need for invasive treatment. Results Of 812 patients, 531 (65.4%) underwent initial CTA in the emergency department. In 121 (22.8%) patients, ipsilateral vascular pathologies were identified, of which 36 (6.7%) needed invasive treatment. The ABCD2-, ABCD3- and SPI-II-scores were not predictive for ipsilateral vascular pathologies or the need for invasive treatment. We identified male sex (OR 1.579, 95%CI 1.049–2.377, p = 0.029), a short duration of symptoms (OR 0.692, 95% CI 0.542–0.884, p = 0.003), arterial hypertension (OR 1.718, 95%CI 0.951–3.104, p = 0.073) and coronary heart disease (OR 1.916, 95%CI 1.184–3.101, p = 0.008) as predictors for ipsilateral vascular pathologies. As predictors for the need of invasive treatment, a short duration of symptoms (OR 0.565, 95%CI 0.378–0.846, p = 0.006), arterial hypertension (OR 2.612, 95%OR 0.895–7.621, p = 0.079) and hyperlipidaemia (OR 5.681, 95%CI 0.766–42.117, p = 0.089) as well as the absence of atrial fibrillation (OR 0.274, OR 0.082–0.917, p = 0.036) were identified. Conclusion More than every fifth TIA-patient had relevant vascular findings revealed by acute CTA. TIA-scores were not predictive for these findings. Patients with a short duration of symptoms and a vascular risk profile including coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension and hyperlipidaemia most likely might benefit from early CTA to streamline further diagnostics and therapy.


2022 ◽  
Vol 151 ◽  
pp. 106616
Author(s):  
Nan Zhang ◽  
Ming Xia ◽  
Jay Sanjayan
Keyword(s):  

2022 ◽  
pp. 259-270
Author(s):  
Stavros K. Archondakis ◽  
Ourania S. Oustampasidou

Published studies compare static and dynamic telecytology systems. Still, no study has focused on implementing short videos captured by static telecytology stations for telemedical applications. The chapter aims to evaluate the diagnostic reproducibility of telecytology in thyroid fine-needle aspiration specimens prepared using liquid-based cytology among four cytopathologists using representative short duration videos captured by a static telecytology station. It also examines the agreement between the contributor's and the reviewer's diagnoses.


MAUSAM ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 63 (3) ◽  
pp. 391-400
Author(s):  
MEHFOOZ ALI ◽  
SURINDER KAUR ◽  
S.B. TYAGI ◽  
U.P. SINGH

Short duration rainfall estimates and their intensities for different return periods are required for many purposes such as for designing flood for hydraulic structures, urban flooding etc. An attempt has been made in this paper to Model extreme rainfall events of Short Duration over Lower Yamuna Catchment. Annual extreme rainfall series and their intensities were analysed using EVI distribution for rainstorms of short duration of 5, 10, 15, 30, 45 & 60 minutes and various return periods have been computed. The Self recording rainguage (SRRGs) data for the period 1988-2009 over the Lower Yamuna Catchment (LYC) have been used in this study. It has been found that EVI distribution fits well, tested by Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness of fit test at 5 % level of significance for each of the station.


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