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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Eileen Goldberg ◽  
Kathleen Conte ◽  
Victoria Loblay ◽  
Sisse Groen ◽  
Lina Persson ◽  

Abstract Background Population-level health promotion is often conceived as a tension between “top-down” and “bottom-up” strategy and action. We report behind-the-scenes insights from Australia’s largest ever investment in the “top-down” approach, the $45m state-wide scale-up of two childhood obesity programmes. We used Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) as a template to interpret the organisational embedding of the purpose-built software designed to facilitate the initiative. The use of the technology was mandatory for evaluation, i.e. for reporting the proportion of schools and childcare centres which complied with recommended health practices (the implementation targets). Additionally, the software was recommended as a device to guide the implementation process. We set out to study its use in practice. Methods Short-term, high-intensity ethnography with all 14 programme delivery teams across New South Wales was conducted, cross-sectionally, 4 years after scale-up began. The four key mechanisms of NPT (coherence/sensemaking, cognitive participation/engagement, collective action and reflexive monitoring) were used to describe the ways the technology had normalised (embedded). Results Some teams and practitioners embraced how the software offered a way of working systematically with sites to encourage uptake of recommended practices, while others rejected it as a form of “mechanisation”. Conscious choices had to be made at an individual and team level about the practice style offered by the technology—thus prompting personal sensemaking, re-organisation of work, awareness of choices by others and reflexivity about professional values. Local organisational arrangements allowed technology users to enter data and assist the work of non-users—collective action that legitimised opposite behaviours. Thus, the technology and the programme delivery style it represented were normalised by pathways of adoption and non-adoption. Normalised use and non-use were accepted and different choices made by local programme managers were respected. State-wide, implementation targets are being reported as met. Conclusion We observed a form of self-organisation where individual practitioners and teams are finding their own place in a new system, consistent with complexity-based understandings of fostering scale-up in health care. Self-organisation could be facilitated with further cross-team interaction to continuously renew and revise sensemaking processes and support diverse adoption choices across different contexts.

2022 ◽  
Elena Ancuța Zăvoianu ◽  
Ion-Ovidiu Pânișoară ◽  

Cyberbullying is a negative social phenomenon that takes place online. It consists of harassing technology users through various means and various platforms. Frequent exposure to this phenomenon can cause emotional, mental and social problems for victims, witnesses and aggressors. In the current pandemic context, when education has shifted to the online environment, and students spend a significant amount of time using different devices and online platforms, the number of cyberbullying cases is constantly increasing. There is currently little research describing how this phenomenon influenced online aggression. In preventing and eliminating this phenomenon, teachers play an important role, due to the time they spend with students and the impact they can have on them. In order to identify teachers' perceptions of this phenomenon during the pandemic and how they manage it in the classroom, we conducted a qualitative research on 10 teachers from primary and secondary schools. The results of the research were interesting and offered a new perspective on this phenomenon during Covid-19 crisis.

2022 ◽  
Vol 37 (71) ◽  
pp. 224-244
Elle Christine Lüchau ◽  
Anette Grønning

This article proposes an extension to domestication theory by introducing the concept of collaborative domestication, which we define as the ongoing mutual influence and interdependence of technology users in specific interactional contexts. This concept arose from our investigation of how patients integrate healthcare-related video consultations into their daily lives. In Denmark, the Covid-19 pandemic has expedited the implementation of video consultations in general practice, yet little is known about their use in this context. To address this, we conducted 13 interviews with patients and analysed the interviews from the perspective of domestication theory. We find that the general practitioner plays a central role throughout patients’ domestication processes, and the doctor–patient relationship significantly influences how patients experience video consultations. We argue that there is a collaborative aspect to domesticating video consultations that needs to be considered in both future studies and the ongoing implementation of video consultations

2022 ◽  
pp. 140-149
Bharathi Depuru ◽  
Pydipati Lakshmi Padmavathi ◽  
Anchapakula Suvarna Latha ◽  
Kolaru Subramanyam Shanthi Sree

The effectiveness of the transmission and sharing of data and information among people has been revolutionized by the internet and digital technology. Social networks have shortened the communication space among the technology users. Their relatively easy access through computers, cell phones, and many other devices has made them easy to use, so they are probably the most widely used today. Social network and internet media (SIM) has revolutionized providing useful resources for scientific research, especially in engaging citizen scientists in research. There are also various possible drawbacks in spite of the benefits of the SIM. With the increasing use of social media worldwide, sites with rich species diversity face potentially the greatest anthropogenic threats (resulting from high numbers of visitors), which results in the extinction of valuable species from the native area. Despite shortcomings, SIM can provide conservation education and awareness and also reconnect to the natural world.

2021 ◽  
Vol LXIV (6) ◽  
pp. 617-633
Lyubka Aleksieva ◽  
Iliana Mirtschewa ◽  
Snezhana Radeva ◽  

Early STEM education has a great potential to support children’s development in constructing their own knowledge, in designing, discussing and testing ideas and finding solutions to different problems. Significant role in achieving the goals of STEM education is played by the teacher, who scaffolds the learning process, builds a creative learning environment, provokes children with open questions and guides them to test their hypothesis as young scientists, mathematicians, engineers and technology users. Preschool teachers’ knowledge and perspectives could seriously influence their practices in STEM education and respectively, the fulfilment of STEM learning outcomes. It is very important to explore in depth teachers’ views and experiences thus to plan and provide appropriate courses for their academic preparation or continuous professional development. While reviewing some popular misconceptions for STEM education amongst teachers, this paper presents the results of pre- and post-interviews conducted with teachers from Bulgaria in the framework of the European multilateral Erasmus+ project №2018-1-TR01-KA203-059568 “STEM for Pre-schoolers and Their Families” (PARENTSTEM) (2018–2021). The overall goal of this project was to increase family involvement in the STEM education process of early childhood children specifically coming from low socio-economic status. As a part of this goal implementation, the project aimed to extend conceptual and pedagogical knowledge of early childhood teachers on STEM. In the frame of the project the preschool teachers-participants in the study were provided with three teacher trainings (two international and one national) and were additionally supported with the intellectual outputs of the project. This paper attempted to identify teachers’ preliminary knowledge, awareness and attitudes towards STEM conceptualization and pedagogy and to describe the relative influence of the project teacher trainings and activities on them. The results of the research unambiguously demonstrated the need for training of preschool teachers in terms of STEM education, outlining the main focuses to be considered when constructing STEM courses intended for preschool teachers.

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (4) ◽  
pp. 1-33
Saad Hassan ◽  
Oliver Alonzo ◽  
Abraham Glasser ◽  
Matt Huenerfauth

Advances in sign-language recognition technology have enabled researchers to investigate various methods that can assist users in searching for an unfamiliar sign in ASL using sign-recognition technology. Users can generate a query by submitting a video of themselves performing the sign they believe they encountered somewhere and obtain a list of possible matches. However, there is disagreement among developers of such technology on how to report the performance of their systems, and prior research has not examined the relationship between the performance of search technology and users’ subjective judgements for this task. We conducted three studies using a Wizard-of-Oz prototype of a webcam-based ASL dictionary search system to investigate the relationship between the performance of such a system and user judgements. We found that, in addition to the position of the desired word in a list of results, the placement of the desired word above or below the fold and the similarity of the other words in the results list affected users’ judgements of the system. We also found that metrics that incorporate the precision of the overall list correlated better with users’ judgements than did metrics currently reported in prior ASL dictionary research.

И. Ши

The temperature, humidity and illumination control system designed in this paper is based on Android platform. It is controlled by connecting the mobile phone wifi with the single chip microcomputer, and uploaded to the mobile phone client through wifi serial port technology. Users can collect indoor temperature and humidity data and illumination data through sensors. Through the mobile phone client to control the LED lights and relay switches of household appliances, such as the control of air conditioning, and finally achieve the goal of adjusting indoor lighting and controlling the on-off of household appliances.

Kael Wherry ◽  
Cyrus Zhu ◽  
Robert A Vigersky

Abstract Context Health inequity is often associated with race-ethnicity. Objective To determine the prevalence of insulin pump therapy and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) among Medicare beneficiaries with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) by race-ethnicity, and to compare diabetes-related technology users to non-users. Design The prevalence of technology use (pump, CGM) was determined by race-ethnicity for enrollees in coverage years (CY) 2017-2019 in the Medicare fee-for-service database. Using CY2019 data, technology users were compared to non-users by race-ethnicity, sex, average age, Medicare eligibility criteria, and visit to an endocrinologist. Setting Community Patients or Other Participants Beneficiaries with T1D and at least one inpatient or two outpatient claims in a CY Intervention(s) Pump or CGM therapy, visit to an endocrinologist Main Outcome Measure(s) Diabetes-related technology use by race-ethnicity groups Results Between 2017 and 2019 CGM and insulin pump use increased among all groups. Prevalence of insulin pump use was <5% for Black and Other beneficiaries yet increased from 14% to 18% among White beneficiaries. In CY2019 57% of White patients used a pump compared to 33.1% of Black and 30.3% of Other patients (P<0.001). Black patients were more likely than White patients to be eligible due to disability/end-stage renal disease or to be Medicare/Medicaid eligible (both P<0.001), whether using technology or not. Significant race-ethnicity differences (P<0.001) existed between technology users and non-users for all evaluated factors except visiting an endocrinologist. Conclusions Significant race-ethnicity associated differences existed in T1D management. The gap in diabetic technology adoption between Black and White beneficiaries grew between 2017 and 2019.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (3) ◽  
pp. 621-631
Budi Sulistiyo Nugroho ◽  
Abdul Wahab Syakhrani ◽  
Alim Hardiansyah ◽  
Petrus Jacob Pattiasina ◽  
Emy Yunita Rahma Pratiwi

The extraordinary development of technology followed by changes in human life in all fields also impacts the behavior of technology users and consumer behavior than multimedia, all of which have accelerated changes both in terms of multimedia transformation and in the form of business models that use multimedia. This study will discuss how multimedia strategies and their sustainable governance will impact distance learning that has been practiced so far as part of the effort to respond, namely learning from home. Because the impact of this media is quite significant, the parties, including parents who have to guide their children's learning, must also get a good understanding of how their strategy is to manage multimedia management for their children's learning considering that today multimedia technology has become like food that must be adequately served, really not contaminated with viruses or other toxins. This study utilizes data from the latest findings from previous publications from the book, journals, and other websites that contribute to the voice of technology and its impact on its users. Based on the results of the study of these data sources and a very detailed discussion, we finally got a new entry where parents must gain an understanding of multimedia applications and also how to use them and their uses so that parents and students can take advantage of multimedia for their learning success and life.

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