apolipoprotein a
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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-6
Guoli Lin ◽  
Wen Chen ◽  
Caizhi Dai ◽  
Kaizu Xu

Objective. To analyze apolipoprotein-A for its predictive value for long-term death in individuals suffering from acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction following percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods. We selected patients suffering from acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent emergency PCI at the Affiliated Hospital of Putian University from January 2017 to August 2019. The patients were divided into a high-Apo-A group and low-Apo-A group, and we observed all-cause deaths of patients in the 2 groups within 2 years. Results. The ROC curve analysis indicated the best critical value for predicting 2-year mortality as 0.8150 (area under the curve was 0.626, sensitivity 75.1%, and specificity 51.9%). There was no statistical difference among the two groups in gender, age, lesion vessel, and comorbidities. The two groups had statistically significant differences in apolipoprotein-B/A, high-density lipoprotein, apolipoprotein-A, and hypersensitivity C-reactive protein. Correlation analysis showed a significant negative correlation between apolipoprotein-A and hypersensitive C-reactive protein. The results of the 24-month analysis indicated the incidence of all-cause mortality as higher in the low-Apo-A group, and Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed the same trend. Conclusion. Apolipoprotein-A can predict the potential for long-term mortality among individuals having acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Michael J. Haas ◽  
Shrina Parekh ◽  
Poonam Kalidas ◽  
Angela Richter ◽  
Firas Warda ◽  

BMC Cancer ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Chen Chen ◽  
Wei Yi ◽  
Zhi-fan Zeng ◽  
Qiao-xuan Wang ◽  
Wu Jiang ◽  

Abstract Background The ratio of serum apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A-I (apoAI) had been reported as a prognostic factor in colorectal cancer. This retrospective study aimed to assess the implication of apoB-to-apoAI ratio in predicting liver metastasis from rectal cancer (RC). Methods The clinical data of 599 locally advanced RC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery were reviewed. Serum apoAI, apoB and apoB-to-apoAI ratio were analyzed for their correlation with the liver-metastasis-free, other-metastasis-free and overall survivals, together with the pretreatment and postsurgical pathoclinical features of the patients. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were realized through the Kaplan-Meier approach and Cox model, respectively. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for independent predictors. Results Carbohydrate antigen 19 − 9 ≥ 26.3 U/ml, apoB-to-apoAI ratio ≥ 0.63, tumor regression grade 5 − 3, pT4 and pN + stage emerged as independent predictors of poorer liver-metastasis-free survival. The hazard ratios were 1.656 (95% CI, 1.094–2.506), 1.919 (95% CI, 1.174–3.145), 1.686 (95% CI, 1.053–2.703), 1.890 (95% CI, 1.110–3.226) and 2.012 (95% CI, 1.314–2.077), respectively. Except apoB-to-apoAI ratio, the other 4 factors were also independent predictors of poorer other-metastasis-free and overall survivals. And the independent predictors of poorer overall survival also included age ≥ 67 years old, distance to anal verge < 5 cm. Conclusions Serum apoB-to-apoAI ratio could be used as a biomarker for prediction of liver metastasis risk in locally advanced RC.

Biomolecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 26
Sabina Ugovšek ◽  
Miran Šebeštjen

Increased lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels are an independent predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD), degenerative aortic stenosis (DAS), and heart failure independent of CAD and DAS. Lp(a) levels are genetically determinated in an autosomal dominant mode, with great intra- and inter-ethnic diversity. Most variations in Lp(a) levels arise from genetic variations of the gene that encodes the apolipoprotein(a) component of Lp(a), the LPA gene. LPA is located on the long arm of chromosome 6, within region 6q2.6–2.7. Lp(a) levels increase cardiovascular risk through several unrelated mechanisms. Lp(a) quantitatively carries all of the atherogenic risk of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, although it is even more prone to oxidation and penetration through endothelia to promote the production of foam cells. The thrombogenic properties of Lp(a) result from the homology between apolipoprotein(a) and plasminogen, which compete for the same binding sites on endothelial cells to inhibit fibrinolysis and promote intravascular thrombosis. LPA has up to 70% homology with the human plasminogen gene. Oxidized phospholipids promote differentiation of pro-inflammatory macrophages that secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines (e. g., interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-α). The aim of this review is to define which of these mechanisms of Lp(a) is predominant in different groups of patients.

Johannes P. Schwaiger ◽  
Barbara Kollerits ◽  
Inga Steinbrenner ◽  
Hansi Weissensteiner ◽  
Sebastian Schönherr ◽  

2021 ◽  
Safwaan Adam ◽  
Jan H. Ho ◽  
Yifen Liu ◽  
Tarza Siahmansur ◽  
Zohaib Iqbal ◽  

Abstract Purpose Autoantibodies against apolipoprotein A-1 have been associated with cardiovascular disease, poorer CV outcomes and all-cause mortality in obese individuals. The impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on the presence of circulating anti-apoA-1 IgG antibodies is unknown. This study aimed to determine the effect of bariatric surgery on auto-antibodies titres against Apolipoprotein A-1 (anti-apoA-1 IgG), looking for changes associated with lipid parameters, insulin resistance, inflammatory profile and percentage of excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). Materials and Methods We assessed 55 patients (40 women) before, 6 and 12 months post-operatively. Baseline and post-operative clinical history and measurements of body mass index (BMI), serum cholesterol, triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C and LDL-C), apoA-1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), fasting glucose (FG), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and HOMA-IR were taken at each point. Human anti-apoA-1 IgG were measured by ELISA. Results The mean age of participants was 50 years. BS significantly improved BMI, %EBMIL triglycerides, HDL-C, apoA-1, hsCRP, HBA1c, FG and HOMA-IR. Baseline anti-apoA-1 IgG seropositivity was 25% and was associated with lower apoA-1 and higher hsCRP levels. One year after BS, anti-apoA-1 IgG seropositivity decreased to 15% (p = 0.007) and median anti-apoA-1 IgG values decreased from 0.70 (0.56–0.84) to 0.47 (0.37–0.61) AU (p < 0.001). Post-operative anti-apoA-1 IgG levels were significantly associated with a decreased post-surgical %EBMIL at 1 year. Conclusion Bariatric surgery results in significant reduction in anti-apoA-1 IgG levels, which may adversely influence weight loss. The exact mechanisms underpinning these results are elusive and require further study before defining any clinical recommendations. Graphical abstract

Nicolas Vuilleumier ◽  
Sabrina Pagano ◽  
Burkhard Ludewig ◽  
Kristin Schmiedeberg ◽  
Christoph Haller ◽  

2021 ◽  
Jinyun Chen ◽  
Junmei Tian ◽  
Wen Wang ◽  
Shiliang Zhou ◽  
Lu Zhang ◽  

Objectives To appraise the causal effect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for risk of Coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods We selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with SLE as instrumental variables (IVs) from three independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS), the three largest to date for SLE of European ancestry. Then we conducted two-sample Mendelian randomization (2SMR) analyses to estimate the effects of IVs on the odds of CHD and traditional coronary risk factors (including high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL cholesterol levels, Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoprotein B, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension). Additionally, we searched for common risk loci between SLE and premature coronary atherosclerosis. Furthermore, we retrospectively reviewed the lipid profile of treatment-naïve SLE patients and age-matched healthy controls. Results Genetically predicted SLE did not increase the odds of CHD. Nevertheless, we found mild causal relationships between SLE and decreased HDL cholesterol levels, and between SLE and decreased apolipoprotein A-I. There was one common risk locus (rs597808) between SLE and premature coronary atherosclerosis at a genome-wide significance level (P<5 ×10−8). Retrospective analysis showed decreased HDL-cholesterol (0.98±0.516mmol/L vs. 1.46±0.307mmol/L in female, 0.76±0.199mmol/L vs. 1.19±0.257mmol/L in male; both P<0.001) and apolipoprotein A-I (1.06±0.314g/L vs. 1.37±0.205g/L in female, 0.87±0.174g/L vs. 1.24±0.200g/L in male; both P<0.001) in naïve SLE patients. Conclusion SLE may accelerate coronary atherosclerosis in young patients by reducing HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I intrinsically, but it seems not to play a predominant role in CHD development in old patients.

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