adaptive boosting
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Ramsha Saeed ◽  
Hammad Afzal ◽  
Haider Abbas ◽  
Maheen Fatima

Increased connectivity has contributed greatly in facilitating rapid access to information and reliable communication. However, the uncontrolled information dissemination has also resulted in the spread of fake news. Fake news might be spread by a group of people or organizations to serve ulterior motives such as political or financial gains or to damage a country’s public image. Given the importance of timely detection of fake news, the research area has intrigued researchers from all over the world. Most of the work for detecting fake news focuses on the English language. However, automated detection of fake news is important irrespective of the language used for spreading false information. Recognizing the importance of boosting research on fake news detection for low resource languages, this work proposes a novel semantically enriched technique to effectively detect fake news in Urdu—a low resource language. A model based on deep contextual semantics learned from the convolutional neural network is proposed. The features learned from the convolutional neural network are combined with other n-gram-based features and are fed to a conventional majority voting ensemble classifier fitted with three base learners: Adaptive Boosting, Gradient Boosting, and Multi-Layer Perceptron. Experiments are performed with different models, and results show that enriching the traditional ensemble learner with deep contextual semantics along with other standard features shows the best results and outperforms the state-of-the-art Urdu fake news detection model.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Bassem Ibrahim ◽  
Roozbeh Jafari

AbstractContinuous monitoring of blood pressure (BP) is essential for the prediction and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Cuffless BP methods based on non-invasive sensors integrated into wearable devices can translate blood pulsatile activity into continuous BP data. However, local blood pulsatile sensors from wearable devices suffer from inaccurate pulsatile activity measurement based on superficial capillaries, large form-factor devices and BP variation with sensor location which degrade the accuracy of BP estimation and the device wearability. This study presents a cuffless BP monitoring method based on a novel bio-impedance (Bio-Z) sensor array built in a flexible wristband with small-form factor that provides a robust blood pulsatile sensing and BP estimation without calibration methods for the sensing location. We use a convolutional neural network (CNN) autoencoder that reconstructs an accurate estimate of the arterial pulse signal independent of sensing location from a group of six Bio-Z sensors within the sensor array. We rely on an Adaptive Boosting regression model which maps the features of the estimated arterial pulse signal to systolic and diastolic BP readings. BP was accurately estimated with average error and correlation coefficient of 0.5 ± 5.0 mmHg and 0.80 for diastolic BP, and 0.2 ± 6.5 mmHg and 0.79 for systolic BP, respectively.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yi Lei ◽  
Xiaodong Qiu

At present, China’s cross-border e-commerce has ushered in a golden period of development. When developing cross-border e-commerce, enterprises should first assess the market climate of the target country and reasonably select the target country. Based on the PESTEL theory, an evaluation index system is established for China’s cross-border e-commerce overseas strategic climate. Taking “One Belt, One Road” as the opportunity and background, the overseas strategic climate of cross-border e-commerce in 62 countries along the “One Belt, One Road” is selected as the research object, and the Decision Tree and Adaptive Boosting classification methods in machine learning are applied to train and predict the established index system. Finally an overall picture of the overseas strategic climate of the 62 countries is obtained. The results are compared and analysed in depth to identify the most suitable countries for cross-border e-merchants and to provide reference for cross-border e-merchants investors.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (59) ◽  
pp. 172-187
Tran-Hieu Nguyen ◽  
Anh-Tuan Vu

Transmission towers are tall structures used to support overhead power lines. They play an important role in the electrical grids. There are several types of transmission towers in which lattice towers are the most common type. Designing steel lattice transmission towers is a challenging task for structural engineers due to a large number of members. Therefore, discovering effective ways to design lattice towers has attracted the interest of researchers. This paper presents a method that integrates Differential Evolution (DE), a powerful optimization algorithm, and a machine learning classification model to minimize the weight of steel lattice towers. A classification model based on the Adaptive Boosting algorithm is developed in order to eliminate unpromising candidates during the optimization process. A feature handling technique is also introduced to improve the model quality. An illustrated example of a 160-bar tower is conducted to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method. The results show that the application of the Adaptive Boosting model saves about 38% of the structural analyses. As a result, the proposed method is 1.5 times faster than the original DE algorithm. In comparison with other algorithms, the proposed method obtains the same optimal weight with the least number of structural analyses.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. 650-656
Eva Fadilah Ramadhani ◽  
Adji Achmad Rinaldo Fernandes ◽  
Ni Wayan Surya Wardhani

This study aims to determine the best classification results among discriminant analysis, CART, and Adaboost CART on Bank X's Home Ownership Credit (KPR) customers. This study uses secondary data which contains notes on the 5C assessment (Collateral, Character, Capacity, Condition, Capital) and collectibility of current and non-current loans. The sample used in this study was from 2000 debtors. Comparison of classifications based on model accuracy, sensitivity, and overall specificity shows that Adaboost CART is the best method for classifying credit collectibility at Bank X. This is due to the class imbalance in the data. This study compares the classification results between parametric statistics, namely discriminant analysis and non-parametric statistics, namely CART and Adaboost CART. The results of the research can be used as material for consideration and evaluation for banks in determining the policy for providing credit to prospective borrowers from the classification results of KPR Bank X consumers.

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 6253
Olatomiwa O. Bifarin ◽  
David A. Gaul ◽  
Samyukta Sah ◽  
Rebecca S. Arnold ◽  
Kenneth Ogan ◽  

Urine metabolomics profiling has potential for non-invasive RCC staging, in addition to providing metabolic insights into disease progression. In this study, we utilized liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and machine learning (ML) for the discovery of urine metabolites associated with RCC progression. Two machine learning questions were posed in the study: Binary classification into early RCC (stage I and II) and advanced RCC stages (stage III and IV), and RCC tumor size estimation through regression analysis. A total of 82 RCC patients with known tumor size and metabolomic measurements were used for the regression task, and 70 RCC patients with complete tumor-nodes-metastasis (TNM) staging information were used for the classification tasks under ten-fold cross-validation conditions. A voting ensemble regression model consisting of elastic net, ridge, and support vector regressor predicted RCC tumor size with a R2 value of 0.58. A voting classifier model consisting of random forest, support vector machines, logistic regression, and adaptive boosting yielded an AUC of 0.96 and an accuracy of 87%. Some identified metabolites associated with renal cell carcinoma progression included 4-guanidinobutanoic acid, 7-aminomethyl-7-carbaguanine, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, lysyl-glycine, glycine, citrate, and pyruvate. Overall, we identified a urine metabolic phenotype associated with renal cell carcinoma stage, exploring the promise of a urine-based metabolomic assay for staging this disease.

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