fibroblast growth factor 23
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Author(s):  
Luisa Albanese ◽  
Gemma Caliendo ◽  
Giovanna D'Elia ◽  
Luana Passariello ◽  
Anna Maria Molinari ◽  
...  

Our data confirm that intact fibroblast growth factor 23 (iFGF-23) concentration is increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and that it increases with disease progression (stages I-V). Therefore, iFGF-23 could be considered an early biomarker in the course of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD), which has several aspects that make it potentially useful in clinical practice. The availability of an automated method for iFGF-23 assay may represent an added value in the management of the patient with CKD-MBD already from the early stages of the disease, before the increase of the routinely used laboratory parameters, 1-84 parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-OH-vitamin D (25-OH-vitD), which occur in more advanced stages of the disease.


Biomolecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 70
Author(s):  
Yung-Wen Cheng ◽  
Chun-Chi Hung ◽  
Wen-Hui Fang ◽  
Wei-Liang Chen

Klotho protein is an anti-aging protein and plays multiple roles in ion-regulation, anti-oxidative stress, and energy metabolism through various pathways. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of multiple conditions that compose of multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Gene regulation and protein expression are discovered associated with metabolic syndrome. We aimed to figure out the correlation between Klotho protein and metabolic syndrome in generally healthy adults. A cross-sectional study of 9976 respondents ≥ 18 years old from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007–2012) by utilizing their soluble Klotho protein concentrations. Multivariate linear regression models were used to analyze the effect of soluble Klotho protein on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Soluble Klotho protein concentration was inversely correlated with the presence of metabolic syndromes (p = 0.013) and numbers of components that met the definition of metabolic syndrome (p < 0.05). The concentration of Soluble Klotho protein was negatively associated with abdominal obesity and high triglyceride (TG) in the adjusted model (p < 0.05). Soluble Klotho protein is correlated with changing metabolic syndrome components in adults, especially central obesity and high TG levels. Despite conventional function as co-factor with fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) that regulates phosphate and vitamin D homeostasis, FGF23-independent soluble Klotho protein may act on multiple signal pathways in different organs and tissue in roles of anti-aging and protection from metabolic syndrome.


Cells ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 40
Author(s):  
Sina Münz ◽  
Martina Feger ◽  
Bayram Edemir ◽  
Michael Föller

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) controls vitamin D and phosphate homeostasis in the kidney and has additional paracrine effects elsewhere. As a biomarker, its plasma concentration is associated with progression of inflammatory, renal, and cardiovascular diseases. Major stimuli of FGF23 synthesis include active vitamin D and inflammation. Antineoplastic chemotherapy treats cancer by inducing cellular damage ultimately favoring cell death (apoptosis and necrosis) and causing inflammation. Our study explored whether chemotherapeutics and other apoptosis inducers impact on Fgf23 expression. Experiments were performed in osteoblast-like UMR106 cells, Fgf23 gene expression and protein synthesis were determined by qRT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. Viability was assessed by MTT assay and NFκB activity by Western Blotting. Antineoplastic drugs cisplatin and doxorubicin as well as apoptosis inducers procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1), a caspase 3 activator, and serum depletion up-regulated Fgf23 transcripts while reducing cell proliferation and viability. The effect of cisplatin on Fgf23 transcription was paralleled by Il-6 up-regulation and NFκB activation and attenuated by Il-6 and NFκB signaling inhibitors. To conclude, cell viability-decreasing chemotherapeutics as well as apoptosis stimulants PAC-1 and serum depletion up-regulate Fgf23 gene expression. At least in part, Il-6 and NFκB may contribute to this effect.


2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 13-19
Author(s):  
Pringgodigdo Nugroho ◽  
Maruhum B. H. Marbun ◽  
Bella Yunita ◽  
Cindy Astrella ◽  
Chairina A. Noor ◽  
...  

Background: Patients with early and moderate stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have normal serum phosphate levels. Increased fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) levels in these patients are responsible for maintaining normophosphatemia status by increasing the excretion of phosphate through urine. However, an increased serum FGF23 level is related to cardiomegaly, vascular calcification, CKD progression, and mortality. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness and safety of calcium carbonate use in stage 3 or 4 CKD patients with normophosphatemia. Methods: This double-blind randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03550534) included stage 3 or 4 CKD patients with normophosphatemia who visited the nephrology or endocrinology clinic at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Forty-six subjects were randomized to receive either calcium carbonate or placebo over a 12-weeks period. Urine phosphate, serum phosphate, serum calcium, and serum intact FGF23 levels were measured before and after the intervention. Results: The baseline characteristics of the two groups were similar, except for the higher prevalence of dyslipidemia in the placebo group. The CaCO3 group had shown reduced levels of FGF23 compared to the placebo group, -8.03 vs. 0.15 pg/ml respectively (p = 0.019). The median level of FGF23 showed a significant decrease only in the CaCO3 group. An increase in eGFR and a slightly decrease in urine phosphate were observed in the CaCO3 group; however, the data was found to be statistically not significant. No significant changes were noted in the serum calcium levels in both groups. Conclusion: The administration of calcium carbonate has been shown to be effective and safe for moderate CKD patients with normophosphatemia due to its effect in lowering FGF23 levels without escalating the serum calcium level.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Sumire Sasaki ◽  
Yuji Shiozaki ◽  
Ai Hanazaki ◽  
Megumi Koike ◽  
Kazuya Tanifuji ◽  
...  

Abstract Renal type II sodium-dependent inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporters NaPi2a and NaPi2c cooperate with other organs to strictly regulate the plasma Pi concentration. A high Pi load induces the phosphaturic hormones parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), enhances urinary Pi excretion and prevents the onset of hyperphosphatemia. How FGF23 is induced from the bones by a high Pi load and the setpoint of the plasma Pi concentration, however, are unclear. Here, we investigated the role of transporter-associated protein (TRAP), found in gene co-expression networks in NaPi2a and NaPi2c function. TRAP is localized in the renal proximal tubules and interacts with NaPi2a. In TRAP-knockout (KO) mice, the serum FGF23 concentration was markedly increased but increased Pi excretion and hypophosphatemia were not observed. In addition, TRAP-KO mice exhibit reduced NaPi2a responsiveness to FGF23 and PTH administration. Furthermore, a dietary Pi load causes marked hyperphosphatemia and abnormal NaPi2a regulation in TRAP-KO mice. Thus, TRAP is thought to be associated with FGF23 induction in bones and the regulation of NaPi2a to prevent an increase in the plasma Pi concentration due to a high Pi load and kidney injury.


Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 4532
Author(s):  
Stanley M. H. Yeung ◽  
Ewout J. Hoorn ◽  
Joris I. Rotmans ◽  
Ron T. Gansevoort ◽  
Stephan J. L. Bakker ◽  
...  

High plasma fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and low potassium intake have each been associated with incident hypertension. We recently demonstrated that potassium supplementation reduces FGF23 levels in pre-hypertensive individuals. The aim of the current study was to address whether 24-h urinary potassium excretion, reflecting dietary potassium intake, is associated with FGF23, and whether FGF23 mediates the association between urinary potassium excretion and incident hypertension in the general population. At baseline, 4194 community-dwelling individuals without hypertension were included. Mean urinary potassium excretion was 76 (23) mmol/24 h in men, and 64 (20) mmol/24 h in women. Plasma C-terminal FGF23 was 64.5 (54.2–77.8) RU/mL in men, and 70.3 (56.5–89.5) RU/mL in women. Urinary potassium excretion was inversely associated with FGF23, independent of age, sex, urinary sodium excretion, bone and mineral parameters, inflammation, and iron status (St. β −0.02, p < 0.05). The lowest sex-specific urinary potassium excretion tertile (HR 1.18 (95% CI 1.01–1.37)), and the highest sex-specific tertile of FGF23 (HR 1.17 (95% CI 1.01–1.37)) were each associated with incident hypertension, compared with the reference tertile. FGF23 did not mediate the association between urinary potassium excretion and incident hypertension. Increasing potassium intake, and reducing plasma FGF23 could be independent targets to reduce the risk of hypertension in the general population.


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