biological fluids
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2022 ◽  
Vol 429 ◽  
pp. 132267
Tao Feng ◽  
Chaofan Yu ◽  
Daniel Manaye Kabtamu ◽  
Le Bu ◽  
Fengting Li ◽  

Chemosensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 33
Anastasia Goida ◽  
Yurii Kuzin ◽  
Vladimir Evtugyn ◽  
Anna Porfireva ◽  
Gennady Evtugyn ◽  

A highly sensitive electrochemical DNA sensor for detection of the chemotherapeutic drug idarubicin mediated by Methylene blue (MB) has been developed. DNA from fish sperm has been immobilized at the electropolymerized layers of Azure B. The incorporation of MB into the DNA layers substantially increased the sensor sensitivity. The concentration range for idarubicin determination by cyclic voltammetry was from 1 fM to 0.1 nM, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.3 fM. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the presence of a redox probe ([Fe(CN)6]3−/4−) allowed for the widening of a linear range of idarubicin detection from 1 fM to 100 nM, retaining LOD 0.3 fM. The DNA sensor has been tested in various real and artificial biological fluids with good recovery ranging between 90–110%. The sensor has been successfully used for impedimetric idarubicin detection in medical preparation Zavedos®. The developed DNA biosensor could be useful for the control of the level of idarubicin during cancer therapy as well as for pharmacokinetics studies.

Olha Dushna ◽  
Liliya Dubenska ◽  
Serhiy Plotycya ◽  
Mariana Rydchuk ◽  
Mykola Blazheyevskіy

Abstract In the present paper, for the first time, the electrochemical behaviour of nicotine metabolite nicotine N-oxide (NNO) on static mercury dropping electrode (SMDE) and mercury meniscus modified silver solid amalgam electrode (m-AgSAE) has been reported. Nicotine N-oxide is reduced forming one peak at the potential -0.78 V on SDME and -0.86 V on m-AgSAE in Britton-Robinson buffer medium at pH 4.5 using cyclic voltammetry (CV). One electron and one proton take part in the reaction of NNO reduction. Calibration graphs for NNO determination using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) on SDME and square-wave voltammetry (SWV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) on m-AgSAE were obtained. Limit of detection (LOD) is 0.13 μM on SDME, and 0.16 μM (SWV) and 0.29 μM (DPV) on m-AgSAE. Since NNO can be used as an analytical form for nicotine voltammetric determination, so the developed methods were applied for the analysis of pharmaceutical preparations, and the recoveries from 97.3 to 104.6 % were achieved. Also, the elaborated methods were used in the analysis of biological fluids, and tobacco products. The obtained results were compared to those indicated in the certificates of drugs analysis, and to the results, obtained by reference methods (HPLC and GC).

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (8) ◽  
pp. 3114
V. A. Kondratskaya ◽  
M. S. Pokrovskaya ◽  
Yu. V. Doludin ◽  
A. L. Borisova ◽  
A. S. Limonova ◽  

The search for early disease markers and the development of diagnostic systems has recently been expanding within genomics. Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and microbiome DNA obtained from different types of samples (tissues, blood and its derivatives, feces, etc.) are used as objects of genetic research. It has been shown that cfDNA that enters the bloodstream, in particular, as a result of apoptosis, necrosis, active tumor secretion and metastasis, is of great importance for studying molecular mechanisms of the pathological process and application in clinical practice. Circulating nucleic acid analysis can be used to monitor response to treatment, assess drug resistance, and quantify minimal residual disease. The review article reflects the following information about the biomaterial: source of cfDNA, methods of cfDNA isolation, storage and use for the diagnosis of certain diseases. Cell-free DNA can be present in biological fluids such as blood, urine, saliva, synovial and cerebrospinal fluid. In most cases, cfDNA is isolated from blood derivatives (serum and plasma), while it is most correct to use blood plasma for cfDNA isolation. Optimal and economically justifiable is the use of ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid tubes for taking blood and obtaining plasma with subsequent cfDNA isolation. There is evidence that the optimal shelf life in an ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid tube from the moment of blood sampling to subsequent isolation is a 2-hour interval. After centrifugation, cfDNA in plasma (or serum) can be stored for a long time at a temperature of -80O C. Storage at -20O C is undesirable, since DNA fragmentation increases.


Lapatinib is a small molecule, a heterocyclic quinazoline derivative. The drug is used for targeted therapy of patients with breast cancer, in which there is overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor receptors (HER/ErbB). This review is devoted to studying modern instrumental methods of qualitative and quantitative analysis of lapatinib, which can be used both for quality control and standardization (of bulk pharmaceuticals and dosage forms) and pharmacokinetics studies of a drug. Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) is mainly used to identify lapatinib in tablets. Depending on the purpose of the study, various detectors are used (ultraviolet or diode-matrix detector), which makes it possible to determine not only the native compound but also the products of its degradation. Definition of lapatinib in the presence of degraded products is necessary for forced degradation studies to determine drug stability. When a drug is being developed, it is important to define and understand its pharmacokinetics. For such studies, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with the mass selective detector is often used. It allows determining lapatinib in biological fluids. However, these methods are not applicable for identifying the drug directly in dosage forms and require further development and validation.

2022 ◽  
pp. 088532822110649
Juliana C Rosa ◽  
Jean J Bonvent ◽  
Arnaldo R Santos

The rotary jet spinning technique permits the production of biomaterials that can be used as devices that come into contact with biological systems (including biological fluids) for diagnostic or surgical applications. These materials are composed of synthetic or natural compounds and allow the incorporation of drugs for therapeutic purposes. Two solutions containing 50% poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and 50% poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) diluted in three different solvents were prepared for rotary jet spinning (RJS) process. Vancomycin, an antibiotic indicated for the treatment of severe staphylococcal infections in patients with penicillin allergy, was added in the polymer solutions, to obtain drug-loaded fibrous mats. Morphological surface characterization by scanning electron microscopy revealed heterogeneous pores in the microfibers. Vancomycin loading interfered with the morphology of all samples in terms of fiber size, leading to smaller diameter fibers. Attenuated total reflectance/Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used for identification of the samples. The vibrational characteristics of PCL/PLA and vancomycin were consistent with expectations. Vero cell culture assays by the extract dilution and direct contact methods revealed the absence of cytotoxicity, except for the sample prepared with 50% of PCL and of a 9/2 (V/V) vancomycin content, with the growth of confluent and evenly spread cells on the fibrous mats surface. Microbiological analysis, performed on Staphylococcus aureus by the halo inhibition test and by the broth dilution method, showed that the antibacterial activity of vancomycin was maintained by the loading process in the polymer fibers. The results showed that rotary jet spinning produces satisfactory amounts of Vancomycin-loaded fibers, as potential web dressing for wound repair

2022 ◽  
pp. 46-49
N. G. Prikhodchenko ◽  
T. A. Shumatova ◽  
S. V. Voronin ◽  
D. V. Kovalenko

Objective: Study the effect of the Ala54Thr FABP gene polymorphism on the produce of the intestinal FABP fraction in blood serum. urine and coprofiltrate in children having food allergies.Methods: The content of the FABP intestinal fraction in urine, feces, and blood serum was determined using ELISA method. The study of FABP genes polymorphism (G163A, Ala54Thr) was carried out using PCR method.Results: Statistically significant increase of the FABP level in blood serum, urine and feces in children with FA was detected in various biological fluids. The distribution of FABP2 alleles and genotypes obeyed the Hardy-Weinberg law (χ 2 = 0; p = 1,000) and did not significantly differ from the distribution of genotypes in children having FA andin the control sample (p = 0.638).Conclusions: The study did not reveal an association of the pathological genotype FABP G163A, (Ala54Thr) with the hyperproduction of the FABP intestinal fraction in children having FA, confirming the diagnostic significance of this marker increase during exacerbation of the disease.

Caroline Y. N. Nicoliche ◽  
Aline M. Pascon ◽  
Ítalo R. S. Bezerra ◽  
Ana C. H. de Castro ◽  
Gabriel R. Martos ◽  

Andressa da Cruz Schneid ◽  
Lindomar Jose Calumby Albuquerque ◽  
Gabriela Borba Mondo ◽  
Marcelo Ceolin ◽  
Agustin Silvio Picco ◽  

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