silica nanoparticles
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Nano Today ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 101332
Author(s):  
Huaxing Dai ◽  
Qin Fan ◽  
Ziying Fei ◽  
Qingle Ma ◽  
Qianyu Yang ◽  
...  

Nano Express ◽  
2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Shun-ichi Eto ◽  
Kazuma Higashisaka ◽  
Aoi Koshida ◽  
Kenta Sato ◽  
Mao Ogura ◽  
...  

Abstract Due to their innovative functions, the use of nanoparticles in various industries has been expanding. However, a key concern is whether nanoparticles induce unexpected biological effects. Although many studies have focused on innate immunity, information on whether nanoparticles induce biological responses through effects on acquired immunity is sparse. Here, to assess the effects of amorphous silica nanoparticles on acquired immunity, we analyzed changes in acute toxicities after pretreatment with amorphous silica nanoparticles (50 nm in diameter; nSP50). Pretreatment with nSP50 biochemically and pathologically exacerbated nSP50-induced hepatic damage in immunocompetent mice. However, pretreatment with nSP50 did not exacerbate hepatic damage in immunodeficient mice. Consistent with this, the depletion of CD8+ cells with an anti-CD8 antibody in animals pretreated with nSP50 resulted in lower plasma levels of hepatic injury markers such as ALT and AST after an intravenous administration than treatment with an isotype-matched control antibody. Finally, stimulation of splenocytes promoted the release of IFN-γ in nSP50-pretreated mice regardless of the stimulator used. Moreover, the blockade of IFN-γ decreased plasma levels of ALT and AST levels in nSP50-pretreated mice. Collectively, these data show that nSP50-induced acquired immunity leads to exacerbation of hepatic damage through the activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xin Yuan ◽  
Yingxu Yang ◽  
Danhao Xia ◽  
Lanxia Meng ◽  
Mingyang He ◽  
...  

Silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) are increasingly investigated for their potential in drug delivery systems. However, the neurotoxicity of SiO2 NPs remains to be fully clarified. Previously SiO2 NPs have been reported to be detected in the central nervous system, especially in the dopaminergic neurons which are deeply involved in Parkinson’s disease (PD). In this article, we characterized the effects of SiO2 NPs on inducing PD-like pathology both in vitro and in vivo. Results showed that SiO2 NPs promote more severe hyperphosphorylation and aggregation of α-synuclein, mitochondria impairment, oxidative stress, autophagy dysfunction, and neuronal apoptosis in the α-Syn A53T transgenic mice intranasally administrated with SiO2 NPs compared with the control group. Our findings provide new evidence supporting that SiO2 NPs exposure might have a strong capability of promoting the initiation and development of PD.


Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 266
Author(s):  
Josef Maroušek ◽  
Anna Maroušková ◽  
Rajiv Periakaruppan ◽  
G. M. Gokul ◽  
Ananthan Anbukumaran ◽  
...  

Lignin is a natural biopolymer. A vibrant and rapid process in the synthesis of silica nanoparticles by consuming the lignin as a soft template was carefully studied. The extracted biopolymer from coir pith was employed as capping and stabilizing agents to fabricate the silica nanoparticles (nSi). The synthesized silica nanoparticles (nSi) were characterized by ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectrophotometry, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy-Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). All the results obtained jointly and independently verified the formation of silica nanoparticles. In addition, EDAX analysis confirmed the high purity of the nSi composed only of Si and O, with no other impurities. XRD spectroscopy showed the characteristic diffraction peaks for nSi and confirmed the formation of an amorphous nature. The average size of nSi obtained is 18 nm. The surface charge and stability of nSi were analyzed by using the dynamic light scattering (DLS) and thus revealed that the nSi samples have a negative charge (−20.3 mV). In addition, the seed germination and the shoot and root formation on Vigna unguiculata were investigated by using the nSi. The results revealed that the application of nSi enhanced the germination in V. unguiculata. However, further research studies must be performed in order to determine the toxic effect of biogenic nSi before mass production and use of agricultural applications.


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