Behavioral Traits
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2021 ◽  
pp. 75-95
Author(s):  
Elena V. Carter

Birds are a rich source for metaphors in paremias that are known to be a significant rhetorical force in various modes of communication. This article deals with the repertoire of ornithological proverbial texts utilized in the Soviet leader’s public speeches and memoirs, as well as in their English translations. The metaphor human is bird, in which there are various grounds of comparison, is explored. The peculiarities of using avian metaphors in the context of the original and the ways of their translation into English are scrutinized as well. The analysis of the material shows that the main features, shared by the Target (human) and the Source (bird species), are grounded on physiological characteristics and behavioral traits, having a negative slant. The equivalent and literal translations are applied as the main methods of rendition. Of particular interest are the metaphorical “animalistic metamorphoses” found in translation.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 12868
Author(s):  
Umer Zaman ◽  
Laura Florez-Perez ◽  
Pablo Farías ◽  
Saba Abbasi ◽  
Muddasar Ghani Khwaja ◽  
...  

Globally, demands for sustainable strategies in the ICT industry have attracted greater momentum as high-tech projects continue to fail in large numbers. Recent studies have underpinned project resilience as a major factor for overcoming these increasing project failures, delays, or termination. However, the complex behaviors of resilient project leaders, especially in post-failure conditions, have been largely overlooked. To address this critical research gap, the present study identifies the direct relationships between three potential behavioral traits of project leaders (i.e., resilience, self-esteem, and self-efficacy) and examines how they move forward beyond project failures. The present study also explored whether self-esteem mediates project leaders’ resilience and self-efficacy. Drawing on data from 232 project leaders in Pakistan’s high-tech start-ups, the new findings suggest that there are significant positive effects of project leaders’ resilience and self-esteem on their self-efficacy, and that project leaders’ resilience and self-efficacy is significantly mediated by their self-esteem. As the project resilience theory gains traction, the present study findings have pinpointed major steps for meeting project challenges ahead of time, allowing leaders and teams to learn from failures, and also for improving organisations’ ability to implement successful and sustainable high-tech projects especially in emerging economies.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (11) ◽  
pp. 1262-1275
Author(s):  
Sergei V. ARZHENOVSKII ◽  
Tat'yana G. SINYAVSKAYA ◽  
Andrei V. BAKHTEEV

Subject. This article assesses the propensity for material misstatement risk due to unfair actions of persons charged with the financial statements preparation, based on their behavioral traits. Objectives. The article aims to develop a scoring type methodology for identifying the propensity for material misstatement risk due to unfair actions of persons charged with the financial statements preparation. Methods. For the study, we used a multidimensional statistical method of discriminant analysis based on empirical data from an author-conducted survey of 515 employees charged with the financial statements preparation in companies. Results. The article presents a two-stage methodology that helps estimate whether a person has traits associated with a hyperpropensity for financial statements fraud risk. Conclusions and Relevance. The developed methodology for detecting the fraud risk is easy to use. It gives the result in binary form and does not violate the principles of audit ethics. The estimated material misstatement risk due to unfair actions makes it possible to justify the need for appropriate audit procedures when developing a strategy and audit plan.


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Flavio De Angelis ◽  
Frank R. Wendt ◽  
Gita A. Pathak ◽  
Daniel S. Tylee ◽  
Aranyak Goswami ◽  
...  

AbstractAlcohol drinking and tobacco smoking are hazardous behaviors associated with a wide range of adverse health outcomes. In this study, we explored the association of polygenic risk scores (PRS) related to drinks per week, age of smoking initiation, smoking initiation, cigarettes per day, and smoking cessation with 433 psychiatric and behavioral traits in 4498 children and young adults (aged 8–21) of European ancestry from the Philadelphia neurodevelopmental cohort. After applying a false discovery rate multiple testing correction accounting for the number of PRS and traits tested, we identified 36 associations related to psychotic symptoms, emotion and age recognition social competencies, verbal reasoning, anxiety-related traits, parents’ education, and substance use. These associations were independent of the genetic correlations among the alcohol-drinking and tobacco-smoking traits and those with cognitive performance, educational attainment, risk-taking behaviors, and psychopathology. The removal of participants endorsing substance use did not affect the associations of each PRS with psychiatric and behavioral traits identified as significant in the discovery analyses. Gene-ontology enrichment analyses identified several neurobiological processes underlying mechanisms of the PRS associations we report. In conclusion, we provide novel insights into the genetic overlap of smoking and drinking behaviors in children and young adults, highlighting their independence from psychopathology and substance use.


2021 ◽  
pp. 107665
Author(s):  
Zhe Liu ◽  
Xianzhi Wang ◽  
Yun Li ◽  
Lina Yao ◽  
Jake An ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
pp. 104546
Author(s):  
Bruno William Fernandes Silva ◽  
Maria Elisa Leite-Ferreira ◽  
Fabiano Peres Menezes ◽  
Ana Carolina Luchiari

2021 ◽  
Vol 904 (1) ◽  
pp. 012023
Author(s):  
N A Mahmood ◽  
S M Abdulateef

Abstract This study was carried out on a poultry farm in the department of Animal Production – College of Agriculture - University of Anbar was achieved through two experiments, the first experiment was carried out during the period of 01-12-2020 to 15-12-2020. This experiment aimed to determine the undesired behavior in broiler chicks including fear, gathering, and isolation. Seventy-five unsexed chicks were used that belong to strain Ross 308 with the age of one day. Chicks were randomly distributed to five replications, each replicate contained 15 chicks. The second experiment from 31-01-2021 to 14-02-2021 and remove the undesired behavioral traits which were determined in the first experiment by using the natural stimulator (sound). Also, seventy-five unsexed chicks belonging to the same strain (Ross 308) were used with an age of one day as well as distributed to 5 replicates and each replicate contained 15 chicks. The results showed that there were significant differences between the two experiments in each of the traits of fear, grouping, and isolation due to the natural stimulator (sound) to broiler chicks.


Author(s):  
Jyoti Doley ◽  
Meenakshi Dey

The recent changes in work environment owing to the COVID 19 pandemic has made us rethink the utility of office space at a time when an exponential growth in the use of online platforms has been observed. With the flexibility of working space and timing, employees and the organizational heads have redefined work culture and the old adage of strict 9 to 5 job seems to have been completed changed. The current paper attempts to understand the four behavioral patterns of DISC exhibited by leaders in any work environment. It explains what are the four behavioral traits and how they influence communication. And in a hybrid work environment, with lot of flexibility in time and space, what steps are to be taken in order to make communication effective and avert miscommunication as half of the employees work offline while the other half works online.


2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Author(s):  
Charles Alba ◽  
Manasvi M. Mittal

PurposeOver the past decades, many health authorities and public policy experts have traditionally relied on indicators that are dependent on a nation's economy, its health-care infrastructure advancements, and superiority in biomedical sciences and technology to predict potential infection rates should a health pandemic occur. One such commonly relied-upon indicator was that of the Global Health Security (GHS) Index. However, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has shown how such variables prove to be inaccurate in predicting the infection rates during a global health pandemic. Hence, this paper proposes the utilization of socio-cultural behavioral traits to predict a country's COVID-19 infection rates.Design/methodology/approachThis is achieved by proposing a model involving the classification and regression tree (CART) algorithm and a Poisson regression against the six selected cultural behavioral predictors consisting of individualism, power distance, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and indulgence.FindingsThe results show that all the selected cultural behavioral predictors are significant in impacting COVID-19 infection rates. Furthermore, the model outperforms the conventional GHS Index model based on a means squared error comparison.Research limitations/implicationsThe authors hope that this study would continue promoting the use of cultures and behaviors in modeling the spread of health diseases.Practical implicationsThe authors hope that their works could prove beneficial to public office holders, as well as health experts working in health facilities, in better predicting potential outcomes during a health pandemic, thus allowing them to plan and allocate resources efficiently.Originality/valueThe results are a testament to the fact that sociocultural behavioral traits are more reliant predictors in modeling cross-national infection rates of global health pandemics, like that of COVID-19, as compared to economic-centric indicators.


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