gas utilization
Recently Published Documents





Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 314 ◽  
pp. 123072
Songyan Li ◽  
Rui Han ◽  
Zhoujie Wang ◽  
Zhaomin Li ◽  
Na Zhang ◽  
Flue Gas ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 299
Anton Petrochenkov ◽  
Aleksandr Romodin ◽  
Dmitriy Leyzgold ◽  
Andrei Kokorev ◽  
Aleksandr Kokorev ◽  

The problem of the quality of electric energy in the utilization of petroleum gas is considered. The article presents the results of the development of a mathematical description of power supply systems with gas turbine power stations based on two-shaft gas turbine units. The typical power distribution scheme of a gas turbine power station is given. The joint analysis of the generation modes of the gas turbine power station and the detected deviations of the power quality indicators values was carried out. The influence of the used mode on the power quality indicators is determined. As a result, the factors of operation of a gas turbine power station that affects power quality are identified, and recommendations for their elimination are given.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 131-136
Alexandra A. Bandaletova ◽  
Anton S. Dimitriev

Background. The present work is devoted to one of the key areas of research activity of the modern oil and gas scientific world: decarbonization and increasing the efficiency of the natural and associated gas usage. One of the eco-friendly ways of processing natural and associated gas is the production of carbon black (soot) from it. This method is also included in the list of best available technology (BAT). Nowadays, soot is a raw material for massive scale production of rubber products, which accounts for a large share of the manufacture of tyres, besides, carbon black is a valuable component in the paint-and-varnish and petrochemical industry (inks, plastics and many other things). The aim of the project is to assess the applicability of technologies for processing the surplus of associated petroleum gas (APG) into carbon black (CB). Materials and methods. The technology is based on the pyrolysis of hydrocarbons under the influence of high temperature with a lack of air. In the work, the following tasks were performed: CB market was studied; the analysis and choice of the optimal method for obtaining soot from APG for the N field, technological calculation, and selection of equipment and economic evaluation of the technology were performed. Results. Calculations have shown that the use of this method of APG utilization is cost-effective. The PI of the project is more than 2. Conclusion. The main advantages of this technology are: relatively low capital outlays, efficient gas utilization, reduction of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere, additional income from the sale of a new product in high demand. The main disadvantage of this method of gas utilization is the lack of experience and practice of oil companies in the possibilities and methods of carbon black from APG.

Gases ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (4) ◽  
pp. 180-198
Aruna Chandrasekar ◽  
Eoin Syron

Decarbonization of the heating sector is essential to meet the ambitious goals of the Paris Climate Agreement for 2050. However, poorly insulated buildings and industrial processes with high and intermittent heating demand will still require traditional boilers that burn fuel to avoid excessive burden on electrical networks. Therefore, it is important to assess the impact of residential, commercial, and industrial heat decarbonization strategies on the distribution and transmission gas networks. Using building energy models in EnergyPlus, the progressive decarbonization of gas-fueled heating was investigated by increasing insulation in buildings and increasing the efficiency of gas boilers. Industrial heat decarbonization was evaluated through a progressive move to lower-carbon fuel sources using MATLAB. The results indicated a maximum decrease of 19.9% in natural gas utilization due to the buildings’ thermal retrofits. This, coupled with a move toward the electrification of heat, will reduce volumes of gas being transported through the distribution gas network. However, the decarbonization of the industrial heat demand with hydrogen could result in up to a 380% increase in volumetric flow rate through the transmission network. A comparison between the decarbonization of domestic heating through gas and electrical heating is also carried out. The results indicated that gas networks can continue to play an essential role in the decarbonized energy systems of the future.

2021 ◽  
Kamlesh Kumar ◽  
Varun Pathak ◽  
Pankaj Agrawal ◽  
Zaal Alias ◽  
Tushar Narwal ◽  

Abstract Effective gas utilization is critical to any gas injection development project to maximize recoveries for a given purchase of make-up gas, whilst reducing the Green Gas House (GHG) emissions. This paper describes the use of a fully implicit Integrated Production System Model (IPSM) for two inter-connected production system networks, coupling multiple, critically sour oil reservoirs undergoing Miscible Gas Injection (MGI) for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) using produced sour gas from oil and condensate fields in South Oman. The IPSM model links sixteen reservoir models with varying levels of complexities to the facilities network. Complexities in the facilities include multiple nodal constraints that necessitate the use of an Equation of State model (EOS). The IPSM model honors the gas balance implicitly. Gas flood optimization includes prioritizing low GOR production wells (at reservoir and well level) whilst maintaining reservoir pressure above Minimum Miscibility Pressures (MMP). Development schedule optimization also helps in optimizing the compressor size, the key Capex component. Compositional modeling allows continuous tracking of souring levels at different nodes, providing integrity status of overall production system network. The current IPSM model helps in optimization of schedule for the phased development of the oil reservoirs and eventually the most efficient gas utilization. This has enabled low pressure operation in some reservoirs providing oil at very low unit technical cost while waiting for gas availability. Compositional tracking for H2S helps in operating the facilities within design limits whilst planning future developments to cater to this design. Some key parameters can be parameterized for quick sensitivity analysis for an informed decision making for business opportunities. The production potential of the system is also tracked to ensure there is a cushion in the system to deal with any unexpected changes. This feature helps in planning and optimizing the scheduled turn-around activities for these two inter-connected production system networks. The novelty of this work is collaboration across multiple disciplines, especially the surface and subsurface because of complex interactions between facilities constraints and reservoir performance (associated with produced gas reinjection). Compositional tracking and injection gas apportionment across multiple reservoirs is key to the overall value maximization in this complex development.

2021 ◽  
pp. 0958305X2110386
Nazanin Zahra Alikhani ◽  
Mohammadali Vahdat ◽  
Mohammad Saleh Owlia

The ever-increasing global demand for energy, oil production/supply and the necessity for alternative approaches regarding energy harvesting have opened a deeper horizon for natural gas utilization. The complexity of the demand–supply match of natural gas and the lack of an optimal pattern of energy consumption have been daunting tasks for the energy decision-makers in the last century. Although laws regarding energy efficiency are formulated and even implemented in some cases, there was no benchmarking analysis which takes all useful indexes into account until recently. However, in this article, by identifying the factors affecting the pattern of gas consumption through the system dynamic approach, regulations associated with productivity are assessed. For this, a regional dynamic integrated gas model is developed. The model effectiveness in handling the system dynamism and various scenarios are investigated through a real case study in Yazd—a central province of Iran—to ascertain the proposed approach. The results show that the developed targeted subsidy law is effective in the household sector. Despite the fact that the thorough implementation of the energy efficiency regulations has positive environmental and economic impacts, these regulations have not been fully implemented in many cases and do not have the required efficiency in the industry sector.

2021 ◽  
pp. 133846
Eungsu Kang ◽  
Eunjoo Moon ◽  
Wooho Song ◽  
Lyul Ho Kim ◽  
Ji Sung Hyung ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 91 (10-5) ◽  
Farrukh Khakimov ◽  
Shakhnozakhon Khakimova ◽  
Oytura Maksumova
Flue Gas ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document