seed priming
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2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
A. Younas ◽  
W. Xiukang ◽  
Z. Yousaf ◽  
S. Fiaz ◽  
A. Riaz ◽  

Abstract A huge amount of rice cultivation and consumption occur in Asia particularly in Pakistan and China. However, multiple abiotic stresses especially high and low-temperature proved to be a substantial threat for rice production ultimately risks for food security. To overcome various types of abiotic stress; seed priming is among the effective approaches to improve the rice seed germination and growth vigor. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate physiological and biochemical modifications in Chinese and Pakistani rice varieties by Qiangdi 863 biological assistant growth apparatus nano treated water (NTW), Osmopriming Calcium chloride (CaCl2), redox priming hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hormonal priming by Salicylic acid (SA) under temperature stress conditions. The experiment was performed with completely randomize design conditions. Five rice varieties, nomenclature as Zhongzoa 39, (Chinese rice variety) KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati and PK 1121 aromatic (Pakistani rice variety) were sown under low temperature (LT) (17ºC), optimal temperature (OT) 27ºC and high temperature (HT) 37ºC conditions. The present study indicated that nanopriming were the most effective treatments increased Germination Energy Percentage (GEP) (96.1, 100, 100%), Speed of Germination (SG) (27.2, 35.45, 37.1), Final Germination Percentage (FGP) (98.2, 99.1, 99.4%), Seedling Dry Weight Biomass (DWB) (0.1, 0.137, 0.14g), Total Chlorophyll Content (0.502, 13.74, 15.21), antioxidant enzymes Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)(3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh-1), Catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) and decreased Malondialdehyde (MDA) (6.5, 12.2, 6.5 µmol g-1 FW) for Zhongzao 39 and KSK 133 rice varieties under low (LT+NTW), optimal temperature (OP+NTW) and high temperature (HT+NTW) stress., Therefore, nano-priming is recommended to cope with the high and low-temperature stress conditions along with improved productivity of rice.

2022 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 110707
Abdelaleim Ismail ElSayed ◽  
Mohammed Suhail Rafudeen ◽  
Showkat Ahmad Ganie ◽  
M Sazzad Hossain ◽  
Ayman M. Gomaa

Soil Systems ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 3
Mirel Subašić ◽  
Dunja Šamec ◽  
Alisa Selović ◽  
Erna Karalija

Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal present in atmosphere, rocks, sediments, and soils without a known role in plants. It is relatively mobile and can easily enter from soil into groundwater and contaminate the food chain. Its presence in food in excess amounts may cause severe conditions in humans, therefore prevention of cadmium entering the food chain and its removal from contaminated soils are important steps in preserving public health. In the last several years, several approaches for Cd remediation have been proposed, such as the use of soil amendments or biological systems for reduction of Cd contamination. One of the approaches is phytoremediation, which involves the use of plants for soil clean-up. In this review we summarized current data on the use of different plants in phytoremediation of Cd as well as information about different approaches which have been used to enhance phytoremediation. This includes data on the increasing metal bioavailability in the soil, plant biomass, and plant accumulation capacity as well as seed priming as a promising novel approach for phytoremediation enhancing.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (6) ◽  
pp. 759-769
Mohammad Saidur Rhaman ◽  
Farjana Rauf ◽  
Shaila Shermin Tania ◽  
Md. Masudul Karim ◽  
Ashaduzzaman Sagar ◽  

Low and uneven germination is a serious problem for the successful production of okra seedlings. Priming of seeds as well as supplementation of different plant growth regulators exhibited better response in successful seedling production which eventually results in higher yield. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of seed priming and exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA) on okra seed germination and plant development. The okra seeds were primed by 1 mM and 2 mM of SA for 60 minutes whereas the seeds were washed several times with distilled water for the control treatment. Similar doses of SA have been exogenously sprayed to the 12 days okra seedlings for 4 days. The results of the study revealed that seed priming with SA enhanced germination percentage (GP), increased coleoptile length and weight, shoot and root length, and seed vigor index (SVI). Similarly, exogenous application of 1 mM SA increased relative water content (RWC), contents of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll while a higher dose of SA (2 mM) degraded the leaf pigments. Supplementation of SA altered photosynthetic attributes, net photosynthetic (Pn) and transpiration rate (Tr), stomatal conductance (Gs), and water use efficiency (WUE). Moreover, SA treatment reduced the time duration of flower bud initiation and days to first flowering and enhanced the yield per plant. The results of this study indicated that seed priming and exogenous application of SA enhanced germination and okra productivity by regulating RWC and photosynthetic attributes where 1 mM SA is more effective compared to 2 mM SA.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 349
Katarzyna Lechowska ◽  
Łukasz Wojtyla ◽  
Muriel Quinet ◽  
Szymon Kubala ◽  
Stanley Lutts ◽  

Currently, seed priming is reported as an efficient and low-cost approach to increase crop yield, which could not only promote seed germination and improve plant growth state but also increase abiotic stress tolerance. Salinity represents one of the most significant abiotic stresses that alters multiple processes in plants. The accumulation of polyamines (PAs) in response to salt stress is one of the most remarkable plant metabolic responses. This paper examined the effect of osmopriming on endogenous polyamine metabolism at the germination and early seedling development of Brassica napus in relation to salinity tolerance. Free, conjugated and bound polyamines were analyzed, and changes in their accumulation were discussed with literature data. The most remarkable differences between the corresponding osmoprimed and unprimed seeds were visible in the free (spermine) and conjugated (putrescine, spermidine) fractions. The arginine decarboxylase pathway seems to be responsible for the accumulation of PAs in primed seeds. The obvious impact of seed priming on tyramine accumulation was also demonstrated. Moreover, the level of ethylene increased considerably in seedlings issued from primed seeds exposed to salt stress. It can be concluded that the polyamines are involved in creating the beneficial effect of osmopriming on germination and early growth of Brassica napus seedlings under saline conditions through moderate changes in their biosynthesis and accumulation.

2021 ◽  
Anik HIDAYAH ◽  
Rizka Rohmatin NISAK ◽  
Febri Adi SUSANTO ◽  
Nobutoshi YAMAGUCHIE ◽  

Abstract Background Saline land in coastal areas has great potential for crop cultivation. Improving salt tolerance in rice is a key to expanding the available area for its growth and thus improving global food security. Seed priming with salt (halopriming) can enhance plant growth and decrease saline intolerance under salt stress conditions during the subsequent seedling stage. However, there is little known about rice defense mechanisms against salinity at seedling stages after seed halopriming treatment. This study focused on the effect of seed halopriming treatment on salinity tolerance in susceptible cultivars, IR 64, resistant cultivars, Pokkali, and two pigmented rice cultivars, Merah Kalimantan Selatan (Merah Kalsel) and Cempo Ireng Pendek (CI Pendek). We grew these cultivars in hydroponic culture, with and without halopriming at the seed stage, under either non-salt or salt stress conditions during the seedling stage. Results The SES scoring assessment showed that the level of salinity tolerance in susceptible cultivar, IR 64, and moderate cultivar, Merah Kalsel, improved after seed halopriming treatment. Furthermore improved the growth performance of IR 64 and Merah Kalsel rice seedlings. Quantitative PCR revealed that seed halopriming induced expression of the OsNHX1 and OsHKT1 genes in susceptible rice cultivar, IR 64 and Merah Kalsel thereby increasing the level of resistance to salinity. The level expression of OsSOS1 and OsHKT1 genes in resistant cultivar, Pokkali, also increased but not affected on the level of salinity tolerance. On the contrary, seed halopriming decreased the level expression of OsSOS1 genes in pigmented rice cultivar, CI Pendek, but not affected on the level of salinity tolerance. The transporter gene expression induction significantly improved salinity tolerance in salinity-susceptible rice, IR 64, and moderate tolerant rice cultivar, Merah Kalsel. Induction of expression of the OsSOS1 gene in susceptible rice, IR 64, after halopriming seed treatment leads to balance the osmotic pressure by ion exclusion mechanisms, so that be tolerant to salinity stress. Conclusion These results suggest that seed halopriming can improves salinity tolerance of salinity-susceptible and moderate tolerant rice cultivars.

Zobaeda Ali Hussein, Nedal Jamil Sofan, Bassam Fahad Al Atal Zobaeda Ali Hussein, Nedal Jamil Sofan, Bassam Fahad Al Atal

This research was carried out at Sweida Research Center/ General commission for Scientific Agricultural Research/ Syria during 2020. Seven pepper genotypes were used; five local varieties (10496, 10743, Aleppo pepper, thick sweet pepper and deer horn pepper) and two lines (129 and 110). This research aimed to determining the effect of seed priming treatments in enhancing the tolerance of pepper to salt stress during germination stage. Seeds were divided into four groups, the first group was treated with distilled water, the second with NaCl (50 mM), the third with poly ethylene glycol 6000 (PEG) (16.7 mM) and the fourth with sorbitol (250mM). Seeds were exposed after drying to several NaCl levels (0, 2, 4, 6 gl-1), in addition to untreated control for each genotype. Germination percentage, vigor and speed indicators were recorded. The research was conducted according to a completely random design, and data were analyzed by two way ANOVA at 0.01 significant level. In this research, studied genotypes showed different behavior according to the treatments and salinity levels. The results indicated that the treatments of PEG and sorbitol were superior for the studied indicators in most genotypes, especially at the low levels of salinity. In addition, the salinity and water treatments for most genotypes did not cause an increase in the values ​​of the studied indicators. Depending on these results, it is advisable to treat pepper seeds before sowing with sorbitol or PEG when the salinity level is low.

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