stress tolerance
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2022 ◽  
Vol 295 ◽  
pp. 110856
Lamiaa M. Mahmoud ◽  
Ameer M. Shalan ◽  
Mohamed S. El-Boray ◽  
Christopher I. Vincent ◽  
Mahmoud E. El-Kady ◽  

2022 ◽  
Surendra K. Dara ◽  

This chapter covers the definition of biostimulants, brief summary of various categories, and how they are used for promoting plant growth, building soil structure, imparting stress tolerance, and contribute to pest and disease suppression. Strategies for using biostimulants as a part of IPM and some challenges and future opportunities were also discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 110683
Hongtao Wang ◽  
Chunhui Song ◽  
Sen Fang ◽  
Zhengyang Wang ◽  
Shangwei Song ◽  

Genes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 156
Purushothaman Ramamoorthy ◽  
Raju Bheemanahalli ◽  
Stephen L. Meyers ◽  
Mark W. Shankle ◽  
Kambham Raja Reddy

Drought, ultraviolet-B (UV-B), and nitrogen stress are significant constraints for sweetpotato productivity. Their impact on plant growth and development can be acute, resulting in low productivity. Identifying phenotypes that govern stress tolerance in sweetpotatoes is highly desirable to develop elite cultivars with better yield. Ten sweetpotato cultivars were grown under nonstress (100% replacement of evapotranspiration (ET)), drought-stress (50% replacement of ET), UV-B (10 kJ), and low-nitrogen (20% LN) conditions. Various shoot and root morphological, physiological, and gas-exchange traits were measured at the early stage of the crop growth to assess its performance and association with the storage root number. All three stress factors caused significant changes in the physiological and root- and shoot-related traits. Drought stress reduced most shoot developmental traits (29%) to maintain root growth. UV-B stress increased the accumulation of plant pigments and decreased the photosynthetic rate. Low-nitrogen treatment decreased shoot growth (11%) and increased the root traits (18%). The highly stable and productive cultivars under all four treatments were identified using multitrait stability index analysis and weighted average of absolute scores (WAASB) analyses. Further, based on the total stress response indices, ‘Evangeline’, ‘O’Henry’, and ‘Beauregard B-14’ were identified as vigorous under drought; ‘Evangeline’, ‘Orleans’, and ‘Covington’ under UV-B; and ‘Bonita’, ‘Orleans’, and ‘Beauregard B-14’ cultivars showed greater tolerance to low nitrogen. The cultivars ‘Vardaman’ and ‘NC05-198’ recorded a low tolerance index across stress treatments. This information could help determine which plant phenotypes are desirable under stress treatment for better productivity. The cultivars identified as tolerant, sensitive, and well-adapted within and across stress treatments can be used as source materials for abiotic stress tolerance breeding programs.

2022 ◽  
Yasmin V Berchembrock ◽  
Bhuvan Pathak ◽  
Chandan Maurya ◽  
Flavia BS Botelho ◽  
Vibha Srivastava

Overexpression of Arabidopsis Dehydration Response Element Binding 1a (DREB1a) is a well-known approach for developing salinity, cold and/or drought stress tolerance. However, understanding of the genetic mechanisms associated with DREB1a expression in rice is generally limited. In this study, DREB1a associated early responses were investigated in a transgenic rice line harboring cold-inducible DREB1a at a gene stacked locus. While the function of other genes in the stacked locus was not relevant to stress tolerance, this study demonstrates DREB1a can be colocalized with other genes for multigenic trait enhancement. As expected, the transgenic lines displayed improved tolerance to salinity stress and water withholding when compared to non-transgenic controls. RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis showed upregulation of complex transcriptional networks and metabolic reprogramming as DREB1a expression led to the upregulation of multiple transcription factor gene families, suppression of photosynthesis and induction of secondary metabolism. In addition to the detection of previously described mechanisms such as production of protective molecules, potentially novel pathways were also revealed. These include jasmonate, auxin, and ethylene signaling, induction of JAZ and WRKY regulons, trehalose synthesis and polyamine catabolism. These genes regulate various stress responses and ensure timely attenuation of the stress signal. Furthermore, genes associated with heat stress response were downregulated in DREB1a overexpressing lines, suggesting antagonism between heat and dehydration stress pathways. In summary, through a complex transcriptional network, multiple stress signaling pathways are induced by DREB1a that presumably lead to early perception and rapid response towards stress tolerance as well as attenuation of the signal to prevent deleterious effects of the runoff response.

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