abiotic stress tolerance
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2022 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 110683
Author(s):  
Hongtao Wang ◽  
Chunhui Song ◽  
Sen Fang ◽  
Zhengyang Wang ◽  
Shangwei Song ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Jenifer Lolita C

Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors comprise one of the largest gene families in plants. They play a key role in almost every aspect of plant growth and development and also in biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, we were attempted to study characterization of bZIP, a transcription factor from a climate smart cereal finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.). Seeds of Eleusine coracana (finger millet) was purchase from local market and were grown under field conditions drought and salt stress conditions. In this study, EcbZIP gene was isolated from finger millet, cloned into DH5α cells, screened by using colony PCR and expression analysis in response to two abiotic stresses was carried out by using qRT PCR. EcbZIP coding DNA sequence and protein sequence were retrieved from NCBI Nucleotide Database and Genpept of Accession number KP033192.1 and AJP67539.1 and validated by using SMART (simple modular architecture tool) Domain Tool. Cloning and expression studies were carried out using standardized molecular biology protocol. Results depicted that EcbZIP transcription factor showed significant upregulation under both salt and drought stress conditions, indicating that it plays an important role in tolerance towards these stresses. In conclusion, expression analysis of bZIP gene from finger millet seed cultivar ML-365 showed 5-fold upregulation to salt stress to drought stress and 8-fold upregulation to salt stress. Hence, it can serve as a candidate gene for improving abiotic stress tolerance and can be helpful in enhancing the crop productivity under stress conditions.


Horticulturae ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 62
Author(s):  
Yang Liu ◽  
Xun Wang ◽  
Xiaofei Wang ◽  
Wensheng Gao ◽  
Chunxiang You

Cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenases (CKXs) are the key enzymes in cytokinin degradation and have been widely studied in model plants. Little is known about apple’s (Malus×domestica) CKX genes. Here, using genome-wide analysis, we identified 10 MdCKX genes in apple. The phylogenetics, chromosome locations, and genome structures were then tested. Expression analysis showed that MdCKX genes had different expression profiles in apple, pointing to the different roles. Meanwhile, relative expression analysis showed that these genes have different expression patterns in response to several exogenous cytokinin factors, including trans-zeatin (ZT), thidiazuron (TDZ), and N6-furfuryladenine (KT). Finally, we introduced the MdCKX5.2 gene into Arabidopsis to evaluate its functions, and the results suggested the transgenic Arabidopsis displayed phenotypes related to promoting primary root and lateral root development, response to exogenous ZT, and conferring to drought and salt tolerant. Taken together, our results provide insights on the possible application of the MdCKX5.2 gene for molecular breeding in apples.


Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 165
Author(s):  
Agnieszka Niedziela ◽  
Lucyna Domżalska ◽  
Wioletta M. Dynkowska ◽  
Markéta Pernisová ◽  
Krystyna Rybka

Triticale is a wheat–rye hybrid with a higher abiotic stress tolerance than wheat and is better adapted for cultivation in light-type soils, where aluminum ions are present as Al-complexes that are harmful to plants. The roots are the first plant organs to contact these ions and the inhibition of root growth is one of the first plant reactions. The proteomes of the root apices in Al-tolerant and -sensitive plants were investigated to compare their regeneration effects following stress. The materials used in this study consisted of seedlings of three triticale lines differing in Al3+ tolerance, first subjected to aluminum ion stress and then recovered. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) was used for seedling root protein separation followed by differential spot analysis using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS/MS). The plants’ tolerance to the stress was evaluated based on biometric screening of seedling root regrowth upon regeneration. Our results suggest that the Al-tolerant genotype can recover, without differentiation of proteome profiles, after stress relief, contrary to Al-sensitive genotypes that maintain the proteome modifications caused by unfavorable environments.


Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 154
Author(s):  
Naveed Mushtaq ◽  
Yong Wang ◽  
Junmiao Fan ◽  
Yi Li ◽  
Jing Ding

Environmental stresses negatively affect the growth and development of plants. Several previous studies have elucidated the response mechanisms of plants to drought and heat applied separately; however, these two abiotic stresses often coincide in environmental conditions. The global climate change pattern has projected that combined drought and heat stresses will tend to increase in the near future. In this study, we down-regulated the expression of a cytokinin receptor gene SlHK2 using RNAi and investigated the role of this gene in regulating plant responses to individual drought, heat, and combined stresses (drought + heat) in tomato. Compared to the wild-type (WT), SlHK2 RNAi plants exhibited fewer stress symptoms in response to individual and combined stress treatments. The enhanced abiotic stress tolerance of SlHK2 RNAi plants can be associated with increased membrane stability, osmoprotectant accumulation, and antioxidant enzyme activities. Furthermore, photosynthesis machinery was also protected in SlHK2 RNAi plants. Collectively, our results show that down-regulation of the cytokinin receptor gene SlHK2, and consequently cytokinin signaling, can improve plant tolerance to drought, heat, and combined stress.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Brendan F. Hallahan ◽  
Galina Brychkova ◽  
Peter McKeown ◽  
Charles Spillane

Abstract Improving the salt stress tolerance of crops is an important goal in plant breeding. Changes in the number of chromosome pairs (i.e. ploidy level) cause genome dosage effects which can result in improved traits or emergence of novel traits. The genetic and epigenetic contribution of maternal or paternal chromosomes can differentially affect physiological and metabolic characteristics of F1 offspring. Hence genome dosage effects can be parent-of-origin independent or dependent. The model plant Arabidopsis thaliana displays both genome dosage and parent-of-origin effects on plant growth under normal, non-stress conditions. Using an insogenic ploidy series of diploid, triploid and tetraploid lines we investigate the extent of genome dosage effects and their parent-of-origin dependency on in vitro salt stress tolerance of seedlings across ten different A. thaliana accessions (genetic backgrounds). We demonstrate genome dosage effects on salt stress tolerance in five accessions, and using reciprocal triploid lines demonstrate parent-of-origin dependent genome dosage effects on salt stress tolerance in three accessions. Our results indicate that epigenetic genome dosage and genome dosage balance effects can have significant impacts on abiotic stress tolerance in plants.


PeerJ ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. e12654
Author(s):  
Qiangqiang Ding ◽  
Hongyuan Zhao ◽  
Peilei Zhu ◽  
Xiangting Jiang ◽  
Fan Nie ◽  
...  

The C2H2-type zinc finger proteins (C2H2-ZFPs) regulate various developmental processes and abiotic stress responses in eukaryotes. Yet, a comprehensive analysis of these transcription factors which could be used to find candidate genes related to the control the development and abiotic stress tolerance has not been performed in Pleurotus ostreatus. To fill this knowledge gap, 18 C2H2-ZFs were identified in the P. ostreatus genome. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that these proteins have dissimilar amino acid sequences. In addition, these proteins had variable protein characteristics, gene intron-exon structures, and motif compositions. The expression patterns of PoC2H2-ZFs in mycelia, primordia, and young and mature fruiting bodies were investigated using qRT-PCR. The expression of some PoC2H2-ZFs is regulated by auxin and cytokinin. Moreover, members of PoC2H2-ZFs expression levels are changed dramatically under heat and cold stress, suggesting that these genes may participate in abiotic stress responses. These findings could be used to study the role of P. ostreatus-derived C2H2-ZFs in development and stress tolerance.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Deeksha Singh ◽  
Hiteshwari Singh ◽  
Nivedita Singh ◽  
Shambhavi Dwivedi ◽  
Prabodh Kumar Trivedi

Plants have evolved complex signaling networks to regulate their growth and development. Some of these signaling components also play a crucial role in secondary metabolite biosynthesis. Among the signaling components identified to date, ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5), a bZIP family transcription factor is the most investigated and known as the center of transcriptional network hub. However, HY5 has not been characterized from plants known to synthesize important secondary metabolites. In this study, based on homology search and phylogenetic analysis, HY5 has been identified from Nicotiana tobaccum, and characterized for its role in secondary plant product biosynthesis and stress response through developing overexpressing lines and CRISPR/Cas9-based knockout mutant plants. NtHY5 was able to complement the Arabidopsis thaliana hy5 mutant at molecular, morphological and biochemical levels. Overexpression of NtHY5 in tobacco led to the up-regulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway genes and enhanced the flavonoid content, whereas mutant plants had the opposite effect. Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA) suggested that NtHY5 interacts with the promoter of NtMYB12, a transcription factor known to regulate flavonoid biosynthesis. In addition, NtHY5 enhanced the abiotic stress tolerance as evident by the salt tolerance ability of HY5 overexpressing lines by diminishing the ROS accumulation after salt treatment. These data provide credible evidence about the potential role of NtHY5 in light-mediated flavonoid biosynthesis, plant growth and abiotic stress tolerance in tobacco. The photomorphogenic mutant, Nthy5, developed in this study, will help in elucidating the role of the HY5 in different biological processes in tobacco.


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