Thermal Response
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SIMULATION ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 003754972110699
Author(s):  
José V C Vargas ◽  
Sam Yang ◽  
Juan Carlos Ordonez ◽  
Luiz F Rigatti ◽  
Pedro H R Peixoto ◽  
...  

A simplified three-dimensional mathematical model for electronic packaging cabinets was derived from physical laws. Tridimensionality resulted from the domain division in volume elements (VEs) with uniform properties, each with one temperature, and empirical and theoretical correlations allowed for modeling their energetic interaction, thus producing ordinary differential equations (ODEs) temperatures versus time system. The cabinet (2048 mm × 1974 mm × 850 mm) thermal response with one heat source was measured. Data set 1 with a 1.6-kW power source was used for model adjustment by solving an inverse problem of parameter estimation (IPPE) having the cabinet internal average air velocities as adjustment parameters. Data set 2 obtained with a 3-kW power source validated model results. The converged mesh had a total of 7500 VE. The steady-state solution took between 16 and 19 s of CPU time to reach convergence and less than 3 min to obtain the 6500-s cabinet dynamic response under variable loading conditions, in an Intel CORE i7 computer. After validation, the model was used to study the impact of heat source height on system thermal response. Fundamentally, a sharp minimum junction temperature Tjct,min = 98.5 °C was obtained in the system hot spot at an optimal heat source height, which was 25.7 °C less than the highest calculated value within the investigated range (0.1 m < zjct < 1.66 m) for the 1.6-kW power setting, which characterizes the novelty of the research, and is worth to be pursued, no matter how complex the actual cabinet design may be.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
A R Degheidy ◽  
A M AbuAli ◽  
Elkenany B Elkenany

Abstract The temperature dependence of acoustic velocities, thermal properties, and phonon frequencies, mechanical, electronic, and optical properties for the InPxAsySb1-x-y/InAs system has been studied. The physical properties of the binary components InSb, InP, and InAs that constitute the quaternary alloy were used in this research. The study has been done using the empirical pseudo-potential method (EPM) under the virtual crystal approximation (VCA). The thermal properties, phonon frequencies, and acoustic velocities for the InPxAsySb1-x-y/InAs system under the effect of temperature have not been fully studied. Therefore, we have focused on these properties under the influence of temperature. Due to the lack of the published theoretical and experimental values on these properties, our findings will provide a significant reference for future experimental work.


Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 613
Author(s):  
Pablo Venegas ◽  
Eugenio Ivorra ◽  
Mario Ortega ◽  
Idurre Sáez de Ocáriz

The maintenance of industrial equipment extends its useful life, improves its efficiency, reduces the number of failures, and increases the safety of its use. This study proposes a methodology to develop a predictive maintenance tool based on infrared thermographic measures capable of anticipating failures in industrial equipment. The thermal response of selected equipment in normal operation and in controlled induced anomalous operation was analyzed. The characterization of these situations enabled the development of a machine learning system capable of predicting malfunctions. Different options within the available conventional machine learning techniques were analyzed, assessed, and finally selected for electronic equipment maintenance activities. This study provides advances towards the robust application of machine learning combined with infrared thermography and augmented reality for maintenance applications of industrial equipment. The predictive maintenance system finally selected enables automatic quick hand-held thermal inspections using 3D object detection and a pose estimation algorithm, making predictions with an accuracy of 94% at an inference time of 0.006 s.


Author(s):  
Fernando Saboya ◽  
Marina de Souza Ferreira ◽  
John Scott McCartney ◽  
Sérgio Tibana

Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 97
Author(s):  
Yongchun Yan ◽  
Lixin Zhang ◽  
Xiao Ma ◽  
Huan Wang ◽  
Wendong Wang ◽  
...  

The distribution of heating gun ends plays a decisive role in the sidewall properties of finished rotomolded products. To obtain the optimal distribution of the end face of a rotational molding heating gun, the temperature response of the end-face mold under heating gun heating was investigated, and an analysis method based on numerical simulation is proposed. The FDS (fire dynamics simulator) was used to construct a heating model of the heating gun, simulate and obtain a heatmap of the temperature field distribution of a heating gun of Φ30–70 mm, and determine the optimal diameter and heating distance of the heating gun. ANSYS was used to establish the thermal response model of the heat-affected mold, which was combined with the mold structure and thermophysical properties of steel. A temperature field distribution on the inner wall surface of Φ30, Φ50, and Φ70 mm heating guns when heating at each diameter of the end face was obtained and the distribution position of the end face of each diameter heating gun was determined. ANSYS was used to establish the thermal response model of the end-face mold and obtain the temperature field distribution of the inner wall surface of the end-face mold. The size of the heat-affected area of each diameter heating gun was combined, the end-face heating gun distribution was optimized, and the optimal heating gun end-face distribution was obtained. An experimental platform was built, and a validation experiment was set up. Through the analysis and processing of the data of three experiments, the temperature variation curve of each diameter on the inner surface of the end-face mold was obtained. We compare and analyze the simulation and experimental results to determine the feasibility of the FDS + ANSYS method and the correctness and accuracy of the simulation model and the results.


2022 ◽  
Vol 195 ◽  
pp. 109805
Author(s):  
Mohammad Hakim Khalili ◽  
Ashfaq Afsar ◽  
Rujing Zhang ◽  
Sandra Wilson ◽  
Eleftheria Dossi ◽  
...  
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