junction temperature
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2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
pp. 163-170
Lingfeng Shao ◽  
Guoqing Xu ◽  
Weiwei Wei ◽  
Xichun Zhang ◽  
Huiyun Li ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 003754972110699
José V C Vargas ◽  
Sam Yang ◽  
Juan Carlos Ordonez ◽  
Luiz F Rigatti ◽  
Pedro H R Peixoto ◽  

A simplified three-dimensional mathematical model for electronic packaging cabinets was derived from physical laws. Tridimensionality resulted from the domain division in volume elements (VEs) with uniform properties, each with one temperature, and empirical and theoretical correlations allowed for modeling their energetic interaction, thus producing ordinary differential equations (ODEs) temperatures versus time system. The cabinet (2048 mm × 1974 mm × 850 mm) thermal response with one heat source was measured. Data set 1 with a 1.6-kW power source was used for model adjustment by solving an inverse problem of parameter estimation (IPPE) having the cabinet internal average air velocities as adjustment parameters. Data set 2 obtained with a 3-kW power source validated model results. The converged mesh had a total of 7500 VE. The steady-state solution took between 16 and 19 s of CPU time to reach convergence and less than 3 min to obtain the 6500-s cabinet dynamic response under variable loading conditions, in an Intel CORE i7 computer. After validation, the model was used to study the impact of heat source height on system thermal response. Fundamentally, a sharp minimum junction temperature Tjct,min = 98.5 °C was obtained in the system hot spot at an optimal heat source height, which was 25.7 °C less than the highest calculated value within the investigated range (0.1 m < zjct < 1.66 m) for the 1.6-kW power setting, which characterizes the novelty of the research, and is worth to be pursued, no matter how complex the actual cabinet design may be.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 132
Haiying Chen ◽  
Chuan Chen ◽  
Yunyan Zhou ◽  
Chenglin Yang ◽  
Gang Song ◽  

This article presents a novel cross-rib micro-channel (MC-CR) heat sink to make fluid self-rotate. For a thermal test chip (TTC) with 100 w/cm2, the cross-ribs micro-channel were compared with the rectangular (MC-R) and horizontal rib micro-channel (MC-HR) heat sinks. The results show that, with the cross-rib micro-channel, the junction temperature of the thermal test chip was 336.49 K, and the pressure drop was 22 kPa. Compared with the rectangular and horizontal ribs heat sink, the cross-rib micro-channel had improvements of 28.6% and 14.3% in cooling capability, but the pressure drop increased by 10.7-fold and 5.5-fold, respectively. Then, the effects of the aspect ratio (λ) of micro-channel in different flow rates were studied. It was found that the aspect ratio and cooling performance were non-linear. To reduce the pressure drop, the inclination (α) and spacing (S) of the cross-ribs were optimized. When α = 30°, S = 0.1 mm, and λ = 4, the pressure drop was reduced from 22 kPa to 4.5 kPa. In addition, the heat dissipation performance of the rectangular, staggered fin (MC-SF), staggered rib (MC-SR) and cross-rib micro-channels were analyzed in the condition of the same pressure drop, MC-CR still has superior heat dissipation performance.

Juan de Dios Unión-Sánchez ◽  
Manuel Jesús Hermoso-Orzáez ◽  
Manuel Jesús Hervás-Pulido ◽  
Blas Ogáyar-Fernández

Currently, LED technology is an established form of lighting in our cities and homes. Its lighting performance, durability, energy efficiency and light, together with the economic savings that its use implies, are displacing other classic forms of lighting. However, some problems associated with the durability of the equipment related to the problems of thermal dissipation and high temperature have begun to be detected, which end up affecting their luminous intensity and the useful life. There are many studies that show a direct relationship between the low quality of LED lighting and the aging of the equipment or its overheating, observing the depreciation of the intensity of the light and the visual chromaticity performance that can affect the health of users by altering circadian rhythms. On the other hand, the shortened useful life of the luminaires due to thermal stress has a direct impact on the LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) and its environmental impact, which indirectly affects human health. The purpose of this article is to compare the results previously obtained, at different contour temperatures, by theoretical thermal simulation of the 3D model of LED street lighting luminaires through the ANSYS Fluent simulation software. Contrasting these results with the practical results obtained with a thermal imaging camera, the study shows how the phenomenon of thermal dissipation plays a fundamental role in the lighting performance of LED technology. The parameter studied in this work is junction temperature (Tj), and how it can be used to predict the luminous properties in the design phase of luminaires in order to increase their useful life.

2022 ◽  
Sandro Rao ◽  
Elisa D Mallemace ◽  
Maurizio Casalino ◽  
Giuseppe Cocorullo ◽  
Lakhdar Dehimi ◽  

Abstract The temperature-dependent optical properties of silicon carbide (SiC), such as refractive index and reflectivity, have been used for a direct monitoring of the junction temperature of a power MOSFET. In particular, the optical response of a 4H-SiC MOSFET-integrated Fabry-Perot cavity to temperature changes has been investigated through parametric optical simulations at the wavelength of λ=450 nm. The reflected optical power exhibited oscillatory patterns caused by the multiple beam interference for which the MOSFET epilayer, between the gate-oxide and the doped 4H-SiC substrate, acts as a Fabry-Perot etalon. These results were used to calculate the refractive index change and, therefore, the optical phase shift of ∆φ= π/2 corresponding to a temperature variation that can be considered as a warning for the device “health”. In practical applications, the periodic monitoring of the optic spectrum at the interferometric structure output gives an essential information about the device operating temperature condition that, for high power operations, may lead to device damages or system failure.

2022 ◽  
Vol 355 ◽  
pp. 02021
Zeshu Li ◽  
Mingchao Xia ◽  
Qifang Chen

This paper presents a life prediction method based on the parameters of the actual operation history data collected by the existing converter power unit sensors. Firstly, the characteristics of junction temperature curves of forced air-cooled radiator and power unit are extracted, and the deep learning neural network architecture is constructed based on the characteristics. Then the thermoelectric coupling model of power unit based on thermal resistance calculation theory is established, and the cumulative loss is obtained from the measured data. The deep learning network is trained and the model prediction is verified. Finally, the power unit loss distribution under different setting temperature thresholds and the correlation analysis with radiator parameters are obtained, which provides a feasible scheme for parameter setting and life prediction.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (4) ◽  
pp. 213-220
Xing Qiu ◽  
Jeffery C C Lo ◽  
Yuanjie Cheng ◽  
Hua Xu ◽  
Qianwen Xu ◽  

To efficiently fight against the COVID-19 pandemic, a sterilisation module using 265 nm UVC LED packages was developed. In this paper, the performance of the sterilisation module in terms of irradiance uniformity, junction temperature increase and sterilisation efficiency were characterised. The irradiance uniformity fluctuation across the four corners and the centre point in a 130 mm × 130 mm area was below 10%, exhibiting good uniformity. Uniform irradiance was important to achieve consistent sterilisation, which was the primary difference between the UVC LED package developed and commercial UVC LED packages. Key to achieving uniform irradiance was the structure, consisting of a stacked silicon reflector and a secondary optical lens designed by ray tracing simulation. The junction temperature increase of the 265 nm UVC LED package driving at 200 mA was only 28°C, sufficiently low to exhibit better reliability and performance. A 99.99% sterilisation efficiency on E. coli bacteria was achieved within one minute with UV dosage of 2.7 mJ/cm2 at 200 mA driving current. From the results, the novel 265 nm UVC LED package was a time-efficient solution for disinfection purposes.

2021 ◽  
C. Yuqin Zong ◽  
Cameron Miller

We have developed a new calibration capability for 200 nm to 400 nm ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV LEDs) using a Type D gonio-spectroradiometer. The recently-introduced mean differential continuous pulse (M-DCP) method is used to overcome the measurement difficulty associated with the initial forward voltage, VF, anomaly of a UV LED, which makes it impossible to use VF to infer junction temperature, TJ, during pulsed operation. The new measurement facility was validated indirectly by comparing the measured total luminous flux of a white LED with that measured using the NIST’s 2.5 m absolute integrating sphere. The expanded calibration uncertainty for the total radiant flux is approximately 2 % to 3 % (k = 2) depending the wavelength of the UV LED.

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