In this paper, we introduce a new type of matter that has origin in p-adic strings, i.e., strings with a p-adic worldsheet. We investigate some properties of this p-adic matter, in particular its cosmological aspects. We start with crossing symmetric scattering amplitudes for p-adic open strings and related effective nonlocal and nonlinear Lagrangian which describes tachyon dynamics at the tree level. Then, we make a slight modification of this Lagrangian and obtain a new Lagrangian for non-tachyonic scalar field. Using this new Lagrangian in the weak field approximation as a matter in Einstein gravity with the cosmological constant, one obtains an exponentially expanding FLRW closed universe. At the end, we discuss the obtained results, i.e., computed mass of the scalar p-adic particle, estimated radius of related closed universe and noted p-adic matter as a possible candidate for dark matter.