composite microstructure
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Ying Cui ◽  
Xiaosai Wang ◽  
Huan Jiang ◽  
Yongyuan Jiang

Abstract Circular dichroism (CD) response is extremely important for dynamic polarization control, chiral molecular sensing and imaging, etc. Here, we numerically demonstrated high-efficiency and tunable CD using a symmetry broken graphene-dielectric-metal composite microstructure. By introducing slot patterns in graphene ribbons, the metasurface exhibits giant spin-selective absorption for circularly polarized (CP) wave excitations. The maximum CD reaches 0.87 at 2.78 THz, which originates from the localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) in patterned graphene. Besides, the operating frequency and magnitude of CD are dynamically manipulated by gating graphene's Fermi energies. The proposed chiral graphene metasurface with high- efficiency and tunable capability paves a way to the design of active CD metasurfaces.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (12) ◽  
pp. 323
Józef Iwaszko ◽  
Moosa Sajed

FSP (friction stir processing) technology is a modern grain refinement method that is setting new trends in surface engineering. This technology is used not only to modify the microstructure of the surface layer of engineering materials, but increasingly more often also to produce surface composites. The application potential of FSP technology lies in its simplicity and speed of processing and in the wide range of materials that can be used as reinforcement in the composite. There are a number of solutions enabling the effective and controlled introduction of the reinforcing phase into the plasticized matrix and the production of the composite microstructure in it. The most important of them are the groove and hole methods, as well as direct friction stir processing. This review article discusses the main and less frequently used methods of producing surface composites using friction stir processing, indicates the main advantages, disadvantages and application limitations of the individual solutions, in addition to potential difficulties in effective processing. This information can be helpful in choosing a solution for a specific application.

2021 ◽  

An experimental study was performed to characterize the evolution of damage in a unidirectional Non-Crimp Fabric (NCF) carbon fiber/snap-cure epoxy composite under in-plane quasi-static tensile loads. The NCF composites were manufactured using a High Pressure-Resin Transfer Molding (HP-RTM) process and comprised a fast-curing epoxy resin and heavy tow unidirectional carbon fiber NCF layers. Laminates with stacking sequences [0/±45/90] and [±45/0 ] were subjected to axial and transverse quasi-static tensile loads and an in-situ Edge replication (ER) technique was used to capture the damage evolution at predefined intervals. An imprint of the composite microstructure, as observed on the edges of a test coupon, was created on a cellulose acetate replicating tape, which was then observed under the microscope. The onset and progression of ply cracks and delamination, which were the two major damage modes present, were quantified and correlated with the stress-strain curves and changes in stiffness. The influence of stacking sequence and ply thickness are also captured.

2021 ◽  

Complex potential methods for the solution of two-dimensional boundary value problems in linear elasticity are used to perform micromechanics analysis of unidirectional composites. The composite microstructure is idealized as a square array of unit cells subjected to prescribed strains. Unit cell analyses are performed for plane strain and anti-plane strain conditions to study the interaction of the fiber and matrix materials. The unit cell solutions are used to derive predictions for the ply moduli, Poisson’s ratios and coefficients of thermal expansion, which are shown to agree with the results of other methods. Applications to strength prediction are briefly discussed, and the detailed stress field results that can be generated using the approach are illustrated.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Shuai Chen ◽  
Zachary H. Aitken ◽  
Subrahmanyam Pattamatta ◽  
Zhaoxuan Wu ◽  
Zhi Gen Yu ◽  

AbstractSimultaneously enhancing strength and ductility of metals and alloys has been a tremendous challenge. Here, we investigate a CoCuFeNiPd high-entropy alloy (HEA), using a combination of Monte Carlo method, molecular dynamic simulation, and density-functional theory calculation. Our results show that this HEA is energetically favorable to undergo short-range ordering (SRO), and the SRO leads to a pseudo-composite microstructure, which surprisingly enhances both the ultimate strength and ductility. The SRO-induced composite microstructure consists of three categories of clusters: face-center-cubic-preferred (FCCP) clusters, indifferent clusters, and body-center-cubic-preferred (BCCP) clusters, with the indifferent clusters playing the role of the matrix, the FCCP clusters serving as hard fillers to enhance the strength, while the BCCP clusters acting as soft fillers to increase the ductility. Our work highlights the importance of SRO in influencing the mechanical properties of HEAs and presents a fascinating route for designing HEAs to achieve superior mechanical properties.

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