superficial wound
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Author(s):  
Md Ashraful Islam ◽  
Ismat Ara Begum ◽  
Khandker Md Nurul Arifeen ◽  
Manoshi Datta ◽  
Sk Mohammad Ali ◽  
...  

Background: Dupuytren’s disease is a benign yet disabling, irreversible, progressive fibroproliferative condition affecting the palm and fingers, leading to flection contracture of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints.Objective: To evaluate results of selective fasciectomy to correct the deformity of MCP and PIP joints and observe the complications.Methods: This crosssectional study was done on 30 patients of Dupuytren’s contracture treated by selective fasciectomy, between January 2015 and December 2018, in Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Selective fasciectomy was done under brachial plexus block, tourniquet control and loupe magnification. Brunner zigzag incision was used. Indications for surgery was MCP flection contracture more than 30⁰ and any degree of PIP flection contracture. Postoperatively hand was immobilised in extension of MCP and PIP joints for 2 weeks and then active and passive movements were encouraged and intermittent splinting for 10 weeks (only at night in last 6 weeks).Results: Among 30 patients, 24 (80%) patients were male, 6 (20%) were female; mean age was 62 years (56-74 years). 12 (40%) cases were bilateral, ring and little fingers involvement were seen in most cases (92%). Mean MCP correction was 53⁰ and mean PIP correction was 34⁰ (p<0.001). There were 3 digital nerve injuries peroperatively which were repaired/reconstructed and protective sensation regained in repaired nerve area at 1 year and 3 (10%) marginal skin loss postoperatively which healed secondarily. Superficial wound infection developed in 3 (10%) patients which healed on dressing and antibiotics. Complex regional pain syndrome developed in 2 (6.66%) patients which were mild and resolved on conservative management. 3 (10%) patients developed scar sequilae which were mild and resolved on conservative treatment. Radial digital artery injury was observed in 1 (3.33%); however, no ischaemic insult was observed postoperatively. 2 (6.66%) patients developed recurrence of the disease who were more than 70 years old; however, they declined further intervention.Conclusion: Selective fasciectomy is an easy and effective procedure with less complication to correct the deformities and improve the gripstrength significantly in Dupuytren’s contracture patients.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 01 January’22 Page: 41-46


2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
James Meyers ◽  
Lily Eaker ◽  
Theodor Di Pauli von Treuheim ◽  
Sergei Dolgovpolov ◽  
Baron Lonner

AbstractFusion is the current standard of care for AIS. Anterior vertebral body tethering (AVBT) is a motion-sparing alternative gaining interest. As a novel procedure, there is a paucity of literature on safety. Here, we report 90-day complication rates in 184 patients who underwent AVBT by a single surgeon. Patients were retrospectively reviewed. Approaches included 71 thoracic, 45 thoracolumbar, 68 double. Major complications were those requiring readmittance or reoperation, prolonged use of invasive materials such as chest tubes, or resulted in spinal cord or nerve root injury. Minor complications resolved without invasive intervention. Mean operative time and blood loss were 186.5 ± 60.3 min and 167.2 ± 105.0 ml, respectively. No patient required allogenic blood transfusion. 6 patients experienced major (3.3%), and 6 had minor complications (3.3%). Major complications included 3 chylothoracies, 2 hemothoracies, and 1 lumbar radiculopathy secondary to screw placement requiring re-operation. Minor complications included 1 patient with respiratory distress requiring supplementary oxygen, 1 superficial wound infection, 2 cases of prolonged nausea, and 1 Raynaud phenomenon. In 184 patients who underwent AVBT for AIS, major and minor complication rates were both 3.3%.


2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (2) ◽  
pp. 80-83
Author(s):  
Arbin Joshi ◽  
Bigyan Acharya

Background: Healing in Rhomboid flap for pilonidal sinus is always a problem. Different measures are applied to reduce the rate of wound infection with variable results. Objectives: To determine the effect of routine use of drain on the rate of early wound complications and additional interventions after Rhomboid flap.  Methods: A retrospective chart review of all cases that underwent Rhomboid flap in five years in two tertiary care centres was done. Complication rates such as wound infection, wound disruption, and flap necrosis were evaluated. Results: A total of 38 cases of Rhomboid flap are included for analysis. Out of all cases 37 cases were done for Pilonidal sinus and one case for presacral dermoid cyst. In the first eight cases, flap was made without drain and subsequent 30 cases were done with two suction drains for five days. The rate of superficial wound infection in the group without drain was found to be significantly higher compared with flap with drain 5 (in 8) versus 2 (in 30) (62.5% versus 6.66%, p <0.5).  Conclusion: Drain placement after Rhomboid flap is a good intervention to reduce wound infection.


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (6) ◽  
pp. 4-7
Author(s):  
Hendro Sudjono Yuwono

The coffee powder has inherent capabilities as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial. It is a topical wound dressing for acute and chronic wounds, encouraging results different from the wound dressing known today. It is named the new paradigm of wound management. The study of coffee powder since 2003 as a topical wound dressing has created an understanding condemn to disturb the cells in the wound bed. A thin layer of coffee powder should stay in place to ensure safety, covering superficial wound cells’ growth. The remained thin layer of coffee powder has created minimum detached wound cells. Wound healing provides effectiveness for acute and chronic wounds resulted in low cost, easy to get, acceptable scar, non-traumatic, pleasant scent, and not scary to the patients. The utilization of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial capacities anticipates the injury of the new growth of epithelial cells at the wound bed. It makes better cell proliferation, proper scar formation and safe naturally. Its simplicity in wound management procedures helps improve public health efforts. Hence, it suggested that the coffee powder has the capabilities of the best topical wound dressing.


2021 ◽  
pp. 15
Author(s):  
Mohamed Wafa

Introduction: With the increase in global life expectancy, the number of patients presenting with progressive spinal deformities is also on rise. The increasing frequency of surgical intervention as a treatment of this group of patients is associated with many complications and also with increasing rate of reoperation. Methodology: Seventy-two cases of adult scoliosis were treated surgically in Ain Shams spine unit with a minimum follow-up of five years (average, 76 months). Preoperative clinical and radiological evaluation was done, with special emphasis on the degree of pains (back and leg), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), scoliosis angle, lumbar lordosis, any instability, and the level of spinal canal stenosis needing decompression. The pelvic incidence was measured preoperatively to plan the amount of lordosis needed to be restored. Result: The mean preoperative scoliosis angle was 22 ± 10.4º (16 to 34º) and the mean preoperative lordosis angle was 20.3 ± 12.7º (–15 to –28º). The mean preoperative ODI score was 54.7 ± 5.5, and the mean postoperative scoliosis angle improved to 7.4 ± 3.3. The mean postoperative lordosis angle became 37.3 ± 8.6, and the mean postoperative ODI score was 21.3 ± 3.8. Conclusion: The list of complications included seven cases of pseudoarthrosis and screw loosening, adjacent segment fracture in nine cases, and one case of spondylodiscitis at a level just proximal to the fused level. These 17 cases needed reoperations (24%). Additionally, there were five cases of dural tear, prolonged graft side pain in one case, and two cases of superficial wound infections.


2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (11) ◽  
pp. 921-925
Author(s):  
Afton K. Limberg ◽  
Cody C. Wyles ◽  
Michael J. Taunton ◽  
Arlen D. Hanssen ◽  
Mark W. Pagnano ◽  
...  

Aims Varus-valgus constrained (VVC) devices are typically used in revision settings, often with stems to mitigate the risk of aseptic loosening. However, in at least one system, the VVC insert is compatible with the primary posterior-stabilized (PS) femoral component, which may be an option in complex primary situations. We sought to determine the implant survivorship, radiological and clinical outcomes, and complications when this VVC insert was coupled with a PS femur without stems in complex primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Methods Through our institution’s total joint registry, we identified 113 primary TKAs (103 patients) performed between 2007 and 2017 in which a VVC insert was coupled with a standard cemented PS femur without stems. Mean age was 68 years (SD 10), mean BMI was 32 kg/m2 (SD 7), and 59 patients (50%) were male. Mean follow-up was four years (2 to 10). Results The five-year survivorship free from aseptic loosening was 100%. The five-year survivorship free from any revision was 99%, with the only revision performed for infection. The five-year survivorship free from reoperation was 93%. The most common reoperation was treatment for infection (n = 4; 4%), followed by manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA; n = 2; 2%). Survivorship free from any complication at five years was 90%, with superficial wound infection as the most frequent (n = 4; 4%). At most recent follow-up, two TKAs had non-progressive radiolucent lines about both the tibial and femoral components. Knee Society Scores improved from 53 preoperatively to 88 at latest follow-up (p < 0.001). Conclusion For complex primary TKA in occasional situations, coupling a VVC insert with a standard PS femur without stems proved reliable and durable at five years. Longer-term follow-up is required before recommending this technique more broadly. Cite this article: Bone Jt Open 2021;2(11):921–925.


2021 ◽  
Vol 108 (Supplement_8) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ludvig Stjärne ◽  
Maria Melkemichel ◽  
Sven Bringman ◽  
Björn Widhe

Abstract Aim Previous studies on the repair of small umbilical hernias have suggested a lower recurrence rate with mesh compared to suture repair. A remaining important question is in what anatomical position the mesh should be placed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of using a standardized 4x4 cm onlay-mesh for umbilical hernias ≤2cm. Material and Methods A retrospective study was conducted at a single institution in Sweden on all umbilical hernia repairs during 2015-2019. The follow up time was at least four months. Patients were identified using the hospital medical record database. Repairs performed with suture, sublay, ventral patch or laparoscopic mesh positioning were excluded. Patient’s demographics, comorbidities, intra – and postoperative details were considered. Primary outcome was surgical site complications within 30 days. Secondary outcome was recurrence. Results 80 patients were repaired with a small onlay-mesh for an umbilical hernia ≤ 2 cm and were included for statistical analysis. Median (range) follow-up time was 29.0 (4.3-50.1) months. Median age was 46 (26-76) years old. Median body mass index was 28 (19-38) kg/m2. Men to female ratio was 2.1. 4 patients were identified with a surgical site postoperative complication; 3 with seroma and 1 with superficial wound infection. 3 of these were given antibiotics. 2 patients were treated with wound opening bedside. There were no registered cases of a recurrence. Conclusions Repairing small umbilical hernias with a small onlay-mesh was safe with a low surgical site complication rate. Randomized trials are needed to assess weather mesh reduce recurrences in umbilical hernia repairs ≤2cm.


Author(s):  
Abraham A. Embi

The concept that moist wounds heal faster than dry wounds was introduced in 1962. Most recently, in 1990 the concept was revisited with the introduction of a highly permeable wound dressing exposed to water vapors. The latter allows for water as a humidifying agent. Ideally, acceleration of superficial wound healing had been accomplished by the introduction of a highly water vapor permeable wound dressing. The breathable property allows for water vapor to interact with already present fibrin(ogen) material in blood clots. This manuscript adds a mechanism for the ultimate undisturbed success in cutaneous wound healing, being the dependency on a continuos supply of water vapor. In vitro experiments are introduced showing the cessation of exhaled human breath vapor onto a dry human blood smear as the end point of said interaction. Additionally the experiments were reproduced by exposing the blood smears to steam (water vapor) generated by machinery. In conclusion, exhaled human breath water vapor blown onto a blood clot has the same effect as water vapor emitted by machinery boiling water. Both causing a disappearance of the clot organized fibrin strands into a semisolid gelatinous state. Additionally, discontinuation of the water vapor infusion is also documented triggering a return of organized fibrin strands, albeit of greater intensity.


Author(s):  
Tarah Lynch ◽  
Tannistha Nandi ◽  
Teenus Jayaprakash ◽  
Dan Gregson ◽  
Deirdre L Church

Background: In 2004–2005, an outbreak of impetigo occurred at a correctional facility during a sentinel outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Alberta, Canada. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to characterize the group A Streptococcus (GAS) isolates and evaluate whether genomic biomarkers could distinguish between those recovered alone and those co-isolated with S. aureus. Methods: Superficial wound swabs collected from all adults with impetigo during this outbreak were cultured using standard methods. NGS was used to characterize and compare all of the GAS and S. aureus genomes. Results: Fifty-three adults were culture positive for GAS, with a subset of specimens also positive for MRSA ( n = 5) or methicillin-sensitive S. aureus ( n = 3). Seventeen additional MRSA isolates from this facility from the same time frame (no GAS co-isolates) were also included. All 78 bacterial genomes were analyzed for the presence of known virulence factors, plasmids, and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes. Among the GAS isolates were 12 emm­ types, the most common being 41.2 ( n = 27; 51%). GAS genomes were phylogenetically compared with local and public datasets of invasive and non-invasive isolates. GAS genomes had diverse profiles for virulence factors, plasmids, and AMR genes. Pangenome analysis did not identify horizontally transferred genes in the co-infection versus single infections. Conclusions: GAS recovered from invasive and non-invasive sources were not genetically distinguishable. Virulence factors, plasmids, and AMR profiles grouped by emm­­ type, and no genetic changes were identified that predict co-infection or horizontal gene transfer between GAS and S. aureus.


QJM ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 114 (Supplement_1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Sherif Azab ◽  
Ashraf A El Midany ◽  
Ayman A Doghish ◽  
Abdelfatah E Salah El-din Abugabal

Abstract Background In the present era, primary correction is the preferred approach to the neonate or young infant with a cardiac anomaly who has two ventricles. However, when only one functional ventricle is present or pulmonary blood flow is reduced, an initial palliative systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunt is mandatory. In this study we compare post-operative short term outcomes of sternotomy versus mini-sternotomy approaches in pediatric patients undergoing Modified Blalock Taussig Shunt. Patients and Methods A prospective randomized study was conducted on 90 patients who were schedueled for MBT shunt due to a group of cyanotic heart disease. They comprised 2 groups G1: sternotomy group (n = 45) and G2: ministernotomy group (n = 45). Results Mean age was 11± 3.39 months and mean weight was 6.75±1.96 kg in the sternotomy group, while for ministernotomy group the mean age was 10.55± 4.65 and mean weight was 7.00±2.03 kg. The change (%) between preoperative and postoperative oxygen saturation was 35.6% for sternotomy group and 43.8% for ministernotomy group. There were seven cases of mortality (15.6%) in sternotomy grouped compared to three cases of mortality (6.7%) in ministernotomy with P value of 0.314. Superficial wound infection occurred in one case (2.2%) in each group. Mean duration of ventilation was 52.53 ± 15.76 h for sternotomy group and 46.93±19.23 h for ministernotomy group with P value of 0.025, mean ICU stay was 7.42 ± 2.94 days for sternotomy group and 5.13± 2.37 days for ministernotomy with P value of &lt; 0.001. Conclusion Upper ministernotomy is a safe alternative approach for MBT shunt in pediatric patients. It provides the advantages of less ventilation time, less post operative bleeding, and ICU stay.


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