cryopreservation protocol
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2022 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 101043
Author(s):  
Mahfuzur R. Shah ◽  
Erin N. Morrison ◽  
Adam J. Noble ◽  
Scott C. Farrow

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Joseph Kanyi Kihika ◽  
Susanna A. Wood ◽  
Lesley Rhodes ◽  
Kirsty F. Smith ◽  
Lucy Thompson ◽  
...  

AbstractDinoflagellates are among the most diverse group of microalgae. Many dinoflagellate species have been isolated and cultured, and these are used for scientific, industrial, pharmaceutical, and agricultural applications. Maintaining cultures is time-consuming, expensive, and there is a risk of contamination or genetic drift. Cryopreservation offers an efficient means for their long-term preservation. Cryopreservation of larger dinoflagellate species is challenging and to date there has been only limited success. In this study, we explored the effect of cryoprotectant agents (CPAs) and freezing methods on three species: Vulcanodinium rugosum, Alexandrium pacificum and Breviolum sp. A total of 12 CPAs were assessed at concentrations between 5 and 15%, as well as in combination with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and other non-penetrating CPAs. Two freezing techniques were employed: rapid freezing and controlled-rate freezing. Breviolum sp. was successfully cryopreserved using 15% DMSO. Despite exploring different CPAs and optimizing the freezing techniques, we were unable to successfully cryopreserve V. rugosum and A. pacificum. For Breviolum sp. there was higher cell viability (45.4 ± 2.2%) when using the controlled-rate freezing compared to the rapid freezing technique (10.0 ± 2.8%). This optimized cryopreservation protocol will be of benefit for the cryopreservation of other species from the family Symbiodiniaceae.


Author(s):  
M. Salah Uddin Kabir ◽  
M. Rafiqul Islam Sarder ◽  
M. Matiur Rahman ◽  
M. Fazlul Awal Mollah ◽  
N. Binte Ryhan

2022 ◽  
Vol 34 (2) ◽  
pp. 243
Author(s):  
I. Burger ◽  
L. D. Chen ◽  
D. Barber ◽  
V. Poole ◽  
D. Smith ◽  
...  

Cryobiology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 103 ◽  
pp. 170
Author(s):  
Mariana Quijada-Rivera ◽  
Miguel Ángel Hernández-Oñate ◽  
Martín Ernesto Tiznado-Hernández ◽  
María Fernanda Lazo-Javalera ◽  
Irasema Vargas-Arispuro ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Purva Joshi ◽  
Lili Ehrlich ◽  
Zhe Gao ◽  
John Bischof ◽  
Yoed Rabin

Abstract This study explores thermal design aspects of nanowarming-assisted recovery of the heart from indefinite cryogenic storage, where nanowarming is the volumetric heating effect of ferromagnetic nanoparticles excited by a radio-frequency electromagnet field. This study uses computation means, while focusing on the human heart and the rat heart models. The underlying nanoparticle loading characteristics are adopted from a recent, proof-of-concept experimental study. While uniformly distributed nanoparticles can lead to uniform rewarming, and thereby minimize adverse effects associated with ice crystallization and thermomechanical stress, the combined effects of heart anatomy and nanoparticle loading limitations present practical challenges which this study comes to address. Results of this study demonstrate that under less-than-ideal conditions, nonuniform nanoparticles warming may lead to a subcritical rewarming rate in some parts of the domain, excessive heating in others, and increased exposure potential to cryoprotective agents (CPAs) toxicity. Nonetheless, results of this study also demonstrate that computerized planning of the cryopreservation protocol and container design can help mitigate the associated adverse effects, with examples relating to adjusting the CPA and/or nanoparticle concentration, and selecting heart container geometry and size. In conclusion, nanowarming provides superior conditions for organ recovery from cryogenic storage, which comes with an elevated complexity of protocol planning and optimization.


2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (22) ◽  
pp. 12564
Author(s):  
Silvia Rodríguez-Fernández ◽  
Marcelino Álvarez-Portela ◽  
Esther Rendal-Vázquez ◽  
María Piñeiro-Ramil ◽  
Clara Sanjurjo-Rodríguez ◽  
...  

Corneal cryopreservation can partially solve the worldwide concern regarding donor cornea shortage for keratoplasties. In this study, human corneas were cryopreserved using two standard cryopreservation protocols that are employed in the Tissue Bank of the Teresa Herrera Hospital (Spain) to store corneas for tectonic keratoplasties (TK protocol) and aortic valves (AV protocol), and two vitrification protocols, VS55 and DP6. Endothelial viability and general corneal state were evaluated to determine the protocol that provides the best results. The potential corneal cryopreservation protocol was studied in detail taking into consideration some cryopreservation-related variables and the endothelial integrity and stroma arrangement of the resulting cryopreserved corneas. TK corneas showed mostly viable endothelial cells, while the others showed few (AV) or none (DP6 and VS55). The corneal structure was well maintained in TK and AV corneas. TK corneas showed endothelial acellular areas surrounded by injured cells and a normal-like stromal fiber arrangement. Cryoprotectant solutions of the TK protocol presented an increasing osmolality and a physiological pH value. Cooling temperature rate of TK protocol was of 1 °C/min to −40 °C and 3 °C/min to −120 °C, and almost all of dimethyl sulfoxide left the tissue after washing. Future studies should be done changing cryopreservation-related variables of the TK protocol to store corneas of optical grade.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Hanane Touil ◽  
Tina Roostaei ◽  
Daniela Calini ◽  
Claudiu Diaconu ◽  
Samantha E Epstein ◽  
...  

Importance: A robust cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell cryopreservation protocol using high resolution single-cell (sc) transcriptomic data would enable the deployment of this important modality in multi-center translational research studies and clinical trials in which many sites do not have the expertise or resources to produce data from fresh samples. It would also serve to reduce technical variability in larger projects. Objective: To test a reliable cryopreservation protocol adapted for CSF cells, facilitating the characterization of these rare, fragile cells in moderate to large scale studies. Design: Diagnostic lumbar punctures were performed on twenty-one patients at two independent sites. Excess CSF was collected and cells were isolated. Each cell sample was split into two fractions for single cell analysis using one of two possible chemistries: 3′ sc-RNA-Sequencing or 5 ′ sc-RNA-Sequencing. One cell fraction was processed fresh while the second sample was cryopreserved and profiled at a later time after thawing. Setting: The research protocol was deployed at two academic medical centers taking care of multiple sclerosis and other neurological conditions. Participants: 21 subjects (age 24, 72) were recruited from individuals undergoing a diagnostic lumbar puncture for suspected neuroinflammatory disease or another neurologic illness; they donated excess CSF. Findings: Our comparison of fresh and cryopreserved data from the same individuals demonstrates highly efficient recovery of all known CSF cell types. The proportion of all cell types was similar between the fresh and the cryopreserved cells processed, and RNA expression was not significantly different. Results were comparable at both performance sites, and with different single cell sequencing chemistries. Cryopreservation also did not affect recovery of T and B cell clonotype diversity. Conclusion and relevance: Our cryopreservation protocol for CSF cells provides an important alternative to fresh processing of fragile CSF cells: cryopreservation enables the involvement of sites with limited capacity for experimental manipulation and reduces technical variation by enabling batch processing and pooling of samples.


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