oil stability
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Fuel ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 312 ◽  
pp. 122793
Javier A. Jimenez Forero ◽  
Tuyen H.T. Tran ◽  
Tana Tana ◽  
Adrian Baker ◽  
Jorge Beltramini ◽  

Fuel ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 305 ◽  
pp. 121561
Dubravka Raljević ◽  
Jelena Parlov Vuković ◽  
Vilko Smrečki ◽  
Ljiljana Marinić Pajc ◽  
Predrag Novak ◽  

Agriculture ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1115
Agusti Romero-Aroca ◽  
Mercè Rovira ◽  
Valerio Cristofori ◽  
Cristian Silvestri

Kernel size is the main hazelnut quality parameter for the consumption market. However, industrial purposes are the main destination for the main hazelnut cultivars. This work aims to identify industrial aptitude relationships to kernel size, and qualitative nut and kernel traits eligible to enhance hazelnut’s commercial value. The qualitative hazelnut traits of cv “Negret” and “Pauetet” were assessed via in-shell and shelled nut sizes for two years. In-shell hazelnuts were tested for weight, shape, percent kernel, yield and shell thickness. Kernels were measured for shape, weight, roasting aptitude, skin color, moisture content and water activity, free acidity, fat content, crude protein, total sugars, minerals, fatty acid composition, α-tocopherol and oil stability. In-shell hazelnut traits significantly differed between cultivars, sizes and storage period. Shell thickness and nut roundness increased almost linearly with nut caliber, whereas kernel percentage decreased. Kernel roundness increased linearly with caliber. The blanching and roasting aptitude of “Negret” increased linearly with caliber, whereas no significant trend was observed for “Pauetet”. Significant differences between cultivars were confirmed for water activity, oil acidity and skin color. Regarding chemical composition, fat content increased linearly with caliber in both cultivars, and α-tocopherol followed the same trend in “Negret”. The sugar content tended to decrease with caliber, whereas crude protein, fiber and minerals did not show any significant relationship with kernel size. Unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids fitted to linear models related to caliber, showing differences between cultivars. Unsaturated fatty acids increased with caliber, whereas polyunsaturated fatty acids decreased, and the oil stability increased linearly with kernel size. These results show that some hazelnut key traits change significantly with kernel size. The linear models presented could be a powerful tool for the confectionery industry to modulate the industrial value of given hazelnut batches.

Ana Lúcia Fadini ◽  
Izabela Dutra Alvim ◽  
Camila Augusto Carazzato ◽  
Katyri Bezerra de Freitas Paganotti ◽  
Ana Maria Rauen de Oliveira Miguel ◽  

Foods ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (7) ◽  
pp. 1541
Lourdes Melisa Rábago-Panduro ◽  
Mariana Morales-de la Peña ◽  
María Paz Romero-Fabregat ◽  
Olga Martín-Belloso ◽  
Jorge Welti-Chanes

Pulsed electric fields (PEF) have been reported to increase the total oil extraction yield (OEYTOTAL) of fresh pecan nuts maintaining oil characteristics and increasing phenolic compounds in the remaining by-product. However, there is no information regarding the PEF effect on dry pecan nuts. Dry kernels were pretreated at three specific energy inputs (0.8, 7.8 and 15.0 kJ/kg) and compared against untreated kernels and kernels soaked at 3, 20 and 35 min. OEYTOTAL, kernels microstructure, oil stability (acidity, antioxidant capacity (AC), oil stability index, phytosterols and lipoxygenase activity), along with by-products phenolic compounds (total phenolics (TP), condensed tannins (CT)) and AC were evaluated. Untreated kernels yielded 88.7 ± 3.0%, whereas OEYTOTAL of soaked and PEF-treated kernels were 76.5–83.0 and 79.8–85.0%, respectively. Kernels microstructural analysis evidenced that the 0.8 kJ/kg pretreatment induced oleosomes fusion, while no differences were observed in the stability of extracted oils. PEF applied at 0.8 kJ/kg also increased by-products CT by 27.0–43.5% and AC by 21.8–24.3% compared to soaked and untreated kernels. These results showed that PEF does not improve OEYTOTAL when it is applied to dry pecan nuts, demonstrating that kernelsʹ moisture, oil content and microstructure play an important role in the effectiveness of PEF.

Fuel ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 290 ◽  
pp. 119929
Wei Yi ◽  
Xianhua Wang ◽  
Kuo Zeng ◽  
Haiping Yang ◽  
Jingai Shao ◽  

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