coupling model
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2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Liwu Wang ◽  
Yanfeng Han ◽  
Dongxing Tang ◽  
Jianlin Cai

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to verify the effectiveness of the proposed transient mixed lubrication and wear coupling model [mixed lubrication and wear (MLW) coupling model] under water lubricated conditions by comparing with the experimental results. Design/methodology/approach Water lubricated bearings are the key parts of the transmission system of an underwater vehicle and some surface ships. In this study, the friction and wear behaviors of rubber, nylon and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) samples with stainless steel underwater lubrication were compared by using ring-block contact structure on multifunctional friction and wear test bench-5000 friction and wear tester. Findings The results show that the transient wear depth and wear amount of PEEK, nylon and rubber samples under water lubrication are in good agreement with the calculated results of the theoretical model, which verifies the rationality and scientific nature of the MLW coupling model. Thus, the numerical model is applicable for the wear prediction of the journal bearing under water-lubricated conditions. Furthermore, numerical and experimental results reveal that the anti-wear performance among three water-lubricated materials can be ranked by: PEEK > nylon > rubber. Originality/value It is expected that this study can provide more information for experimental and numerical research of water-lubricated bearings under water-lubricated conditions.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 614
Haowen Wang ◽  
Jiangbo Huang ◽  
Longhuan Liu ◽  
Shanqiang Qin ◽  
Zhihong Fu

The pulsed eddy current (PEC) inspection is considered a versatile non-destructive evaluation technique, and it is widely used in metal thickness quantifications for structural health monitoring and target recognition. However, for non-ferromagnetic conductors covered with non-uniform thick insulating layers, there are still deficiencies in the current schemes. The main purpose of this study is to find an effective feature, to measure wall thinning under the large lift-off variations, and further expand application of the PEC technology. Therefore, a novel method named the dynamic apparent time constant (D-ATC) is proposed based on the coil-coupling model. It associates the dynamic behavior of the induced eddy current with the geometric dimensions of the non-ferromagnetic metallic component by the time and amplitude features of the D-ATC curve. Numeral calculations and experiments show that the time signature is immune to large lift-off variations.

Symmetry ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 143
Hao Wang ◽  
Li Zhang ◽  
Youliang Sun ◽  
Guan Wang ◽  
Liang Zou

According to the vibration characteristics of converter transformers, considering the Maxwell equation, magnetostrictive effect, Lorentz force and structural mechanics, the similarity criterion suitable for converter transformers is deduced in this paper. Using the finite element simulation platform, the multi physical field coupling model of converter transformers is constructed, and the scale coefficient is 0.1. The magnetic flux density distribution, stress distribution, shape variable and vibration characteristics of the model before and after the similarity are analyzed. The results show that the variation law of the model before and after the similarity conforms to the similarity criterion, and the correctness of the similarity criterion is verified. The converter transformer vibration similarity model and its verification method can effectively reduce the unnecessary waste of resources before the preparation of converter transformers and have important reference value for the analysis and improvement of converter transformer vibration characteristics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 712
Wangang Zhu ◽  
Wei Sun ◽  
Hao Wu

The vibration data of the gearbox on a high-speed train was measured, and the vibration characteristics were analyzed in this paper. The dynamic stress of the gearbox under the internal and external excitation was examined by a railway vehicle dynamic model with a flexible gearbox and a flexible wheelset. The ideal 20th polygonal wear was considered, and dynamic stresses of the gearbox under different polygonal wear amplitudes were calculated. The gear transmission model was established to study the dynamic stress of the gearbox under the influence of the time-varying stiffness of the gear meshing. Based on the rigid–flexible coupling model, and considering the influence of wheel polygonization, gear meshing time-varying stiffness, and wheelset elastic deformation, the dynamic stress of the gearbox was investigated with consideration of the measured polygonal wear and measured rail excitation. The results show that the dynamic stress of the gearbox is dominated by the wheel polygonization. Moreover, not only the wheel polygonization excites the resonance of the gearbox, but also the flexible deformation of the wheelset leads to the deformation of the gearbox, which also increases the dynamic stress of the gearbox. Within the resonant bandwidth of the frequency, the amplitude of the dynamic stresses in the gearbox will increase considerably compared with the normal case.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-35
Hongli Ji ◽  
Xiaoning Zhao ◽  
Ning Wang ◽  
Wei Huang ◽  
Jinhao Qiu ◽  

Abstract A previously proposed planar axisymmetric dynamic vibration absorber (DVA), with embedded acoustic black hole (ABH) features, has been shown to suffer from the very selective coupling with the host structure, thus compromising its vibration reduction performance. To tackle the problem, an eccentric ABH-based circular DVA whose thickness profile is tailored according to a circumferential gradient variation is proposed in this paper. This new configuration preserves the ABH profile in the radial direction alongside a continuous variation along the circumferential direction and breaks the axisymmetry of the original DVA design at the same time. While the former permits the ABH features to fully play out in a continuous manner, the later entails a more effective coupling with the host structure. These salient properties have been demonstrated and confirmed both numerically and experimentally by examining a benchmark plate structure. For analyses, a coupling model embracing the host structure and the add-on DVAs is established which allows the calculation of the coupling coefficient, a vital quantity to guide the DVA design. Studies demonstrate the advantages of the proposed DVA over existing designs for the same given mass. The enriched structural coupling and the enhanced modal damping, arising from the eccentric and circumferentially graded ABH design, are shown to be the origin of such improvement. All in all, the physical process underpinning the dynamic absorber principle and waveguide absorber from the host structures is simultaneously consolidated, thus leading to superior broadband structural vibration suppression.

Seif Bayoumi ◽  
Erkan Oterkus ◽  
Hassan El-Gamal ◽  
Atilla Incecik

The prompt estimation of power and geometrical aspects enables faster and more accurate financial assessment of wave energy converters to be deployed. This may lead to better commercialisation of wave energy technologies, as they require location-based customisation, unlike the mature wind energy technologies with developed benchmark. The adopted approach provides simple and efficient modelling tool allowing the study of the system from different perspective. The aim of this study is to select the optimum dynamic model to predict the captured power of a spar-buoy Oscillating Water Column (OWC) wave energy converter. Four dynamic models were developed to predict the system dynamics and results were validated experimentally. In-depth investigations on the effect of the mass and damping ratios of the oscillating bodies on the accuracy of the adopted models were performed. Such investigations included the proposed one-way coupling model and three two-degree of freedom models and three reduced-scale models, in addition to analytical and numerical solutions. Pneumatic power was calculated for the reduced-scale model where orifices’ covers simulated the power take-off mechanism damping experimentally. Analysis and comparisons between the adopted models are finally provided.

Water ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 152
Chia-Ying Ho ◽  
Tien-Hsi Fang ◽  
Cheng-Han Wu ◽  
Hung-Jen Lee

In the coupled estuary–shelf system, plumes originating from the New Hu-Wei and Choshui rivers, consisting of many terrestrial materials, could contaminate the water of the Mailiao industrial harbor. To determine the contribution of the two rivers to pollution, the interaction between river-forced, tide-generating, and monsoon-driven water motions in and around the Mailiao industrial zone harbor was examined by performing a series of numerical model experiments. We used a three-dimensional general circulation model to examine the interplay between Asian monsoon-driven, river-forced, and tide-induced water motions, one of which could primarily affect the plume. The model-derived results for different river discharges revealed that almost all of the ammonium entering the harbor had a slope-positive trend, with oscillations in response to flood–ebb tidal cycles. The ammonium increased with time and flux, except for the 10 m3/s flux. Although the river discharge flux exceeded 200 m3/s, the ammonium entering the harbor was the same as that of the 200 m3/s flux; the ammonium concentration did not increase significantly with time after the flux exceeded 200 m3/s. In addition, irrespective of flood or ebb tidal currents being suppressed by strong Asian monsoons, this mechanism avoided contaminating the water quality of the harbor while northeasterly winds prevailed. By contrast, the southwesterly monsoon drove the geostrophic current northward along the coast; concurrently, the coastal sea level increased to form the surface isobar slope up toward the coast, producing a secondary flow to accelerate geostrophic alongshore currents. The northward geostrophic currents compressed the plumes shoreward, forming a relatively narrow-band plume; the coupling model demonstrated that the southwesterly monsoon-driven current pushed plumes favorably along the west pier into the harbor.

Geofluids ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Chaojun Fan ◽  
Haiou Wen ◽  
Sheng Li ◽  
Gang Bai ◽  
Lijun Zhou

Owing to the exhaustion of shallow coal resources, deep mining has been occupied in coal mines. Deep buried coal seams are featured by the great ground stress, high gas pressure, and low permeability, which boost the risk of gas disasters and thus dramatically threaten the security about coal mines. Coal seam gas pressure and gas content can be decreased by gas extraction, which is the primary measure to prevent and control mine gas disasters. The coal mass is simplified into a continuous medium with dual structure of pores and fractures and single permeability. In consideration of the combined effects of gas slippage and two-phase flow, a hydraulic-mechanical coupling model for gas migration in coals is proposed. This model involves the equations of gas sorption and diffusion, gas and water seepage, coal deformation, and evolution of porosity and permeability. Based on these, the procedure of gas extraction through the floor roadway combined with hydraulic punching and ordinary drainage holes was simulated, and the gas extraction results were used to evaluate the outburst danger of roadway excavation and to verify the engineering practice. Results show that gas extraction can reduce coal seam gas pressure and slow down the rate of gas release, and the established hydraulic-mechanical coupling model can accurately reveal the law of gas extraction by drilling and punching boreholes. After adopting the gas extraction technology of drilling and hydraulic punching from the floor roadway, the remaining gas pressure and gas content are reduced to lower than 0.5 MPa and 5.68 m3/t, respectively. The achievements set a theoretical foundation to the application of drilling and punching integrated technology to enhance gas extraction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-13
Qiaoling Meng ◽  
Mingpeng Jiang ◽  
Zongqi Jiao ◽  
Hongliu Yu

Abstract. Posture transformation is an essential function for multi-posture wheelchairs. To improve the natural motion in posture transformation that is a popular problem in the design of multi-posture wheelchairs because the current wheelchair's posture transformation mechanism cannot remain consistent between the rotation center of the wheelchair and the rotation center of the human body joints. This paper proposes a sitting–standing–lying three-posture bionic transformation mechanism for a smart wheelchair. A human–wheelchair coupling model is described and analyzed according to the biomechanical characteristics of the posture transformation of human beings and their functional requirements. The configuration of the transformation mechanism is chosen by comparing the trails of the wheelchair rotation centers and the corresponding human joint rotation centers. The kinematics of the optimized configuration are discussed in detail to obtain the most bionic motion performance using the multivariable nonlinear constraint optimization algorithm. Finally, the mechanism is designed, and its posture transformation performance is simulated and verified using Adams (Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Mechanical Systems) software.

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