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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 695-700
Xiumei He ◽  
Xiong Zhou ◽  
Yueyue Feng

This study intends to identify the expression profiles of micoRNAs during the recovery of damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs. Differential expressions of miRNA after damage of corneal epithelium stimulated by BMSCs were analyzed based on micro-array and validated by qRT-PCR. The miRNA’s effect on cell proliferative and apoptotic activity was evaluated through transfection of plasmid with over presentation of miRNA and inhibitor of miRNA. miR-339 was significantly down-regulated in the process of recovery of the damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs. Importin 13 and EGF expression was reduced after transfection of plasmid with over presentation of miR-339, which were reversed by transfection of the inhibitor of miR-339. Importin 13 was a target of miR-339. The cell proliferation and apoptosis could be restrained by miR-339 through regulation of the expression of Importin 13. In conclusion, the damaged corneal epithelium induced by BMSCs could be recovered by miR-339 through restraining Importin 13 expression, indicating that it might be a novel target for amelioration of corneal epithelium damage.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 588-596
Ming Xu ◽  
Guo Yong Tan ◽  
Xian Ming Tao

The major feature of spinal cord injury (SCI) was the damage of nervous tissue in spinal cord. The damaged spinal cord was difficult to be repaired and regenerated. MicroRNA-124 could play a role in the repairing and recovering the injured tissue. The BMSCs could participate in repairing the damage. However, the regulatory effect of MicroRNA-124 on BMSCs and the inflammatory response of SCI was still not illustrated. These spinal cord nerve cells were assigned into group of mechanical damage, BMSCs and BMSCs with miR-124 overexpression followed by analysis of proliferation of nerve cells by MTT assay, apoptotic activity, expression of miR-124, GFAP and BDNF by Real time PCR, levels of TNF-α and IL-6 by ELISA as well as MDH and SOD activity. miR-124 mimics transfection significantly promoted BMSCs proliferation and increased ALK activity and the expression of GFAP and BDNF. In conclusion, the proliferation and differentiation of BMSCs could be regulated by miR-124. The inflammation and oxidative stress could be restrained so as to prompt the proliferation and repair of SCI cells and restrain apoptosis, indicating that it might be beneficial to recover the SCI.

Xiao-Juan Zhang ◽  
Zhi-Min Song ◽  
Pei-Pei Yuan ◽  
Yan-Zhi Wang ◽  
Man-Qian Li ◽  

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 471
Elisabetta Melloni ◽  
Elena Marchesi ◽  
Lorenzo Preti ◽  
Fabio Casciano ◽  
Erika Rimondi ◽  

Chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid (CDCA and UDCA, respectively) have been conjugated with paclitaxel (PTX) anticancer drugs through a high-yield condensation reaction. Bile acid-PTX hybrids (BA-PTX) have been investigated for their pro-apoptotic activity towards a selection of cancer cell lines as well as healthy fibroblast cells. Chenodeoxycholic-PTX hybrid (CDC-PTX) displayed cytotoxicity and cytoselectivity similar to PTX, whereas ursodeoxycholic-PTX hybrid (UDC-PTX) displayed some anticancer activity only towards HCT116 colon carcinoma cells. Pacific Blue (PB) conjugated derivatives of CDC-PTX and UDC-PTX (CDC-PTX-PB and UDC-PTX-PB, respectively) were also prepared via a multistep synthesis for evaluating their ability to enter tumor cells. CDC-PTX-PB and UDC-PTX-PB flow cytometry clearly showed that both CDCA and UDCA conjugation to PTX improved its incoming into HCT116 cells, allowing the derivatives to enter the cells up to 99.9%, respect to 35% in the case of PTX. Mean fluorescence intensity analysis of cell populations treated with CDC-PTX-PB and UDC-PTX-PB also suggested that CDC-PTX-PB could have a greater ability to pass the plasmatic membrane than UDC-PTX-PB. Both hybrids showed significant lower toxicity with respect to PTX on the NIH-3T3 cell line.

2022 ◽  
Md. Moyen Uddin Pk ◽  
Rumana Pervin ◽  
Mohammad Shahangir Biswas ◽  
Matiar Rahman

The purpose of this study is to elucidate the apoptotic activity of Ganoderma lucidum  polysaccharide (GLP) in a human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro.  According to DPPH assay, GLP showed a good antioxidant (IC 50  value is 202.4 µg/mL). Based on MTT assay, the results showed that GLP inhibits MCF-7 cells proliferation in a dose- and time- dependent manner (p<0.001). IC 50   values of the cytotoxicity of GLP and doxorubin  were 110.907 µg/mL and 58.206 µg/mL respectively. The results from the flow cytometry indicated that GLP could induce apoptotic activity through inducing the up-regulation of the Bax and Caspase-9 and the down-regulation of the BcL-2 in MCF-7 cells. At 2×IC 50 , GLP increased the early-apoptotic and dead cells of MCF-7 from 18.23% to 34.76% and 8.45% to16.34% respectively. In conclusion, the GLP shows anticancer activity against MCF-7 through preventing the proliferation and inducing the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Our data provide the potential molecular targets in cancer prevention and reveal the key barriers in the current anticancer drugs development.

2022 ◽  
Grant Dewson ◽  
Alan Shuai Huang ◽  
Hui San Chin ◽  
Boris Reljic ◽  
Tirta M Djajawi ◽  

Intrinsic apoptosis is principally governed by the BCL-2 family of proteins, but some non-BCL-2 proteins are also critical to control this process. To identify novel apoptosis regulators, we performed a genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 library screen, and identified the mitochondrial E3 ubiquitin ligase MARCHF5/MITOL/RNF153 as an important regulator of BAK apoptotic function. Deleting MARCHF5 in diverse cell lines dependent on BAK conferred profound resistance to BH3-mimetic drugs. The loss of MARCHF5 or its E3 ubiquitin ligase activity surprisingly drove BAK to adopt an activated conformation, with resistance to BH3-mimetics afforded by the formation of inhibitory complexes with pro-survival proteins MCL-1 and BCL-XL. Importantly, these changes to BAK conformation and pro-survival association occurred independently of BH3-only proteins and influence on pro-survival proteins. This study identifies a new mechanism by which MARCHF5 regulates apoptotic cell death and provides new insight into how cancer cells respond to BH3-mimetic drugs. These data also highlight the emerging role of ubiquitin signalling in apoptosis that may be exploited therapeutically.

Dose-Response ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
pp. 155932582110639
Ahmed E. Altyar ◽  
Omar Fahmy

Background In current years, researchers have shown their prime interest in developing multifunctional drug delivery systems, especially against cancers, for effective anticancer outcomes. Methodology Raloxifene (RLX) loaded liposomal-graphene nanosheet (GNS) was developed. The novelty of this work was to enhance the solubilization of RLX and improvement of its bioavailability in the disease area. So, the selection of optimized formula design of experiment was implemented which produced the desired formula with the particle size of 156.333 nm. Further, encapsulation efficiency, in vitro release, and thermodynamic stability of optimized formulation were evaluated. The optimized formulation exhibited prolonged release of RLX for a longer period of 24 h, which can minimize the dose-related toxicity of the drug. Furthermore, optimized formulation demonstrated remarkable thermodynamic stability in terms of phase separation, creaming, and cracking. Results The cytotoxicity study on the A549 cell line exhibited significant ( P < .05) results in favor of optimized formulation than the free drug. The apoptotic activity was carried out by Annexin V staining and Caspase 3 analysis, which demonstrated remarkable promising results for optimized liposomal formulation. Conclusion From the findings of the study, it can be concluded that the novel optimized liposomal formulation could be pondered as a novel approach for the treatment of lung cancer.

Cancers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 76
Giulia Greco ◽  
Michael Schnekenburger ◽  
Elena Catanzaro ◽  
Eleonora Turrini ◽  
Fabio Ferrini ◽  

In recent years, natural compounds have emerged as inducers of non-canonical cell death. The isothiocyanate sulforaphane (SFN) is a well-known natural anticancer compound with remarkable pro-apoptotic activity. Its ability to promote non-apoptotic cell-death mechanisms remains poorly investigated. This work aimed to explore the capacity of SFN to induce non-apoptotic cell death modalities. SFN was tested on different acute myeloid leukemia cell lines. The mechanism of cell death was investigated using a multi-parametric approach including fluorescence microscopy, western blotting, and flow cytometry. SFN triggered different cell-death modalities in a dose-dependent manner. At 25 μM, SFN induced caspase-dependent apoptosis and at 50 μM ferroptosis was induced through depletion of glutathione (GSH), decreased GSH peroxidase 4 protein expression, and lipid peroxidation. In contrast, necroptosis was not involved in SFN-induced cell death, as demonstrated by the non-significant increase in phosphorylation of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 and phosphorylation of the necroptotic effector mixed lineage kinase domain-like pseudokinase. Taken together, our results suggest that the antileukemic activity of SFN can be mediated via both ferroptotic and apoptotic cell death modalities.

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