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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 588-596
Ming Xu ◽  
Guo Yong Tan ◽  
Xian Ming Tao

The major feature of spinal cord injury (SCI) was the damage of nervous tissue in spinal cord. The damaged spinal cord was difficult to be repaired and regenerated. MicroRNA-124 could play a role in the repairing and recovering the injured tissue. The BMSCs could participate in repairing the damage. However, the regulatory effect of MicroRNA-124 on BMSCs and the inflammatory response of SCI was still not illustrated. These spinal cord nerve cells were assigned into group of mechanical damage, BMSCs and BMSCs with miR-124 overexpression followed by analysis of proliferation of nerve cells by MTT assay, apoptotic activity, expression of miR-124, GFAP and BDNF by Real time PCR, levels of TNF-α and IL-6 by ELISA as well as MDH and SOD activity. miR-124 mimics transfection significantly promoted BMSCs proliferation and increased ALK activity and the expression of GFAP and BDNF. In conclusion, the proliferation and differentiation of BMSCs could be regulated by miR-124. The inflammation and oxidative stress could be restrained so as to prompt the proliferation and repair of SCI cells and restrain apoptosis, indicating that it might be beneficial to recover the SCI.

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
E. M. M. Bartieres ◽  
D. M. Dresch ◽  
L. C. Reis ◽  
Z. V. Pereira ◽  
R. M. Mussury ◽  

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the activity of antioxidant enzymes, the functioning of the photosystem II and quality of C. xanthocarpa seedlings cultivated under intermittent water deficit and shading levels and the influence of shading on recovery potential after suspension of the stress conditions. The seedlings were subjected to three levels of shading (0, 30, and 70%), six periods of evaluation (start: 0 days; 1st and 2nd photosynthesis zero: 1st and 2nd P0; 1st and 2nd recovery: 1stand 2nd REC; and END), and two forms of irrigation (control: periodically irrigated to maintain 70% substrate water retention capacity, and intermittent irrigation: suspension of irrigation). The plants subjected to intermittent irrigation conditions at 0% shading showed a reduction in water potential (Ψw) and potential quantum efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm) and maximum efficiency of the photochemical process (Fv/F0) and an increase in basal quantum production of the non-photochemical processes (F0/Fm). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was higher in the leaves than in the roots. The C. xanthocarpa is a species sensitive to water deficit but presents strategies to adapt to an environment under temporary water restriction, which are more temporary are most efficient under shading. The seedlings with water deficit at all levels of shading exhibited higher protective antioxidant activity and lower quality at 0% shading. The shading minimizes prevents permanent damage to the photosystem II and after the re-irrigation, the evaluated characteristics showed recovery with respect to the control group, except POD and SOD activities in the leaves.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 1046-1052
Jianmin Zhang ◽  
Qianwen Zhu ◽  
Xingnan Wang ◽  
Jian Wang

Background: Previous studies have shown that Donepezil has therapeutic effects on vascular dementia (VD). PI3K/AKT involves in oxidative stress injury and cell apoptosis. This study investigated whether Donepezil affects the neurological function and apoptosis of VD mice via PI3K/AKT signaling. Methods: Mice were assigned into Sham group, VD group, VD+Donepezil groupfollowed by analysis of mice learning and memory ability by Water maze test, p-AKT expression by Western blot, Caspase-3 activity, MDA content, SOD activity and GSH-Px in hippocampus. HT22 cells were cultured and separated into control group, I-R group and I-R+Donepezil group followed by measuring p-AKT level, ROS content and apoptosis. Results: Learning and memory abilities of VD group mice were significantly decreased, Caspase-3 activity and MDA in brain tissue were significantly increased, along with decreased SOD activity, GSH-Px and p-AKT level. Donepezil treatment can significantly improve VD mice learning and memory ability, reduce Caspase-3 activity and MDA in brain tissue, increase SOD activity, GSH-Px and p-AKT level. In vitro, I-R treatment significantly induced apoptosis of HT22 cells, increased ROS production and decreased p-AKT level. Donepezil treatment could up-regulate p-AKT in HT22 cells and reduce apoptosis and ROS production in HT22 cells. Conclusion: Donepezil improves the function of brain nerve in VD mice through regulating PI3K/AKT pathway, thus reducing oxidative stress injury and apoptosis of brain nerve cells.

Róbert Diószegi ◽  
Dóra Bonczidai-Kelemen ◽  
Attila Cs. Bényei ◽  
Nóra V. May ◽  
István Fábián ◽  

PeerJ ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. e12741
Ruier Zeng ◽  
Jing Cao ◽  
Xi Li ◽  
Xinyue Wang ◽  
Ying Wang ◽  

Fifteen peanut varieties at the pod filling stage were exposed to waterlogging stress for 7 days, the enzyme activities and fluorescence parameters were measured after 7 days of waterlogging and drainage. The waterlogging tolerance and recovery capability of varieties were identified. After waterlogging, waterlogging tolerance coefficient (WTC) of relative electrolyte linkage (REL), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and catalase (CAT) activity, non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) and photochemical quenching (qL) of leaves of most peanut varieties were increased, while the WTC of the soil and plant analysis development (SPAD) value, PS II actual quantum yield (ΦPS II), maximum photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) were decreased. After drainage, the WTC of REL, MDA content, SOD and CAT activity of leaves were decreased compared with that of after waterlogging, but these indicators of a few cultivars were increased. ΦPS II, Fv/Fm and qL can be used as important indexes to identify waterlogging recovery capability. There was a significant negative correlation between recovery capability and the proportion of reduction in yield, while no significant correlation was found between waterlogging tolerance and the proportion of reduction in yield. Therefore, it is recommended to select varieties with high recovery capability and less pod number reduction under waterlogging in peanut breeding and cultivation.

Animals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 163
Yanhu Wang ◽  
Liuming Zhang ◽  
Tariq Sohail ◽  
Yan Kang ◽  
Xiaomei Sun ◽  

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the addition of chlorogenic acid (CGA) to a sheep semen extender could improve the quality of chilled sheep sperm. Ejaculates (n = 80) were collected from five Hu rams with an artificial vagina. The ejaculates were mixed and divided into five equal parts, diluted with a CGA-free Tris–egg yolk extender (control), or supplemented with 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 mg/mL. The sperm kinematic parameters (viability, progressive motility), functional integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and antioxidant parameters (Catalase (CAT), Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), ROS level and Malondialdehyde (MDA) content) were evaluated during storage of the semen. The results indicated that: PM, plasmatic membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity in 0.8 mg/mL CGA were higher (p < 0.05) from day 1 to 5. The ROS level in CGA groups was lower than the control (p < 0.05). CAT, SOD, ATP, and T-AOC were highest at 0.8 mg/mL concentration within 1 to 5 days. The above results indicated that the right concentration of CGA improved the quality of Hu ram sperm during chilling storage.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Chang Liu ◽  
Dai Yuan ◽  
Chi Zhang ◽  
Ye Tao ◽  
Ying Meng ◽  

Objective. Central inflammation is generally accepted to be involved in the pathology of depression. We investigated whether liquiritin exerts antidepressant effects by inhibiting central NLRP3 inflammasomes. Results. The behavioral despair model and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model in mice were established to evaluate the antidepressant action of liquiritin. In the despair model study, liquiritin (40 mg/kg) administration reduced immobility time in tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST) without affecting locomotion activity. In CUMS model study, liquiritin (40 mg/kg, once daily for 4 weeks) significantly increased sucrose consumption and body weight of CUMS mice. The behavioral experiment results showed that liquiritin reduced the immobile time of CUMS mice in TST and FST, respectively, and increased the time spent and open arm entries in the elevated plus-maze (EPM) test. Further, the hippocampal superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was increased in liquiritin-treated group, while malonaldehyde (MDA) decreased. Additionally, the hippocampal cytokines interleukin-18 (IL-18) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) contents were reduced in the liquiritin-treated group. Further, liquiritin downregulated the expression of NLRP3 in the hippocampus of CUMS mice rather than TLR4. Besides, NLRP3 inflammasome-associated proteins caspase-1 and ASC were also downregulated. However, liquiritin did not alter the thermal stability of NLRP3 in the cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), suggesting that its inhibition of NLPR3 was not by direct targeting of NLRP3 protein. Conclusions. Liquiritin attenuates depression-like behavior of CUMS mice and inhibited cytokines levels triggered by NLRP3 inflammasome, suggesting the antidepressant action is, at least partially, associated with antioxidant stress and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Rania B. Bakr ◽  
Nadia A.A. Elkanzi

Background & objectives: 1,2-thiazine and pyridine heterocycles drew much attention due to their biological activities including antioxidant activity. Based upon fragment based drug design, novel pyrido[1,2]thiazines 9a-c, thiazolidinopyrido[1,2]thiazines 10a-c and azetidinopyrido[1,2]thiazines 11a-c were designed and prepared. Methods: These novel derivatives 9a-c, 10a-c and 11a-c were subjected to screening for their antioxidant activity via various assays as DPPH radical scavenging potential, reducing power assay and metal chelating potential. Results: All the assayed derivatives exhibited excellent antioxidant potential and the tested compounds 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a and 11b exhibited higher DPPH scavenging potential (EC50 = 32.7, 53, 36.1, 60, 40.6 and 67 µM, respectively) than ascorbic acid (EC50 = 86.58 µM). While targets 9a, 10a and 11a (RP50 = 52.19, 59.16 and 52.25 µM, respectively) exhibited better reducing power than the ascorbic acid (RP50 = 84.66 µM). Computational analysis had been utilized to prophesy the bioactivity and molecular properties of the target compounds. Conclusion: To predict the binding manner of the novel derivatives as antioxidants, in-silico docking study had been performed to all the newly prepared compounds inside superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) active site. The most active antioxidant candidate 9a (EC50 = 32.7 µM, RP50 = 52.19 µM) displayed excellent binding with Lys134 amino acid residing at Cu-Zn loop of SOD with binding energy score = -7.54 Kcal/mol thereby increase SOD activity and decrease reactive oxygen species.

Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 125
Pinhong Chen ◽  
Dongmei Wang ◽  
Meihong Xiu ◽  
Dachun Chen ◽  
Blake Lackey ◽  

A series of studies indicated that iron distribution that partly derives from transferrin-bound iron in the peripheral nervous system in the brain may act in processes such as myelination and brain development. However, the relationship between schizophrenia, its psychotic symptoms, and the transferrin (TF) gene has not been systematically explored. Our study aimed to investigate how a particular polymorphism of the transferrin gene, rs3811655, affects the superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), psychotic symptoms, cognition, or the mediation model between antioxidant enzymes and cognition via symptoms. A total of 564 patients with chronic schizophrenia and 468 healthy control subjects were recruited. The psychotic symptoms and cognition were assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), respectively. Furthermore, the serum SOD, MDA activity, and transferrin gene polymorphism were measured in patients. Our results demonstrated that patients with the G allele possessed more severe negative symptoms, worse cognitive performance with respect to attention, and higher serum Mn-SOD activity. Additionally, the rs3811655 polymorphism may act as a moderator in the association between Cu/Zn-SOD activity and cognition, as well as psychotic symptoms in patients suffering from schizophrenia. According to this study, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3811655 polymorphism may fail to contribute to the susceptibility of schizophrenia in an individual but is involved in the iron-induced oxidative stress disturbance and cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. This deepens our understanding of the critical role of iron-induced oxidative stress that might underlie the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 01-04
Nessrin G. Alabdallat

Saliva triloba, belongs to the Lamiaceae family, is one in all the vital medicinal plant species. This work aims to study the antioxidant-related effects of trilobite saliva in the human body through in vivo studies and the effects on liver, kidney, and heart function tests. For five days, nine healthy participants consumed 250 mL of trilobite saliva extract orally. On the fifth day, blood samples were taken one hour before and after the first dosage of water extract (samples I and II, respectively), and again one day after the last dose (ie, day 6, sample III). Before the first dosage, the first blood sample was taken (ie sample I) was used as a control for the subsequent II and III samples. Subsequent determinations were performed: serum total antioxidant status (TAS), red blood cell reduced glutathione (GSH), red blood cell superoxide dismutation (SOD) A activity, malondialdehyde (MDA), and serum-selected biochemical tests. After 5 days of oral administration of trilobite saliva extract in healthy volunteers, serum TAS, erythrocyte GSH and erythrocyte SOD activity were significantly increased, and had no influence on serum biochemical examinations of kidney, liver, heart, pancreas, etc., contrasted with zero-time management. In Conclusion, salivary clover extract has effective anti-oxidation related effects in vivo. Because these findings were obtained in healthy people without oxidative stress, it means that clover saliva will enhance the bottom line of the defense system against probable oxidative stress while having no adverse effects, decreasing or avoiding pathological diseases associated with oxidative stress

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