hydraulic support
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2022 ◽  
Vol 168 ◽  
pp. 104592
Author(s):  
Siyang Peng ◽  
Zhihong Cheng ◽  
Linxian Che ◽  
Yuwei Zheng ◽  
Shuang Cao

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-19
Author(s):  
Shang Yang ◽  
Xuehui Li ◽  
Jun Wang ◽  
Shuhao Yang ◽  
Zhen Shen ◽  
...  

To solve the problem of strong ground pressure behaviour under a residual coal pillar in the overlying goaf of a close-distance coal seam, this paper proposes the technology of weakening and relieving the residual coal pillar in the overlying goaf by a high-pressure water jet. Based on the geological occurrence of the No. 3 coal seam and mountain No. 4 coal seam in the Yanzishan coal mine, the high-pressure water jet pressure relief technology of residual coal pillars in the overlying goaf of close-distance coal seams was studied by theoretical analysis and field industrial tests. First, the elastic-plastic zone of the residual coal pillar and the stress distribution law of the floor are obtained by theoretical analysis, and the influence degree of the residual coal pillar on the support of the lower coal seam working face is revealed. Then, a high-pressure water jet combined with mine pressure is proposed to weaken the residual coal pillar. Finally, through the residual coal pillar hydraulic cutting mechanical model and “double-drilling double-slot” model, the high-pressure water jet drilling layout parameters are determined, and an industrial field test is carried out. The single knife cutting coal output and 38216 working face hydraulic support monitoring data show that high-pressure hydraulic slotting can weaken the strength of the coal body to a certain extent, destroy the integrity of the residual coal pillar, cut off the load transmission path of the overlying strata, and reduce the working resistance of the hydraulic support under the residual coal pillar to a certain extent, which is beneficial to the safe mining of the working face.


Machines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 1
Author(s):  
Rulin Zhou ◽  
Lingyu Meng ◽  
Xiaoming Yuan ◽  
Zishi Qiao

This paper studies the precise position control of the hydraulic cylinder in the hydraulic support. The aim of this paper is to develop a method of hydraulic cylinder position control based on pressure and flow coupling, which takes the coupling feedback of load and flow into account, especially in the scene of cooperative control under the condition of multiple actuators and variable load. This method solves the problems of slow movement and sliding effect of hydraulic support in the traditional time-dependent hydraulic position control, as well as better realizes the intelligent and unmanned development of the fully mechanized mining face. First, based on the flow continuity equation and Newton Euler dynamic equation, the flow and stroke control model with the input and output pressure of hydraulic cylinder is established. Then, the effectiveness and correctness of the control model are verified by the comparison between the hydraulic system simulation software, AMESim, and the experiment. Finally, a test system is built. When the system pressure is large than 10 MPa, the error between the data determined by the fitting algorithm and the actual detection data is within 5%, which verifies the effectiveness of the theory and simulation model.


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 766-777
Author(s):  
Z. S. Meng ◽  
J. M. Zhang ◽  
Y. Y. Xie ◽  
Z. G. Lu ◽  
Q. L. Zeng

2021 ◽  
Vol 2143 (1) ◽  
pp. 012048
Author(s):  
Yuanzhi Huang

Abstract The sealing characteristics of the hydraulic cylinder in the hydraulic support will have an momentous implication on the safety and reliability of the whole system. The traditional test methods of the sealing characteristics of hydraulic support pure water hydraulic cylinder have many shortcomings, such as single means, complex process, poor accuracy and low efficiency. Based on this, this paper first analyzes the sealing principle and function of hydraulic support pure water hydraulic cylinder, then studies the CAT system of hydraulic support, and finally gives the design and utilization process of CAT system for sealing characteristics of hydraulic support pure water hydraulic cylinder.


Coatings ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1457
Author(s):  
Mian Wu ◽  
Lin Pan ◽  
Haitao Duan ◽  
Changxin Wan ◽  
Tian Yang ◽  
...  

The hydraulic support column bears loading and makes reciprocating motion ceaselessly for extended periods, so its service life is far shorter than that of the overall hydraulic support. This paper offers a comparative study on the surface coating of hydraulic support columns with hard chrome plating and high-velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying refabricating to analyze the impact of different refabricating processes on the microstructure, hardness, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance of the coating (plating). The result shows that the structure of the HVOF coating is uniformly compact, and the HVOF WC10Co4Cr coating has better wear resistance, more than four times that of hard chrome plating. In the neutral salt spray test, the HVOF Ni60 coating shows rustiness at 720 h of the test, which suggests its corrosion resistance is nearly five times that of hard chrome plating. Hence, under the harsh corrosive wear environment, the refabricating HVOF Ni60 is a more suitable replacement for the hydraulic support column coating than the hard chrome plating. Thus, the HVOF Ni60 coating could be an effective replacement for hard chrome plating.


Author(s):  
xu chen ◽  
Shibo Wang ◽  
Houguang Liu ◽  
Jianhua Yang ◽  
Songyong Liu ◽  
...  

Abstract Many data-driven coal gangue recognition (CGR) methods based on the vibration or sound of collapsed coal and gangue have been proposed to achieve automatic CGR, which is important for realizing intelligent top-coal caving. However, the strong background noise and complex environment in underground coal mines render this task challenging in practical applications. Inspired by the fact that workers distinguish coal and gangue from underground noise by listening to the hydraulic support sound, we propose an auditory model based CGR method that simulates human auditory recognition by combining an auditory spectrogram with a convolutional neural network (CNN). First, we adjust the characteristic frequency (CF) distribution of the auditory peripheral model (APM) based on the spectral characteristics of collapsed sound signals from coal and gangue and then process the sound signals using the adjusted APM to obtain inferior colliculus auditory signals with multiple CFs. Subsequently, the auditory signals of all CFs are converted into gray images separately and then concatenated into a multichannel auditory spectrum along the channel dimension. Finally, we input the multichannel auditory spectrum as a feature map to the two-dimensional CNN, whose convolutional layers are used to automatically extract features, and the fully connected layer and softmax layer are used to flatten features and predict the recognition result, respectively. The CNN is optimized for the CGR based on a comparison study of four typical types of CNN structures with different network training hyperparameters. The experimental results show that this method affords an accurate CGR with a recognition accuracy of 99.5%. Moreover, this method offers excellent noise immunity compared with typically used CGR methods under various noisy conditions.


Sensors ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (21) ◽  
pp. 7240
Author(s):  
Qingwei Xu ◽  
Kaili Xu

Background: Although hydraulic support can help enterprises in their production activities, it can also cause fatal accidents. Methods: This study established a composite risk-assessment method for hydraulic support failure in the mining industry. The key basic event of hydraulic support failure was identified based on fault tree analysis and gray relational analysis, and the evolution mechanism of hydraulic support failure was investigated based on chaos theory, a synthetic theory model, and cause-and-effect-layer-of-protection analysis (LOPA). Results: After the basic events of hydraulic support failure are identified based on fault tree analysis, structure importance (SI), probability importance (PI), critical importance (CI), and Fussell–Vesely importance (FVI) can be calculated. In this study, we proposed the Fussell–Vesely–Xu importance (FVXI) to reflect the comprehensive impact of basic event occurrence and nonoccurrence on the occurrence probability of the top event. Gray relational analysis was introduced to determine the integrated importance (II) of basic events and identify the key basic events. According to chaos theory, hydraulic support failure is the result of cross-coupling and infinite amplification of faults in the employee, object, environment, and management subsystems, and the evolutionary process has an obvious butterfly effect and inherent randomness. With the help of the synthetic theory model, we investigated the social and organizational factors that may lead to hydraulic support failure. The key basic event, jack leakage, was analyzed in depth based on cause-and-effect-LOPA, and corresponding independent protection layers (IPLs) were identified to prevent jack leakage. Implications: The implications of these findings with respect to hydraulic support failure can be regarded as the foundation for accident prevention in practice.


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