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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 422
Daniel Dubinski ◽  
Sae-Yeon Won ◽  
Bedjan Behmanesh ◽  
Max Dosch ◽  
Viktoria Puchinin ◽  

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) patients are at particularly high risk for thrombotic complications. In the event of a postoperative pulmonary embolism, therapeutic anticoagulation (tAC) is indispensable. The impact of therapeutic anticoagulation on recurrence pattern in GBM is currently unknown. Methods: We conducted a matched-pair cohort analysis of 57 GBM patients with or without tAC that were matched for age, sex, gross total resection and MGMT methylation status in a ratio of 1:2. Patients’ characteristics and clinical course were evaluated using medical charts. MRI characteristics were evaluated by two independent authors blinded to the AC status. Results: The morphologic MRI appearance in first GBM recurrence showed a significantly higher presence of multifocal, midline crossing and sharp demarcated GBM recurrence patterns in patients with therapeutic tAC compared to the matched control group. Although statistically non-significant, the therapeutic tAC cohort showed increased survival. Conclusion: Therapeutic anticoagulation induced significant morphologic changes in GBM recurrences. The underlying pathophysiology is discussed in this article but remains to be further elucidated.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261751
Ariadna Forray ◽  
Amanda Mele ◽  
Nancy Byatt ◽  
Amalia Londono Tobon ◽  
Kathryn Gilstad-Hayden ◽  

Introduction The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnancy increased nearly five-fold over the past decade. Despite this, obstetric providers are less likely to treat pregnant women with medication for OUD than non-obstetric providers (75% vs 91%). A major reason is many obstetricians feel unprepared to prescribe medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD). Education and support may increase prescribing and overall comfort in delivering care for pregnant women with OUD, but optimal models of education and support are yet to be determined. Methods and analysis We describe the rationale and conduct of a matched-pair cluster randomized clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of two models of support for reproductive health clinicians to provide care for pregnant and postpartum women with OUD. The primary outcomes of this trial are patient treatment engagement and retention in OUD treatment. This study compares two support models: 1) a collaborative care approach, based upon the Massachusetts Office-Based-Opioid Treatment Model, that provides practice-level training and support to providers and patients through the use of care managers, versus 2) a telesupport approach based on the Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes, a remote education model that provides mentorship, guided practice, and participation in a learning community, via video conferencing. Discussion This clustered randomized clinical trial aims to test the effectiveness of two approaches to support practitioners who care for pregnant women with an OUD. The results of this trial will help determine the best model to improve the capacity of obstetrical providers to deliver treatment for OUD in prenatal clinics. Trial registration trial registration number: NCT0424039.

2022 ◽  
pp. 175857322110654
Hasani W Swindell ◽  
Alirio J deMeireles ◽  
Jack R Zhong ◽  
Elise C. Bixby ◽  
Bryan M Saltzman ◽  

Background There is minimal work defining the economic impact of resident participation in shoulder arthroplasty. Thus, this study quantified the opportunity cost of resident participation in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and hemiarthroplasty (HA) by determining differences in operative time, relative value units (RVUs)/hour, and RVUs/case. Methods A retrospective analysis of shoulder arthroplasty procedures were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2006 to 2014 using CPT codes. Demographic, comorbidity, preoperative laboratory data and surgical procedure were used to develop matched cohorts. Mean differences in operative time, RVUs/case and RVUs/hour between attending-only (AO) cases and cases with resident involvement (RI) were examined. Cost analysis was performed to identify differences in RVUs generated per hour in dollars/case. Results A total of 1786 AO and 1102 RI cases were identified. With the exception of PGY-3 and PGY-4 cases, RI cases had lower mean operative times compared to AO cases. The cost of RI was highest for PGY-3 ($199.87 per case) and PGY-4 ($9 .2 9) residents with all other postgraduate years providing a cost reduction. Discussion Involvement of residents was associated with shorter operative times leading to a savings of $29.64 per case. Involvement of intermediate-level (PGY-3) residents were associated with increased costs that ultimately decreased as residents became more senior.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Gabriel Siracusano ◽  
Alessandra Ruggiero ◽  
Zeno Bisoffi ◽  
Chiara Piubelli ◽  
Luca Dalle Carbonare ◽  

Abstract Background COVID-19 vaccines have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing SARS-CoV-2 mild and severe outcomes. In vaccinated subjects with SARS-CoV-2 history, RBD-specific IgG and pseudovirus neutralization titers were rapidly recalled by a single BTN162b2 vaccine dose to higher levels than those in naïve recipients after the second dose, irrespective of waning immunity. In this study, we inspected the long-term kinetic and neutralizing responses of S-specific IgG induced by two administrations of BTN162b2 vaccine in infection-naïve subjects and in subjects previously infected with SARS-CoV-2. Methods Twenty-six naïve and 9 previously SARS-CoV-2 infected subjects during the second wave of the pandemic in Italy were enrolled for this study. The two groups had comparable demographic and clinical characteristics. By means of ELISA and pseudotyped-neutralization assays, we investigated the kinetics of developed IgG-RBD and their neutralizing activity against both the ancestral D614G and the SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern emerged later, respectively. The Wilcoxon matched pair signed rank test and the Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s correction for multiple comparison were applied when needed. Results Although after 15 weeks from vaccination IgG-RBD dropped in all participants, naïve subjects experienced a more dramatic decline than those with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. Neutralizing antibodies remained higher in subjects with SARS-CoV-2 history and conferred broad-spectrum protection. Conclusions These data suggest that hybrid immunity to SARS-CoV-2 has a relevant impact on the development of IgG-RBD upon vaccination. However, the rapid decay of vaccination-elicited antibodies highlights that the administration of a third dose is expected to boost the response and acquire high levels of cross-neutralizing antibodies.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (3) ◽  
pp. 682-704
F. Şehkar Fayda-Kınık ◽  
Münevver Çetin

Adopting a quantitative research design, this study aimed to develop Student Survey of Knowledge Management Capabilities in Higher Education (SSKMCHE) and Academic Staff Survey of Knowledge Management Capabilities in Higher Education (ASKMCHE) to measure the knowledge management capabilities in state universities from the perspectives of both students and academics. The participants were 512 undergraduate students and 300 academics working full-time in state universities in Istanbul during the academic years of 2017–2018 and 2018–2019. The explanatory factor analysis (EFA) was performed to determine the validity of the surveys, and the Pearson correlation analyses and matched-pair t-tests were performed to find out the reliability of the surveys, and Cronbach alpha coefficients were calculated for each sub-dimension to test their internal consistency. At the end of the study, 43-item 5-point Likert-type scale of SSKMCHE and 50-item 5-point Likert-type scale of ASKMCHE were developed, which measure 7 dimensions: technology, organizational structure, and organizational culture as the dimensions of knowledge management infrastructure capabilities, and knowledge acquisition, knowledge conversion, knowledge application, and knowledge protection as the dimensions of knowledge management process capabilities.

Sofia Kilgus ◽  
Christian Eder ◽  
Paul Siegert ◽  
Philipp Moroder ◽  
Elke Zimmermann ◽  

Abstract Purpose Besides the multi-layered capsule–ligamentous complex of the elbow joint the high bony congruence in the ulnohumeral joint contributes to elbow stability. Therefore, we assume that specific anatomical configurations of the trochlear notch predispose to dislocation. In case of ligamentous elbow dislocation both conservative and surgical treatment is possible without a clear treatment algorithm. Findings of constitutional bony configurations could help deciding for the best treatment option. Methods In this retrospective matched-pair analysis we compared MRI imaging from patients sustaining a primary traumatic elbow dislocation (instability group) with patients suffering from chronic lateral epicondylitis (control group), treated between 2009 and 2019. Two independent observers measured different anatomical landmarks of the trochlear notch in a multiplanar reconstructed standardized sagittal trochlear plane (SSTP). Primarily, opening angle and relative depth of the trochlear notch were determined. After adjustment to the proximal ulnar rim in the SSTP, coronoid and olecranon angle, the articular angle as well as the ratio of the tip heights of the trochlear notch were measured. Results We compared 34 patients in the instability group (age 48 ± 14 years, f/m 19/15) with 34 patients in the control group (age 47 ± 16 years, f/m 19/15). Instability group showed a significantly larger opening angle (94.1° ± 6.9° vs. 88.5° ± 6.9°, p = 0.0002), olecranon angle (60.9° ± 5.3° vs. 56.1° ± 5.1°, p < 0.0001) and articular angle (24.7° ± 6.4° vs. 22.3° ± 5.8°, p = 0.02) compared to the control group. Measuring the height from the coronoid (ch) and olecranon (oh) tip also revealed a significantly larger tip ratio (tr = ch/oh) in the instability group (2.7 ± 0.8 vs. 2.2 ± 0.5, p < 0.0001). The relative depth (61.0% ± 8.3% vs. 62.7% ± 6.0%, p = 0.21) of the trochlear notch as well as the coronoid angle (32.8° ± 4.5° vs. 31.7° ± 5.2°, p = 0.30) showed no significant difference in the instability group compared to the control group. The interrater reliability of all measurements was between 0.83 and 0.94. Conclusion MRI of patients with elbow dislocation show that there seems to be a bony anatomical predisposition. According to the results, it seems reasonable to include predisposing bony factors in the decision-making process when surgical stabilization and conservative treatment is possible. Further biomechanical studies should prove these assumptions to generate critical bony values helping surgeons with decision making. Level of evidence III.

K. E. Laitakari ◽  
J. K. Mäkelä-Kaikkonen ◽  
J. Kössi ◽  
M. Kairaluoma ◽  
S. Koivurova ◽  

Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare patients’ mid-term functional and quality of life (QoL) outcomes following robotic ventral mesh rectopexy (RVMR) and laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR). Methods The data of consecutive female patients who underwent minimally invasive ventral mesh rectopexy for external or symptomatic internal rectal prolapse at 3 hospitals in Finland between January 2011 and December 2016 were retrospectively collected. Patients were matched by age and diagnosis at a 1:1 ratio. A disease-related symptom questionnaire was sent to all living patients at follow-up in July 2018. Results After a total of 401 patients (RVMR, n = 187; LVMR, n = 214) were matched, 152 patients in each group were included in the final analyses. The median follow-up times were 3.3 (range 1.6–7.4) years and 3.0 (range 1.6–7.6) years for the RVMR and LVMR groups, respectively. The postoperative QoL measures did not differ between the groups. Compared with the LVMR group, the RVMR group had lower postoperative Wexner Incontinence Score (median 5 vs. median 8; p < 0.001), experienced significant ongoing incontinence symptoms less often (30.6% vs. 49.0%; p < 0.001) and reported less postoperative faecal incontinence discomfort evaluated with the visual analogue scale (median 11 vs. median 39; p = 0.005). RVMR patients had a shorter hospital stay (2.2 days vs. 3.8 days; p < 0.001) but experienced more frequent de novo pelvic pain (31.8% vs. 11.8%; p < 0.001). Conclusion RVMR and LVMR patients had equal functional and QoL outcomes. Those who underwent RVMR had lower mid-term anal incontinence symptom scores but suffered more frequent de novo pelvic pain.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Alison Kamil ◽  
Alissa R. Wilson ◽  
Colin D. Rehm

An agreed-upon measure of total dietary sweetness is lacking hindering assessments of population-level patterns and trends in dietary sweetness. This cross-sectional study used 24-h dietary recall data for 74,461 participants aged ≥ 2 y from nine cycles (2001–2018) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to evaluate trends in the sweetness of the diet in the United States (US). LCS-containing items were matched to a sugar-sweetened counterpart (e.g., diet cola–regular cola or sucralose sugar). The matched pair was used to estimate the sugar equivalents from LCS-sweetened foods or beverages to estimate dietary level sweetness, which was described as grams of approximate sugar equivalent (ASE) per day. Trends in ASE were estimated overall and by subgroup, and trends were further disaggregated by food or beverage category. Overall, LCS sources contributed about 10.5% of ASE. Total ASE declined from 152 g/d to 117 g/d from 2001–2002 to 2017–2018 (p-trend &lt; 0.001), with comparable declines in children and adults. Declines in total ASE were predominantly driven by beverages (−36.7% from 2001–2002 to 2017–2018) and tabletop sweeteners (−23.8%), but not food (−1.5%). Observed trends were robust to sensitivity analyses incorporating random, systematic, and sensory trial informed estimates of sweetness and also an analysis excluding possible under-reporters of dietary energy. This practical approach and underlying data may help researchers to apply the technique to other dietary studies to further these questions.

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