quantitative detection
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2022 ◽  
Vol 199 ◽  
pp. 113863
Yuan Cheng ◽  
Hongliang Wang ◽  
Yuxin Zhuo ◽  
Dan Song ◽  
Chunsheng Li ◽  

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 258
Asit Kumar Panda ◽  
Murugan Keerthi ◽  
Rajalakshmi Sakthivel ◽  
Udesh Dhawan ◽  
Xinke Liu ◽  

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), an endogenous gasotransmitter, is produced in mammalian systems and is closely associated with pathological and physiological functions. Nevertheless, the complete conversion of H2S is still unpredictable owing to the limited number of sensors for accurate and quantitative detection of H2S in biological samples. In this study, we constructed a disposable electrochemical sensor based on PtNi alloy nanoparticles (PtNi NPs) for sensitive and specific in situ monitoring of H2S released by human breast cancer cells. PtNi alloy NPs with an average size of 5.6 nm were prepared by a simple hydrothermal approach. The conversion of different forms of sulfides (e.g., H2S, HS−, and S2−) under various physiological conditions hindered the direct detection of H2S in live cells. PtNi NPs catalyze the electrochemical oxidation of H2S in a neutral phosphate buffer (PB, pH 7.0). The PtNi-based sensing platform demonstrated a linear detection range of 0.013–1031 µM and the limit of detection was 0.004 µM (S/N = 3). Moreover, the PtNi sensor exhibited a sensitivity of 0.323 μA μM−1 cm−2. In addition, the stability, repeatability, reproducibility, and anti-interference ability of the PtNi sensor exhibited satisfactory results. The PtNi sensor was able to successfully quantify H2S in pond water, urine, and saliva samples. Finally, the biocompatible PtNi electrode was effectively employed for the real-time quantification of H2S released from breast cancer cells and mouse fibroblasts.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Moli Yin ◽  
Yuanwang Nie ◽  
Hao Liu ◽  
Lei Liu ◽  
Lu Tang ◽  

Abstract Background AKI is related to severe adverse outcomes and mortality with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, that early diagnosed and intervened is imperative. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is one of the most promising biomarkers for detection of acute kidney injury (AKI), but current detection methods are inadequacy, so more rapid, convenient and accuracy methods are needed to detect NGAL for early diagnosis of AKI. Herein, we established a rapid, reliable and accuracy lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) based on europium nanoparticles (EU-NPS) for the detection of NGAL in human urine specimens. Methods A double-antibody sandwich immunofluorescent assay using europium doped nanoparticles was employed and the NGAL monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) conjugate as labels were generated by optimizing electric fusion parameters. Eighty-three urine samples were used to evaluate the clinical application efficiency of this method. Results The quantitative detection range of NGAL in AKI was 1-3000 ng/mL, and the detection sensitization was 0.36 ng/mL. The coefficient of variation (CV) of intra-assay and inter-assay were 2.57-4.98 % and 4.11-7.83 %, respectively. Meanwhile, the correlation coefficient between europium nanoparticles-based lateral fluorescence immunoassays (EU-NPS-LFIA) and ARCHITECT analyzer was significant (R2 = 0.9829, n = 83, p < 0.01). Conclusions Thus, a faster and easier operation quantitative assay of NGAL for AKI has been established, which is very important and meaningful to diagnose the early AKI, suggesting that the assay can provide an early warning of final outcome of disease.

2022 ◽  
Revanth Reddy ◽  
Liwei Yang ◽  
Jesse Liu ◽  
Zhuojie Liu ◽  
Jun Wang

Highly multiplexed analysis of biospecimens significantly advances the understanding of biological basics of diseases, but these techniques are limited by the number of multiplexity and the speed of processing. Here, we present a rapid multiplex method for quantitative detection of protein markers on brain sections with the cellular resolution. This spatial multiplex in situ tagging (MIST) technology is built upon a MIST microarray that contains millions of small microbeads carrying barcoded oligonucleotides. Using antibodies tagged with UV cleavable oligonucleotides, the distribution of protein markers on a tissue slice could be printed on the MIST microarray with high fidelity. The performance of this technology in detection sensitivity, resolution and signal-to-noise level has been fully characterized by detecting brain cell markers. We showcase the codetection of 31 proteins simultaneously within 2 h which is about 10 times faster than the other immunofluorescence-based approaches of similar multiplexity. A full set of computational toolkits was developed to segment the small regions and identify the regional differences across the entire mouse brain. This technique enables us to rapidly and conveniently detect dozens of biomarkers on a tissue specimen, and it can find broad applications in clinical pathology and disease mechanistic studies.

NANO ◽  
2022 ◽  
Sen Li ◽  
Shaoxian Yin ◽  
Qisheng Fu ◽  
Yuanyuan Chen ◽  
Yanfei Cai ◽  

Since miR-185 has been identified as a prognostic biomarker to forecast the course of survival and relapse in gastric cancer (GC), quantitative detection of miR-185 features in developing personalized strategies for GC treatment. In this study, a highly sensitive method for miR-185 detection was rationally designed with the characteristic of fluorescent signal amplification and it was based on constructing graphene oxide sensor and utilizing duplex specific nuclease (DSN). In detail, the cleavage of many DNA signal probes was successfully triggered by the miR-185 target which contributed to the target-recycling mechanism. The protocol exhibited a prominent ability to analyze miR-185 in solution, and it can detect miR-185 at different concentrations as low as 476 pM with a linear range of 0–50 nM. Moreover, this method has gained its prominence in distinguishing the target miRNA from various sequences with one to three base mismatches or other miRNAs. Taken together, it presented the prominent potential to be a candidate tool in the field of clinical diagnosis considering its precise and efficient ability to detect miR-185.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 577
Rosalba Calvini ◽  
Laura Pigani

Devices known as electronic noses (ENs), electronic tongues (ETs), and electronic eyes (EEs) have been developed in recent years in the in situ study of real matrices with little or no manipulation of the sample at all. The final goal could be the evaluation of overall quality parameters such as sensory features, indicated by the “smell”, “taste”, and “color” of the sample under investigation or in the quantitative detection of analytes. The output of these sensing systems can be analyzed using multivariate data analysis strategies to relate specific patterns in the signals with the required information. In addition, using suitable data-fusion techniques, the combination of data collected from ETs, ENs, and EEs can provide more accurate information about the sample than any of the individual sensing devices. This review’s purpose is to collect recent advances in the development of combined ET, EN, and EE systems for assessing food quality, paying particular attention to the different data-fusion strategies applied.

Wei Wang ◽  
Chenlu Wang ◽  
Guoming Liu ◽  
Long Jin ◽  
Zexi Lin ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Mathieu Durand ◽  
Philippe Thibault ◽  
Simon Lévesque ◽  
Ariane Brault ◽  
Alex Carignan ◽  

The early diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections is required to identify and isolate contagious patients to prevent further transmission of SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we present a multitarget real-time TaqMan reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) assay for the quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 and some of its circulating variants harboring mutations that give the virus a selective advantage. Seven different primer-probe sets that included probes containing locked nucleic acid (LNA) nucleotides were designed to amplify specific wild-type and mutant sequences in Orf1ab, Envelope (E), Spike (S), and Nucleocapsid (N) genes. Furthermore, a newly developed primer-probe set targeted human β2-microglobulin (B2M) as a highly sensitive internal control for RT efficacy. All singleplex and fourplex assays detected £ 14 copies/reaction of quantified synthetic RNA transcripts, with a linear amplification range of nine logarithmic orders. Primer-probe sets for detection of SARS-CoV-2 exhibited no false-positive amplifications with other common respiratory pathogens, including human coronaviruses NL63, 229E, OC43, and HKU-1. Fourplex assays were evaluated using 160 clinical samples positive for SARS-CoV-2. Results showed that SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA was detected in all samples, including viral strains harboring mutations in the Spike coding sequence that became dominant in the pandemic. Given the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants and their rapid spread in some populations, fourplex rRT-PCR assay containing four primer-probe sets represents a reliable approach to allow quicker detection of circulating relevant variants in a single reaction.

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