INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY
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Published By Universitas Trisakti

2579-9207, 2579-9150
Updated Wednesday, 07 April 2021

Author(s):  
Yusraida Khairani Dalimunthe ◽  
Sugiatmo Kasmungin ◽  
Eddy Sugiarto ◽  
Lisa Sugiarti ◽  
Alyssa Lagrama

<p><strong>Aims</strong><strong>:</strong> This study aimed to increase the utilization of biomass-derived from the waste of coconut and peanut shells by making them as briquettes, as an alternative to fuel. The scarcity of petroleum because of its increasingly limited existence encourages all parties to take part in the development and discovery of new alternative energies. This is expected to overcome one of the most important of the many problems facing this country. The method used in this research is to start with a literature study of materials from various sources about the benefits and manufacturing of briquettes from biomass waste as an alternative energy source to be further tested for quality.  This involves a heat test, water content test, ash content test and determination of the flying matter. <strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> The test results showed that natural gas emissions were below threshold, namely 0-30 ppm CO, 0-3.6 ppm H<sub>2</sub>S, and undetectable NO<sub>x</sub>. After evaluation, the results showed that with the addition of 30% of the biomass, the ignition time was reduced and the remaining unburned briquettes or bottom ash was reduced by 68.68%. <strong>Conclusion, significance, and impact of study:</strong><strong> </strong>The results help the community and the parties involved related to appropriate bio briquettes technology. It also eventually becomes one of the solutions to assist the government in solving problems related to alternative fuels to petroleum.</p>


Author(s):  
Rini Setiati ◽  
S Kasmungin ◽  
Sabrina S Riswati ◽  
Astri Rinanti ◽  
Jochanan Satriabudi

<p><strong>Aims:</strong><strong> </strong>This study aims to determine the synthesis of bagasse to form surfactants and evaluation of the performance of the sample to increase oil yield. Indonesia generates very large amounts of solid waste, without recycling or adequate management efforts to preserve the environment. Bagasse emerged as one of the most abundant biomass due to the operations of large plantations and factories. Furthermore, previous studies showed extensive uses in the fields of compost, animal feed, bioethanol energy, paper, and reinforced building materials. <strong>Methodology and Results:</strong> Lignin was extracted from bagasse to process sodium lignosulfonate surfactant (SLS surfactant). The synthesis was characterized several times, and certain examples showed significant HLB values, as a function of emulsion builder. This condition in the oil reservoir is required to reduce interface stress (IFT) and friction in the movement of particles. Another analyses involves the assessment of core flooding of specific synthetic core and crude samples. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact of study:</strong> The results confirm the ability of surfactant bagasse to increase oil recovery, namely the HLB value of 11.6. The results also show the surfactant classification with the ability to form a middle-phase emulsion in order to increase petroleum products. Therefore, bagasse as solid waste has a performance effect on the process of increasing petroleum production.</p>


Author(s):  
Shahida Mohd Sharif ◽  
Norsidah Ujang

<p><strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of this concept paper is to identify a conceptual framework to investigate the level of social bonding/social attachment amongst participants of community gardening activity. It is estimated that more than 50% of the population would be living in urban areas by 2050. One of the drivers is the urban migration, where people are relocating themselves to new neighbourhoods, cities or countries often with the hope of better economic opportunities and social infrastructure, therefore changing the landscape of the new society and the place they reside. It is worrying as these people might not receive enough social support due to their limited social network. It could further escalate to social well-being problems such as individualism and social isolation and could later manifest mentally or psychologically as loneliness. <strong>Methodology and Results: </strong>This paper argues that the selection of the type of urban green spaces to be integrated into urban neighbourhoods is critical in addressing the well-being problems. Community gardens, as part of urban green spaces, offer meaningful social interaction opportunities, often being missed in the context of modern societies and urban lifestyle. Therefore, there is a need to review the effects of community gardening activities as an intervention strategy to strengthen the degree of social bonding to identify its capacity in integrating isolated people back into community life. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact study:</strong> As a conclusion, urban designers and policymakers are suggested to adopt community gardens as a safe open space in cities to encourage more people-people-places interaction.</p>


Author(s):  
Adelia Anju Asmara ◽  
Suphia Rahmawati ◽  
Andik Yulianto ◽  
Margita Rahayu Abay ◽  
Dilla Arlina ◽  
...  

<p><strong>Aim:</strong> This study aims to assess the entire process of septage management comprising regulation, operational procedures, finance, community involvement, and water quality analysis to maximize the initial and hugest human fecal sludge treatment called Faecal Sludge Treatment Plant (IPLT) in Yogyakarta. <strong>Methodology and Results:</strong> The Modified EHRA (Environmental Health Risk Assessment) method was applied which focused only on wastewater treatment aspect. Several regulations including standard quality methods (SNI) were utilized and made a comparison between baseline rules and obtained results. Furthermore, quality assessment was accomplished by observation and interview. The results showed that the human sector needs to improve not only the amount of operators but also urgently put up protective personal equipment during the suction process. The dissemination of attractive information about sludge suction service done by PUPKP as a representation of the local government among the dwellers ought to upgrade a lot. Technologies employed which are carriage transportation and vacuum machine, are good enough. Contrarily, septage treatment plants require extra-effort to enhance it as most water quality parameters barely meet the standard quality. BOD, COD, ammonia, total coliform, oil and grease do not meet the third class of water quality (Government Regulation of Republic of Indonesia No. 82/2001). Subsequently, the effectiveness of each unit i.e. anaerobic tank and stabilization ponds are under 50% and the loading rate has a maximum capacity of 87.5m<sup>3</sup>/day, and 60m<sup>3</sup>/day minimum capacity. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact of study:</strong> Therefore, almost all aspects of septage management in Bantul Yogyakarta are required to improve</p>


Author(s):  
I Gusti Agung Putu Eryani ◽  
Abd Muluk Abd Manan ◽  
Made Widya Jayantari

<p><strong>Aims</strong>: This research will provide an overview of the comparative analysis of watershed characteristics in Bali which are differentiated from watersheds flowing to the north, and watersheds flowing to the south of Bali Province. The aim is to determine the characteristics of each, and proper sustainable management for each watershed. <strong>Methodology and Results:</strong> This is a descriptive, quantitative research that analyzes and compares the characteristics of the Saba watershed and Unda watershed, where the characteristics analyzed are morphometric and hydrological.  From the analysis, it was observed that the Unda watershed, which has a flow direction to the south of the island of Bali, and the Saba watershed, flowing to the north of the island of Bali, possess several differences and similarities. The similarities include rainfall patterns, high temperatures, and the comparison values between Qmax and Qmin is significant. Meanwhile, the differences include the Saba watershed slope being steeper than the Unda watershed, and the Saba has young geomorphic features, while the Unda watershed possesses advanced geomorphic features. <strong>Conclusion, significance, and impact of study:</strong> Differences in watershed characteristics lead to differences in the management carried out. Furthermore, in terms of hydrology, where there are lesser differences, the sustainable management of the Saba and Unda Watershed also require conservation in form of a reservoir (weir or dam). This is to enable the storage of water in the rainy period for the dry season.</p><p> </p>


Author(s):  
Maya Fitri Oktarini ◽  
Adiyanto Johannes ◽  
Listen Prima

<p><strong>Aim:</strong> This study examines the current living culture of riverbank residents by observing the choice of factual house and the house preferences. A house is the physical characteristic of cultural products indicating the current living culture. The riverbank settlements are part of the historical development of the city of Palembang. <strong>Methodology and Results: </strong>This research focuses on the physical form of residential buildings from the perspective of socio-cultural preservation. Restoring the characteristics of the riverbank area is a necessary potential. The design process can be directed toward technical innovation, social aspect and the use of materials that correspond to the features of the area. Furthermore, the cultural ecological interaction has created a living culture in the riverbank. This is evident in the constructed houses of residents with structure, technology, and material conforming to the fluctuating conditions of the ecosystem. The settlement’s characteristics generate an image of a river city, which have also become a tourist attraction in Palembang. However, the living culture has changed due to the innovation in building technology, the shift in the focus of development, and the availability of natural resources which diminish these features. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact of study:</strong> This will encourage tourists to visit the developed areas with a preservation approach, integrating new cultural living with the conservation of the river city features for tourism interest. Furthermore, the preservation of tourism activities are not only unchanged, but also an adaptation flexibility to continuously look for new forms for the symbiosis between man and nature.</p>


Author(s):  
Yahya Muhammed Bah ◽  
Myrtati Dyah Artaria

<p><strong>Aim:</strong> The fundamental rationale for a systematic literature review is to examine opportunities and challenges in the privatization of solid waste management, and share knowledge to spark and inspire a process that will usher in public private partnership to ensure cities are kept clean for habitability. <strong>Methodology and Results:</strong> A systematic review of the literature using information obtained from different sources was performed. The Google Search Engine was used to search for these articles. During the search numerous combinations of words and phrases were used to ensure articles reflect the most recent knowledge and scholarly works. Only peer-reviewed articles published after 2000 were selected, except extracts perceived to be of fundamental mileage to the study. However, articles published by staunch international organizations working in privatization of solid waste management for years which had produced indefatigable knowledge in the field were stealthily appraised. The privatization of solid waste management has resulted in some successes which include, but not restricted to: effectiveness, cost saving, timely service delivery, access to funding and expansion, quality services, partnership and community participation, cleanliness and healthy environment, jobs creation and better income, elimination of public monopoly and promotion of competition, new technologies and innovative techniques, public sector concentration on supervision, resources conservation and protection from risks; less bureaucracy and prompt action regarding concerns and complaints. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact of study:</strong> With a well-thought model and proper public supervision, the privatization of solid of waste management can deliver habitable cities, though not without negative impacts and obstacles.</p>


Author(s):  
Anindrya Nastiti ◽  
Siska Widya D Kusumah ◽  
Mariana Marselina ◽  
Karina Nursyafira ◽  
Astrid Monica ◽  
...  

<p><strong>Aim</strong>: This paper aims to understand how the concept of risk and risk<br />governance can be best articulated and integrated into Indonesia’s SEA.<br />Attention regarding health risks emerging from human interactions with<br />the physical environment has increased in Sustainable Development and<br />Planning (SDP). <strong>Methodology and Results</strong>: Strategic Environment<br />Assessment (SEA) is the current context-based methodology addressing<br />environmental and health risks of development planning in many<br />countries. Environmental and health risk assessment (EHRA) is an<br />integrated part of the SEA. EHRA, as a field of science, has evolved towards<br />specific needs in many sectors, e.g. dose-response, quantitative microbial<br />risk assessment, ecological risk assessment. The main challenge is how to<br />determine the suitable EHRA approaches and translate the fact-based<br />EHRA into risk-informed strategies in SDP. In Indonesia, the SEA is <br />mandatory for regional planning documents. However, there is limited<br />guidelines and application on EHRA in SEA. Through a meta-analysis, we<br />reviewed scholarly articles published from 2009 to 2019 available in<br />Google Scholar that report the concepts and implementation of EHRA and<br />SEA in various countries. <strong>Conclusion, significance and study impact</strong>: This<br />study has significant implications for the understanding of risk governance<br />in SDP.</p>


Author(s):  
Gauri Singh ◽  
Ashok Kumar Singh

<p><strong>Aim</strong>: The effluent discharged from sugarcane molasses based distilleries causes environmental pollution due to its large volume and dark brown colour. The effluents also acifidys soils and causes harmful effects on agriculture crops. The objective of this work was the decolourization of molasses waste water from Doiwala sugar industry, Dehradun was done using different microbial consortiums. <strong>Methodology and Results</strong>: The microbial strains used in this study were obtained from IMTECH, Chandigarh. They were designated as A is E. coli, B is Pseudomonas aeruginosa, C is Staphylococcus aureus, D is Serritia odoriferae, E is Proteus vulgaris and F is Candida albicans. A total of six combinations were prepared using these strains i.e A+B, C+D, E+F, A+B+C, D+E+F and A+B+C+D+E+F. These consortiums were subjected to decolorization experiment of molasses waste water from Doiwala Sugar Factory, Dehradun, India at regular time interval by measuring the optical density. It was observed that at 7th day incubation in each case all consortiums showed maximum decolorization after which the percentage of decolorization was stable. It was also observed that the bacterial consortiums showed higher decolorization than the mixture of bacteria and fungi. Consortium C+D showed highest decolorization i.e. 89%. <strong>Conclusion, significance and impact study</strong>: it is recommended that industry should work with this consortium for decolorization of molasses containing wastewater to solve this environmental problem.</p><p> </p>


Author(s):  
Elahe Mirabi ◽  
Nasrollahi Nazanin

<p>Designing urban facades is considered as a major factor influencing issues<br />such as natural ventilation of buildings and urban areas, radiations in the<br />urban canyon for designing low-energy buildings, cooling demand for<br />buildings in urban area, and thermal comfort in urban streets. However, so<br />far, most studies on urban topics have been focused on flat facades<br />without details of urban layouts. Hence, the effect of urban facades with<br />details such as the balcony and corbelling on thermal comfort conditions<br />and air flow behavior are discussed in this literature review. <strong>Aim</strong>: This<br />study was carried out to investigate the effective factors of urban facades,<br />including the effects of building configuration, geometry and urban<br />canyon’s orientation. <strong>Methodology and Results</strong>: According to the results,<br />the air flow behavior is affected by a wide range of factors such as wind<br />conditions, urban geometry and wind direction. Urban façade geometry<br />can change outdoor air flow pattern, thermal comfort and solar access.<br /><strong>Conclusion, significance and impact study</strong>: In particular, the geometry of<br />the facade, such as indentation and protrusion, has a significant effect on<br />the air flow and thermal behavior in urban facades and can enhance<br />outdoor comfort conditions. Also, Alternation in façade geometry can<br />affect pedestrians' comfort and buildings energy demands.</p>


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