velocity slip
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Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 276
Umair Khan ◽  
Aurang Zaib ◽  
Iskandar Waini ◽  
Anuar Ishak ◽  
El-Sayed M. Sherif ◽  

Colloidal suspensions of regular fluids and nanoparticles are known as nanofluids. They have a variety of applications in the medical field, including cell separation, drug targeting, destruction of tumor tissue, and so on. On the other hand, the dispersion of multiple nanoparticles into a regular fluid is referred to as a hybrid nanofluid. It has a variety of innovative applications such as microfluidics, heat dissipation, dynamic sealing, damping, and so on. Because of these numerous applications of nanofluids in minds, therefore, the objective of the current exploration divulged the axisymmetric radiative flow and heat transfer induced by hybrid nanofluid impinging on a porous stretchable/shrinkable rotating disc. In addition, the impact of Smoluchowski temperature and Maxwell velocity slip boundary conditions are also invoked. The hybrid nanofluid was formed by mixing the copper (Cu) and alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles scattered in the regular (viscous) base fluid (H2O). Similarity variables are used to procure the similarity equations, and the numerical outcomes are achieved using bvp4c in MATLAB software. According to the findings, double solutions are feasible for stretching (λ>0) and shrinking cases (λ<0). The heat transfer rate is accelerated as the hybrid nanoparticles increases. The suction parameter enhances the friction factors as well as heat transfer rate. Moreover, the friction factor in the radial direction and heat transfer enrich for the first solution and moderate for the second outcome due to the augmentation δ1, while the trend of the friction factor in the radial direction is changed only in the case of stretching for both branches.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Adnan ◽  
Waqas Ashraf ◽  
Umar Khan ◽  
Amnah S. Al-Johani ◽  
Naveed Ahmed ◽  

AbstractThe dynamics of nanofluid by considering the role of imposed Lorentz forces, thermal radiations and velocity slip effects over a vertically convectively heated surface is a topic of huge interest. Therefore, the said study is conducted for Al2O3-H2O nanofluid. Mathematical modelling of the problem is done via nanofluid effective correlations comprising the influences of freezing temperature, molecular diameter and similarity transformations. The results for multiple parameters are plotted and provide comprehensive discussion. From the analysis, it is examined that Al2O3-H2O nanofluid motion drops by strengthening Lorentz forces. The temperature in the nanofluid (Al2O3-H2O) is improved by inducing viscous dissipation effects (Ec number), surface convection (Biot number) and thermal radiations (Rd). Moreover, the shear stresses at the surface decreased due to higher magnetic field effects and rises due to velocity slip. A significant rise in Local Nusselt number is observed due to thermal radiations and Biot effects. Finally, enhanced heat transport mechanism in Al2O3-H2O is examined than a conventional liquid. Therefore, nanofluids are better for industrial applications and the uses of conventional liquids are limited due to low thermal conductivity.

Nilankush Acharya ◽  
Suprakash Maity ◽  
Prabir K Kundu

Entropy generation investigation of hybrid nanofluidic transport over an unsteady spinning disk is reported in this analysis. The magnetic influence, velocity slips, and thermal radiative effects are included within the flow. Ferrous oxide (Fe3O4) and graphene oxide (GO) are used as tiny nano ingredients, and water (H2O) is the base medium. The dimensional leading equations are settled to dimensionless nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) by significant similarity transformations. Then, classical RK-4 scheme with a shooting process has been initiated to execute the numerical simulation. The software MAPLE-18 is used to run the entire simulation with an indispensable accuracy rate. Several streamlines, graphs, and requisite tables are executed to divulge the parametric impact on the nanofluidic stream. Entropy generation–related figures are depicted for diverse parameters, and parametric effects on Bejan number are also analyzed. Moreover, the corresponding physical consignments like the measure of the frictional hindrance, heat transport are calculated and reviewed. The entropy generation augments for higher magnetic value but reduces for velocity slip, radiation, and nanoparticle concentration. Hybrid nanofluid gives a lower magnitude in entropy production as compared to the usual nanofluid. Magnetic parameter reduces the Bejan number, while slip factor and nanoparticle concentration amplify such effects. Heat transfer ultimately seems to increase for nanoparticle volume fraction, and the increase rate is 4.01685 for usual nanofluid, but it is 6.7557 for hybrid nanofluid. Also, the numerical fallouts address the possibility of using magnetized spinning disks in space engines and nuclear propulsion, and such a model conveys significant applications in heat transport improvement in so many industrial thermal management equipment and renewable energy systems.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Jiahui Cao ◽  
Jing Zhu ◽  
Xinhui Si ◽  
Botong Li

Abstract Steady forced convection of non-Newtonian nanofluids around a confined semi-circular cylinder subjected to a uniform magnetic field is carried out using ANSYS FLUENT. The numerical solution is obtained using the finite volume method. The user-defined scalar (UDS) is used for the first time to calculate the second order velocity slip boundary condition in semi-circular curved surface and the calculated results are compared with those of the first order velocity slip boundary condition. Besides, the effects of volume fraction, size, type of nanoparticles and magnetic field strength on heat transfer are studied. The present study displays that adding nanoparticles in non-Newtonian fluids significantly enhances heat transfer. In addition, it is observed that the heat transfer rate decreases first and then increases with the increase of Hartmann number. The effects of blocking rate on Nusselt number, wake length and heat transfer effect are shown in the form of graphs or tables.

Mathematics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (24) ◽  
pp. 3232
Hossam A. Nabwey ◽  
Ahmed M. Rashad ◽  
Waqar A. Khan

In the previous decennium, considerable applications ofnanoparticles have been developed in the area of science. Nanoparticles with micropolar fluid suspended in conventional fluids can increase the heat transfer. Micropolar fluids have attracted much research attention because of their use in industrial processes. Exotic lubricants, liquid crystal solidification, cooling of a metallic plate in a bath, extrusion of metals and polymers, drawing of plastic films, manufacturing of glass and paper sheets, and colloidal suspension solutions are just a few examples. The primary goal of this studywas to see how radiation and velocity slip affect the mixed convection of sodium alginate nanofluid flow over a non-isothermal wedge in a saturated porous media.In this communication, theTiwari and Das model was employed to investigate the micropolarnanofluid flow via mixed convection over aradiated wedge in a saturated porous medium with the velocity slip condition. Nanoparticles of silver (Ag) wreused in asodium alginate base fluid. The intended system of governing equations is converted to a set of ordinary differential equations and then solved applying the finite difference method. Variousfluid flows, temperatures, and physical quantities of interest were examined. The effects of radiation on the skin friction are negligible in the case of forced and mixed convection, whereas radiation increases the skin friction in free convection. It is demonstrated that the pressure gradient, solid volume fraction, radiation, and slip parameters enhance the Nusselt number, whereas the micropolar parameter reduces the Nusselt number.

Safia Akram ◽  
Maria Athar ◽  
Khalid Saeed ◽  
Alia Razia ◽  
Taseer Muhammad ◽  

The implications of double-diffusive convection and an inclined magnetic field on the peristaltic transport of a pseudoplastic nanofluid in an inclined asymmetric channel with slip boundaries were investigated in this research. The present problem is mathematically modeled using lubrication techniques, which results in highly nonlinear equations for the proposed problem that is solved using a numerical technique. The graphical findings show how temperature, pressure rise, concentration, pressure gradient, nanoparticle fraction, and stream functions affect key physical parameters of interest. It is revealed that the velocity value rises as the velocity slip parameter, temperature, and solutal Grashof number rise. Furthermore, increasing thermal slip, Dufour, Soret, Brownian motion, and thermophoresis factors increase the temperature profile. If [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] the viscous model of classical Newtonian fluid is a special case of the preceding model.

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